Vitamin d and sweating

Contents

Low vitamin D may not be a culprit in menopause symptoms

The authors analyzed the relationship between the blood levels of vitamin D and a number of menopause symptoms, including hot flashes, night sweats, sleep disturbance, concentration, and forgetfulness in 530 women who participated in the calcium and vitamin D WHI trial.

There was good reason to look for a link because other studies have implied some relationship. For example, breast cancer patients with higher vitamin D levels have fewer hot flashes and other symptoms than women with lower levels. Supplementing vitamin D can improve mood in other groups of people. The vitamin can protect against depletion of serotonin, which plays a role in regulating body heat. And vitamin D deficiency can result in muscle and joint pain.

Furthermore, estrogen plays a role in activating vitamin D, meaning that the estrogen deficiency that comes with menopause could worsen any problems with vitamin D deficiency.

The number of symptoms and vitamin D levels had a borderline significant relationship at first, but after the analysts adjusted for multiple comparisons, the association disappeared. And in looking at multiple comparisons, no individual menopause symptoms were significantly associated with vitamin D either.

“With so many women taking vitamin D supplements these days, it is good to know what it can and cannot do. We need to be realistic in our expectations,” says NAMS Executive Director Margery Gass, MD.

The authors cautioned that this study doesn’t entirely prove that vitamin D levels and menopause symptoms are not connected because the sample of women they had with enough data was relatively small and the women, who averaged age 66, were nearly 16 years from menopause, and only 27 percent of the women in this group had hot flashes or night sweats. Looking at vitamin D levels in women as they go through the menopause transition might be valuable.

What symptoms or conditions suggest a Vitamin D deficiency?

Are there symptoms for vitamin D deficiency?

The last decade has seen a renaissance in our understanding of the many roles of Vitamin D in our well-being, with hundreds of studies defining ever more precisely its role in health and disease. Vitamin D could as accurately be called a hormone as much as a vitamin. It influences the calcium metabolism in most every cell of the body, not just in bone. It also affects the immune system; helping us to fight infections, to find and clear precancerous cells and to moder
ate inappropriate autoimmune processes. How can one nutrient have such an effect in so many areas? It turns out that Vitamin D plays an important role in genetic expression, and that hundreds if not thousands of our genes are modulated by Vitamin D. Stated simply, if your genes are bathed in the right amount of Vitamin D, they respond more efficiently. If not, their maladaptive expression can provoke or allow a wide range of chronic health problems.

So, as low Vitamin D levels can affect every organ system, wouldn’t it be useful for a person to know if their body is telling them about a low Vitamin D level? To interpret what your body may be saying, I’d like to review some of the symptoms and conditions that can be associated with Vitamin D deficiency. A symptom is a physical complaint that is a noticeable deviation from normal, such as fatigue, or muscle aches. A condition is more of a definable quality or diagnosis, such as depression, asthma, osteoporosis or a lab result such as an elevated parathyroid hormone level. We should keep in mind that while a low Vitamin D level may be a major contributing factor to a problem, many times it is only part of a larger picture. After reviewing the clues that may lead us to suspect a low level, we will discuss what it takes to measure Vitamin D, and then some basic advice about interpreting and treating low levels. We have included click through links to some of the basic research related to many of the conditions we discuss below.

Symptoms suggesting low Vitamin D levels include:

  • muscle weakness, feeling too easily fatigued.
  • excess daytime sleepiness
  • general aches and pains, particularly bone ache. A simple test for test for periosteal bone pain is to see if you have discomfort from placing firm pressure on your breastbone or shin bone.
  • a sweaty head. Strange as it may seem, excess sweating in the head vs. the rest of the body has been associated with low Vitamin D levels.
  • keep in mind that now that we are screening for Vitamin D, many people with low levels have no recognizable symptoms at all at the time of diagnosis. The goal is to get ahead of the problems that can emerge over months or years of having deficient levels.

There are many common conditions associated with low Vitamin D, where its deficiency may be a causal factor, or a part of disease progression. If you have one or more of these conditions, you should have your Vitamin D level evaluated and discussed with your personal physician. These could include:

