What is a strong chin?

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7 Surprising Facts About the Chin

Everyone knows that when you get cut, you bleed—a result of the constant movement of blood through our bodies. But do you know all of the functions the circulatory system actually performs? Here are some surprising facts about human blood—and a few cringe-worthy theories that preceded the modern scientific understanding of this vital fluid.

1. Doctors still use bloodletting and leeches to treat diseases.

Ancient peoples knew the circulatory system was important to overall health. That may be one reason for bloodletting, the practice of cutting people to “cure” everything from cancer to infections to mental illness. For the better part of two millennia, it persisted as one of the most common medical procedures.

Hippocrates believed that illness was caused by an imbalance of four “humors”—blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile. For centuries, doctors believed balance could be restored by removing excess blood, often by bloodletting or leeches. It didn’t always go so well. George Washington, for example, died soon after his physician treated a sore throat with bloodletting and a series of other agonizing procedures.

By the mid-19th century, bloodletting was on its way out, but it hasn’t completely disappeared. Bloodletting is an effective treatment for some rare conditions like hemochromatosis, a hereditary condition causing your body to absorb too much iron.

Leeches have also made a comeback in medicine. We now know that leech saliva contains substances with anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and anesthetic properties. It also contains hirudin, an enzyme that prevents clotting. It lets more oxygenated blood into the wound, reducing swelling and helping to rebuild tiny blood vessels so that it can heal faster. That’s why leeches are still sometimes used in treating certain circulatory diseases, arthritis, and skin grafting, and helps reattach fingers and toes. (Contrary to popular belief, even the blood-sucking variety of leech is not all that interested in human blood.)

2. Scientists didn’t understand how blood circulation worked until the 17th century.

William Harvey, an English physician, is generally credited with discovering and demonstrating the mechanics of circulation, though his work developed out of the cumulative body of research on the subject over centuries.

The prevailing theory in Harvey’s time was that the lungs, not the heart, moved blood through the body. In part by dissecting living animals and studying their still-beating hearts, Harvey was able to describe how the heart pumped blood through the body and how blood returned to the heart. He also showed how valves in veins helped control the flow of blood through the body. Harvey was ridiculed by many of his contemporaries, but his theories were ultimately vindicated.

3. Blood types were discovered in the early 20th century.

Austrian physician Karl Landsteiner discovered different blood groups in 1901, after he noticed that blood mixed from people with different types would clot. His subsequent research classified types A, B and O. (Later research identified an additional type, AB). Blood types are differentiated by the kinds of antigens—molecules that provoke an immune system reaction—that attach to red blood cells.

People with Type A blood have only A antigens attached to their red cells but have B antigens in their plasma. In those with Type B blood, the location of the antigens is reversed. Type O blood has neither A nor B antigens on red cells, but both are present in the plasma. And finally, Type AB has both A and B antigens on red cells but neither in plasma. But wait, there’s more! When a third antigen, called the Rh factor, is present, the blood type is classified as positive. When Rh factor is absent, the blood type is negative.

Scientists still don’t understand why humans have different blood types, but knowing yours is important: Some people have life-threatening reactions if they receive a blood type during a transfusion that doesn’t “mix” with their own. Before researchers developed reliable ways to detect blood types, that tended to turn out badly for people receiving an incompatible human (or animal!) blood transfusion.

4. Blood makes up about 8 percent of our total body weight.

Adult bodies contain about 5 liters (5.3 quarts) of blood. An exception is pregnant women, whose bodies can produce about 50 percent more blood to nourish a fetus.)

Plasma, the liquid portion of blood, accounts for about 3 liters. It carries red and white blood cells and platelets, which deliver oxygen to our cells, fight disease, and repair damaged vessels. These cells are joined by electrolytes, antibodies, vitamins, proteins, and other nutrients required to maintain all the other cells in the body.

5. A healthy red blood cell lasts for roughly 120 days.

Red blood cells contain an important protein called hemoglobin that delivers oxygen to all the other cells in our bodies. It also carries carbon dioxide from those cells back to the lungs.

Red blood cells are produced in bone marrow, but not everyone produces healthy ones. People with sickle cell anemia, a hereditary condition, develop malformed red blood cells that get stuck in blood vessels. These blood cells last about 10 to 20 days, which leads to a chronic shortage of red blood cells, often causing to pain, infection, and organ damage.

6. Blood might play a role in treating Alzheimer’s disease.

In 2014, research led by Stanford University scientists found that injecting the plasma of young mice into older mice improved memory and learning. Their findings follow years of experiments in which scientists surgically joined the circulatory systems of old and young mice to test whether young blood could reverse signs of aging. Those results showed rejuvenating effects of a particular blood protein on the organs of older mice.

The Stanford team’s findings that young blood had positive effects on mouse memory and learning sparked intense interest in whether it could eventually lead to new treatments for Alzheimer’s disease and other age-related conditions.

7. The sight of blood can make people faint.

For 3 to 4 percent of people, squeamishness associated with blood, injury, or invasive medical procedures like injections rises to the level of a true phobia called blood injury injection phobia (BII). And most sufferers share a common reaction: fainting.

Most phobias cause an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, and often muscle tension, shakes, and sweating: part of the body’s sympathetic nervous system’s “fight or flight” response. But sufferers of BII experience an added symptom. After initially increasing, their blood pressure and heart rate will abruptly drop.

This reaction is caused by the vagus nerve, which works to keep a steady heart rate, among other things. But the vagus nerve sometimes overdoes it, pushing blood pressure and heart rate too low. (You may have experienced this phenomenon if you’ve ever felt faint while hungry, dehydrated, startled, or standing up too fast.) For people with BII, the vasovagal response can happen at the mere sight or suggestion of blood, needles, or bodily injury, making even a routine medical or dental checkup cause for dread and embarrassment.

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Don Draper is an incredibly sexy (if fictional) man, with his square jaw line and strong chin. And that isn’t just personal opinion. Research has shown that chiseled jaws and strong chins appear more masculine and are considered universally attractive. But a new study challenges the idea of universally attractive features — and finds that there is no one chin that is sexier than others.

“Chins are kind of a funny thing. It seems like a random thing to look at, but chins are like a hallmark of modern human anatomy,” says Seth Dobson, an assistant professor in the anthropology department at Dartmouth College. “No other animals have chins.”

For years, Dobson has speculated about why only humans have chins and what purpose they serve. While he hasn’t come to any concrete conclusions, he wondered if chins impact how we select mates. Some experts believe that we pick partners based on universal facial attractiveness—a set of traits, such as symmetrical facial features, that are overwhelmingly deemed hot (and biologically superior). Dobson thought that if women mated with men who had strong chins and men bred with women with smaller, weaker chins that skeletons would show this.

“We reasoned that if they are universal the preferences actually influence evolution and that people would have the same chin shapes,” he says. “That is not the case.”

Dobson looked at 180 male and female skeletons that originated from nine different Old-World geographic locations including, Australia, Eastern and Southern Africa, Southeastern, Central, and Eastern Asia, and Northern, Eastern, and Western Europe. After creating contour tracings of the chins, a computer analyzed their shapes. Dobson found there isn’t one dominant preferred chin shape for men or women in any region.

“The preferences aren’t actually universal,” he says, but adds a caveat: “I don’t think that our result undermine that there is strong preference .”

These results might mean that people don’t pick partners based only on universally attractive traits, he explains. Sure, a strong chin might seem sexier, but the man who owns the chin might not have a great personality. And we can’t all marry men with Don Draper chins.

“ may express a preference for a chin, but if you look at who she is actually choosing as a partner his chin may look different. In the real world, people choose their partners for a wide variety of reasons that may not be entirely clear,” says Dobson. “There is physical attractiveness as a sense that you have that you cannot really explain.”

Also, the skeletons are all between 100 and 200 years old, meaning they lived long before Western ideals of beauty became pervasive.

“One thing is possible, this is speculation, it is possible that the preferences that look to be universal cross culturally today maybe weren’t important in the past,” Dobson says. “But they may be important in the future.”

The paper was published online earlier this month in the journal PLoS One.

Weak Chin

What is a weak chin and jawline?

A weak chin and jawline refers to a receding chin, or a chin that is short, small and slopes backward. This aesthetic complaint is very common among women and men. For women, it can cause the nose to appear too large and that they are overweight. For men, this can contribute to a less masculine appearance. With a weak chin and jawline, it can often appear as if you have a double chin. The double chin look can result from a lack of definition between the neck and chin or from a chin that is small, narrow or short.

What are the benefits of a strong chin?

The chin is often overlooked, and most people don’t realize how much of the face is impacted by the size, shape and prominence of the chin. By addressing a receding chin and jawline, you can get a more rounded facial appearance. Aesthetic treatments can establish a more refined transition between the jaw and neck. You can also benefit from a more balanced profile. When the chin is too small or recedes, your side profile becomes unbalanced. A stronger chin can also help to make your nose appear much smaller. In many cases, the nose only appears large because the chin is too small.

Get treatments in Capitol Hill, Seattle

Whether your chin has become less prominent as a result of aging or weight fluctuations or your jawline has asymmetries that you would like to correct, chin augmentation with dermal fillers can help. At Lifted Beauty + Wellness in Madrona, Seattle, we specialize in addressing weak chins and we are passionate about creating a harmonious balance to faces of our patients. When you opt for revolumizing with fillers in your chin and jawline, we will typically inject small amounts of dermal fillers (often Radiesse, Juvederm and/or Restylane) into the lower third of your face to help redefine natural contours or create new structure, if needed. To get started, call or text us at (206) 299-1102, or fill out the consultation request form on our website.

The science of magnetism

We all think we know instinctively what we find attractive in other people. Off the top of our heads, we will probably mention attributes such as facial appearance, physical build, mannerisms and behaviours. But how do we define physical appeal and attraction? What, precisely, makes an attractive woman or man?

