What happens if you eat too much pineapple?

6 Serious Side Effects Of Pineapple Ravi Teja Tadimalla Hyderabd040-395603080 August 22, 2019

When was the last time you ate a pineapple? Okay. Let me put it this way. How often do you eat pineapples? And how many?

Hold on if you think all these are nonsensical questions. Because they are not.

Even I was initially stunned like the way you are now. Like every other person I considered pineapples to be the best of the best fruits. I thought they were those species from nature with near perfect qualities.

But later I realized how wrong I was.

I do agree that pineapple is one beautiful fruit. But like the other fruits, it does have its share of side effects in case you consume it in excess.


Side Effects Of Pineapple

Want to know about pineapple side effects? Please sit back and read on.

1. Allergy


Consumption of pineapples can lead to allergic reactions in a few people.


Pineapple has ‘meat-tenderizing’ properties. And these are what cause the fruit to trigger allergic reactions (1). Mostly these reactions would resolve within a few hours by themselves. But if not, then a medical practitioner should be consulted immediately.


Excessive tenderness or swelling on the lips, a tingling sensation in the throat.

2. Blood Sugar Levels


This is one of the serious side effects of pineapple. Pineapples have been found to heighten blood sugar levels. This obviously does pose complications.


Pineapples are one of those fruits whose natural sugars are very high. And because of this, they elevate blood sugar levels in our body (2). Most fruits contain carbohydrates and these can also raise the blood sugar levels. ½ cup of pineapple has 15 grams of carbohydrates.


Headaches, increased thirst and frequent urination (3).

3. Bromelain Reactions


Bromelain is an enzyme found in the pineapple juice and stem. This enzyme has been found to cause reactions in our bodies when we consume pineapple.


Bromelain has the ability to increase the amount of certain antibiotics absorbed by the body. And when bromelain is consumed with blood-thinners, it can increase the risk of bleeding (4).


Nausea, diarrhoea and indigestion (5).

4. Drug Interactions


Pineapple might even interfere or interact with certain types of medications or drugs. This might lead to heightened side effects and other problems.


When a fresh pineapple is combined with certain antibiotics like amoxicillin and tetracycline, it might lead to an increase in the side effects caused by these antibiotics (6).


The symptoms of amoxicillin include chest pain, bloody nose, chills, fever, dizziness etc (7).

5. Tooth Damage


Though pineapple is a healthy and delicious fruit, it can cause desensitization of teeth or tooth decay.


Fruits like pineapple which are highly acidic in nature initiate a chemical process in the mouth when consumed. This softens the enamel and leads to tooth decay (8).


Tooth pain and extreme sensitivity when taking hot or cold foods (9).

6. Oral Allergy Syndrome


Oral allergy syndrome is nothing but an allergy to airborne particles like dust and pollen.


This phenomenon occurs when the immune system in our body confuses the protein in pineapple with pollen or any other allergen (10), (11). As a result of this, reactions occur within the body.


Irritation or itching on the tongue for sometime after consuming a pineapple.

They say no human being is perfect. Probably the same applies to fruits too. Depending upon the health conditions one has, some fruits might be desirable and healthy and some might be not.

All the above mentioned are side effects of pineapple consumption! Though I don’t mean to say pineapples are ‘bad’ or ‘poisonous’, they do have their own set of side effects and should be consumed in moderation.

Hope you liked our post on side effects of eating pineapple. Did you ever experience any of these pineapple side effects? Do let us know by commenting below.

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Ravi Teja Tadimalla

Ravi Teja Tadimalla is a Senior Content Writer who specializes in writing on Health and Wellness. He graduated from SRM University, Chennai, and has been in the field for well over 4 years now. His work involves extensive research on how one can maintain better health through natural foods and organic supplements. Ravi has written over 250 articles and is also a published author. Reading and theater are his other interests.

Fresh pineapple makes my world go round. I wish could eat it all the time, every day. Unfortunately, I can never eat as much pineapple as I’d like. Why is this? One reason: it destroys my mouth.