  • a diagnosis of fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue syndrome. It is interesting how these disorders and Vitamin D deficiency share many symptoms. Given the debilitation of these disorders it would be a shame to ignore an easily remediable factor like Vitamin D deficiency.
  • a series of infections, or seasonal or yearly recurrences of viral respiratory infections, sore throat, and influenza.
  • being a woman using a statin drug for cholesterol, and having fatigue or muscle aches. Also keep in mind that lower levels of the nutrient CoQ10 have been implicated in these symptoms for both men and women.
  • depression: individuals with the lowest levels of Vitamin D had 11 X risk for depression over those with healthy levels.
  • those diagnosed with schizophrenia are more likely to have low Vitamin D levels. Therapeutic benefits are still a matter of ongoing research.
  • a diagnosis of osteopenia or osteoporosis. These have a well-documented causal relationship with Vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency has also been associated with reduced balance and stability, weaker quadriceps, slower reaction times and impaired postural stability. All of these conditions predispose to falls. Also, if you are over fifty and have a fracture, you should consider screening for both Vitamin D and bone density.
  • the skin condition of psoriasis
  • individuals who receive little or no direct sunlight, such as elderly shut-ins, people living in northern latitudes and those who seek solar protection by extensive use of sunscreen are often Vitamin D deficient. Also keep in mind that in aging we make less Vitamin D out of sunlight. It is estimated that anywhere from 50-90% of American seniors are low in Vitamin D.
  • hair growth. The Vitamin D receptor and indirectly Vitamin D levels can play an important role in hair follicle development and the hair growth cycle, especially the anagen phase, where new hair growth is initiated. This may be a factor in patients with hereditary vitamin D receptor deficiency, and optimizing Vitamin D levels plays a role in maintaining hair follicles and hair thickness, especially in mid-life. Visit HairLossRevolution for more information on vitamin D deficiency and hair loss.
  • those who have dark skin, where one may generate significantly less Vitamin D from sunlight.
  • some autoimmune conditions, especially multiple sclerosis where Vitamin D has been shown to be a factor in preventing or moderating the disease.
  • inflammatory bowel disease. The relationship between low D3 and Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis cuts both ways, as these individuals may not absorb Vitamin D as efficiently, and Vitamin D is known to reduce inflammation in these disorders.
  • childhood asthma. Children with asthma are twice as likely to be Vitamin D deficient as compared to those without asthma. It’s not clear yet whether additional Vitamin D will improve their asthma, but it would be reasonable to check Vitamin D levels in these children.
  • elevated blood pressure. While adults with hypertension tend to have lower Vitamin D levels, studies have not shown that supplementing Vitamin D is helpful in reducing blood pressure. This would be an example of how a condition might be useful as an indicator to test for Vitamin D, without implying that Vitamin D is a treatment for that particular problem.
  • dental cavities in children. One study showed that in children under 13, proactive Vitamin D supplementation reduced dental caries by 47%.
  • individuals taking drugs known to interfere with Vitamin D metabolism, including seizure drugs phenobarbital and phenytoin (Dilantin) or the antibiotic rifampin.
  • a past or current diagnosis of cancer, or families wi
    th a high prevalence of cancer diagnosis. This is particularly true of prostate cancer.
  • cognitive impairment, starting with ‘senior moments’ on up to Alzheimer’s: Studies show that individuals with the lowest levels of Vitamin D had twice the incidence of dementia as those with healthy levels.
  • Parkinson’s disease. Those with lower Vitamin D levels have a highe
    r Parkinson’s risk. Although studies are ongoing about the long term benefits of Vitamin D in treating Parkinson’s, it is clear that augmenting Vitamin D can reduce cognitive decline and depression in these patients.
  • obesity: if you carry large stores of body fat you are at greater risk of vitamin D deficiency. When vitamin D is synthesized or ingested it is stored in body fat stores. However, the larger your store of body fat, the less bio-available the Vitamin D.
  • proper levels of calcium and phosphorus. A deficiency during pregnancy can cause growth retardation and skeletal deformities. It has also been linked to a greater risk of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (see below), and a higher likelihood of needing a cesarean section delivery, of having gestational diabetes, an increased risk of delivery related infections and for a low birth weight. If your baby is deficient in Vitamin D after birth, it can be at risk for rickets (which can lead to fractures and deformity) and abnormal or delayed bone growth and physical development. These Vitamin D deficiency effects can be long lasting. Research is showing that a Vitamin D deficit during pregnancy can affect bone development and immune function of the child onward into adulthood. A major study has shown that taking 4,000 IU of vitamin D daily had the greatest benefits in preventing preterm labor/births and infections. This study also confirmed that Vitamin D at this level is not only safe for you, but for the baby as well. The researchers from this study recommend this daily dosage of vitamin D for all pregnant women. Some practitioners advise as high as 6000 IU/day if you are significantly deficient at the onset of pregnancy.
    The average prenatal vitamin only contains 400 IU of vitamin D, so a pregnant woman will most likely need additional supplementation.
  • history of preeclampsia. Elevation of blood pressure late in pregnancy and into delivery can be a dangerous condition, and it occurs in 5-8% of pregnancies. Research has shown that women with low levels of vitamin D during the first 26 weeks of pregnancy were 40% more likely to develop severe preeclampsia, compared with those who had adequate levels.
  • breastfeeding: infants who are exclusively breast fed infants are at risk for Vitamin D deficiency, because human milk generally provides 25 IU of vitamin D per liter, which is not enough for an infant if breast milk is the sole source of Vitamin D. It is advised that all infants who are not consuming at least 500 ml (16 ounces) of vitamin D fortified formula or milk should be given a vitamin D supplement of 400 IU/day
  • HIV/AIDS: Vitamin D helps combat progression of AIDS by reducing bone and muscle loss, by improving immune system function and by reducing inflammation. A five year study in Tanzania showed that in women with HIV, higher vitamin D levels were associated with a slower progression of HIV to AIDS. Women with vitamin D levels above 32 had a 25% lower risk of disease progression. Those with the higher vitamin D levels also had a lower risk of dying from any cause during the study.
  • overactive parathyroid activity, if due to Vitamin D deficiency (if not due to Vitamin D deficiency, your case may require surgery)
  • elevated risk for coronary heart disease: studies show that low Vitamin D may increase one’s risk of having a heart attack, or of dying from a heart attack, should it occur.
  • congestive heart failure patients have demonstrably lower Vitamin D levels.
  • erectile dysfunction. Low Vitamin D levels have been associated with problems getting or maintaining an erection.
    If you have any of these symptoms or conditions, you could be low on Vitamin D, and it would be advisable for you to have your level checked. The technical name for this test is 25-hydroxy vitamin D, or 25(OH) D. The ‘normal range’ for the result is a value between 30 and 100. An optimal level would be in the 50-70 range, and up to 80-90 is often advised for cancer patients or for certain autoimmune problems.

Getting your Vitamin D level checked

Most physicians can readily obtain this blood test through local labs and hospitals. A typical retail cost through a clinic is $45-50, and it may be covered by insurance if medically indicated. It would be advisable to review this result with your personal physician, and to correlate it with any concerning symptoms or conditions you may have.
If you want to get this done on your own, you will pay $50-75, and they usually have you send in a blot of blood obtained with a finger pinprick. Some options include:

  • the Grassroots Health D*Action Study. This ongoing study is designed to both give you specific feedback on your Vitamin D levels and optimal dosing advice based on those results, for $70. They do ask you to fill out a questionnaire about your health to assist in determining the relationship of initial and treated Vitamin D levels on long term health. If you want to continue monitoring and participation, they recommend a recheck every 6 months. This is optional, but advisable, as you will need more than one data point to know you have achieved a new and optimal steady state level.
  • Doctor’s Option $57 for a home test kit and a three day turnaround for results, but no specific advice based on the results.

However you choose to do it, find out your Vitamin D status. I believe it won’t be long before this will be considered as important a ‘vital sign’ as your blood pressure, blood sugar or cholesterol level is today.