The idea of applying scientific analytical methods to such questions may seem about as appropriate as analysing Shakespeare’s love sonnets through the mathematics of rhythm and the structure of language and vocabulary to better understand their seductive effects. Nevertheless, breaking down the aspects of attractiveness into their component parts and then subjecting them to rigorous scientific testing has provided answers to many of the basic questions about the judgements we make in the first few moments of meeting a potential partner.

The psychological mechanisms underlying these judgements of attractiveness in humans have evolved with the primary purpose of finding a high quality mate. Animals display traits and receive multiple signals related to some basic physical quality or attribute and science shows we are not very far removed from animals in these respects. It might be interesting to take a moment and consider the things you would look for if you were, for example, about to embark on a speed dating mission to find the partner of your dreams. In a BBC internet survey of the top three most desirable traits in a potential partner, after breaking down the results according to gender, men ranked good looks and facial attractiveness higher than women, while women preferred honesty, humour, kindness and dependability in their men. However, the latest research suggests men and women are completely unaware at a conscious level of what truly attracts them to another person. When a group of young people were asked about their preferences before a speed dating session, the usual gender difference was found, in that men said they would prefer good looking women while women would seek men with good earning potential and nurturing capabilities. However, as these people made their choices during the speed dating session, it became apparent that the gender divide had disappeared, and there was no difference in the number of men and women who were attracted to a partner through looks. Women were also much more choosey about the type of man they were attracted to, while men were far less discriminating. This is in line with the Darwinian theory of mate selection, with choosey females and competitive males. It seems that people are closer to animals than they might care to admit, and they are also intrinsically unaware of what they actually find attractive in a partner.

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WHAT MEN FIND ATTRACTIVE ABOUT WOMEN

A pretty face

What makes a pretty face? Studies have found that average, symmetrical faces are attractive and it is thought they honestly signal good traits such as healthiness, including how well a person has adapted to the stresses of genetic and environmental development. Hence facial symmetry suggests “good genes”. In a recent survey, women with symmetrical faces were considered to have more feminine facial proportions and such feminine features are considered to be more attractive.

This attractiveness is not just about looks though, because a study has found that feminine features are empirically linked to higher levels of oestrogen in women.

However, familiar or typical faces are also viewed as more attractive, while more unusual and distinctive faces are rated less attractive. Furthermore, seeing faces more often increases their attractiveness rating. Hence facial appearance is a cue to hormone levels in women but presumably only at the first meeting and providing the woman is not too distant, ethnically or genetically.

While facial symmetry is regarded as an attractive quality, most people don’t actually realise they are looking for symmetry. Once again, unconscious mechanisms come into play in determining face preferences. This may help explain why the reasons behind attraction are often so difficult to describe.

The question of make-up

The link between attractiveness and hormone levels is lost when women wear make-up. However, both men and women judge full facial make-up to be more attractive than wearing no facial makeup. Men prefer women with full eye make-up and foundation, but lipstick is not necessarily considered an enhancement to beauty. Men find a greater contrast between the darkness of the eyes and lips and the lightness of the surrounding skin to be most beautiful.

Voice pitch

Men prefer women with higher pitched voices, even when artificially manipulated. A more recent report, however, indicates that men perceive raised pitch more attractive only if the women are demonstrating an interest in them. Breathiness when speaking is also considered to be a feminine characteristic women might therefore wish to consider cultivating a “Nicole Kidman” approach to speech.

Body shape

The question of body shape is a contentious issue. Studies have broken down the analysis of what makes a perfectly shaped body into body mass index (BMI), waist:hip ratio (WHR) (the circumference of the waist compared to the circumference of the hip), waist:bust ratio (WBR) and body weight. Curvaceousness, the hourglass shape, has also been found to be a factor.

There are many aspects involved in the perception and judgement of body shape that clearly cannot be measured in isolation. Motion and three-dimensional presentation affect the attractiveness of shape and weight, and provoke basic social perceptions of biological gender and health, and of fitness for particular environments. Hence measures of a woman’s attractiveness vary depending on whether the she is in motion or is posing. Using the frequencies with which female celebrities star in film or in magazines as a measure for attractiveness, women with low BMI are more likely to be seen in film (and, therefore, in motion) but women with low WHR or WBR are more likely to be seen posing in magazines. A study examined the changes in idealised female body images in the media (such as Playboy magazine Playmates of the Year, Miss America Pageant winners, and fashion models) and young women in general over a period of eight decades. In the early and latter parts of the 20th century the ideal was for less curvaceous women, while during the middle decades the ideal was for very curvaceous women. Over the period studied, models tended to have smaller bosoms and hips, but Playmates had larger bosoms and smaller waists, indicating a difference between the media’s ideal woman and that of men in the real world.

Bosom

Bigger bosoms are more attractive to men. We are probably all aware of that, but just to prove it, in one study a female member of a research team, wearing a bra that permitted her to vary her bust size, sat in a nightclub and on the pavement area of a bar for an hour at each location. She was approached by men more often while exhibiting the bigger bust. A similarly equipped female researcher was offered more hitch-hiking lifts from thumbing when she had a larger bosom, which may reinforce the idea that men do not offer lifts just to be kind and sociable.

WHAT WOMEN FIND ATTRACTIVE ABOUT MEN

As most men would agree, and most women would deny, hormones play a major role in female attraction to males. However, the degree to which hormones (and pheromones) play a role in attraction is much greater than women would perhaps care to discover.

Nesting instincts and hormones

Facial attractiveness in men signals better genetic stock, greater genetic variability and higher testosterone levels. However, men who are genetically good stock make poorer partners and parents than men of genetically lower quality. Very masculine facial characteristics larger jawbones and more prominent cheekbones suggest to women negative attributes relevant to relationships and paternal investment. The more masculine a face, the more the perceived dominance and negative behaviour aspects (such as coldness or dishonesty). Therefore women often prefer men with slightly more feminine faces. Men who possess the childlike features of large eyes, the mature features of prominent cheekbones and a large chin, the expressive feature of a big smile, and high-status clothing are seen as the most highly attractive.

So women in stable relationships are therefore with men of poorer genetic stock. Hence a woman might theoretically invest in a stable relationship but obtain high quality genetic stock by straying outside the partnership, most logically at her most fertile period. Most women (and men) would be shocked at such an inference, but the science points in that direction. In a study of partnered women, most found single men were most attractive only when they were briefly in their fertile phase; otherwise they were not attracted to them.

Women’s preference for men who display more masculine traits varies with the menstrual cycle. Women prefer the odour of dominant men, and prefer men who act in a dominant fashion and who have more masculine faces, at the peak fertility time of their menstrual cycle, particularly at the follicular phase. It may be shocking, but women fancy men with the most masculine traits when they are most likely to conceive. One study found that this is linked to oestradiol levels, which track with a woman’s preference for testosterone levels in men over the menstrual cycle. A group of genes called the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) influence individual odours in men. If women prefer the odour of MHC-dissimilar males it is perhaps to increase genetic diversity in their offspring or to reduce inbreeding. Women prefer the odour of men who are more dissimilar in MHC when they are approaching the most fertile part of their menstrual cycle. Women on the pill, however, do not demonstrate this preference, suggesting that the contraceptive pill might affect the choices made by women and hence fertility of the human species as a whole except of course that women come off the pill in order to conceive.

All this suggests that women may be driven to seek less attractive partners in order to provide a stable and nurturing environment for their children, but may secretly improve the genetic quality of their offspring through extra-pair matings with the most masculine and attractive men while at their most fertile. Either way, as with partner selection, and with how we define facial beauty, it appears that powerful forces are at work behind the scenes in our reproductive strategies, of which we are oblivious.

VIVE LA DIFFERENCE

So what can we do to make ourselves more attractive to the opposite sex? The simplest answer for women is to reinforce the gender difference. Everything men are attracted to in women points towards an emphasis on femininity. Therefore a woman should dress herself as femininely as possible, emphasise her feminine features and wear make up. In this day and age, that sounds almost sexist! Does it just come down to clothes? Science also tells us that smiling and eye contact make people significantly more attractive, to both sexes. As for men, if looking for a stable relationship, the opposite advice applies: reduce the gender difference both in looks and behaviour, and emphasise the loving and caring partner aspects. Both sexes should try to remember, though: it’s the men who compete and the women who choose. If it’s something else, you’re doing it wrong.

The Independent’s Millennial Love group is the best place to discuss to the highs and lows of modern dating and relationships. Join the conversation here.​

The Perfect Male Face That Women Love : Psychology: Researchers say they know why certain faces win women’s heart. Eyes, chins and noses are all important.

It is a safe bet that few women ever wanted to mother Clint Eastwood. The steely, narrowed eyes. The rugged jawline. The thin-lipped sneer. This is the face of a man to save the homestead from marauding Indians, to stare down an outlaw in a saloon. But not to cuddle.

Now, take Paul McCartney–he of the doe eyes, chipmunk cheeks and teddy bear chin. Ten thousand teeny-boppers can’t be wrong. The man is adorable.

The faces of Eastwood and McCartney represent the two extremes in male facial types, each of which, psychologists argue, elicits its own distinctive emotional reactions.

People with facial features characteristic of infants bring out the same feelings of nurturing and compassion that babies do. Men with mature, masculine features, on the other hand, convey vigor and sexual power.

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This much is conventional wisdom. But writing in the latest issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, three researchers led by University of Louisville psychologist Michael Cunningham argue that the differences in male facial types may also serve to explain that oldest of questions: Why are women attracted to men?

Citing recent behavioral experiments, the researchers present a controversial theory they call the multiple motive hypothesis. It says that women are most attracted to male faces that combine the best elements of both these extremes–the large eyes and medium-to-small nose of the baby’s face with the strong jaw and wide cheekbones of the mature man’s face.

Women prefer men, in other words, whose faces inspire both their inclination to nurture and their desire for a sexually mature partner.

They want men they can cuddle like McCartney and cling to like Eastwood. They like Robert Redford (big eyes and strong jaw) over Michael Jackson (no chin). They like Mel Gibson (a god) over Al Pacino (nose much, much too big). O.J. Simpson and Tom Selleck also qualify as perfect scores, according to the researchers.