Sometimes, after a few minutes of eating fresh pineapple, my tongue, lips, and the roof of my mouth become raw and feel like they’re burning. In fact, once the roof of my mouth bled. No joke, I go hard on the good stuff.

Photo by Isabelle Chu

Some people think they’re allergic to pineapple. Others notice how sour a pineapple sometimes tastes, and think it’s the acid that’s tearing up their mouth. Although pineapples do contain citric acid, which may contribute to discomfort, the acid is not the main culprit.

With a little bit of research, I found the answer. Pineapple is the only food known to contain bromelain, an enzyme that digests protein. The truth is, pineapple hurts to eat because bromelain is digesting the tender skin inside of your mouth.

The pineapple is eating you.

Gif courtesy of giphy.com

Bromelain is most concentrated in the core (or stem) of the pineapple. When isolated, it is commonly used as a meat tenderizer (your tongue = meat). In supplement form, it is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties.

Don’t let this stop your love affair with pineapple. Our magnificent bodies quickly regenerate new skin and heal our ravaged mouths. I’ve often gone to bed with a sore mouth, only to wake up the next morning feeling fine and ready for more pineapple.

It’s avoidable.

Photo by Kevin Del Orbe

There are also some ways to avoid the burning sensation. Heat denatures enzymes in any food, so pineapple that has been cooked will not hurt you (come at me, grilled pineapple). Some people say that cutting up the pineapple and letting that sit at room temperature will lessen the effects of bromelain, but that is a major underestimate of the powers of the enzyme. At room temperature, it can survive at least a week.

Photo by Caroline Liu

Your best bet (and mine) for eating as much fresh, raw pineapple as we care for without slaughtering our gums is to carefully cut out ALL of the stem/core. Learn how to cut a pineapple the right way here.

Does bromelain have any health benefits?

People use bromelain as a natural remedy for many health issues. There is little quality scientific research to support many of its use, however.

We discuss the possible benefits of bromelain supplements, along with the research, below:

Relieving sinusitis

Bromelain may be helpful as a supportive therapy to reduce the symptoms of sinusitis and related conditions that affect breathing and the nasal passages.

A 2016 review of studies suggests that bromelain may reduce the duration of sinusitis symptoms in children, improve breathing, and reduce nasal inflammation.

A 2006 systematic review reports that bromelain, when a person uses it alongside standard medications, can help relieve inflammation in the sinuses. This study provides high-quality evidence, as it looked at 10 randomized control trials.

Treating osteoarthritis

People commonly use bromelain supplements to improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

A 2004 review of clinical studies found that bromelain is a useful treatment for osteoarthritis, possibly due to its anti-inflammatory effects. The researchers say that further research is needed into the effectiveness and suitable dosages.

However, this is an older study, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) say that the research to date is mixed about whether bromelain, alone or with other medications, is effective in treating osteoarthritis.

Anti-inflammatory effects

Share on PinterestResearch suggests that bromelain may be beneficial for people with rheumatoid arthritis.

Along with reducing nasal inflammation in sinusitis, bromelain may also reduce inflammation elsewhere in the body.

According to a 2016 review of studies, research in cell and animal models has suggested that bromelain can reduce certain compounds associated with cancer inflammation and tumor growth.

Bromelain also may help stimulate a healthy immune system to release inflammation-fighting immune system compounds.

The review also suggests that bromelain can reduce transforming growth factor beta, which is a compound associated with inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis and osteomyelofibrosis.

However, scientists had conducted many of these studies on mice or in a cell-based laboratory setting, so researchers do not currently know the effects that bromelain has in humans.

Anticancer effects

Bromelain may have anticancer effects both on cancer cells and by improving inflammation in the body and boosting the immune system, according to a 2010 review in the journal Cancer Letters.

However, the NIH say that there is currently not enough evidence to suggest that bromelain has any effects on cancer.

Enhancing digestion

Some people take bromelain to relieve stomach upset and the symptoms of digestive disorders. Due to its inflammation-reducing properties, some people use it as an adjunct therapy to treat inflammatory bowel disorders.

The NIH state that there is not enough evidence for using bromelain to aid digestion.

