Sodium chloride generic name

Contents

Normal Saline

WARNINGS

Sodium Chloride Injection, USP should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP may result in sodium retention.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Do not connect flexible plastic containers of intravenous solutions in series connections. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from one container before administration of the fluid from a secondary container is completed. Pressurizing intravenous solutions contained in flexible plastic containers to increase flow rates can result in air embolism if the residual air in the container is not fully evacuated prior to administration.

Use of a vented intravenous administration set with the vent in the open position could result in air embolism. Vented intravenous administration sets with the vent in the open position should not be used with flexible plastic containers.

Laboratory Tests

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

Studies with Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. It is also not known whether Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Labor and Delivery

Studies have not been conducted to evaluate the effects of Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP on labor and delivery. Caution should be exercised when administering this drug during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of sodium chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Sodium Chloride (sodium chloride (sodium chloride injection) injection) Injection, USP did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in the responses between elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or drug therapy.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

Sodium chloride (flush)

Generic Name: sodium chloride (flush) (SOE dee um KLOR ide)
Brand Name: BD PosiFlush SF, Normal Saline Flush, Swabflush, Syrex, Thermoject, Tip-Lok Diluent

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com on Apr 22, 2019 – Written by Cerner Multum

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What is sodium chloride flush?

Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. Sodium chloride can reduce some types of bacteria.

Sodium chloride flush is used to clean out an intravenous (IV) catheter, which helps prevent blockage and removes any medicine left in the catheter area after you have received an IV infusion.

Sodium chloride may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important Information

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.

Before taking this medicine

Before using sodium chloride flush, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs.

How should I use sodium chloride flush?

Use exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or more often than recommended.

You will use sodium chloride flush each time you use your IV catheter. Follow your doctor’s instructions about how many times per day to use the flush.

Before using the flush, check the solution container to make sure there are no leaks in it. Do not use the medication if it has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.

Call your doctor or tell your caregivers if your catheter, needle, or IV tubing becomes blocked or if the flush or IV medicine is not flowing normally.

Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof “sharps” disposal container (ask your pharmacist where to get one and how to throw it away). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.

Store sodium chloride at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep all of your catheter flush supplies in a clean dry place when not in use.

What happens if I miss a dose?

If you use flush your catheter each time you use it, you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of sodium chloride flush is unlikely to occur.

What should I avoid while using sodium chloride flush?

Follow your doctor’s instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

Sodium chloride flush side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using sodium chloride flush and call your doctor at once if you have any of these side effects while using the flush:

  • severe irritation;

  • swelling;

  • warmth;

  • redness;

  • oozing; or

  • pain.

Common side effects may include:

  • cold feeling or mild burning; or

  • mild irritation around the catheter.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect sodium chloride flush?

It is not likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect on sodium chloride used to flush your catheter. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.03.

Medical Disclaimer

More about sodium chloride

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  • Drug class: minerals and electrolytes
  • FDA Alerts (15)

Consumer resources

  • Sodium chloride inhalation
  • Sodium chloride oral
  • Sodium Chloride Tablets
  • Sodium Chloride Flush
  • Sodium Chloride Injection Solution
  • … +3 more

Other brands: Hyper-Sal, NebuSal, PulmoSal, BD Posiflush SF, … +3 more

Professional resources

  • Sodium Chloride (AHFS Monograph)
  • … +14 more

Related treatment guides

  • Medical Procedures
  • Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome

Sodium chloride (oral)

Generic Name: sodium chloride (oral) (SOE dee um KLOR ide)
Brand Name:

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com on Nov 15, 2019 – Written by Cerner Multum

  • Overview
  • Side Effects
  • Professional
  • Interactions
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  • Q & A
  • More

What is sodium chloride?

Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in your body. Sodium also plays a part in nerve impulses and muscle contractions.

Sodium chloride is used to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, or other causes.

Sodium chloride may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

You should not take sodium chloride if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it, or if you have high sodium levels in your blood.