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This theory is not about true love, of course. Why one woman or man becomes truly committed to another results from a host of factors of which facial attractiveness is only one. Nor is it about body shape, which obviously plays its own significant role. This is about impressions formed by photographs, by chance encounters, by staring deep into a man’s eyes. This is about faces that trigger that first quickening of the pulse, that first hint of longing, that weakening of the knees. This is about Wow!

The implications of the theory are enormous. The researchers claim that these standards of attractiveness cut across social, racial and cultural lines, that while women around the world have different tastes in male weight, body type and grooming, everywhere they like the same thing in a man’s face.

Moreover, the psychologists maintain that their experimental results allow them to quantify the components of male attractiveness. They can predict, down to the hundredth of a millimeter, what the most attractive eye size is, what turns a chin from a liability into an asset and how big a nose a man can carry before women start to look away.

Are we close to knowing what the perfect male face looks like?

“This is an interesting theory with an interesting underlying hypothesis,” said Brandeis University psychologist Leslie Zebrowitz, who works in the same field. “But it’s controversial. . . . There may be some universal (principles) of attractiveness. But I’m not so convinced that we know yet what they are.”

The idea that faces fall into types and that those types can in turn inspire strong emotions is not a new one in behavioral psychology. Zebrowitz, for example, has used the same “baby face-mature face” distinction in research on social attitudes.

“Baby-faced (people) are seen as more naive, more submissive, warmer, more honest and physically weaker than their age mates,” she says. Mature-faced men, by contrast, are perceived as being stronger, shrewder and more dominant.

In a long study of courtroom trials, Zebrowitz found that the more baby-faced the defendant looked, the more likely he was to be acquitted of crimes involving intentional misconduct. However, in keeping with the image of baby-faced naivete and weakness, defendants of that type were more likely to be found guilty when charged with negligent behavior. For mature-faced types, the exact reverse was true.

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Cunningham’s research tries to determine how these emotional reactions to facial features fit into a man’s attractiveness to women. To do this, he and his colleagues gathered head-and-shoulders photographs of young men and showed them to large groups of mainly white, college-age women, asking them to rank the pictures using a variety of attractiveness scales. Then the researchers broke down the faces into 25 categories, painstakingly measuring the dimensions of each feature to determine which part of the face correlated best with high attractiveness scores.

The results–which were substantially the same for both the white women and later studies with groups of Latino, Asian and black women–found larger-than-average eyes to be the most important factor.

“Eyes convey information,” Cunningham says. Big, baby-like eyes suggest spontaneity, innocence, vulnerability. Small eyes, though a mark of maturity, may “convey a lower need for affection and care.”

On the other hand, women didn’t seem to like an underdeveloped, baby-like jaw and chin. “Jaws convey age, but also strength,” he says, “It signals that a man has gone through puberty.”

Wide cheeks and high cheekbones–signals of male physical maturity and strength–also are good. But so are smiles, which have nothing to do with sexual maturity and are a universal signal of joy, responsiveness and sociability.

High-status clothing–dark suits with a tie–seem to help, as does shorter hair, both of which could be interpreted as symbols of achievement.

“A man who possesses an attractive combination of (infant-like), mature, expressive, and good grooming features; who looks outgoing and well dressed, rugged but also cuddly, and masculine but not extremely sex-typed, may appear to offer the best chance for an affectionate, high-status . . . mate,” the study concludes.

What women want, Cunningham says, is a face that has it all.

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People with big eyes have the ability to attract you with minimal effort and this is not just because of the size of their eyes.

They say that our eyes are the windows to our soul and it’s true. Unlike other parts of our body, eyes come in different colors, patterns and different sizes. Your eyes, more than any other facial feature, have the ability to express your emotions and tell people how you feel.

Your eyes help you perceive the world in your own unique way and absorb even the smallest of details. Yes, they are that powerful. It may sound weird but even the size of your eyes says a lot about your personality, your life goals and the way you treat others.

Big eyes are a symbol of youth

Unlike small eyes, larger eyes are connected to baby features that make you look innocent and attractive (especially when it comes to females). Basically, if your eye-socket is naturally shallow, your eyes will look bigger and you will resemble traits of a baby.

A baby-faced person with plump lips and a round face can be a 40-year-old who looks like a 20-year-old instead just because of their large eyes which is sort of incredible. And don’t be mistaken. Every single person on this planet can have big eyes (yes, even Asian people) but they usually look slightly different.

Huge eyes are also characteristic of Disney princesses (Snow White) and Japanese anime, where they all have overly expressive eyes and some women (mostly Asian) have started wearing contact lenses with larger limbal rings to make their eyes look bigger.

The bigger the eyes, the more innocently sensual and sexual the woman will be and the same applies to the man. Regardless of eye color, bigger eyes are a symbol of youth and much more!

Big eyes are the reflection of a big soul

People with big eyes are thought of as:

  • receptive
  • passionate
  • warm
  • creative
  • kind
  • approachable
  • honest
  • naive
  • trustworthy
  • likable
  • familiar
  • charismatic

If the eyes are the windows to our soul, big eyes are the reflection of a big soul. This may sound weird but it is the absolute truth. When you look at someone’s eyes, (according to the Chinese art of face reading) you can learn a lot about them without ever talking to them.

There is something really special about people with big eyes. You can notice them easily even if they are meters away from you. When you talk to them, you feel like you could drown yourself in their eyes (contrary to those with deep-set eyes).

You can notice little sparks sparkling from their big blue, green or brown eyes while they’re talking to you and you have a feeling like they are absorbing everything in their surroundings. You feel like they’re absorbing your every single word every day, and their concentration is at the maximum level all the time.

These are some of the characteristics that make them really attractive and appealing to everyone. People with big eyes have the ability to attract you with minimal effort and this is not just because of the size of their eyes. Rather, it is because people with big eyes share some special traits which make them so inviting and desirable.

1. They are friendly to everyone

People with big eyes are naturally ‘warmer’. They are warm-hearted and friendly and they like to meet new people. This probably stems from their facial features which make their face more open and appealing.

People with big eyes are not just friendly with the people they already know. They are friendly with everyone and they treat everyone with the same level of respect. What is really special about them is the ability to accept all types of personalities, and the willingness to make an effort to understand you instead of instantly judging you.

They are the embodiment of selflessness and because of that, you count on them any time. People with big eyes will always be willing to help you when needed because their main goal is to make the world a better place. They may seem innocent and flirtatious but underneath, there is the strength of a warrior (similar to those with cat eyes).

2. They are curious

This is the most special trait of people with big eyes. Their curiosity is like a sparkling light that you can see in the corner of their eyes when they are looking at something that intrigues them. And they get easily intrigued because they see things differently from others.

They notice even the smallest of details about you or around them, which helps them read other people and understand their body language. People may see an old pot but they will see a vase lacking flowers. Their curiosity helps them see the bigger picture of everything. It helps them see the world in a different light, which is truly exciting and mesmerizing.

3. They easily adapt to new situations

People with big eyes have the gift of being easily adaptable to the most difficult and weirdest situations one can imagine. It is in their nature to always find a solution to a problem instead of just sitting and waiting for it to be solved by someone else (just think of the movie In Time and Amanda Seyfried’s mesmerizing large eyes and intelligence).

They are very flexible when it comes to making compromises because they always put themselves in other people’s shoes and sometimes they go out of their way to make you happy.

Their adaptable nature makes them ready to conquer even the toughest battles and difficult tasks at hand. So, the next time you find yourself staring at their mesmerizing big eyes, know that you’re attracted to them for a reason!

4. They are persistent

People with big eyes remain persistent at whatever they are doing. They don’t give up that easily because they are born to fight for themselves and others. They are bold and stubborn at the same time and this is what makes them truly amazing and it gives them additional strength when it comes to achieving life goals.

If you tell them that they should give up on something or that they are not good enough at something, they will do anything to prove to you that you’re wrong. They will always respect your opinion but they will not let you interfere with their goals and dreams.

Their persistence is closely connected with their passion for life. They enjoy little things and their goals are more selflessly oriented. They easily convert their passions into achievements because their will is really strong with them. They are not afraid to follow and fight for their dreams because they know that if they don’t, no one else will.

5. They are open to new experiences

The only thing they are afraid of is being in a rut—which for people with big eyes seems almost impossible. That is why they are always open to new interesting things and experiences because they want to live life to the fullest. They aren’t satisfied with mediocrity.

They are not materialistic and they appreciate the little things in life. You can see it in their eyes when they are showing admiration for a flower or something else other people might see as trivial. Their whole perception of things around them differs greatly from others.

When you ask them to participate in something, they will never make excuses because they see everything as an opportunity for self-improvement. They know that even if they fail at doing something, it was still worth it because it has taught them a valuable lesson.

6. They are creative and passionate

People with big eyes have an artistic brain, which means they are creative with everything they do. Not all of them are Picasso, yet they all exhibit their creative traits on different levels. Some of them are passionate about cooking, drawing, singing, swimming, writing, etc., and whatever they choose, they will be good at it.

Passion is a strong force that serves them as fuel. They feed themselves on passion and that is why it is so hard for them to do something they don’t enjoy. That is why sometimes they find themselves in a confusing labyrinth of choices when they have to choose between something they really like and something they are expected to do.

7. They are devoted

Don’t let their flirtatious nature confuse you because people with big eyes are passionate lovers and devoted partners. When they love someone, they love them with their whole heart. They are sensitive to other people’s feelings and emotions and that is why they simply don’t know how to hurt you.

If they decide to love you, they will be devoted to the core and you will never have to question their decisions. If they promise you something, they will stick to it. If you don’t believe me, just look into their eyes and you will know what I’m talking about.

8. They know how to fight for themselves

Big eyes are usually linked with babies and innocence but don’t let this information fool you. People with big eyes may look innocent and easy to be with but if you hurt their feelings or say something bad to them, they will not just go silent.