3 Symptoms to Identify Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin d deficiency is caused when your body does not get enough exposure to the sun that is the primary source of vitamin d for your body. It is crucial for the health of your bones, skin and neurological system, therefore, its deficiency may lead to a number of problems and risks such as rickets, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis etc.

Here is a list of three symptoms that can help you to identify if you suffer from a deficiency of vitamin D.

Adults who suffer from a deficiency of vitamin d feel a lot of aches and pain in the bones and muscles of their body. Also, they are troubled with joint stiffness and fatigue that lowers the overall quality of their life.

2. Fits of sadness and grief

Exposure to the sun (and hence, vitamin d) improves the level of the neurotransmitter serotonin in your body that is responsible for lifting your spirits. However, deficiency of vitamin d prevents you from having a more positive outlook towards life. So, another symptom that can help you identify that your body is deficient in vitamin d is that you’ve got a lot of blues.

3. A lot of head sweat

If your head sweats a lot, you can be assured that you suffer from an acute deficiency of vitamin d. Head sweating is another prominent symptom associated with vitamin d deficiency.

8 Surprising Signs You May Be Vitamin D Deficient

During the winter months, the majority of us don’t get enough vitamin D because the best source of this important vitamin is sunshine. In fact, according to a 2009 study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, as many as three-quarters of U.S. teens and adults are deficient.

Vitamin D and Depression

Many studies have linked vitamin D deficiency with depression. In a cross-sectional study of 12,594 patients in a database at the Mayo Clinic, researchers found that low vitamin D levels were associated with depressive symptoms, especially in persons with a history of depression. In another study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers evaluated 81,189 women ages 50 to 79 and found that the women with higher vitamin D levels (who had higher intakes of vitamin D from food sources) had less depressive symptoms. Vitamin D can affect the function of two important neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine.

Vitamin D and Other Conditions

Of course, vitamin D is important for more than your mood. In an Everyday Health piece, Nancie George lists five illnesses linked to vitamin D deficiency:

  • A 2014 study published in the journal Neurology found that moderate-to-severe vitamin D deficiency in older adults may double the risk for some forms of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Prostate cancer A 2014 study published in the journal Clinical Cancer Research found a link between low blood levels of vitamin D and aggressive prostate cancer in European-American and African-American men.
  • Erectile dysfunction A 2014 study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine found that men with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) had significantly lower vitamin D levels than men with mild ED.
  • Schizophrenia People who are vitamin D deficient are twice as likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia as compared to people with sufficient vitamin D levels, according to a 2014 study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
  • Heart disease According to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 63rd Annual Scientific Session, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to more severe cases of heart disease.

Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency

But how do you know if you’re vitamin D deficient? The best way is a simple blood test. Your primary care physician can help you with that. But here are some other tell-tale signs:

1. Broken Bones and Stress Fractures

One of the critical roles of vitamin D is to help the intestines absorb calcium into the bloodstream. Without enough vitamin D, our body will break down bones to get the calcium it needs. In fact, in one study, 50 percent of women treated for bone loss had inadequate vitamin D levels. Research indicates that adequate vitamin D intake can prevent osteoporosis, which reduces bone density and increases the risk of broken bones. One study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society found that nursing home residents who took 800 IU daily of vitamin D fell less and had a lower incidence rate of falls over five months than those taking lower doses of the vitamin. Since we tend to stop building bone mass around age 30, vitamin D supplementation is important to keep our bones in good condition.

2. Chronic Pain and Muscle Weakness

A vitamin D deficiency can also cause your joints and muscles to ache. Research has associated the link between deficiency of vitamin D and all kinds of musculoskeletal pain. For example, in one study 276 patients with nonspecific pain at different regions (leg pain, widespread pain, rib pain, back pain, fibromyalgia) were compared with 202 other people. In patients with skeletal pain, vitamin D levels were significantly lower than the control group. Another study found vitamin D deficiency may also exacerbate ageing of skeletal muscles. However, the good news is that muscle weakness is reversible with vitamin D supplementation. A study published in the Western Journal of Medicine says that, “Improvement in muscle strength has been observed as early as after a week, but usually within one to two months.”

3. Hair Loss

In a study published in Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, researchers evaluated 80 females ages 18 to 45 years old with hair loss, either chronic telogen effluvium (TE) or female pattern hair loss (FPHL), and 40 females without hair loss. Vitamin D deficiencies were associated with hair loss in females with TE and FPHL. Although we don’t know as much about vitamin D’s role in hair growth as we do in, say, bone health, Rania Mounir Abdel Hay, MD, a dermatologist at Cairo University suspects it could be that vitamin D helps regulate the expression of genes that fosters normal hair follicle growth.

4. Drowsiness

In a 2012 study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, researchers determined that there is a significant correlation between daytime sleepiness and low levels of vitamin D. The study involved 81 patients who complained of sleep problems and nonspecific pain. Vitamin D levels were measured by blood sampling. The authors previous and current research suggest that low levels of vitamin D may cause or contribute to excessive sleepiness either directly or by means of chronic pain.

5. High Blood Pressure

A large-scale genetic study involving over 155,000 people demonstrated the link between hypertension and vitamin D deficiency. Those with high concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D had reduced blood pressure and therefore a reduced risk of hypertension. “Our study strongly suggests that some cases of cardiovascular disease could be prevented through vitamin D supplements or food fortification,” said Dr. Vimal Karani from the University of Reading in the UK. “Our new data provide further support for the important non-skeletal effects of vitamin D.”

6. Excessive Sweating

Michael Holick, M.D., a vitamin D expert at Boston University Medical Center says that one of the first signs of vitamin D deficiency is a sweaty head. You sweat when your body temperature rises above 98.6. Most of the time, this is not a problem. Sweating is actually good for your health, as it releases toxins buried in the fat cells underneath the skin. However, excessive sweating may indicate a deficiency in vitamin D.

7. Low Immunity

Vitamin D has an important role for the immune system, as well. Before antibiotics were available, vitamin D was used to treat infections like tuberculosis. There have been multiple studies associating lower levels of vitamin D with increased infection. For example, in one study, people with lower vitamin D levels were more likely to report a respiratory tract infection than those with adequate levels. Other studies indicate that vitamin D deficiency predisposes children to respiratory infections and can play a role in protecting a person from contracting the flu. Some studies are evaluating the associations between vitamin D deficiencies and HIV disease progression.