Before you take sodium chloride, tell your doctor if you have high blood pressure, kidney or liver disease, fluid retention (especially around your legs or your lungs), congestive heart failure, preeclampsia of pregnancy if you are on a low-salt diet, or if you are allergic to any foods or drugs.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Stop using sodium chloride and call your doctor at once if you have stomach pain, nausea and vomiting, or swelling in your hands or feet.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium chloride.

You should not take sodium chloride if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it, or if you have high sodium levels in your blood.

To make sure you can safely take sodium chloride, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:

  • high blood pressure;

  • kidney disease;

  • liver disease (especially cirrhosis);

  • a buildup of fluid around your lungs (also called pleural effusion);

  • fluid retention (especially swelling in your ankles or feet );

  • congestive heart failure;

  • if you are pregnant and you have high blood pressure and fluid retention (also called preeclampsia);

  • if you are allergic to any foods or drugs; or

  • if you are on a low-salt diet.

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether sodium chloride will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.

It is not known whether sodium chloride passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I take sodium chloride?

Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take sodium chloride with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

Sodium chloride may be taken with or without food.

To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. Visit your doctor regularly.

Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium chloride.

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhea, fast or uneven heart rate, weakness, swelling in your hands or feet, feeling restless or irritable, slow breathing, feeling short of breath, or seizure (convulsions).

What should I avoid while taking sodium chloride?

Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise and in hot weather. Follow your doctor’s instructions about the type and amount of liquids you should drink. In some cases, drinking too much liquid can be as unsafe as not drinking enough.

Sodium chloride side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using sodium chloride and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • nausea and vomiting;

  • stomach pain; or

  • swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet.

Less serious side effects are more likely, and you may have none at all.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect sodium chloride?

There may be other drugs that can interact with sodium chloride. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

  • Side Effects
  • Drug Images
  • Drug Interactions
  • Support Group
  • Pricing & Coupons
  • Drug class: minerals and electrolytes
  • FDA Alerts (15)
  • Sodium chloride flush
  • Sodium chloride inhalation
  • Sodium Chloride Tablets
  • Sodium Chloride Injection Solution
  • Sodium Chloride Nebulizer Solution
  • … +2 more

Other brands: Hyper-Sal, NebuSal, PulmoSal, BD Posiflush SF, … +3 more

  • Sodium Chloride (AHFS Monograph)
  • … +14 more
  • Medical Procedures
  • Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome

Sodium Chloride (NaCl) is a prescription medication indicated for all general irrigation, washing, rinsing and dilution purposes which permit use of a sterile, nonpyrogenic electrolyte solution. Saline solution is used to replace sodium, chloride and water which can be depleted in horses due to disease. This product can also be used to dilute antibiotics.

Uses

Sodium Chloride (Generic) Irrigation Solution 0.9% is indicated for all general irrigation, washing, rinsing and dilution purposes which permit use of a sterile, nonpyrogenic electrolyte solution.

Possible Side Effects

Possible adverse effects arising from the irrigation of body cavities, tissues, or indwelling catheters and tubes are usually avoidable when proper procedures are followed. Displaced catheters or drainage tubes can lead to irrigation or infiltration of unintended structures or cavities. Excessive volume or pressure during irrigation of closed cavities may cause undue distension or disruption of tissues. Accidental contamination from careless technique may transmit infection.

Should any adverse reaction occur, discontinue the irrigant, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

Drug & Food Interactions

Additives may be incompatible. Consult with veterinarian, if available. When introducing additives, use aseptic technique, mix thoroughly and do not store. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution container permits.

Precautions

Do not use for irrigation that may result in absorption into the blood. Caution should be observed when a hypotonic solution is used for continuous irrigation or allowed to “dwell” inside body cavities because of possible absorption into the blood stream and the production of intravascular hemolysis and circulatory overload. Aseptic technique is essential with the use of sterile solutions for irrigation of body cavities, wounds and urethral catheters or for wetting dressings that come in contact with body tissues. When used as a “pour” irrigation, no part of the contents should be allowed to contact the surface below the outer protected thread area of the semi-rigid wide mouth container. The flexible container is designed for use with nonvented irrigation sets. When used for irrigation via irrigation equipment, the administration set should be attached promptly. Unused portions should be discarded and a fresh container of appropriate size used for the start-up of each cycle or repeat procedure. For repeated irrigations of urethral catheters, a separate container should be used for each patient. Do not administer unless solution is clear, seal is intact and container is undamaged.