They will always stand up and fight for themselves and others if needed because they live for justice and fair play. Their angelic nature gives them the courage to fight evil and they are really good at it. People with big eyes will always find the perfect arguments and the perfect ways to right wrongs.

9. They are very persuasive

People with big eyes naturally have more of an expressive face than those with small eyes. Therefore, in arguments, they are very persuasive and they express themselves with minimum effort. Because of that, they have the ability to escape being judged for their wrongdoings (which for us regular humans is fairly captivating).

Having big eyes means having an advance when it comes to crimes and other things because no one would ever suspect a baby-faced woman or man as violent. And believe it or not, there are thousands of past cases where people with big eyes were not considered suspicious and succeeded in getting away with their crimes (just like gangster George Nelson).

10. Women with big eyes are more fertile

Larger eyes (along with plump lips, bigger breasts and smaller chins) are all signs of higher levels of estrogen in women. And women with higher levels are more successful at conceiving than those with lower levels.

Summarized, men are deeply attracted to women with bigger eyes because they see them as a better ‘mate’.

They subconsciously choose them over others because their mind and body are signaling to them that they are a better ‘mate’. That is one of the biggest reasons why men find women with big eyes more attractive than those with smaller ones.

This is confirmed by Adrian Furnham, a psychologist at University College London: “Evolutionary psychologists say that what men are looking for in a woman is someone who will have his babies and make healthy babies – and there are markers of this.”

If you are considering a relationship with a big-eyed person…

If you’re already in a relationship with a big-eyed person or you’re considering entering one, be prepared to show them your affection in multiple ways and always make an effort to surprise them and keep things fresh whenever you have the opportunity to do so.

People with big eyes are brave and really sensitive at the same time and that is why they will expect more than just compliments. They like to be at the center of attention (but in a positive way) which means they will value your affection in accordance with your efforts.

And as a reward, they will shower you with their ultimate selflessness and caring nature. At times, you might feel like you’re a roller coaster but whenever you look in their eyes, you will know that every relationship has its own good and bad days.

Their determination will motivate you to achieve your goals and become the best version of yourself.

A relationship with a big-eyed person is more like a vacation for your soul.

It is filled with cute surprises and exciting adventures. Every time you look them in the eyes, your affection will become ten times stronger. Their baby-face features will always make your heart beat faster and you will not be able to get mad at them that easily.

People with big eyes are truly special creatures and that is why they require a different approach and treatment. Their devotion will never be questionable because even if they wanted to lie, they are simply unable to do so. Their big eyes will always reveal the true intentions of their big heart and every time they look at you, you will see it, too.

Some Interesting Facts About People With Big Eyes

I came about some facts about people with big eyes that really amazed me. So, to conclude all of the aforementioned, here are 4 interesting facts about people with big eyes that you (probably) didn’t know about!

1. People with big eyes are more likely to become criminals

As already said, people with big eyes are perceived as less suspicious. They are powerful at convincing others that they are not guilty of something. The best example for it is gangster George Nelson, whose big eyes and baby face made him look less suspicious and the undercover FBI agents simply turned a blind eye to him and let him and his fellow crew escape.

This doesn’t mean that every person who has big eyes is likely to become a criminal. It means that people with big eyes are more likely to maintain that status of a criminal once they become one. For them, it is much easier to deal with dangerous situations because they can always find a way out just by looking cute and innocent.

2. Big-eyed politicians are generally rated as warmer, more honest and attractive

The example for this one is Clinton, whose big eyes helped him to become really popular with the public. The reason why this is so is because big eyes are directly linked with being innocent. So, while politicians may lie to you in your face and talk bullshit, you will still believe them because their face expressions (together with their big eyes) make them look honest and innocent.

But sometimes it might also prevent them from being elected because people can get scared that their leader will be weak and too innocent to wear the title of president or some other important position.

3. Baby-faced men tend to be more assertive, accomplished and better educated than their peers

Since men with big eyes are often labeled as innocent and childlike, they have this urge to fight through life just to convince others of their masculinity. It is believed that this is the main reason why baby-faced men tend to be more assertive, accomplished and better educated than their peers.

4. Baby-faced individuals have better survival skills

If a person with big eyes comes to you and asks you to give them food, you will simply not be able to refuse doing so because your mind subconsciously sees them as a baby in need of help.

That is why baby-faced individuals generally have better survival skills than those with small eyes. Their innocence and baby-face features help them get what they need in times of scarcity and potential danger.

This is especially effective with women because if you have big eyes and you’re also a female, you automatically have better chances of convincing people to help you during your misfortune. Women are by nature considered as a less dangerous species and that is why people are more inclined to help them no matter what.

I hope you have found these interesting facts helpful and the next time you find yourself in a situation similar to these, you might want to think twice before acting and making conclusions!

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19 science-backed ways men can appear more attractive to women

Romantic attraction is a complicated thing that scientists still don’t completely understand.

But, through research and experimentation, they’ve come up with many ideas about what draws one person to another.

Below, Business Insider has rounded up some of the most compelling scientific insights about the traits and behaviors that make men more appealing to women.

Sharing the full story, not just the headlines

The best part? None of the items on this list require you to get cosmetic surgery or do a major personality overhaul. We’re talking small tweaks, like acting nicer and swapping your deodorant.

Read on for simple ways to step up your dating game.

Look for the universal signals of flirtation

Rutgers University anthropologist and best-selling author Helen E. Fisher says that women around the world signal interest with a remarkably similar sequence of expressions.

As she shared at Psychology Today, it goes like this:

“First the woman smiles at her admirer and lifts her eyebrows in a swift, jerky motion as she opens her eyes wide to gaze at him. Then she drops her eyelids, tilts her head down and to the side, and looks away. Frequently she also covers her face with her hands, giggling nervously as she retreats behind her palms.

“This sequential flirting gesture is so distinctive that Eibl-Eibesfeldt was convinced it is innate, a human female courtship ploy that evolved eons ago to signal sexual interest.”

Look for someone ‘in your league’

Men — and women — are attracted to people who are as attractive as they are.

In one study, researchers at the University of California at Berkeley looked at the behavior of 60 heterosexual male and 60 heterosexual female users on an online dating site. While the majority of users were inclined to reach out to highly attractive people, they were most likely to get a response if that person was about as attractive as they were (as judged by independent raters).

“If you go for someone roughly to you in attractiveness, it avoids two things,” Nottingham Trent University psychologist Mark Sergeant, who was not involved with the study, told The Independent. “If they are much better-looking than you, you are worried about them going off and having affairs. If they are much less attractive, you are worried that you could do better.”

Present yourself as high status

A 2010 study from the University of Wales Institute found that men pictured with a Silver Bentley Continental GT were perceived as way more attractive than those pictures with a Red Ford Fiesta ST.

And a 2014 study from Cardiff Metropolitan University found that men pictured in a luxury apartment were rated more attractive than those in a control group.

Interestingly, men don’t seem to be more attracted to women when they’re pictured in a high-status context.

Look older

Psychologists call looking older the ‘George Clooney effect’ (Getty Images)

Psychologists call it the “George Clooney Effect.”

As 2010 study of 3,770 heterosexual adults suggested that women often prefer older men. As the women became more financially independent, they said they liked older guys even more.

“We think this suggests greater financial independence gives women more confidence in partner choices, and attracts them to powerful, attractive older men,” lead author and University of Dundee psychologist Fhionna Moore said in a statement.

Evolutionary psychologists say that younger women and older men often pair up because while fertility only lasts from puberty to menopause in women, it can extend long into midlife for many men. Society also gives men greater opportunity to accumulate status and resources as they age.

Grow a light beard

In a 2013 study from researchers at the University of New South Wales, researchers had 177 heterosexual men and 351 heterosexual women look at images of 10 men in one of four conditions: clean-shaven, light stubble, heavy stubble, or full beard. Participants rated the men pictured on several traits, including attractiveness.

That women said the most attractive beard length was heavy stubble.

“Facial hair correlates not only with maturity and masculinity, but also with dominance and aggression,” write authors Barnaby J. Dixson and Robert C. Brooks.

“An intermediate level of beardedness is most attractive,” they add.

A 2013 study showed women are attracted to men with light beards (Getty Images)

Build muscle (but not too much)

In a 2007 study from University of California, Los Angeles, 286 women looked at pictures of shirtless men and indicated which ones seemed like they would make the best long- and short-term partners.

Results showed that women were more likely to want short-term relationships with the guys who had big muscles.

The evolutionary signal that might be at work here?

Characteristics like muscularity are “cues of genes that increase offspring viability or reproductive success,” say authors David A. Frederick and Martie G. Haselton.

But Frederick and Haselton took away another telling finding: Less-muscular men were thought to be a better fit for long-term relationships. So if you want to catch a woman’s eye and hold her attention, you may be better off not going overboard.

Be kind

One of the best documented findings in psychology is the halo effect, a bias where you unconsciously take one aspect of somebody as a proxy for their overall character. It’s why we think beautiful people are good at their jobs, even when they aren’t necessarily.

As psychologist and writer Scott Barry Kaufman notes, the halo effect works in other ways too.

In a 2014 Chinese study, more than 100 young people looked at images of men and women’s faces and rated them on attractiveness. Each face pictured was paired with a word that described either a positive personality trait — like kindness or honesty — or a negative personality trait, like being evil or mean.

Results showed that the people described with positive traits were rated more attractive.

“Even though beauty is an assessment of fitness value, there is no reason why assessment of fitness needs to be purely physical,” Kaufman writes, meaning that acting kind can make you appear more attractive.

Wear red

Will Smith wears red (Getty Images)

A 2010 cross-cultural study — with participants from China, England, Germany, and the US — found that women are most attracted to men wearing red.

In one experiment from the study, 55 female undergrads looked at a colour photo of a man in either a red or green shirt, and then rated the man’s attractiveness.