8. Irritability and Depression

As I mentioned above, there is a strong correlation between vitamin D deficiency and depression. In addition to the studies I already included, a study published in Nutrition Journal found that adults who received high doses of vitamin D had improved depressive symptoms after two months.

Join Project Hope & Beyond, a depression community.

How to identify and help beat Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D absorbs calcium, supporting bone and teeth health and cell growth

Why is Vitamin D important for health?

You might know about the link between Vitamin D deficiency and rickets (which is called osteomalacia in adults). Rickets is a condition which affects the bones. It causes them to become soft and weak, often leading to deformities and fractures.

In fact, Vitamin D3 was first recognised when scientists were trying to work out why cod liver oil was so effective in dealing with rickets. But our bones are not the only parts of our bodies that rely on enough Vitamin D.

Lack of Vitamin D has also been linked to muscle weakness, fatigue, and even mental health. Studies have shown that Vitamin D deficiency can contribute to an impaired immune system, making it more difficult to fight infections. Vitamin D receptors in our brains help brain cells receive and understand chemical signals – a lack of Vitamin D is likely to affect the way our brain communicates.

Shop Vitamin D

What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?

90 per cent of the Vitamin D our bodies need comes from getting out in the sunlight and only 10 per cent is from your diet. Even if you eat fortified foods, you could be at risk of Vitamin D deficiency. If your routine and lifestyle keeps you away from sunlight, look out for these symptoms:

Low mood

The so-called happy hormone (serotonin) falls with lack of sun exposure. If you feel low or irritable, it could be a sign.

Ageing

If you are over 50, you lose some of your natural ability to produce Vitamin D from sun exposure. Your kidneys also become less efficient at converting the vitamin. Stay active and spend plenty of time outside in your 50s, 60s, and beyond.

Body weight

People considered overweight or obese need more Vitamin D that a person with a healthy weight. This also applies if you have a large muscle mass.

Digestive problems

Because Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, any gut problem which affects your ability to absorb fat could also impact your Vitamin D levels. Something to be aware of if you have IBD, Crohn’s, celiac, or gluten sensitivity.

Achy bones and joints

Vitamin D deficiency affects bone health which could result in a throbbing or achy feeling in your bones. This is often most noticeable in the knees and back. Those who don’t have enough of this important vitamin can develop rickets, osteoporosis, bone pain, and an increased risk of fractures.

Head sweats

A common sign of Vitamin D deficiency is a sweaty scalp (this is one reason newborn babies are monitored for head sweats). A sweaty scalp could be an early sign of Vitamin D deficiency.

Are you at risk of Vitamin D deficiency?

Our bodies can only make Vitamin D when our skin is exposed to enough sunlight. So if you don’t get outside much, have dark skin, or like to cover up, you are naturally at risk of Vitamin D deficiency.

  • Vegans can have low levels of Vitamin D, because most natural sources are animal based. Pay extra attention to your diet, and eat fortified foods (cereals, soya milk, almond milk, and orange juice) and take a quality Vitamin D supplement.
  • Limited sunlight exposure can put you at risk. If you are housebound for any reason, if you live in a grey climate, or if you cover your skin for work, lifestyle or religious reasons, your skin might not get enough sunlight.
  • People with darker skin as the pigment in your skin will reduce your ability to make Vitamin D, even if you get plenty of sunlight. Older adults with dark skin are particularly at risk.

How to increase your Vitamin D levels

If you think you or someone you care for is at risk of low Vitamin D, there’s plenty you can do. Fortify the diet with natural sources of Vitamin D, and take a daily Vitamin D supplement. Experts recommend 400–800 IU/day to maintain good health. And, if possible, get out in the sunshine more.

If you think you are at risk, seek advice from a medical professional or ask your Doctor for a blood test to assess your Vitamin D levels. With your Doctor’s support, start taking a quality Vitamin D3 supplement to meet UK Government guidelines.

Shop Vitamin D

Can A Lot Of Head Sweat Be A Symptom Of Vitamin D Deficiency?

Vitamin d deficiency is caused when your body does not get enough exposure to the sun that is the primary source of vitamin d for your body. It is crucial for the health of your bones, skin and neurological system, therefore, its deficiency may lead to a number of problems and risks such as rickets, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis etc.
Here is a list of four symptoms that can help you to identify if you suffer from a deficiency of vitamin d.
1. Bone pain and muscle weakness
Adults who suffer from a deficiency of vitamin d feel a lot of achiness and pain in the bones and muscles of their body. Also, they are troubled with joint stiffness and fatigue that lowers the overall quality of their life.

2. Fits of sadness and grief
Exposure to the sun (and hence, vitamin d) improves the level of the neurotransmitter serotonin in your body that is responsible for lifting your spirits. However, deficiency of vitamin d prevents you from having a more positive outlook towards life. So, another symptom that can help you identify that your body is deficient in vitamin d is that you’ve got a lot of blues.
3. A lot of head sweat
If your head sweats a lot, you can be assured that you suffer from an acute deficiency of vitamin d. Head sweating is another prominent symptom associated with vitamin d deficiency. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist.

Could You Be Suffering from a Vitamin D Deficiency? Signs That It’s Time to See Your Doctor

People of all ages have gotten the word about the dangers of sun exposure, and they have done so in a big way. Men and women who used to worship the sun and crave a deep dark summer tan are now hiding out in their houses when the sun is shining its brightest.

These actions have cut the risk of skin cancer substantially, but there have also been some unintended consequences along the way. Doctors are seeing an unprecedented rise in vitamin D deficiency, and some experts think this rise is tied in part to the decrease in sun exposure.

Vitamin D is an important part of a healthy diet, and it is found in abundance in milk and other diary foods, as well as in a number of dark leafy green vegetables. In addition to those dietary sources, sun exposure can also increase both the amount of vitamin D in the body and the efficiency of its absorption.