This drug is FDA-approved for human use. However, it is common practice for veterinarians to prescribe such drugs for use in dogs, cats and horses.

  1. Prescribing Information

See all items by Sodium Chloride

Description

Each 100 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP contains:Sodium Chloride USP 0.9 g; Water for Injection USP qspH: 5.6 (4.5–7.0) Calculated Osmolarity: 310 mOsmol/literpH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid NFConcentration of Electrolytes (mEq/liter): Sodium 154 Chloride 154Each 100 mL of 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USP contains:Sodium Chloride USP 0.45 g; Water for Injection USP qspH: 5.6 (4.5–7.0) Calculated Osmolarity: 155 mOsmol/liter, hypotonicpH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid NFConcentration of Electrolytes (mEq/liter): Sodium 77 Chloride 77Sodium Chloride Injections USP are sterile, nonpyrogenic, isotonic and contain no bacteriostatic or antimicrobial agents.The formula of the active ingredient is: Ingredient Molecular Formula Molecular Weight Sodium Chloride USP NaCl 58.44Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or DEHP.The plastic container is made from a multilayered film specifically developed for parenteral drugs. It contains no plasticizers and exhibits virtually no leachables. The solution contact layer is a rubberized copolymer of ethylene and propylene. The container is nontoxic and biologically inert. The container-solution unit is a closed system and is not dependent upon entry of external air during administration.The container is overwrapped to provide protection from the physical environment and to provide an additional moisture barrier when necessary.Addition of medication should be accomplished using complete aseptic technique.The closure system has two ports; the one for the administration set has a tamper evident plastic protector and the other is a medication addition site. Refer to the Directions for Use of the container.

Clinical Pharmacology

Sodium Chloride Injections USP provide electrolytes and are a source of water for hydration. They are capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.Sodium, the major cation of the extracellular fluid, functions primarily in the control of water distribution, fluid balance, and osmotic pressure of body fluids. Sodium is also associated with chloride and bicarbonate in the regulation of the acid-base equilibrium of body fluid.Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Indications And Usage

These intravenous solutions are indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as sources of electrolytes and water for hydration.0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP is indicated for extracellular fluid replacement, treatment of metabolic alkalosis in the presence of fluid loss and mild sodium depletion.0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP is also indicated for use as a priming solution in hemodialysis procedures and may be used to initiate and terminate blood transfusions without hemolyzing red blood cells.0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USP is primarily a hydrating solution and may be used to assess the status of the kidneys, since more water is provided than is required for excretion of salt. It may also be used in the treatment of hyperosmolar diabetes where the use of dextrose is inadvisable and there is a need for large amounts of fluid without an excess of sodium ions.Sodium Chloride Injections USP are also indicated as pharmaceutic aids and diluents for the infusion of compatible drug additives. Refer to prescribing information accompanying additive drugs.

Contraindications

These solutions are contraindicated where the administration of sodium or chloride could be clinically detrimental.

Warnings

The administration of intravenous solutions can cause fluid and/or solute overload resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentration. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentration.Solutions containing sodium ions should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there is sodium retention with edema. In patients with diminished renal function, administration of solutions containing sodium ions may result in sodium retention.Infusion of isotonic (0.9%) sodium chloride during or immediately after surgery may result in excessive sodium retention. Use the patient’s circulatory system status as a guide.