Sure enough, the man was rated significantly more attractive when he was wearing a red shirt. The results were similar when researchers compared the red shirt to other colour shirts as well.

Interestingly, participants generally weren’t aware that the man’s clothing colour was influencing their perceptions of his attractiveness.

Make your partner laugh

Multiple studies indicate that women are more attracted to men who can make them laugh.

In one small French study, a man told a joke to two friends at a bar while a woman sat at a nearby table. Then that man was instructed to approach the woman and ask for her number. In another version of the situation, one of the men who listened to the joke asked the woman for her number. (These scenarios were repeated about 60 times total.)

After the man left, an experimenter approached the woman and asked her to rate the man on attractiveness and intelligence, and to indicate how much she would want to date the man long-term.

Results showed that the guy was three times as likely to get the woman’s number when he’d told a joke. Plus he was rated more attractive and intelligent.

Walk a dog

In a 2014 experiment from the Ruppin Academic Center in Israel and the University of Michigan, 100 Israeli women read vignettes about men.

Some of the men were described as “cads”: They would cheat on their partner and get into fights. The other men were described as stereotypical “dads”: They would work hard at their job and take good care of their kids.

Whenever the story featured a cad who owned a dog, women rated that man as a more suitable long-term partner than a cad who didn’t own a dog. Cads with dogs were even rated slightly more attractive than dads with dogs.

The researchers concluded that owning a pet signals that you’re nurturing and capable of making long-term commitments. It can also help you appear more relaxed, approachable, and happy.

Not into pet ownership? Simply being seen with a dog can make you seem more dateable. In a French study from 2008, a 20-year-old man approached hundreds of women and asked for their phone numbers. When he had a dog with him, he was three times more likely to score their digits.

Play good music

In a 2014 study, researchers at the University of Sussex asked about 1,500 women (whose average age was 28) to listen to simple and complex pieces of music and rate the attractiveness of the composer.

The results showed that women preferred the more complex music, and said they would choose the composer of the more complex music as a long-term partner.

Even just holding an instrument could help you get a date. A 2014 French study found that men who approached 300 women and asked for their number were more successful when they carried a guitar case, as opposed to a gym bag or nothing at all.

Practice mindfulness

Australian researchers recently studied undergrads participating in a speed-dating session, and found that mindful men tended to receive higher attractiveness ratings from women.

Before the session began, 91 students were asked to fill out a mindfulness questionnaire in which they indicated how much they agreed with statements like:

• “I perceive my feelings and emotions without having to react to them.”

• “I notice changes in my body, such as whether my breathing slows down or speeds up.”

• “I’m good at finding the words to describe my feelings.”

After each interaction with an opposite-sex partner, students privately indicated how “sexy” they found their partner and how much they’d like to date that person.

Results showed that men were generally more drawn to physically attractive women. (Independent coders had rated the students’ attractiveness beforehand.) But women were generally more attracted to mindful men.

Play extreme sports (carefully)

A 2014 study showed women are attracted to men who do extreme sports (Getty Images)

A 2014 study led by researchers at the University of Alaska at Anchorage found that women are attracted to men who take what the researchers call “hunter-gatherer risks.”

More than 230 undergrads filled out questionnaires about how attractive they would find a partner who engaged in certain risky behaviours, as opposed to a partner who engaged in low- or no-risk behaviours.

Hunter-gatherer risks included mountain biking, deep-sea scuba diving, and extreme rollerblading. “Modern” risks included plagiarising an academic paper, casually handling chemicals in a lab, and not updating the virus-protection software on your computer.

Low- and no-risk behaviours included biking along paved paths and carefully handling chemicals in a chemistry-lab class.

Results showed that women said they would be more attracted to men who engaged in hunter-gatherer risks — the kinds that were similar to risks faced by ancestral humans. Women said they would be less attracted to men who engaged in modern risks, which might seem just plain dumb.

Wear a scented deodorant

Simply knowing that you’re wearing a new fragrance can make you act more confident, and even make you seem more attractive to other people.

In a small 2009 study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science, researchers gave one group of male undergraduates a spray with antimicrobial ingredients and fragrance oil, and provided another group with an unscented spray that didn’t contain antimicrobial ingredients. Over the next few days, the men who used the scented spray reported higher self-confidence and felt more attractive.

The strange part? When a group of women were shown silent videos of the men, they found those who were wearing scented spray more attractive, even though they obviously couldn’t smell them. The researchers determined that the men using the scented spray displayed more confident behavior, which in turn made them more attractive.

Chow down on garlic

The smell of garlic on your breath is generally regarded as an instant romance killer. But a recent series of studies, from researchers at Charles University and the National Institute of Mental Health in the Czech Republic and the University of Stirling in the United Kingdom, suggests a different story when it comes to body odor.

In one study, eight men ate a slice of bread with cheese and 12 grams of fresh garlic; another eight ate bread and cheese without any garlic. For the next 12 hours, the men wore cotton pads under their armpits and were instructed not to use any deodorants or fragrances.

The following day, all the men returned to the lab, where 40 women sniffed the pads and rated the odor on pleasantness, attractiveness, masculinity, and intensity. Results showed that the garlic group was rated more pleasant and attractive and less masculine and intense.

Do volunteer work

A 2013 study from UK researchers found that women find men more appealing when they do volunteer work.

About 30 women looked at a picture of a man with a brief description of his hobbies, which sometimes included volunteer work. The same procedure was repeated with about 30 men looking at a picture of a woman. Everyone rated how attractive they found the person pictured for a short- and long-term relationship.

Both genders rated the person pictured as more attractive for a long-term relationship when they were described as a volunteer — but the effect was stronger for women rating men.

Shape Created with Sketch. Volunteer work: Doing good just got more complicated

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Show off your scars

That scar on your chin from when you fell off a bike could help you attract a mate.

In a 2009 study, researchers at the University of Liverpool and the University of Stirling took photos of 24 male and 24 female undergrads. They digitally manipulated half of the images so the subjects appeared to have facial scars — for example, a line on the person’s forehead that looked like the result of an injury.

Then the researchers recruited another group of about 200 heterosexual male and female undergrads to rate all the people pictured based on attractiveness for both short- and long-term relationships.

Results showed that men with scars appeared slightly more attractive for short-term relationships than men without scars. Women, on the other hand, were perceived as equally attractive regardless of whether they had scarred faces.

Use open body language in your online dating photo

A 2016 study — from researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Northwestern University — suggests that we’re more attracted to people who display expansive body language.

In one experiment included in the study, the researchers created profiles for three men and three women on a GPS-based dating app.

In one set of profiles, the men and women were pictured in contractive positions — for example, by crossing their arms or hunching their shoulders.

In the other set of profiles, the same men and women were pictured in expansive positions, like holding their arms upward in a “V” or reaching out to grab something.

Results showed that people in expansive postures were selected as potential dates more often than those in contractive postures. This effect was slightly larger for women selecting men.

Look proud

A 2011 University of British Columbia study revealed a curious finding: Heterosexual men and women prefer different emotional expressions on potential mates.

In one experiment included in the study, researchers had nearly 900 North American adults look at photos of opposite-sex individuals online.

The researchers were specifically comparing people’s perceptions of expressions of pride, happiness, shame, and neutrality (other people had already identified the emotion behind the expression in the photo). For women evaluating men, the most appealing expression was pride, and the least appealing was happiness.

Even weirder, an expression of shame was relatively attractive on both men and women.

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Read the original article on Business Insider UK. © 2016. Follow Business Insider UK on Twitter.

Getty Images

I’m going to let you in on a little secret: Being a more attractive man is not as difficult as you might think. Even if you’re not blessed with the sexiest of genes, don’t fret. With just a few science-backed tips and tricks, you can be the best, hottest, most attractive version of yourself possible.

Thanks to some research from our friends at Men’s Health and IFLScience, we compiled this master list of 20 scientific ways to be more attractive to women.

1. Grow a beard

Getty Images

Growing a beard is the basically one of the best things you can do for yourself, because a 2013 study from the University of New South Wales found that, to women, the sexiest men are those who have heavy stubble. “Facial hair correlates not only with maturity and masculinity, but also with dominance and aggression,” the authors, Barnaby J. Dixson and Robert C. Brooks, wrote. “An intermediate level of beardedness is most attractive.”

Hear that? Put away your razors, gentlemen.

2. Wear sunglasses

Getty Images

Ever wondered why sunglasses suddenly make literally anyone ten times more attractive? Vanessa Brown, a lecturer at Nottingham Trent University, has a few explanations.

First of all, sunglasses make you mysterious, which is always sexy. “The eyes are such a tremendous source of information—and vulnerability—for the human being,” she told The Cut.

Furthermore, sunglasses also cover up any facial asymmetry, which also makes you instantly hotter since facial symmetry is important when choosing a mate.

3. Hold your chin up, literally

According to a study titled “Facial Attractiveness: Evolutionary Based Research,” women find secondary sex characteristics, like a large jawbone and defined cheekbones, super sexy on men, because they suggest genetic strength, high testosterone levels, and consequently, masculinity. And we all know masculine men are sexy.

That said, tilting your face up a little bit and holding your chin high highlights your jaw and cheekbones, as well as psychologically makes you seem more dominant, both of which make you look hot, hot, hot.

4. Look important

In a 2010 study from the University of Wales Institute, it was found that men who were pictured with an expensive car, such as a Bentley Continental GT, were seen as significantly more attractive than those who were pictured with a Ford Fiesta ST. Similarly, common sense tells us that this also applies to wearing nice clothes and looking sharp as opposed to sloppy.

5. Have an entourage

Warner Bros. Pictures

Apparently, hanging out with a group of friends can bump you up a few attractiveness points, say researchers from the University of California at San Diego.

The reason? Something called the “Cheerleader Effect,” which is the psychological phenomenon where people appear more attractive when they’re in groups, simply because looking at a group of faces instead of just one basically evens out any ugliness you may or may not have, and forms an average hotness for the group.