If you have curtailed your sun exposure to cut your skin cancer risk, you might want to look out for the signs of vitamin D deficiency. If you notice any of these symptoms, it may be time to see your doctor and have your Vitamin D levels tested.

‍Excessive sweating‍

Excessive sweating, especially sweating of the head, can be a sign of a vitamin D deficiency. A change in the amount you sweat or your sweating patterns should be cause for concern.

‍Feeling tired or run down‍

If you feel tired and fatigued, the issue could be a lack of vitamin D. Low levels of vitamin D can leave you feeling run down and unable to complete your daily tasks.

‍Unexplained depression or bad mood‍

Feeling blue, down or depressed can be a sign of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D levels play a role in serotonin levels, and a drop in those levels can trigger feelings of depression.

‍Aching bones‍

Vitamin D is essential for building strong healthy bones, and a lack of the nutrient can leave your bones aching. Aching bones is a classic sign of vitamin D deficiency, as well as other serious illnesses. If you notice this problem, you should see your doctor immediately.

In addition to the symptoms listed above, there are some age and race-related risk factors to be aware of. For example, African-Americans may be at increased risk, as are people who are overweight and obese. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, or if you fall into any of these risk categories, a test for vitamin D levels may be in order.

3 Serious Signs of Low Vitamin D

By Genevieve Cunningham

With fall and winter settling in, many people are opting out of the great outdoors in lieu of a warm blanket on the couch. While this is certainly understandable, this can often lead to a bit of a decline in health. It definitely means less in the way of movement, but it also means that you’re likely not getting enough of the important vitamin, Vitamin D. But how can you tell? And why does it matter? Take a look at these signs that your Vitamin D may be lacking, followed by a few tips for getting more.

Your Bones Hurt

Bone pain is uncommon. Unless you’ve had an injury, you currently suffer from a bone disease, or you’re a growing child, bone pain is fairly unlikely to be a problem in your life. But a lack of Vitamin D is almost a sure fire way to experience aches in the bones. Most people who suffer from this symptom describe it as a deep ache that is generally felt in large bones — like the thigh or the back. If this is suddenly happening in your life, it might be time to get your Vitamin D levels checked at the doctor’s office.

Your Head Sweats

This is a common happening for infants who lack Vitamin D, but it can happen in adults as well. When a deficiency in this vitamin is present, a person may experience sweating that seems to come predominantly from the head. You may notice a puddle on the bed where you’ve been lying, or you may notice serious sweat rings in a hat. While there may be other conditions that cause this phenomenon, head sweating is primarily linked to a Vitamin D deficiency, so getting checked may solve the problem.

You Feel Blue

Depression has many causes. Some of the causes are in our control, and some are far out of our reach. If Vitamin D, or a lack thereof, is the cause of your depression, then managing your levels of this vitamin may be a much welcomed cure. If you notice a feeling of the blues creeping up at the same time that you’re not getting the amount of sunlight that you normally do, go ahead and get your Vitamin D checked. A simple increase in this important vitamin can make all the difference in certain cases.

If you suspect that a Vitamin D deficiency is present in your life, get to a doctor to get checked out. They may be able to prescribe you a supplement to help level it out. You can also drink more whole milk, one of the only foods with Vitamin D, or simply get out in the sun. Be proactive, and make sure that the proper amount of Vitamin D is in your body to boost your health and life for the better.

To learn more about your health and wellness, see your local chiropractor at The Joint Chiropractic in Johns Creek, Ga.

20 Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency, According to Medical Experts

Getting enough vitamin D isn’t always easy—especially during the winter months. Sure, there are changes you can make to your diet and supplements you can add to your routine during the dreary days of winter when sunshine isn’t so prevalent, but, unfortunately, even that’s not enough sometimes. In fact, vitamin D deficiency has become an increasingly common problem for many us. According to 2018 data from Ohio’s Mercy Medical Center, more than 42 percent of Americans are vitamin D deficient, which they are often unaware of until they start experiencing health issues as a result.

So, in order to learn more about the vitamin D (AKA the “sunshine vitamin”) that your body likely needs, read on for 20 surprising signs you have low levels of the important vitamin. And if you’re wondering what you should be on the lookout for when it comes to other vitamins, check out the 20 Surprising Signs You Have a Vitamin Deficiency.

1 Depression

The cold, sunless winter months definitely aren’t good for your vitamin D levels—and that’s bad news for your mood. “With a vitamin D deficiency, an individual is more likely to experience depression since vitamin D receptors help regulate mood,” says Kelly Springer, MS, RD, founder of Kelly’s Choice.

And there’s science to back that up. According to an extensive 2018 meta-analysis published in The British Journal of Psychiatry that looked at 31,424 participants, low levels of vitamin D are in fact associated with depression. And to better understand what your mood might be indicating in terms of your health, check out the 13 Mood Changes That Could Signal Something Serious.

2 Joint pain and inflammation

iStock

There’s a long list of conditions responsible for joint issues, but this is one you don’t hear about very often. “Low vitamin D levels in the blood cause an inflammatory response, causing pain and inflammation in the joints,” Springer says. So, if there’s no other explanation you can think of behind your joint pain, your vitamin D levels could be the culprit.

3 Trouble sleeping

iStock

According to sleep expert Michael Breus, MD, low vitamin D levels can have a direct impact on the quality and quantity of your shut-eye, making it difficult to get the kind of rest necessary for your body to stay healthy. And a 2018 meta-analysis published in the journal Nutrients of 9,397 subjects backs that up: Researchers concluded that vitamin D deficiency is associated with a higher risk of sleep disorders. And if you’re looking for ways to sleep better, check out 20 Doctor-Approved Tips to Get a Full Night’s Sleep Tonight.

4 Excessive sweating

iStock

Under many circumstances—intense physical activity and sweltering weather conditions, for example—sweating is completely natural. It’s when it occurs in less extreme scenarios that it could indicate a problem. “With normal or moderate activity, a normal body temperature, and a mild temperature environment, excessive sweating could be a sign of vitamin D deficiency,” says Springer.