General

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid-base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation. Significant deviations from normal concentrations may require tailoring of the electrolyte pattern, in these or alternative solutions.These solutions should be used with care in patients with hypervolemia, renal insufficiency, urinary tract obstruction, or impending or frank cardiac decompensation.Extraordinary electrolyte losses such as may occur during protracted nasogastric suction, vomiting, diarrhea or gastrointestinal fistula drainage may necessitate additional electrolyte supplementation.Additional essential electrolytes, minerals and vitamins should be supplied as needed.Sodium-containing solutions should be administered with caution to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin, or to other salt-retaining patients. Care should be exercised in administering solutions containing sodium to patients with renal or cardiovascular insufficiency, with or without congestive heart failure, particularly if they are postoperative or elderly.Infusion of more than one liter of isotonic (0.9%) sodium chloride per day may supply more sodium and chloride than normally found in serum, and can exceed normal tolerance, resulting in hypernatremia; this may also cause a loss of bicarbonate ions, resulting in an acidifying effect.To minimize the risk of possible incompatibilities arising from mixing this solution with other additives that may be prescribed, the final infusate should be inspected for cloudiness or precipitation immediately after mixing, prior to administration and periodically during administration.Do not use plastic containers in series connection.If administration is controlled by a pumping device, care must be taken to discontinue pumping action before the container runs dry or air embolism may result. If administration is not controlled by a pumping device, refrain from applying excessive pressure (>300mmHg) causing distortion to the container such as wringing or twisting. Such handling could result in breakage of the container.These solutions are intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment. It is recommended that intravenous administration apparatus be replaced at least once every 24 hours.Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Studies with Sodium Chloride Injections USP have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential or effects on fertility.

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Sodium Chloride Injections USP. It is also not known whether Sodium Chloride Injections USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Sodium Chloride Injections USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Sodium Chloride Injections USP are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of sodium chloride injections in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of electrolyte solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.

Geriatric Use

An evaluation of current literature revealed no clinical experience identifying differences in response between elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

Adverse Reactions

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.The physician should also be alert to the possibility of adverse reactions to drug additives. Prescribing information for drug additives to be administered in this manner should be consulted.Symptoms may result from an excess or deficit of one or more of the ions present in the solution; therefore, frequent monitoring of electrolyte levels is essential.Hypernatremia may be associated with edema and exacerbation of congestive heart failure due to the retention of water, resulting in an expanded extracellular fluid volume.If infused in large amounts, chloride ions may cause a loss of bicarbonate ions, resulting in an acidifying effect.If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

Overdosage

In the event of a fluid or solute overload during parenteral therapy, reevaluate the patient’s condition and institute appropriate corrective treatment.

Dosage And Administration

These solutions are for intravenous use only.Dosage is to be directed by a physician and is dependent upon age, weight, clinical condition of the patient and laboratory determinations. Frequent laboratory determinations and clinical evaluation are essential to monitor changes in blood glucose and electrolyte concentrations, and fluid and electrolyte balance during prolonged parenteral therapy.In the average adult, daily requirements of sodium and chloride are met by the infusion of one liter of 0.9% sodium chloride (154 mEq each of sodium and chloride).There is no specific pediatric dose. The dose is dependent on weight, clinical condition and laboratory results. Follow recommendations of appropriate pediatric reference text. (See PRECAUTIONS, Pediatric Use.)Fluid administration should be based on calculated maintenance or replacement fluid requirements for each patient.0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP may also be administered intravascularly as a priming fluid in hemodialysis procedures.When Sodium Chloride Injections USP are used as diluents for infusion of compatible drug additives, refer to dosage and administration information accompanying additive drugs.Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly.Do not store.Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

How Supplied

Sodium Chloride Injections USP are supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in EXCEL® Containers. The 1000 mL containers are packaged 12 per case; the 500 mL and 250 mL containers are packaged 24 per case. NDC REF Size 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP(Canada DIN 01924303) 0264-7800-00 L8000 1000 mL 0264-7800-10 L8001 500 mL 0264-7800-20 L8002 250 mL 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USP(Canada DIN 01927949) 0264-7802-00 L8020 1000 mL 0264-7802-10 L8021 500 mLExposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized.