Animal studies have suggested that bromelain can reduce the effects of some bacteria that affect the intestine, such as Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholera. These are both common causes of diarrhea.

Weight loss

Some supplement manufacturers are marketing bromelain as a weight loss aid. They state that the enzymes in bromelain can increase the speed at which the body digests fats.

However, there is little research to suggest that bromelain could help a person lose weight.

A weight loss myth busted – Does bromelain found in pineapples help in weight loss?

A weight loss myth busted – Does bromelain found in pineapples help in weight loss?&nbsp | &nbspPhoto Credit:&nbspGetty Images

New Delhi: Weight loss is a tricky idea and everyone has a different opinion as to what works for weight loss and what does not. With so much information available about weight loss, it is very easy to fall into the trap of myths related to it. You might put in a lot of effort to lose weight and get fit, but if you are relying on the wrong information, you are very less likely to see a result. It is the best to steer clear of myths, and know what really works for weight loss for your own body.

The diet and workout plan that you choose depends on a lot of factors like your body type, lifestyle, and health issues, if you have any, and can vary from person to person. However, some myths can mislead people to follow a diet, or eat food, or practise a workout that is of no help to anyone, irrespective of the body type. One such weight loss myth is the bromelain fat burning myth.

What is bromelain?

Bromelain is an enzyme found in the core and stem of the pineapple. Bromelain has medical uses like reduce inflammation in the nose and throat passages, especially caused due to an injury or surgery. Bromelain is also used for treating a disease called the hay fever, a bowel condition which causes swelling and ulcers. Bromelain is also known to help in the absorption of antibiotics and prevent cancer. However, can bromelain help in weight loss?

According to a report on Healthyeating, the belief that bromelain or consumption of pineapples can help in reducing weight is actually a myth. The body naturally produces a number of enzymes that help in the breakdown of fat and sugar in the blood. Bromelain, however, does not help in the breakdown of fat, and in fact, breaks down the protein that the body receives from the food we eat. While the enzyme has health benefits like the ones mentioned above, it is not proven in any way to help in weight loss.

You can lose weight by cutting down on calories and making changes in your body’s metabolism over time, by changing the way you eat and workout. In no way, can bromelain play a very important role in burning fat.

So how can eating pineapples help you lose weight?

While the presence of bromelain in pineapples does not make them special for a weight loss diet, the fact that they are a low-calorie fruit does. Pineapples are rich in fibre, and thus keep you fuller for longer, and keep cravings away. Pineapples also help to practise a low-calorie diet, very essential for weight loss. So if you include pineapples in your diet and start to lose weight, it is not because of bromelain, but because of the high fibre and low calories feature of the fruit.

Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.

Fresh fruits and vegetables are good for you if you’re on a low calorie diet, but some hold even more benefits if you’re trying to shed those extra pounds. For instance, pineapple for weight loss does benefit you for more than just it’s lower calorie benefits. However, it is a sweet snack that can help fill you up, while supplying your body with a huge amount of nutrients. That sweet flavor of pineapple can make it an exceptionally good snack that will satisfy your sweet tooth.

A study in 2018 found that pineapple helped burn fat.

A rat study found that when chubby little rodents who were on a high fat diet were given pineapple juice, these rotund rats tended to make changes in their body that would indicate drinking pineapple juice or eating fresh pineapple may have an affect on burning body fat and/or slow the body’s ability to create fat.

Some people believe the bromelain in pineapple juice helps burn fat.

That’s simply not true. Bromelain digests protein, not fat. While there’s no human study showing pineapple can help burn fat, it is a low calorie fruit that will help you cut calorie. Bromelain can help reduce inflammation and those anti-inflammatory powers may actually help make your waistline thinner. Inflammation causes your cortisol levels to rise, which in turn can increase the development of abdominal—visceral fat. That belly fat then increases the inflammation, which then increases cortisol and again increases abdominal fat. It’s a cycle you can break by eating more anti-inflammatory foods, such as pineapple. Exercising also burns off the cortisol to help you get your body functioning at its best.

The fiber in pineapple can also help you shed more weight.