5 Getting sick regularly

iStock

Do you feel like you’re constantly getting sick? Well, that could be due to a vitamin D deficiency, according to a 2010 study published in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research. Researchers found that vitamin D has a direct connection to how your immune system responds to various infections and viruses. And on top of that, in a 2008 study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, endocrinologists concluded that having inadequate levels of the vitamin was associated with an increased risk of cancer, autoimmune diseases, hypertension, and infectious diseases.

6 Pneumonia

Unfortunately, the common cold might not be the worst of it—coming down with pneumonia may also be connected to low levels of vitamin D. “There’s a link between vitamin D and pneumonia,” Springer says. “Deficient individuals are 2.5 times more likely to get pneumonia due to a weakened immune system.”

7 Hair loss

While it’s not uncommon to naturally lose your hair as you age, particularly for men, women may experience the issue for other reasons—and one of them could be a vitamin D deficiency. A 2013 study published in the journal Skin Pharmacology and Physiology showed that women with hair loss had much lower levels of vitamin D than those who weren’t losing their hair. And for more symptoms on your scalp to be aware of, check out 15 Things Your Hair Is Trying to Tell You About Your Health.

8 Eczema

iStock

If you have atopic dermatitis—a common type of eczema that causes red and itchy skin—it’s a good idea to have your doctor check for a vitamin D deficiency. A 2011 study published in the British Journal of Dermatology found that those with low levels of the vitamin tended to have more severe symptoms of the skin issue. And for more issues to be on the look out for with your skin, check out these 17 Health Secrets Your Skin Is Trying to Tell You.

9 Dizziness

iStock

When you have benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), you experience episodes of dizziness and may feel like you’re spinning—and that could all come down to your vitamin D levels. According to a 2018 study published in the European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, not getting the adequate amount of vitamin D can cause the disorder to develop and—if you don’t up your intake—persist.

10 Fatigue

iStock

Feeling tired can be the result of any number of different factors in your hectic, over-scheduled life. And while not all of them are so easy to cut out, some are luckily in our control. Vitamin D, for example, may be contributing to that constant tired feeling, according to a 2015 study published in the Global Journal of Health Science. Among those participants who reported frequent fatigue, about 89 percent of them had inadequate levels vitamin D. Coincidence? We think not! And if all you want is to get some rest, check out 50 Tips for Sleeping Better Tonight, According to Experts.

11 Slow-healing wounds

iStock

Anyone who has wounds that always seem like they take forever to heal might need to up their vitamin D intake. Research has shown the snail-like speed could be from low levels of the important vitamin. In fact, one 2011 study published in the Journal of Dental Research proved that vitamin D levels are critical to post-surgical healing.

12 Lower back pain

iStock

We all have sore muscles from time to time. And when we don’t get a good night’s rest, having an achy neck or back the next morning isn’t out of the ordinary. But if back pain—particularly lower back pain—is a constant presence in your life, it may be worth having your doctor test your vitamin D levels. A 2008 study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society concluded that lower concentrations of vitamin D were linked to significant back pain in women. (The same connection was not found in men.)

13 Muscle weakness

ljubaphoto / iStock

If you notice that your muscles regularly feel weaker or are cramping more than usual, chances are high that you’re not getting enough vitamin D, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

And while these symptoms apply to people of all ages, they are especially worrisome in children who are vitamin D deficient because low levels can lead to rickets, a painful and serious condition, the clinic says.

14 Or aching muscles

iStock

When you have persistent pain with no real explanation—especially during the winter as opposed to in the summer—a vitamin D deficiency could be the culprit, no matter your age, according to 2003 research published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

15 Bone discomfort

According to a 2009 study published in the journal American Family Physician, any aches and painful tenderness in your bones could be due to a vitamin D deficiency—especially if you feel discomfort when you put pressure over your breastbone or shinbone areas.

16 Erectile dysfunction

There are many factors that contribute to erectile dysfunction (ED)—alcohol, smoking, high blood pressure, and diabetes, to name a few. But, according to 2015 research conducted by Johns Hopkins University, vitamin D can be a direct cause as well. The research found that men who were vitamin D deficient were 32 percent more likely to have ED than men with normal levels of the sunshine vitamin.

17 Frequent urinary tract infections

No one wants to deal with a urinary tract infection (UTI). You likely know that the issue is typically caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract and multiplying. But were you aware that having low levels of vitamin D could be the reason behind the infection, too? According to a 2013 study published in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases, researchers found that recurrent UTIs in women were associated with a vitamin D deficiency.

18 Severe PMS symptoms

iStock

UTIs aren’t the only problem women face when they have a vitamin D deficiency. Julian Whitaker, MD, says severe PMS symptoms—like mood swings, food cravings, and tender breasts—could be the result of not having enough vitamin D in your body. In past research, he says, those who upped their intake had a 40 percent lower risk of developing those sometimes-unbearable aches and pains than those who didn’t.

19 Digestive problems

iStock

Living with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) means dealing with inflammation of your digestive tract on a daily basis, which results in diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue. And it turns out, making sure you get the right amount of vitamin D can lower your risk of having to deal with such a difficult condition. That’s because, according to a 2013 study published in the journal Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, being vitamin D deficient might not only increase your risk of developing IBD, but also factor into its severity.

20 Being overweight

iStock

If you’re overweight, you may want to get your vitamin D levels checked out. Research published in the journal Obesity Reviews in 2015 found that obese individuals are 35 percent more likely to be lacking the right amount of vitamin D in their system.

Vitamin B12 deficiency

The clinical review of vitamin B12 deficiency by Hunt et al was concise and informative. However, it did not mention autonomic dysfunction caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. Urinary incontinence, impotence and orthostatic hypotension are well-recognized autonomic manifestations of vitamin B12 deficiency (1) .

I have seen patients with long-standing drenching night sweats responding dramatically to intramuscular vitamin B12. Physiologically it is not surprising since changes in the peripheral autonomic nervous system may be the earliest manifestations of small-fiber neuropathy and hyperhidrosis frequently accompanies small-fiber peripheral neuropathy (2) . Episodic hyperhidrosis also occurs commonly in patients with familial dysautonomia, a hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (3) . Autonomic dysfunction resulting in long- and short-term heart rate variability has been found to be significantly lower in vitamin-B12 deficient subjects compared to controls (4,5). Beitzke et al found major hemodynamic and autonomic impairment in patients with vitamin-B12 deficiency (6) . Defective sympathetic activation and decreased catecholamine release has been postulated as pathogenic mechanisms. Reduction of sudomotor sympathetic unmyelinated fibers has been described in patients with vitamin-B12 deficiency and orthostatic hypotension (7) .