Directions For Use Of Excel® Container

  • Caution: Do not use plastic containers in series connection.To OpenTear overwrap down at notch and remove solution container. Check for minute leaks by squeezing solution container firmly. If leaks are found, discard solution as sterility may be impaired. If supplemental medication is desired, follow directions below before preparing for administration. NOTE: Before use, perform the following checks:Inspect each container. Read the label. Ensure solution is the one ordered and is within the expiration date.Invert container and carefully inspect the solution in good light for cloudiness, haze, or particulate matter. Any container which is suspect should not be used. Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.Preparation for AdministrationRemove plastic protector from sterile set port at bottom of container.
  • Attach administration set. Refer to complete directions accompanying set. To Add MedicationWarning: Some additives may be incompatible.To Add Medication Before Solution AdministrationPrepare medication site.
  • Using syringe with 18–22 gauge needle, puncture medication port and inner diaphragm and inject.
  • Squeeze and tap ports while ports are upright and mix solution and medication thoroughly.To Add Medication During Solution AdministrationClose clamp on the set.
  • Prepare medication site.
  • Using syringe with 18–22 gauge needle of appropriate length (at least 5/8 inch), puncture resealable medication port and inner diaphragm and inject.
  • Remove container from IV pole and/or turn to an upright position.
  • Evacuate both ports by tapping and squeezing them while container is in the upright position.
  • Mix solution and medication thoroughly.
  • Return container to in use position and continue administration.

sodium chloride (oral) (Sodium Chloride)

Brand Names: Sodium Chloride

Generic Name: sodium chloride (oral)

  • What is sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What are the possible side effects of sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • How should I take sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What should I avoid while taking sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • What other drugs will affect sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?
  • Where can I get more information (Sodium Chloride)?

What is sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?

Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in your body. Sodium also plays a part in nerve impulses and muscle contractions.

Sodium chloride is used to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, or other causes.

Sodium chloride may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Sodium Chloride 1000 mg 005271116

square, white

What are the possible side effects of sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using sodium chloride and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • nausea and vomiting;
  • stomach pain; or
  • swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet.

Less serious side effects are more likely, and you may have none at all.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about sodium chloride (Sodium Chloride)?

You should not take sodium chloride if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it, or if you have high sodium levels in your blood.

Before you take sodium chloride, tell your doctor if you have high blood pressure, kidney or liver disease, fluid retention (especially around your legs or your lungs), congestive heart failure, preeclampsia of pregnancy if you are on a low-salt diet, or if you are allergic to any foods or drugs.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Stop using sodium chloride and call your doctor at once if you have stomach pain, nausea and vomiting, or swelling in your hands or feet.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium chloride.

Sodium chloride for hyponatraemia

This leaflet is about the use of sodium chloride for hyponatraemia (low blood sodium).

This leaflet has been written specifically for parents and carers about the use of this medicine in children. The information may differ from that provided by the manufacturer. Please read this leaflet carefully. Keep it somewhere safe so that you can read it again.

Name of drug

Sodium chloride

Brand name: Slow Sodium®

Why is it important for my child to take this medicine?

Sodium is needed so that many parts of the body, including muscles and nerves can work properly. Hyponatraemia means that the levels of sodium in the blood are too low. Taking sodium chloride replaces the missing sodium and helps muscles and nerves to work properly.

What is sodium chloride available as?

  • Tablets: 600 mg (10 mmol of each sodium and chloride)
  • Capsules can be ordered specially from your pharmacist
  • Liquid medicine can be ordered specially from your pharmacist

When should I give sodium chloride?

  • Sodium chloride is usually given twice each day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Ideally, these times are 10–12 hours apart, for example some time between 7 and 8 am, and between 7 and 8 pm.
  • Your doctor may want you to give sodium chloride to your child more often than this – they will explain what to do.
  • For premature babies, sodium chloride may be given with every feed. Your doctor will explain what to do.

Give the medicine at about the same times each day so that this becomes part of your child’s daily routine, which will help you to remember.

How much should I give?