Pineapple contains fiber that can help keep your blood sugar level and make you feel fuller. Pineapple contains both soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber helps slow the processing of food, so it stays in the digestive system longer, making you feel fuller longer. It also helps improve diversity of gut bacteria and that helps with digestion. Both reasons can aid in reducing the amount of belly fat, which is the hardest type of fat to lose.

  • Eating pineapple can help boost your immune system and keep you healthier with its antioxidants. Antioxidants protect you at the cellular level and can aid in preventing aging and disease.
  • Pineapple does more for you than simply help in weight loss. It also is high in nutrition, which includes manganese, vitamins C, B6, E and K, folate, iron, phosphorus, zinc and potassium.
  • Pineapple contains a higher amount of vitamin B. Those help your brain deal better with stress. Less stress means a lower amount of the stress hormone cortisol, which can lead to belly fat.
  • You’ll boost your energy level when you eat pineapple. It contains manganese, which helps boost the creation of enzymes that re required to create energy.

8 Scientific Health Benefits of Pineapple

In addition to its natural sweetness, pineapple shines because it offers calcium, manganese, and vitamin C, among other nutrients. iStock

Pineapple is more than just a delicious tropical fruit — it offers significant health benefits as well. In fact, it’s been used in folk medicine since ancient times, according to a study published in September 2016 in Biomedical Reports. It’s native to the Americas and is also grown in tropical climates around the world, according to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH).

“Pineapple is a great source of vitamin C, B vitamins, fiber, and minerals like manganese,” says Julie Andrews, RDN, a chef based in Appleton, Wisconsin.

You’ll find pineapple offered fresh, frozen, and canned, making it a year-round option for those living in the United States. Canned pineapple is convenient, but be sure to look for an option that’s packed in its own juices, not syrup, says Allison Knott, RDN, a dietitian in New York City. “Fruit naturally contains sugar in the form of fructose, so even the canned fruit in its own juice will have grams of sugar listed on the label,” she says. “However, the syrup is considered added sugar and will increase the total grams of sugar while contributing to added sugar intake for the day.”

RELATED: 8 ‘Boring’ Fruits That Are Packed With Nutrients

There are also plenty of ways to enjoy this juicy yellow fruit. You can grill slices and serve them with meat or as a tasty side, or you can toss frozen chunks into a smoothie. You can also, of course, snack on bite-sized pieces. No matter how you prefer to eat it, you’ll want to begin incorporating pineapple into your diet if you haven’t already. Here are eight reasons why.

1. Pineapple Is a Fruit That’s Rich in Vitamin C

“The standout nutrient in pineapple is vitamin C, which supports the immune system and provides antioxidant benefits,” says Jackie Newgent, RDN, a New York City–based culinary nutritionist and the author of The All-Natural Diabetes Cookbook. One cup of pineapple contains 78.9 milligrams (mg) of vitamin C, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). That’s more than the recommended dietary allowance for adult women (which is 75 mg per day) and close to the recommendation for men (90 mg per day), according to MedlinePlus. Vitamin C is important because it encourages growth and healing around the body and plays a role in everything from wound repair to iron absorption.

2. Eating Pineapple May Enhance Your Weight Loss

You may have heard that pineapple can lead to weight loss. There isn’t a whole lot of evidence to back up that claim, though an animal study published in April 2018 in Food Science and Biotechnology did find that pineapple juice may help decrease fat formation and increase fat breakdown. More studies in humans are needed to confirm that result, though.

Even if it doesn’t have a significant effect on your metabolism, it’s a good snack choice because it (and other fruits) is low in calories, high in important vitamins and minerals, and does not include saturated fats or trans fats, Andrews says. “There is no specific fruit or vegetable that directly causes weight loss, but they’ll help fill you up without packing in calories,” Andrews says. “So people tend to eat fewer calories overall if they consume several cups of fruits and vegetables each day as part of a well-balanced diet.”