6. Be an actual nice guy

You know the saying “Nice guys finish last”? Well, that’s wrong. Nice guys actually finish first. Surprised?

A study conducted at the University of Guelph and Nipissing University asked 800 people about their sexual history, as well as how likely they were to engage in selfless acts, such as charity work and donating blood, in order to understand if there was a correlation between altruism and the amount of sex people have.

The study found that people who were more selfless had more sex and dated more people than those who were selfish, which makes sense, because selfish people are annoying. So yeah, that’s one piece of evidence that shows nice guys finish first.

7. Make her laugh

Women love men who can make them laugh. Trust. Even science says so!

A 2006 study published in Evolution and Human Behavior asked participants how much they value their partner’s ability to make them laugh, and the results revealed that women really value their partner’s sense of humor and their ability to make them laugh.

8. Smile…slowly

In one specifically interesting study, researchers found that men who let a smile spread across their faces slowly were seen as more attractive and more trustworthy than men who get too smiley too fast. Fascinating!

A mighty fine example:

Getty Images

So, don’t be too quick to flash that grin. Do it slooooow (if you can).

9. Get toned, not beefy

According to research from UCLA, women find men who are “built” as sexier than skinny, non-muscular dudes, as well as “brawny” a.k.a. super jacked guys.

The researchers are comparing this to the Goldilocks principle: Some muscle is hot, but too much is definitely not. It needs to be juuust right.

10. Apparently, guitars are hot

Some musical instruments automatically make you hotter. A tambourine? Not so much. A kazoo? Definitely not. But guitars? Hell yeah.

A study published in the journal Psychology of Music revealed that women are more than three times more likely to give their number to a man holding a guitar than to one holding a sports bag. Sure, going to the gym and getting toned and sexy is attractive, but apparently not as much as playing a guitar. The more you know!

11. Don’t use horrible pickup lines

If you want to be an attractive man, do not use cheesy pickup lines. I repeat: do not use pickup lines. According to a study from SUNY-New Paltz, women are seriously more likely to be attracted to a man if he approaches her normally – sans corny pickup lines. For example, “Are you religious? Because you’re the answer to all my prayers,” will not do you any favors. However, “Hello, you look lovely this evening. What’s your name?” will definitely help your noble quest.

12. Get a dog

Listen, everyone knows dogs are insanely cute. But did you know that owning a dog makes you cuter, too?

I mean, look at this example of a precious dog in the arms of Tom Hardy…or should I say Tom Hottie.

Getty Images

Four separate studies looked into whether men who own dogs are more likely to score digits from the ladies, and each study came to the same conclusion: Dog owners were three times more likely to get a woman’s phone number than dudes who don’t have dogs.

See? Fido really is man’s best friend.

13. Have open body posture

Manspreading on a train is a big no-no. But despite that, a study from the U.K. found that men who have open, dominant body language and sit with open body posture—meaning legs spread and arms stretched out—are seen as more attractive than those who don’t. Just something to keep in mind.

14. Eat more garlic

In another interesting study, researchers at Charles University and the National Institute of Mental Health in the Czech Republic and the University of Stirling in the United Kingdom conducted a series of studies that revealed that men who eat garlic smell “pleasant” and “attractive,” whereas men who don’t eat garlic don’t. So, it can be assumed that the magical health benefits of everyone’s favorite stinky herb can do wonders for body odor!

However, it goes without saying that garlic breath and halitosis is a different story, and is, in fact, not attractive. Please, neutralize that shit with some gum or mouthwash.

15. Look proud

Guess what? A 2011 University of British Columbia study found that the most attractive facial and body expression was that of pride, and bafflingly, the least attractive was happiness. A truly interesting and frankly odd revelation, but OK.

With that said, look proud when you’re talking to women…or any other time, for that matter. It’ll do wonders for your life.

16. Don’t hide your scars

Think that scar on your forehead looks bad? Think again, my friend.

Researchers from the University of Liverpool and the University of Stirling found that men with scars are perceived as more sexually attractive than men without scars. However, this was only valid for short-term relationships, probably because scars, especially facial ones, tend to make you look like a badass.

Harrison Ford proudly showing off his badass chin scar.

Getty Images

17. Do volunteer work

Well, my friend, it finally might be time for you to sign up to do some volunteer work, because a study found that women find dudes who volunteer waaaay sexier and more desirable for long-term relationships than men who don’t do volunteer work for a hobby.

18. Walk confidently

Aside from looking proud, another physical thing you should perfect is your stance, because ladies love a man who looks confident, stands confident, and walks confidently. Self-confidence is, after all, one of the first things people notice about you.

According to R. Don Steele, author of Body Language Secrets: A Guide During Courtship & Dating, “Confident people are not in a hurry, but there’s a difference between meandering and walking slowly with purpose. Always walk as if you know what you’re doing and where you’re going.”

Sound advice from a pro!

19. Wear cologne

In a study in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science, participants who were given a spray with antimicrobial ingredients and fragrance oil—in other, simpler words, cologne—self-reported higher self-confidence and said they felt more attractive while wearing the fragrance.

But here’s the kicker: When a group of females were shown a silent video of the men who were wearing the spray, the women rated them as sexier and more attractive than those who weren’t wearing it. This means that wearing cologne or otherwise using a scent not only makes you smell amazing, but also makes you feel sexier…and the ladies take notice.

20. Take care of your teeth

Lastly, let’s state the obvious: Having a nice set of chompers is crucial for attractiveness, as most women tend to get turned off when a potential romantic interest opens his mouth it looks like he has scurvy. No thanks.

A study from the University of Leeds and University of Central Lancashire found that teeth are “the human equivalent of a peacock’s tail,” meaning they’re super important when it comes to mate selection. So, brush, floss, whiten, do whatever you need to do to get your smile lookin’ absolutely dazzling.

H/T: Men’s Health / IFL Science

Robin was my gateway. The jawline of Batman’s sidekick wasn’t the squarest, but at six years old in my bedroom in Charlotte, North Carolina, I knew something was different about him. That led me to Batman, Superman, Thor, the Human Torch. I could draw dozens of their faces from memory even before the Marvel Cinematic Universe began making gods out of guys named Chris. The one thing they all have in common? A jaw that looks like a block of granite. And I’ve wanted one ever since.

I’m a 34-year-old man with the facial structure of the Gerber baby, something that was adorable when I was an actual baby. But now that I’m an adult? It’s still adorable. I’ve struggled with my weight and body image my whole life, but my face has always been a particular problem. When I was at my heaviest, people couldn’t resist pinching my cheeks. When I was at my thinnest, and hospitalized for anorexia, another patient told me I had “chipmunk cheeks.” No matter what your body looks like under your clothes, do you know what you can’t hide? Your face.

“The sharper the jaw, the stronger the man” is such a natural way to think that we don’t even question it. A study in 2013 discovered a link between a wider jaw and higher levels of circulating testosterone in men. A Duke University study found that CEOs with stronger facial features were seen as more competent. Another study reported that voters preferred leaders with more masculine features in wartime. In comic books (and conference rooms and the Oval Office and, I don’t know, a Cheesecake Factory), a square jaw suggests power. And more men like me are looking for ways of getting one.

THOMAS SAMSON

Nonsurgical approaches include Botox and fillers; Ultherapy, which uses ultrasound to tighten saggy skin; CoolSculpt, which freezes and kills fat cells; and Kybella,
which destroys fat cells with injectable acid. But a lot of surgery is happening, too. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, 57 percent of chin–augmentation surgeries in 2017 were performed on men.

I might become one of them. After years of self-consciousness and a handful of noninvasive procedures, I’m not sure anything is off-limits if it’s going to make me feel more confident. If I’m ready for the knife, the question is: What exactly does that mean? What are my options? And, most important, will it be enough?

IMPLANT? NOT THAT SIMPLE.

“Look at Greek and Roman art and you’ll see strong chins,” says plastic surgeon Melissa Doft, M.D., in her office on New York’s Upper East Side. “Even in ancient times, this was an aesthetic ideal.”

I came to her wondering about a chin implant, something she said could be performed in her office under local anesthesia. Traditionally, she might suggest one as an add-on to a rhinoplasty to balance the proportions of the face, but many of her male clients are starting to ask for it specifically. Even without the nose job, she typically pairs one with liposuction around the neck to define the jawline and adjustments under the eyes to bring out the cheekbones. For me, even that wouldn’t be enough. Dr. Doft told me I would also need to remove my buccal fat pads (the fatty areas inside the cheeks). She would make tiny incisions just above the upper molars to remove them. Then she would use a cannula, a narrow tube attached to a syringe, to remove the fat under my chin.

A full surgical treatment like that would cost me around $6,000 but take only a few hours. Maybe it is just as easy as Dr. Doft made it sound. After all, she showed me that it’s more about subtle changes than a huge, sweeping redo.

Stephen Lovekin

THE LIMITS OF FILLERS

What Lisa Goodman, founder of the antiaging clinic GoodSkin Los Angeles, told me cut deep (and she’s not even a surgeon): “You don’t actually have enough cheekbone structure to handle the amount of fat that you have.”

Ouch. The secret to contouring a man’s face with only injectables, she says, “is really just about straight lines,” meaning that instead of making gentle curves that would feminize the face, the goal is to create angles. It’s achieved by weightier fillers like Radiesse and Voluma, which are injected deep and can visually enhance bone structure. Layering them with a lightweight filler like Juvéderm to plump the skin can rework your face in subtle but striking ways. In my case, Goodman said my “fat was falling”—and any remaining fat would too—so filler would visually produce more bone structure to help support the surrounding tissue.

A full treatment with only minimally invasive methods requires a big-picture view and a lot of patience. Kybella can be used to take away pockets of fat (like my buccal pads) without surgery, but it involves three to six treatments, each a month apart. I’d already gotten Kybella and had adverse side effects—my neck was completely numb for four months. (I would rather just go under the knife.)