Your doctor will work out the amount of sodium chloride (the dose) that is right for your child. The dose will be shown on the medicine label.

It is important that you follow your doctor’s instructions about how much to give.

How should I give it?

Tablets should be swallowed with a glass of water, milk or juice. Your child should not chew the tablets. You can crush the tablet and mix it with a small amount of soft food such as yogurt, honey or jam. Make sure your child swallows it straight away, without chewing.

Capsules should be swallowed whole with a glass of water, milk or juice. Your child should not chew the capsules. You can open the capsule and mix the contents with a small amount of soft food such as yogurt, honey or jam. Make sure your child swallows it straight away, without chewing.

Liquid medicine: Shake the medicine well. Measure out the right amount using an oral syringe or a medicine spoon. You can get these from your pharmacist. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon as it will not give the right amount. For premature babies, the liquid medicine can be mixed in with formula feed or breast milk – your doctor or dietitian will explain what to do.

When should the medicine start working?

The medicine should start working straight away, although you may not see any difference in your child.

What if my child is sick (vomits)?

  • If your child is sick less than 30 minutes after having a dose of sodium chloride, give them the same dose again.
  • If your child is sick more than 30 minutes after having a dose of sodium chloride, you do not need to give them another dose. Wait until the next normal dose.

If your child is sick again, seek advice from your GP, pharmacist or hospital. They will decide what to do based on your child’s condition and the specific medicine involved.

What if I forget to give it?

  • If you usually give it twice a day: If you remember up to 6 hours after you should have given a dose, give your child the missed dose. For example, if you usually give a dose at about 7 am, you can give the missed dose at any time up to 1 pm. If you remember after that time, do not give the missed dose. Wait until the next normal dose.
  • If you usually give it more than twice a day: Do not give the missed dose. Just give the next dose as usual.

What if I give too much?

If you think you may have given your child too much sodium chloride, contact your doctor or local NHS services (111 in England and Scotland; 0845 4647 in Wales) for advice or take your child to hospital. Take the medicine container or packet with you, even if it is empty. This will be useful to the doctor. Have the packet with you if you telephone for advice.

Are there any possible side-effects?

We use medicines to make our children better, but sometimes they have other effects that we don’t want (side-effects).

Sodium chloride does not usually cause any unwanted side-effects.

If your child becomes short of breath, and their face becomes puffy, contact your doctor straight away, as the amount of sodium may be too high. Do not give your child any more sodium chloride until your doctor tells you to do so.

There may, sometimes, be other side-effects that are not listed above. If you notice anything unusual and are concerned, contact your doctor. You can report any suspected side-effects to a UK safety scheme at http://www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

Can other medicines be given at the same time as sodium chloride?

  • You can give your child medicines that contain paracetamol or ibuprofen, unless your doctor has told you not to.
  • Check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving any other medicines to your child. This includes herbal or complementary medicines.

Is there anything else I need to know about sodium chloride?

  • Your doctor will do blood tests regularly to check the levels of sodium in your child’s blood.

General advice about medicines

  • Try to give medicines at about the same times each day, to help you remember.
  • If you are not sure a medicine is working, contact your doctor but continue to give the medicine as usual in the meantime. Do not give extra doses as you may do harm.
  • Only give this medicine to your child. Never give it to anyone else, even if their condition appears to be the same, as this could do harm.
  • If you think someone else may have taken the medicine by accident, contact your doctor straight away.
  • Order a new prescription at least 2 weeks before you will run out.
  • Make sure that the medicine you have at home has not reached the ‘best before’ or ‘use by’ date on the packaging. Give old medicines to your pharmacist to dispose of.

Where should I keep this medicine?

  • Keep the medicine in a cupboard, away from heat and direct sunlight. It does not need to be kept in the fridge.
  • Make sure that children cannot see or reach the medicine.
  • Keep the medicine in the container it came in.

Who to contact for more information

Your child’s doctor or pharmacist will be able to give you more information about sodium chloride and other medicines used to treat hyponatraemia.

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