The exact mechanism of excessive sweating in vitamin-B12 deficiency is a matter of speculation and will require further studies. Spinal sympathetic over-activity is one plausible explanation.

As the authors state, using serum cobalamin assay to diagnosis vitamin B12 deficiency has its limitations. “Functional” vitamin B12 deficiency is a syndrome where a wide variety of symptoms in the presence of “normal” serum levels of the vitamin respond to vitamin B12 therapy. Megaloblastic anemia and sub-acute combined degeneration of spinal cord are only the extreme manifestations observed at the far end of the spectrum with severe deficiency. On the other hand, non-specific symptoms like fatigue are the earliest manifestations. Autonomic dysfunction, it seems, is a common manifestation of functional vitamin B12 deficiency and seems to occur early in the course of disease process. This spectrum of disease usually presents in the absence of any changes in red blood cell indices and is easily misdiagnosed since serum levels of vitamin are in the “normal” range. Indeed, short-term fluctuations in HCy and MMA levels may also result in normal levels of these metabolites, thus obscuring the deficiency. This has been described previously in a patient who had total absence of vibratory sensation in the iliac crest, knees and ankles and normal levels of vitamin and metabolites, which resolved completely after 2 months of vitamin B12 therapy (8) . In this study, only 16% of patients with clinical response to cobalamin therapy had low serum levels of the vitamin and values were above 300pg/mL in 54% of cases. In addition, HCy and MMA values were in the normal range in 49% and 23% of cases respectively. Both metabolite levels were normal in 21% of cases.

The preferred route of administration of vitamin B12 has also been debated for a long time. Majority of cobalamin in the circulation is bound to haptocorrin and is unavailable for cellular uptake. Only cobalamin bound to transcobalamin is taken up by endocytosis mediated by the cell surface transcobalamin receptor. Only 6-20% of total plasma vitamin B12 is in the active form, bound to transcobalamin II (9) . Most of the studies of oral vitamin B12 therapy used serum levels of vitamin and its metabolites as the markers of response to therapy. However, correction of an abnormal laboratory value does not mean successful outcome. An objective improvement in health outcome is only meaningful if accompanied by a clinical response. For example, in a study of 80 patients over a 3-month period, although 80-90% of patients achieved normal serum cobalamin levels on an oral dose of 650 to 1000mcg daily, clinical improvement was observed only in 20 – 30% of patients (10) . Similarly, in an open study of vitamin B12 deficiency related to food-cobalamin malabsorption in 10 patients, oral crystalline cobalamin was prescribed at a dose of 650mcg per day for at least 3 months. Normalization of vitamin levels was seen in 80% of patients, along with significant increase in hemoglobin levels and decrease in mean corpuscular volume but clinical improvement occurred only in 20% of patients (11) . We can only speculate the reasons behind lack of response to oral vitamin B12 and it may be that cobalamin somehow undergoes a transformation in the portal circulation so is made less able to be internalized by the cells and only when cobalamin is able to bypass portal circulation, the cells internalize it. This seems to be a saturable process since a minority of patients responds clinically to oral therapy.

1- Healton EB, Savage DG, Brust JC, Garrett TJ, Lindenbaum J. Neurologic aspects of cobalamin deficiency. Med Baltimore1991;70:229-45.
2- Low VA, Sandroni P, Fealey RD, Low PA. Detection of small-fiber neuropathy by sudomotor testing. Muscle Nerve 2006;34:57-61.
3- Slaugenhaupt SA, Blumenfeld A, Gill SP, et al. Tissue-specific expression of a splicing mutation in the IKBKAP gene causes familial dysautonomia. Am J Hum Genet 2001;68:598-605.
4- Sözen AB, Demirel S, Akkaya V, Kudat H, Tükek T, Yeneral M, et al. Autonomic dysfunction in vitamin B12 deficiency: a heart rate variability study. J Auton Nerv Syst 1998;71:25-7.
5- Aytemir K, Aksoyek S, Buyukasik Y, haznedaroglu I, Atalar E, Ozer N, et al. Assessment of autonomic nervous system functions in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency by power spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2000;23:975-8.
6- Beitzke M, Pfister P, Fortin J, Skrabal F. Autonomic dysfunction and hemodynamics in vitamin B12 deficiency. Autonomic Neurosci: Basic and Clin 2002;97:45-54.
7- Toru S, Yokota T, Inaba A, Yamawaki M, Yamada M, Mizusawa H, et al. Autonomic dysfunction and orthostatic hypotension caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999;66:804-5.
8- Solomon LR. Cobalamin-responsive disorders in the ambulatory care setting: unreliability of cobalamin, methylmalonic acid, and homocysteine testing. Blood 2005;105:978-85.
9- Hall CA. The carriers of native vitamin B12 in normal human serum. Clin Sci Mol Med 1977;53:453-7.
10- Andrès E, Perrin AE, Demangeat C, et al. The syndrome of food-cobalamin malabsorption revisited in a department of internal medicine. A monocentric cohort study of 80 patients. Eur J Intern Med 2003;14:221-6.
11- Andrès E, Kurtz JE, Perrin AE, et al. Oral cobalamin therapy for the treatment of patients with food-cobalamin malabsorption. Am J Med 2001;111:126-9.

George Doyle/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Everyone sweats under certain conditions such as when exercising, spending long periods in the sun and dealing with high amounts of stress or anxiety. But some sweat beyond what is considered normal, and face embarrassment about the condition. There are several vitamins on the market that seem to help with decreasing sweat production. The list of vitamins includes the B-vitamin complex, vitamin E and zinc.