USING THE WHOLE TOOL KIT

One of the few plastic surgeons in the U. S. to specialize in men, Douglas Steinbrech, M.D., told me that no matter what surgical options a patient goes for, adding fillers gets optimal results. In 2014, Dr. Steinbrech created what he calls the Male Model Makeover, which commonly includes enhancing the angles of the face. The jawline is his focus. “That a strong jaw is associated with respect and authority has become hardwired into our brains,” he says. “You see it more now because of the hypersexualization of superheroes.” Just look at Michael Keaton’s 1989 Batman next to Ben Affleck’s in 2016.

The problem is trying to go from Keaton to Affleck in one procedure. “It’s a game of addition and subtraction,” Dr. Steinbrech says. “The mistake is to put an implant deep on the bone underneath all this soft tissue assuming it’s going to make you a chiseled movie
star.” If a patient doesn’t already have a clearly defined bone structure (as I don’t), Dr. Steinbrech may advise getting a chin, jaw, or cheekbone implant but will suggest first taking away the fat (through procedures such as micro-liposuction and Kybella) or tightening sagging skin (like with a face-lift or neck-lift). Fillers are then added at the end for “refined detail.”

Dr. Steinbrech recommended almost the whole menu. He noted that I had “general subcutaneous facial fat” (meaning my whole face is fat, not just my cheeks), so even with the buccal fat pads removed, I would still need to manage my expectations. He also recom-mended a chin implant (“no-brainer”) and cheekbone implants. The “frosting on the cake,” as he put it, would be a generous helping of filler. Depending on how many syringes he used, this could run me as much as $18,000 per visit. To show me what this would all look like, Dr. Steinbrech used a computer program he calls virtual surgery.

THE “AFTER” PICTURE

The face that Dr. Steinbrech created as I watched looked as if someone had built the action–figure version of me. The goal, he said, was to generate a “Hollywood twin,” a more handsome version of my face that retained what made me, well, me. Even so, the me staring back from the screen was the ultimate selfie—a version of my face I was desperate for me to have and others to see.

Courtesy

About that desperation: I called Roberto Olivardia, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist and lecturer at Harvard Medical School, who literally wrote the book on male body image. Since he and his coauthors published The Adonis Complex in 2000, he’s noticed a dramatic increase in men’s preoccupation with their face. “The everyday person has become the celebrity,” he says. “To have a picture taken these days, you have to look good, because with social media, everyone has access to it. This has heightened body image in a significant way.”

Photo-editing apps have too. “People can alter their faces very easily now,” says Olivardia. “They can see what they look like with a more angular jaw , and it’s sending people to cos-metic surgeons’ offices quicker.” A decade ago, patients would show up to their consultations with photos of celebrities. Now they come with their own doctored photos, a phenomenon Dr. Steinbrech calls “Snapchat dysmorphia.” It presents new issues to plastic surgeons, who spend more time adjusting a patient’s expectations because of things like basic anatomy and genetics. Facetune might be a magic wand, but surgery is not.

In the weeks after my consultation, I spent so much time playing with Facetune that my photos looked like they belonged in a fun house. I stared at my face in the mirror, lifting and stretching my skin like an aging starlet in an old movie.

I started to realize that my expectations were out of control. Even with extensive treatments, I would never look like the me I’d been imagining.

This story is not going to end with some body-positive realization—at least not one that leaves me happy with what I look like now. And is that so weird? We go to the gym to look different. We wear clothes to hide our bodies. I had an epiphany, sure, but the epiphany was: If I can’t be Batman, I’ll still take Robin.

Garrett Munce Garrett Munce writes about men’s style and grooming.

A strong jawline conveys confidence, power, strength and fertility. This is a feature that is deeply sought after by both men and women in Tampa, but unless you are born with the right genetics and bone structure it is difficult to create a great chin without some outside help. Recent advancements in plastic surgery make easier than ever to craft a strong jawline and help balance out your facial features.

What is a Strong Jawline?

A strong jawline does not necessarily require a large jaw bone, although that certainly helps. What really comprises the optimal look is the prominence of the chin and the angle between the chin and the neck. A wide jawbone and a well-defined chin help to create balance and to give your face stability. A sharp line makes you look sexier and your face brighter. If you carry extra weight, your jaw line can be obscured by fat along your chin, in your jowls and along your neck. Losing the fat in your lower face can help to improve your appearance but it is not an easy solution for many people.

How to Create a Strong Jawline

If you have the right bone structure but have developed jowls or sagging tissue from too much fat gathered in your lower face, then facial liposuction and/or a neck lift can help to improve the angle of the neck. This will help make your jawline stand out and help restore the proper lines in your face. If you have a weak chin to start, then a chin implant may be a better way to go to strengthen the jawline. A weak chin is more visible from the profile view. It seems to recede backward and is farther back from the point where the nose stops. This may make your nose look bigger and make your jaw look smaller. A weak chin may make your face look pudgy or make it appear that your lower face blends in with your neck. In this case, a chin implant can create the chiseled jaw that denotes leadership and power.

A Chin Implant for a Strong Jawline

Chin implants can offer you better definition along your jawline and are used to correct a recessed chin. Chin augmentation surgery can help change the projection of the chin by adding biocompatible material to make a wider or stronger looking chin. It can even lengthen the face and help make the rest of your features appear to be more properly spaced or balanced. An experienced plastic surgeon can help make the determination on whether a chin implant is right for you or whether a neck lift or dermal fillers can you craft the look you desire.

Dr. Michael Jasin, a board-certified facial plastic surgeon in Tampa, believes that a chin implant can be beneficial for the right patients. If the patient has a recessed chin and wants to improve the look of the jaw, then a chin implant may be the best solution. A chin augmentation can be done through a relatively simple procedure where the surgeon places a silicone implant either though a small incision under the chin or inside the mouth. In most cases, the procedure is done in less than an hour under local anesthesia and the recovery takes a week or so for the minimal pressure to subside. There is generally little discomfort outside some minor swelling and tightness while the skin stretches to accommodate the implant.

Dr. Jasin stresses that this procedure be done by a well-qualified plastic surgeon that is experienced with facial surgery. Also that the surgery be performed in an accredited medical facility to ensure optimal results and safety. If you are interested in determining if a chin implant is right for you, then please contact the Jasin Facial Rejuvenation Institute to schedule a complimentary consultation. Dr. Jasin can advise you on the best procedure to help you create a strong jawline.

The Jasin Facial Rejuvenation Institute is a fully accredited medical facility located in Tampa Florida. Medical Director, Dr. Michael Jasin, is a highly respected, board-certified facial plastic surgeon with over 30 years of experience. The medical team is well trained and specializes in facial cosmetic surgery and injectable procedures. Call (813) 975-3223 today to schedule your complimentary visit or go to our website for more information www.JasinFacial.com

Unless you’re in Hollywood, a chiseled jawline is a nice-to-have. It’s not a prerequisite for manhood, but you’re not going to get cast as a superhero without it. Still, some guys are stuck on the other end of the spectrum: the weak chin. This is the barely-there nub that threatens to slide into your neck the next time you yawn… and never come back. You know there are small things you can do—clenching your teeth, for instance. But you might not know that you can go out and buy a better jaw. Here’s how you get a jawline, from minor commitment to major undertaking.

Low Commitment: Grow a Beard

It’s not just the hairiness that makes you look manlier. A beard can fill out the lower half of your face.

“If the jaw isn’t there, a beard can really bring some shape to the face,” says Jessica Candia, a hairstylist at Brooklyn’s Persons of Interest. “It’s very helpful. But it can get tricky.”

Tricky how? If you’re growing a beard to shape your jawline, you have to avoid the mistake of following your jaw too closely and ending up with a chinstrap.

Check out the expert beard-shaping tips here, and make sure your beard covers your entire jaw and under-chin. (What there is of it.)

Medium Commitment: Melt Your Turkey Neck

Maybe your jaw is there, but it’s obscured by jowls, or the fold of skin under your chin unflatteringly called the “turkey neck.”

If you have cash and don’t mind needles, there’s a fix. No nipping or tucking required.

“In the past, if someone hated their lower face or neck, it meant surgery,” says Marina Peredo, a board-certified dermatologist and founder of NYC’s Skinfluence. “Now we’re able to rejuvenate and enhance the lower part of the face non-surgically.”

In this case, the fix is Kybella, an injectable synthetic form of a salt normally found in your gallbladder. Your gallbladder helps you digest food. Kybella was designed to digest fat.

“It destroys the membrane of the cell so the contents leak out,” says Peredo, after which your body flushes the leakage naturally. “When you destroy fat cells, even if you gain weight there are fewer cells there, so that area will remain flat.”

This one typically involves two or three treatments, at about $1000-$1700 each. You should expect swelling and tenderness afterward, and recovery time can vary. Meaning: you might need to find a work-appropriate turtleneck.

High Commitment: Sculpt the Jaw You Always Wanted

Want to pull out the big guns? How about injecting a calcium compound onto your existing jaw to augment the bone structure? If this sounds fun, you’re looking for the heaviest facial filler on the market, calcium hydroxylapatite, sold as Radiesse.

“Calcium hydroxylapatite has the consistency of crushed bone,” says Peredo. “And it has the highest G-prime, which is what we call the ability of a filler to lift and define.”

She recommends injecting it along the jaw, or focusing on the corner of the jaw below the ear, which you can adjust to make more angular.

You can also take it on the chin, so to speak. By injecting Radiesse under the mentalis, the muscle at the tip of your chin, Peredo says she can bring the whole thing forward. So it looks less retrusive.

Like Kybella, it’s a “lunchtime procedure” requiring about 30 minutes. This one runs around $1300 per syringe, and how many syringes you need depends entirely on what you’re trying to do. The good news—at least if you’re happy with your new jaw—is that it lasts for around a year.

Sound intense? Maybe. But now you know the options.

After all, “Some guys are lucky,” says Peredo. “They won the genetic lottery and were born handsome. Others just need a little help.”

A strong jawline is a coveted feature for both men and women.

The end goal may be different between men and women, with men preferring a strong angular angle of the jaw, border, and chin, and women aiming for a softer yet defined jawline.

In this guide, you’ll learn about what treatments are best for a weak chin or asymmetrical jaw.

Jowls are the bane of the aging face, no matter what the sex. Also, depending on your skin’s innate characteristics, lifestyle, environment, and weight changes, jowls can appear as early as the 30’s.

When evaluating the face, it is often assessed in 1/3’s. The lower third of the face extends from just under the nose, to the chin.

Looking at the lower face as a whole, there are certain key elements to a beauty.

Starting from the bottom up:

  1. Cervicomental Angle
  2. Proportionate Chin
  3. Sharp Jawline
  4. Lack of Jowls
  5. Defined Jawline Angle
  6. Lack of Marionette Lines or Folds
  7. Upturned Corners of the Mouth (Oral Commissures)
  8. Smooth Skin on the Upper Lip
  9. Moderate Full Volume in the Lips
  10. Philtral Column Definition

What we can do about these areas:

Cervicomental Angle

Nice cervicomental angle, which is the angle formed from chin to neck. Short of addressing the neck itself, there are ways to create the illusion of a longer neck and better contour by making a strong jawline and the chin shows good projection.

Proportionate Chin

Appropriately proportioned chin from all angles. From the front- not too big, not too small, not too long, not too short; From the side- not jutting out too far forward or set too far back (retrognathia); Overall- not too small (micrognathia) or too large in relation to the rest of the face.

When looking at a side profile of a face, you generally want the upper lip and chin to stick out to the same degree. If it doesn’t, then filler can be added to increase the projection until they match.

On a side note, a weak chin that lacks projection gives the impression of having a big nose, when it’s really not the nose at all. It only looks big in relation to the tiny chin. Once you fix a weak chin, the nose suddenly looks smaller and the face looks more balanced and more attractive.

This is also why often when a patient goes in for a nose job consult, they end up getting advice on the nose and chin, not just the nose.

To address size or projection, the options are basically fillers, chin implant, or less commonly fat transfer to the chin. Chin fillers are the least invasive option. They are temporary, take effect immediately, and have nearly zero downtime (bruises are rare, and fade away in about 7-10 days if they do happen).

Chin Fillers

It’s a fantastic option for those who want to “try out” what chin augmentation would look like, don’t want surgery, don’t have time for surgery or for recovery from surgery, or don’t have the funds for surgery.

The type of filler used is critical here because it needs to be thick enough and have a large enough particle size to make a difference in projection (if thin and runny it would spread out rather than stay and give projection) and one that lasts longer than the short acting fillers.

Chin Augmentation

The surgical option is a chin implant, and involve the placement of silicone implants in a precise pocket along the chin for augmentation. The implants come in different sizes, and are implanted through a small incision, either inside the mouth, or under the chin (preferable incision in my opinion).

There is a risk of nerve damage during placement, and also asymmetry. Keep in mind all faces have some degree of asymmetry, and if the chin is starting off asymmetric, there may be persistent asymmetry even after an implant.

Fat Transfer

A third alternative to chin augmentation is using fat in place of either fillers or implant. Critics of this procedure point to the general plastic surgery principle of “replace like with like”, and feel that fat over the chin will never feel like bone, and will also not achieve as good of an aesthetic result.

Sharp Jawline

Clean, well defined jawline. In some people, the lower cheek seems to blend into the neck without any defined start or end. In other people, what was once a strong jawline gets obscured by jowls, which instantly age the face.

Lack of Jowls

Jowls result from a combination of the effects of gravity on fat pads in the face, and decrease in skin elasticity that comes with age (or massive weight loss). The best way to handle jowls is facelift surgery.

But… in the meantime, there are non-surgical ways to camouflage sagging jowls or make them less jowly. Fillers for jowls is injected to the little indent in front of the jowl (“prejowl sulcus”), and have to be done from below to effectively smooth the area. If injected directly above the little notch, the filler actually sits too high to make a difference.

Other non-surgical treatment for sagging jowls include things like radiofrequency skin tightening, or ultrasound skin tightening.

One other option that I do not recommend is a thread lift.

The reason I don’t love this option is the thread lift complication of weird lines of pull seen when animating the face (smiling or making other expressions), the puckering or dimpling (usually temporary), risk of exposure of the threads, and the scar tissue left behind even when the thread itself is temporary.

Let’s just say the newer threads have not been used enough for me to be satisfied saying both the short term and long-term risks are minimal.

Defined Jawline Angle

Smooth transition between the above features. This is accomplished through fillers mainly, when and where needed. Jaw angle implants is a surgical option.

Lack of Marionette Lines or Folds

Well supported area between chin and lips. No marionette lines or grooves (depressions running from the corner of the mouth towards the chin).

Neutral or Slightly Upturned Corners of the Mouth (Oral Commissures)

Neutral or slightly upturned corners of the mouth (oral commissures) are a sign of a youthful mouth. As the mouth ages, and marionette lines develop where there is loss of support under the corners of the mouth, the corners fall and can look like a perpetual frown. Frown lines can make one look grumpy or angry, and correcting this area gives an instant look of happiness and youth. Fillers to this area can literally turn the frown upside down.

Even when people recognize that the mouth region looks like it has aged, most are unaware of or don’t notice the lack of support under the corners of the mouth, resulting in what we call marionette lines (puppet lines around mouth).

Adding filler here is not meant to add bulk. It is meant to restore lost support, and simply by doing this the entire mouth region looks better and younger. It is also an area that still benefits from filler even after a facelift.

The important thing to note with facelifts is that they are the best way to reposition the facial tissues, but they do not take the place of fillers, Dysport or Botox.

Smooth Skin on the Upper Lip

Smooth skin around the mouth, no fine lines called smokers lips or vertical lip lines or along the sides call laugh lines. I may differ from many others out there when I say I do not love filler to these lip lines.

I think repeated filler to these lines end up giving the upper lip that fat, thick lip look that you never see in nature. It is unattractive and hard to reverse.

Instead, my favorite ways to treat this area are with a custom combination of rf skin tightening (using a small enough handpiece to go around the mouth), fractional laser resurfacing, peels, and growth factors in skin care and / or stem cell skin care.

Moderate Full Volume in the Lips

Overly thin lips can look shriveled and aged, and overly artificially plumped lips look obviously altered. What is the best answer? Almost everyone could benefit from a very small amount of lip fillers, to restore volume lost over time.

I prefer to add volume to the vermilion border, or pink part, or pulpy part of the lip, and do a conservative treatment along the borders (Personally I like to inject filler only within the lip borders. Injecting the white roll gives a very done look).

Philtral Column Definition

Gently defined philtral columns (space between nose and lip). With age the little ridges that run from the base of the nose to the top of Cupids bow flatten, and augmenting these has a noticeable anti-aging effect here.

The reason I say “gently defined”, is because this area can look artificial and strange if too much height is built up with the use of filler. Also, in most people these columns are not straight, they are slightly angled, and the injector doing the filler needs to recognize this so a weird look is not created.

It should also be subtle enough that it does not look weird when speaking or smiling or chewing.

What is a weak jaw?

A weak jaw is a common complaint among both men and women. It occurs when an individual suffers from a receding chin – or a chin that is small, short and slopes backward. For men, this can contribute to a less masculine appearance. For women, it can cause the nose to appear too large and that they are over weight. In both genders, a weak chin affects facial proportions that are considered to be inherently and universally attractive.

The anatomy of a weak jaw and receding chin

A double chin is far more than the simple accumulation of volume in the neck area. Upon closer inspection, the following characteristics can often be identified:

  • A lack of definition between the neck and chin
  • A chin that is short, narrow and small
  • Wrinkles around the mouth
  • A poorly defined jawline

The importance of a strong chin

Many people don’t realize how much of the face is impacted by the shape, size and prominence of the chin. By fixing a receding chin, Dr. Rahban can simultaneously create a:

Defined jawline

TA receding chin can obscure a slender and elegant jawline, creating a rounded facial appearance. By sculpting a stronger chin, Dr. Rahban can establish a more refined transition between the neck and jaw.

Balanced profile

When the chin is too small or recedes, the side profile becomes unbalanced. The chin isn’t as prominent as the rest of the facial features, so something appears off. By inserting an implant, Dr. Rahban can restore attractive and harmonious proportions.

Smaller nose

While it’s true that a chin implant can’t change the core shape of your nose, it can make it appear much smaller. In many cases, the nose simply appears too large because the chin is too small. By increasing the prominence of the chin, the nose suddenly fits in more with the remaining facial features.

How to address a weak jaw and receding chin

To fix a weak jawline, steps must be taken to increase the prominence of the chin, while also removing unwanted volume that may be obscuring your underlying bone structure. In many cases, Dr. Rahban will accomplish this through a blend of procedures, including a chin augmentation, a neck lift and/or submental liposuction.

If your weak jaw is exclusively caused by a receding chin, a chin implant is likely the only procedure that you will need. To perform this surgery, Dr. Rahban will make a small incision beneath your chin. Through that opening, he will form a “pocket” and insert a silicone implant that is specially sized and shaped to create a more defined and balanced jaw.

If stubborn submental fullness (or a double chin) is also contributing to your weak jaw, delicate neck liposuction may help to further refine the area. And finally, if loose and sagging neck skin plays a role, Dr. Rahban may recommend a lift to fully contour your face and neck.

Learn More About Dr. Rahban’s Approach >>

Contact us today

A weak jaw and receding chin can affect the way you feel about your appearance. A custom mix of procedures with Dr. Rahban – including a chin implant, submental liposuction and/or a neck lift – can strengthen your jawline and improve the definition of your entire face.

Come in for a Consultation with Dr. Rahban

When Dr. Rahban does a consultation with a prospective patient, he wants it to be two things above all others: thorough and honest. He will find out from you just what you want from cosmetic surgery. And he will tell you honestly if you can get the result you want, and how he can best help you do so.

Call today for a consultation (424) 354-2053 or

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