You may also find that the fruit satisfies your sweet tooth. “Pineapple is lower in calories than other sweet treats, so if you enjoy a serving of pineapple versus an ice cream cone for your nightly dessert, you may consume fewer calories and, in turn, lose weight,” says Colleen Christensen, RD, a dietitian based in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Pineapple also delivers some fiber (2.3 grams in 1 cup, per the USDA), which can help control your blood sugar level and help you eat less because it keeps you feeling full, according to the Mayo Clinic.

RELATED: 10 High-Fiber Foods to Add to Your Diet

3. Eating Pineapple May Aid Your Digestion

Pineapple contains bromelain, which is a mix of enzymes that studies show can reduce inflammation and nasal swelling, and also aid in the healing of wounds and burns, according to the NCCIH. It’s also been linked to helping improve digestion and has historically been used in Central and South American countries to treat digestive disorders. A study published in Biotechnology Research International found that the bromelain in pineapple may help reduce the effects of diarrhea.

4. The Manganese in Pineapple Promotes Healthy Bones

Along with calcium, the trace mineral manganese is essential for maintaining strong bones, according to the University of Rochester Medical Center. Pineapple is one of the top food sources of the mineral, according to Oregon State University — a single cup of pineapple contains about 76 percent of the recommended daily value of manganese. Manganese may help stave off osteoporosis and helps improve overall bone and mineral density, according to Oregon State University. Be careful not to overdo it, though — manganese intake can be dangerous and may increase the risk of cognitive disorders if you consume more than 11 mg per day, according to a study published in The Open Orthopaedics Journal. But don’t fret: It’d be difficult to reach those levels because ½ cup pineapple has less than 1 mg manganese, Andrews says.

RELATED: What to Eat and Avoid for Osteoporosis Prevention

5. Pineapple Is Packed with Disease-Fighting Antioxidants

According to a study published in June 2014 in Molecules, pineapple is a great source of antioxidants, specifically phenolics, flavonoids, and vitamin C. “Antioxidants are compounds in food that may help fight inflammation and free radicals in the body,” Knott says. According to the NCCIH, free radicals are molecules that can cause cellular damage and lead to health issues, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and eye problems. Filling up on antioxidant-rich foods like pineapple can play a role in countering those risks.

6. Thanks to Its Antioxidants, Pineapple Has Cancer-Fighting Properties

Cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the body multiply and take over the healthy tissue, according to the Mayo Clinic. While there’s no guaranteed way to prevent cancer, experts suggest eating a healthy diet — ideally one that’s high in antioxidants, which you can source through pineapple, to help fight off free radicals — to reduce your risk, according to Stanford Health Care. A study published in November 2018 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that diets and blood concentrations high in antioxidants were associated with a lower risk of cancer.

RELATED: 10 Nutrient-Packed Foods That May Help Fight Cancer

7. Pineapple Fits in an Anti-Inflammatory Diet

Too much inflammation can lead to many diseases, including coronary artery disease, diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer’s, according to Harvard Health Publishing. Thankfully, a diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as pineapple, can help reduce the amount of inflammation in the body. According to a study published in September 2016 in Biomedical Reports, pineapple’s bromelain content is the reason for its anti-inflammatory properties.

8. Pineapple’s Nutrient Profile Means the Fruit Can Help Boost Immunity

You may want to reach for pineapple the next time you’re battling a cold. A study published in 2014 in the Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism found that children who consumed canned pineapple had fewer viral and bacterial infections compared to children who did not consume it over the nine-week study period. The researchers concluded that eating one to two cans (140 to 280 grams) of pineapple daily may reduce the likelihood of an infection or at least shorten its duration.

Mum blames pregnancy craving for PINEAPPLE as reason why her daughter was born with intestines outside her stomach

A mum has blamed her pregnancy addiction to PINEAPPLE as the reason why her daughter was born with her intestines outside her stomach.

Suzanne Burt found out she was expecting a baby on April Fool’s Day this year after being told she would never conceive again following the birth of her son Jack Lindsay, who is now 14.

But the 37-year-old’s miracle baby Sofia Cass was diagnosed with gastroschisis – a rare birth defect that causes the digestive organs to stick out of the stomach – while in the womb.

The exact cause of gastroschisis is unknown but it is common in young mums who drink, smoke, take drugs or have a bad diet.

Mum-of-two Suzanne, however, is a size six vegetarian and health fanatic.

Professional dog walker Suzanne, from Scottish capital Edinburgh, was determined to find a cause for Sofia’s defect and now claims the pesticide atrazine – which is used to grow the pineapple she craved during her pregnancy – could be to blame.

While atrazine was withdrawn from use in the UK in 2007 but a 2010 US study found women in areas with higher levels of the chemical were more likely to have a gastroschisis baby.

Suzanne, who remains close friends with Sofia’s dad Steven Cass, said: “After Jack I was told I wouldn’t have another baby because my fallopian tubes were swollen, so I’d given up.

“Then shortly after Steven and I broke up, I realised my period was late.

Tiny Sofia Cass was in hospital for weeks after she was born (Image: Mercury Press)

“I didn’t even think what day it was when I took the test, but when I texted my friend that I was pregnant she asked if it was an April Fool’s Day joke.

“Sofia was a surprise, but she was a happy surprise. When I found out she had gastroschisis at a 12 week scan, I was completely overwhelmed. I had never even heard of it before.

“They explained to me that it was a birth defect that is becoming more common in young mums who smoke or drink or take drugs but I don’t meet any of those criteria.

“My body is very healthy and I just couldn’t understand how it could happen to me. But instead of panic and worry, I decided to research, research, research.

“The more I looked, the more this possible link to the pesticide atrazine kept coming up.

“I spend a lot of time out in fields and farmland because of my job and I’d also had a major craving for pineapple during my pregnancy – and pineapples need large amounts of pesticides.

“I take a lot of care to look after my body and be healthy and while I don’t eat meat, I’ve never been into eating organic but now I really wish I had.”

While the defect is still rare, various medical institutions including London’s Great Ormond Street Hospital suggest gastroschisis is on the rise in the UK.

Suzanne loved pineapple when she was pregnant with Sofia Cass (Image: Mercury Press)

Gastroschisis babies are often induced early and Suzanne was given a date of November 22 but was rushed in for an emergency caesarean six weeks early when Sofia’s heart rate dropped.

Sofia was born on October 4 at Simpson Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, but was eight weeks premature weighing just 4lbs with her with her large intestine, small intestine and stomach outside her body.

The newborn was wrapped in cling film to keep her organs warm before being whisked away for emergency surgery.

But not all of Sofia’s organs could be put back inside her body so they were placed in a plastic silo bag for two days to protect them while they gradually returned to her body through gravity.

New mum Suzanne said the hardest thing was not being able to hold her baby until Sofia had her full closure surgery on October 6, two days after she was born.

Suzanne said: “When I gave birth to Jack, obviously things were completely different and I got that skin-to-skin contact right away. To not have that was really distressing.

“I could hear Sofia crying as she was taken away for surgery but I couldn’t move to be with her. It was soul-destroying. As a new mum all you want is to hold your baby.

Little Sofia Cass with her organs held in a silo bag (Image: Mercury Press)

“But she had her surgery to have her guts put back in which went well – the hospital were amazing. And she came out with her silo bag to protect the rest until it went in and she could be stitched up.

“When she came out of her closure surgery, being able to hold her was absolutely amazing. I will never forget that day.”

Sofia had to stay in hospital for another five weeks while her feeds were increased from 1ml of milk every hour to 42ml of milk every three or four hours.

And she appeared to be making good process until last month when her face swelled and it was revealed she had caught deadly blood infection sepsis.

But the ‘warrior princess’ managed to battle the infection and was able to come home for good earlier this month.

Jack holding his sister Sofia Cass (Image: Mercury Press)

And while there is a long road ahead for Sofia, who still only weight 5.15lbs, Suzanne is confident her ‘incredibly strong’ daughter will make it through.

Suzanne said: “It’s crazy to think just a few weeks ago she was fighting for her life. Her face was so swollen, she looked like she’d been through a boxing match.

“It was really touch and go for 24 hours, it was heartbreaking. I’d managed to stay strong but that day I had a complete breakdown.

“But she is my little princess warrior and she fought back and after that the progress seemed so fast until she came home.

“She is not completely out of the woods yet and she is still really tiny. She’s like a little doll but she is incredibly strong and resilient. I’m so proud.”

A spokesman for DEFRA said: “Atrazine was considered as part of an EU-wide review of active substances used in pesticides.

“The review found no evidence to link this pesticide with birth defects.”

What is Gastroschisis?

Gastroschisis is a type of abdominal wall defect. It occurs when a child’s abdomen does not develop fully while in the womb.

In gastroschisis, the abdominal wall does not form completely so the intestines develop outside and are open to the air when the child is born.

Some areas of the intestines may look darker as they have been in contact with the amniotic fluid inside the womb, which can damage them.

It is not known exactly what causes gastroschisis although it is becoming more common, particularly in younger mothers under the age of 20 years. Overall the incidence is quite low with 1 in 3000 babies being born with gastroschisis each year.

Pineapple Nutrition

Eating a few slices of fresh pineapple a day can defend your body from harmful free radicals and disease, help your digestion by cleaning the body’s organs and blood, increase your energy intake and boost metabolism, nourish your hair, skin, nails and teeth and keep you generally healthy – plus it tastes great!

Here are some more facts:

  • Two slices (164gm) of pineapple provides half your daily fruit requirements
  • Good source of Vitamin C
      • 100gm of Pure Gold pineapple = 98.6% RDI*
    • Vitamin C helps maintain healthy skin and bones and your immune system
  • High fibre, fat free, salt free
  • Pineapple is low in calories, sodium, saturated fats and cholesterol
  • Bromelain is an enzyme contained in pineapple, which breaks down proteins. It’s good for digestion and meat tenderizing

Read more about the health benefits of pineapples here


  • RDI = recommended daily intake
    The RDI is a figure defined by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC) in Australia as:”the level of intake of essential nutrients considered adequate to meet the needs of practically all healthy people”
  • Australian RDI of Vitamin C = 40mg/male, 30mg/female = 35mg average
  • SERVE SIZE: 1 cup or 164gm

Sources: Tropical Pineapples July 2012

Health Benefits

We all know that eating fresh fruit provides your body with the vitamins and minerals it needs to stay healthy, and pineapple is no different. Tropical pineapples have lots of important properties that are essential in keeping you healthy. Here are some of the main nutritional benefits of pineapples:

  • The Bromelain enzyme is generally found in the stem or core of a pineapple and helps to digest food by breaking down the protein particles within it. Promoting a healthy digestive system, it’s great for a natural detox and has also been known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-clotting properties.
  • Pineapple is low in calories, sodium, saturated fats and cholesterol while being a rich source of fibre, so it’s the perfect weight loss food – have a look at our healthy pineapple recipes for some tasty and nutritious snack ideas.
  • An excellent source of Vitamin C and other antioxidants essential for collagen synthesis, Vitamin C also helps to maintain the integrity of your blood vessels, skin, organs and bones.
  • Increasing your daily intake of antioxidants is also great for boosting your immune system, which means you’ll be able to fight off colds and flus during winter.
  • Pineapple is also known for its high level of manganese. The Manganese mineral is an essential element for energy production, while protecting your cells from free radicals. It helps your body use key nutrients including thiamine and biotin, keeps your bones healthy and helps synthesise fatty foods.
  • Pineapple is also a rich source in Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene, which helps your immune system, eyesight and protects from free radicals; Vitamins B1 and B6 which are good for energy production and the breakdown of sugars and starches in your digestive system; copper, which helps red blood cell synthesis; and potassium, which assists in controlling the heart rate and blood pressure.

Find out more about Pure Gold pineapples
* Average daily intake. See the full nutrition results

So to sum up, eating pineapple is good for your body both inside and out – eating a few slices of fresh pineapple a day can defend your body from harmful free radicals and disease, help your digestion by cleaning the body’s organs and blood, increase your energy intake and boost metabolism, nourish your hair, skin, nails and teeth and keep you generally healthy – plus it tastes great!

Have a look at our pineapple recipes for some delicious ways to introduce pineapple into your diet.

View a nutritional chart for a breakdown of pineapple ingredients or learn how to cut a pineapple.


Bromelain is a digestive enzyme that aides in the digestive process by breaking down proteins. The highest concentration of Bromelain is found in the stem of pineapples, though there are sufficient levels through all the flesh of the fruit for your daily dietary requirements.

Surprisingly, this enzyme does not occur naturally in any other fruit or vegetable species, making pineapples (and supplements derived from them) your only possible source of Bromelain.


The Bromelain enzyme assists in breaking down foods in the digestive system, while also cleansing the body of toxins and counteracting the harmful bacterial and viral effects on the body. While the benefits of healthy digestion are reason enough to include pineapples in your diet, there are a many more health benefits provided by Bromelain:


Bromelain is used as a drug in surgery to keep the blood thin and prevent it from clotting. A diet that includes regular intake of natural Bromelain in pineapples acts as a simple, natural anti-inflammatory that reduces swelling, and can ease the pain and discomfort caused by arthritis. It even has an effect on inflammatory skin conditions such as acne, dermatitis and eczema.

A pineapple is a tropical fruit known for its iconic shape – a sphere of sweet and juicy flesh surrounded by a tough, segmented skin, with a tuft of spiky green leaves on top. The fruit is actually a collection of flowers, each with its own eye that is fused around the centre core, and it takes about three years for just one pineapple to reach full maturation.

Nutritional benefits of pineapple

Pineapples are naturally high in fibre, an important component of a healthy diet that can help improve digestion.

Pineapples also contain a good array of vitamins and minerals including calcium, manganese, plus vitamins A and C, as well as folic acid.

One of the key phytonutrients found in pineapple is bromelain that has long been recognised for its anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial effects.

Both fresh and tinned pineapple counts towards your five-a-day target, but if you go for the tinned variety, choose a can with no added sugar or salt. An 80g portion, or one average slice, counts as one of your five-a-day. One 150ml glass of pineapple juice also counts, but be aware that this is high in sugars and can be damaging to teeth. For this reason, one 150ml glass can only count as one portion of your 5-a-day regardless of the amount consumed.

Can pineapple help protect against cardiovascular disease?

Some research has suggested that the bromelain in pineapple may help to reduce the risk of cardiovascular conditions such as thrombosis by helping to prevent blood clotting. However, more research is required before a clear link between pineapple and heart health can be established.

Can pineapple improve digestion?

Pineapple is high in fibre, which is important for a healthy digestive system. There has also been some promising initial research into the anti-inflammatory effect of bromelain on ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel condition, both in mice and in human cells, however, more evidence is needed before this benefit can be proven in human studies.

Can pineapples promote healing after injury?

In vitro research (conducted in a test tube) showed promising signs that bromelain may improve wound healing, although any medical use for it is probably still a long way off.

Healthy pineapple recipes

Thai squash & pineapple curry
Pineapple & pink grapefruit with mint sugar
Jerk pork & pineapple skewers with black beans & rice
Frozen fruit sticks with passion fruit & lime drizzle
Sweet & sour chicken & veg
Thai red duck with sticky pineapple rice
Griddled swordfish with pineapple & chilli salsa
Skinny Thai burgers with sweet potato chips & pineapple salsa

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This article was updated on 8 August 2018 by Kerry Torrens.

Kerry Torrens is a qualified Nutritionist (MBANT) with a post graduate diploma in Personalised Nutrition & Nutritional Therapy. She is a member of the British Association for Nutrition and Lifestyle Medicine (BANT) and a member of the Guild of Food Writers. Over the last 15 years she has been a contributing author to a number of nutritional and cookery publications including BBC Good Food.

Nicola Shubrook is a nutritional therapist and works with both private clients and the corporate sector. She is an accredited member of the British Association for Applied Nutrition and Nutritional Therapy (BANT) and the Complementary & Natural Healthcare Council (CNHC). Find out more at urbanwellness.co.uk.

All health content on bbcgoodfood.com is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other healthcare professional. If you have any concerns about your general health, you should contact your local healthcare provider. See our website terms and conditions for more information.

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