B-Vitamins

Stress is often a culprit of excessive sweating. B-vitamin complexes are known to help reduce stress and therefore play a role in less sweat production. Holistic Online explains that B-vitamins are important for the nervous system and help stabilize the body’s lactate levels, which are responsible for anxiety attacks. Vitamin B6 is particularly known for its calming effect and B-1 for reducing anxiety.

Magnesium

Excessive sweating can cause magnesium loss, which in turn may cause more sweating. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, both prolonged stress and excessive sweating will negatively effect magnesium levels. Magnesium deficiency at the same time can cause agitation and anxiety, and the cycle is perpetuated. Supplementing with magnesium may therefore help to decrease sweating, though studies have yet not shown this.

Zinc

Zinc is a mineral that is very important for several body processes. It helps to balance the body’s metabolism, and, according to Health 911, is thought to reduce perspiration and sweaty feet. Combined with magnesium, zinc can also help with eliminating body odor. The amount of zinc needed depends on current dietary regimens, but 30 to 50 mg a day has been shown to reduce body odor. If you take zinc vitamins, be sure to take a copper supplement because zinc depletes copper levels.

How To Recognize Vitamin D Deficiency? 4 Symptoms You Can’t Ignore

Did you know that one-third of adults in the US have a vitamin D deficiency?

Another reason why people underrate the value of vitamin D is they think all you need is 10 minutes on the sun, and you’re covered.

Truth be told, the best way to produce vitamin D is by exposing yourself to the sun and sun rays. Vitamin D is also one of the compounds of fish oil, egg yolks, and dairy products. Vitamin D deficiency has some common symptoms, similar to some of the common diseases and illnesses.

What is troublesome is that before 2000, doctors rarely had the technology to measure vitamin D deficiency.

However, with the development of technology, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has managed to collect data, and the results show that 32% of adults and children in the US have vitamin D deficiency.

Risks Causes by Vitamin D Deficiency

Few people understand the risks that vitamin D deficiency carries.

Bone pain and muscle weakness are the common risks, but there are also risks of cognitive impairment, asthma in children, cancer and increased risk of death from cardiovascular diseases.

One of the reasons why people experience symptoms of vitamin D deficiency is their limited exposure to sunlight, a diet low in fish, dairy products and egg yolks.

People with dark skin, you just have to spend much more time exposed to the sun to get vitamin D, as the melanin pigment in dark skin reduces the ability of your skin to absorb vitamin D.

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency you cannot ignore.

Bones Ache

Bone pain and muscle weakness are the common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency.

If you are feeling fatigued, and your bones ache, chances are, your vitamin D levels in your body are low.

Your bones ache as a result of the vitamin D deficiency causing a defect in the process of absorbing calcium.

Calcium is one of the most important minerals for your bone health, and vitamin D deficiency causes a defect in the process of putting calcium into the collagen matrix.

Vitamin D deficiency will not cause osteoporosis, those are different symptoms, but your bones will ache.

Head Sweating

Among the first symptoms of vitamin D deficiency is a sweaty head.

If you have given birth, you probably remember that the physician asked you several times during the first months of childbirth whether your newborn has a sweaty head. The reason is simple, sweaty head and excessive sweating is one of the first and earliest symptoms of vitamin D deficiency.

Gut Troubles

Celiac sensitivity, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, inflammatory bowel diseases, all of these gut conditions are closely related to vitamin D deficiency.

The reason is vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin.

To put it simpler, when you have a gastrointestinal condition that can hamper your ability to absorb fat, you are actually absorbing less vitamin D.

Feeling Blue

Feeling blue is the early symptom of depression, a condition that is closely related with vitamin D deficiency.

In a study conducted in 2012, the results showed that people with vitamin D deficiency are 11 times more prone to depression.

The study included 80 elderly participants and was looking at the mental health of the patients.

The reason why vitamin D affects depression and mental health is because exposure to the sun not only allows your body to absorb more vitamin D, but also more serotonin, a hormone in the brain that is linked with mood elevation.

Tags: denver, health, newwestphysicians

Sweating: Causes & Treatments

Natural support for sweating

If you have a problem with sweating as a result of anxiety or other forms of emotional stress, the following natural supplements may be useful as a means of supporting your nervous system:

L-Theanine

Stress is a well-known cause of anxiety. But help may be available from supplements containing an amino acid found mainly in tea called theanine, with studies suggesting it may help to reduce stress without causing drowsiness (i).

Vitamin B

Several B vitamins are needed for healthy nerve function, while vitamin B6 is needed for the body’s production of neurotransmitters. These brain chemicals include serotonin and norpepinephrine, both of which are needed to regulate mood (an imbalance of serotonin is thought to play a part in the cause of anxiety). Taking a good-quality B complex supplement can help ensure you’re getting an adequate supply of each of the B vitamins.

Magnesium

Magnesium is widely recognised as an important mineral for nerve function. Some experts also believe your magnesium levels may become depleted if you’re feeling stressed (ii). There is also some evidence to suggest anxiety and stress symptoms may be reduced by taking a multivitamin and mineral supplement containing magnesium, calcium and zinc (iii).

Sage

Widely used by natural practitioners to treat menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes and night sweats, sage also has a well-established traditional use as a treatment for excessive sweating. Unfortunately, there’s been very little research into the benefits of sage for hyperhidrosis to date. However, a 2016 report by the European Medicines Agency discusses number of unpublished studies that claim sage has antihidrotic properties, which means it reduces or prevents sweating (iv).
Please note: sage supplements may not be suitable if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding (speak to your GP before using any herbal medicine during pregnancy and while breastfeeding).
We know that excessive sweating can be an uncomfortable experience, but remember that it is a completely natural, healthy process. Try the advice above if you continue to be worried about your sweat, and you should feel better in no time. In the meantime, find out about more common concerns, take a look at our health library.

Disclaimer: The information presented by Nature’s Best is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor’s care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications.

Christine

Christine Morgan has been a freelance health and wellbeing journalist for almost 20 years, having written for numerous publications including the Daily Mirror, S Magazine, Top Sante, Healthy, Woman & Home, Zest, Allergy, Healthy Times and Pregnancy & Birth; she has also edited several titles such as Women’ Health, Shine’s Real Health & Beauty and All About Health.
View More

About the author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *