- Skin Elasticity: 13 Ways to Improve It
- 1. Collagen supplements
- 2. Retinol and retinoids
- 3. Hyaluronic acid
- 4. Genistein isoflavones
- 5. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
- 6. Witch hazel extract
- 7. Cocoa flavanols
- 8. Laser treatments
- 9. Dexpanthenol (Panthoderm) cream
- 10. Chemical peels
- 11. Dermabrasion
- 12. Platelet-rich plasma injection
- 13. Body-contouring surgery
- The Best Foods That Boost Your Skin’s Elasticity
- Eat Healthy
- Protect Yourself From Sun Exposure
- Get Enough Sleep
- Cleanse Without Soap
- Make a Tea-Based Toner
- Make a DIY Facial Butter
- 5 Ways to Restore the “Spring” in Your Skin
- What is Elastin in Skin?
- What Happens to Elastin?
- 5 Ways to Restore Skin Elasticity and Increase “Spring-Back”
- How to Improve Skin Elasticity: Advice from the Experts
Skin Elasticity: 13 Ways to Improve It
There are ways to improve skin’s elasticity, along with its overall appearance. They include:
1. Collagen supplements
Collagen is a protein found in the skin’s connective tissues. There is some evidence that oral hydrolyzed collagen can be absorbed through the gut and delivered to the skin via the bloodstream.
In one small study, an oral supplement of collagen peptides, vitamin C, Hibiscus sabdariffa extract, and Aristotelia chilensis extract (Macqui berry) was given to study participants for 3 months. A significant improvement in skin elasticity and firmness in the participants was observed, starting at 4 weeks.
A separate study found that a nutritional drink containing collagen and other ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid, significantly increased skin’s elasticity.
These results are promising, however, it’s important to remember that in each study, other beneficial ingredients were also used. More data is needed about collagen supplements to determine their true ability to replenish skin’s elasticity.
2. Retinol and retinoids
Retinol is a form of vitamin A. It can be found in over-the-counter (OTC) skin care products, such as eye serums and facial creams. It’s not as potent as prescription retinoids. There is data indicating that topical retinol combined with vitamin C is effective at replenishing skin elasticity.
Prescription retinoids boost collagen production in the skin. They include tretinoin and retin-A. Many studies have shown the effectiveness of prescription retinoids to reduce and reverse the effects of photoaging in the skin.
3. Hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance found primarily in the skin’s connective tissue. Its job is to maintain moisture and keep skin lubricated.
Hyaluronic acid becomes depleted by ultraviolet (UV) ray exposure and by aging. Using serums or creams fortified with hyaluronic acid may help skin regain some of its natural elasticity. Taking supplements containing hyaluronic acid may also be beneficial.
4. Genistein isoflavones
Genistein, a type of soybean isoflavone, is a phytoestrogen. Phytoestrogens are plant-derived compounds that act similarly to estrogen in the body.
Genistein has been shown in studies to improve elasticity in the skin when taken orally. It may also have benefits when applied topically. More study is needed to determine genistein’s applications for improving skin elasticity and overall skin care.
5. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
Although the data is far from conclusive, research has found that varying types of HRT have benefits for skin elasticity loss caused by aging and menopause. They include:
- transdermal estrogen
- transdermal estrogen combined with vaginal progesterone
- oral estrogen combined with vaginal progesterone
HRT can be a helpful treatment option but it isn’t for everyone. Learn more about HRT’s benefits and risks here.
6. Witch hazel extract
Witch hazel is a common household skin care product. It’s also a common ingredient in cosmetics and skin care preparations.
One in vivo study found that witch hazel, specifically Hamamelis virginiana, extract was effective at correcting elastosis, reducing wrinkles, and increasing skin’s overall firmness.
7. Cocoa flavanols
If eating dark chocolate is your guilty pleasure, this potential skin elasticity fix is for you.
A study found that daily intake of cocoa flavanols, a compound in chocolate, improved skin elasticity, and reduced wrinkles. Cocoa flavanols are naturally occurring, dietary flavonoids found in the cacao bean.
Not all chocolate contains high levels of cocoa flavanols. Look for chocolate that contains around 320 milligrams of cocoa flavanols, which is the amount used in the study.
8. Laser treatments
Laser therapy treatments are used to treat many medical conditions.
One study looked at the effectiveness of combining two laser therapy techniques — non-ablative fractional laser (NAFL) and intense pulsed light therapy (IPL) — performed on the same day to study participants.
These procedures have a positive effect on skin tone and the production of new collagen. The study found that the combination of these therapies provided a significant increase in skin elasticity and tone. Other studies have found positive results from the use of fractional lasers on skin.
9. Dexpanthenol (Panthoderm) cream
Dexpanthenol (pantothenic acid) is a medicated moisturizer used to treat rough, scaly, or dry skin. Studies have found it to be beneficial for preserving skin elasticity.
10. Chemical peels
Chemical peels are procedures done by a dermatologist to resurface and revitalize skin. There are three types: light, medium, and deep.
Chemical peels can reduce elastosis and the effects of photoaging, as well as increase collagen production. You and your dermatologist can determine which type of peel is best for you.
Dermabrasion is a deep exfoliation technique used to remove the outer layers of skin. It’s done by a dermatologist and usually performed on the face.
12. Platelet-rich plasma injection
One small study found that injecting platelet-rich plasma (PRP) directly into the lower eyelid reduced actinic elastosis in that area. Several injections were required monthly over a 3-month period. The injections were reported to be minimally invasive and pain-free.
13. Body-contouring surgery
A significant increase in weight can cause skin to lose its elasticity. After weight loss, the skin may not be able to bounce back, resulting in excess, loose skin.
This is more likely to occur if the weight loss is around 100 pounds or more. In some instances, skin can be removed surgically. Typical areas of the body where skin is removed includes the stomach, arms, and thighs.
Predominately, youthful skin is taut and supple. This is because your skin has an abundance of collagen and elastin. These two proteins, collagen gives skin its structure, and elastin allows your skin to stretch. And as you age you produce less and less and this is why the skin looses its bounce and elasticity.
Foods, lifestyle choices and pollution, to name a few, also play a part on how you age. The truth is that you have some control over all these factors and with a few adjustments can alter, prevent and improve your skin.
One of my most sought after treatments, the Forever Facial, improves your skin’s elasticity and firmness drastically. It can boost your collagen production by almost 20% and can make you look younger now. To find out more about this facial and how to treat cellulite, for real, as it was featured on Extra, click on the links above.
Below you will read about foods that can help maintain and improve elasticity with a diet.
Source: New Beauty
The Best Foods That Boost Your Skin’s Elasticity
While what we put on our bodies is essential for achieving younger-looking skin, what we consume is even more crucial for getting that youthful glow and texture, as elastin lives deep inside our skin-not on the surface. We asked New York dermatologist Doris Day, MD to break down which foods we should and shouldn’t be eating and spoke to celebrity aesthetician Joanna Vargas to get her tips on how we can easily incorporate these elastin-friendly foods into our diets.
Foods You Should Be Eating
According to Dr. Day, it’s simple: To increase the elasticity of your skin, you need to consume high-antioxidant and water-rich foods like:
* Berries are the best fruits to consume in terms of antioxidants. Power-fruit acai is a favorite of Dr. Day’s.
* Celery and cucumber both contain silica, which Vargas says is an ingredient that boosts moisture and elasticity.
* Oils, found in salmon, olives and walnuts, contain concentrated levels of omega-3 fatty acids, known to improve skin aging.
* Pumpkin and squash are water-, vitamin- and antioxidant-rich fruits packed with skin-saving nutrients.
* Spices like turmeric and cinnamon are superfoods when it comes to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits.
Dr. Day is also a big fan of nutraceuticals, which she explains as being functional foods and supplements that have a direct impact on the skin. Look for vitamins that contain copper, zinc, folic acid, and even some caffeine, as they can improve your skin’s elasticity and firmness, as well as its ability to hydrate from within.
Foods You Should Avoid
Dr. Day recommends staying away from highly processed foods and simple sugars, as they are pro-inflammatory foods that can break down elastic tissue in skin and also affect the absorption of antioxidants and nutrients like B vitamins that aid in cell metabolism and repair. “Avoid things that your eye goes to first-the high salt, the high sugar and the high carb,” she warns, pointing out that these bad foods leave no room for the good, and therefore waste your dietary space.
How To Add Pro-Elastin Foods Into Your Diet
Vargas encourages her clients to eat vegetables daily and with every meal. “Most of my clients drink a daily green juice,” she says, adding that salads and juices are a quick and delicious way to get extra greens into the body. Dr. Day recommends choosing ingredients that are at their peak of freshness, and preparing them in the most optimal way. “Some foods may need a little bit of steaming, some may be eaten raw, and others may be eaten in combination,” she says, emphasizing the fact that rich, natural colors and flavors are a sure sign of high-antioxidant foods.
How To Tell If Your Skin’s Elasticity Is Improving
We’re all familiar with the pinching-of-the-top-of-the-hand trick, but that’s more of an indication of hydration levels. Vargas says that supple skin will “look healthier” and “feel thicker.” She says, “It will be more noticeable on the cheeks and jawline.” Dr. Day agrees, reassuring that an increase in elasticity in the skin is more obvious than one would expect. “It’s actually not subtle: Your skin looks better and younger. That’s what makes younger skin look young.”
Lastly, to book and appointment at Joanna Vargas in New York City, please call 212.949.2350.
Aging is a fact of life, but premature aging doesn’t have to be. Aging is either caused by genetics or by personal lifestyle and environment (e.g. smoking, stress, pollution and sun exposure). The good news is, with proper self-care and lifestyle changes, premature aging is avoidable, and elasticity can be restored to damaged skin. Here’s how to turn back the hands of time.
So many skin issues are due to a poor diet. Cut back on refined sugar and processed and white foods and replace them with green, leafy vegetables, fresh fruits and fatty fish. Leafy greens are high in vitamin K and antioxidants that have anti-aging properties; salmon and tuna are high in skin-plumping omega-3 fatty acids; and vitamin C promotes the production of collagen, which is essential to healthy skin.
Protect Yourself From Sun Exposure
Just about every dermatologist and aesthetician will tell you that constant unprotected sun exposure is a one-way ticket to premature aging. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when its rays are strongest, to reduce the process of photoaging, a major contributor to wrinkles. When spending time outdoors, always wear sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, and don’t forget to reapply every two hours.
Get Enough Sleep
Insufficient sleep creates eye bags and dark circles that intensify the look of premature aging. According to the National Sleep Foundation, the average healthy adult needs approximately seven to eight hours of sleep each night.
Exercise is not only good for the body, but great for the skin. It promotes circulation and oxygenation throughout the body, maintains a healthy immune system and keeps cells healthy. Also, sweating is a form of detox—that’s why working out often seems to induce a cool, refreshed glow.
Cleanse Without Soap
Sulfates, dyes, fragrances and other harsh chemicals added to conventional soaps actually dry out the skin, and dry skin is more prone to premature aging. Wash with an oil-based cleanser, which happens to be suitable for all skin types, even acne-prone. Oil cleansers are the best at removing makeup, and they seal in moisture in the process.
Make a Tea-Based Toner
Next time you brew a cup tea, don’t just drink it—put it on. Brew natural herbs, roots and botanicals like rosemary, sage, ginger, chamomile and peppermint, and refrigerate to create a cooling toner. Add lemon juice to tighten the skin and honey to seal in moisture.
Make a DIY Facial Butter
Whip up a homemade facial butter with some incredibly nourishing ingredients. Shea, mango and illipe butters have vitamins and minerals that boost moisture, produce collagen, revitalize damaged skin, promote circulation and accelerate wound healing. Mango and illipe butters, in particular, have wrinkle-fighting properties. Coconut oil is rich in medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), which strengthen connective tissues.
In a blender, combine 1 tablespoon each of shea butter, mango butter, illipe butter and melted coconut oil, and 2 teaspoons vitamin E oil until creamy. Pour half of the mixture into a clean container, and add 1 tablespoon honey; use this as a night cream. Pour the remaining mixture into a separate container without honey; use this as a day cream. Store creams in a cool place.
Illipe butter is derived from nuts. Do not use it if you’re allergic to nuts.
5 Ways to Restore the “Spring” in Your Skin
Spring is officially here, my friends, which means it’s time to wash away winter’s effect on your skin and bring back that radiant glow.
Start by stepping up your exfoliation. That can help get rid of dry, dull skin while fading age spots. Next, swap out your moisturizer. As the weather warms up, we need a lighter lotion as opposed to winter’s heavy creams. Our Calming Moisture is perfect-it helps reduce inflammation and redness while providing just the right amount of moisture. Plus it has beta glucan to help promote collagen production, which we all need to keep skin firm.
If you’re dealing with hyperpigmentation, try a natural lightening cream to help fade the dark blotches. You can also make your own with ingredients like papaya, honey, pumpkin, yogurt, citrus fruits, and potato juice.
All these things can help refresh and rejuvenate your skin, but what you really need for that bright spring look is a more taught, firm, and youthful appearance. Winter tends to drag skin down, exacerbating wrinkles, sagging, and bagging, so when spring comes around, you want to find ways to help skin bounce back again.
We’ve got some solutions for you. The best approach to restore the spring in your skin is to focus on elasticity.
What is Elastin in Skin?
We hear a lot about collagen for skin, but less about its close cousin, elastin. Collagen gives your skin strength, but elastin gives it it’s ability to bounce back.
When you’re young, you can pinch the skin under your eyes, and when you let it go, it will snap right back into place. As you age, however, you lose elastin, and it takes longer for skin to return to its original shape. Often, it remains stretched out and baggy looking.
What Happens to Elastin?
What causes skin to lose its elasticity?
Some of it is that we don’t produce as much elastin as we age. The skin simply doesn’t have as much as it used to rebuild and regenerate skin.
The elastin we do have also starts to lose its shape. We make a number of expressions over the years, after all, and eventually those connective tissues get stretched out.
Finally, environmental toxins, pollutants, and UV rays assault skin every day, gradually damaging elastin fibers and causing them to break down.
We can help delay this type of damage by protecting the skin with sunscreen, eating right, drinking plenty of water, and practicing good skin hygiene, but usually that’s not enough to stay looking your best. Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to help restore the elastic spring in your skin.
5 Ways to Restore Skin Elasticity and Increase “Spring-Back”
To fortify your skin tissues and help increase your skin’s ability to spring back, try these five tips.
1. Try supplements.
A lot of the damage caused to elastin comes from free radicals, so any antioxidant supplement can help. These include grape seed extract, quercetin, lutein, and resveratrol.
Vitamin C works as an antioxidant, and also helps support collagen production. Omega-3 supplements (fish or flaxseed oil) help tame inflammation, which can help preserve the elastin that you already have.
2. Wear your tea.
Teas are full of nutrients that are good for your skin. In fact, in a 2014 study, researchers reported that ginkgo biloba and green tea extracts enhanced skin thickness, increased cell renewal, and helped with skin elasticity and skin barrier function.
Some teas actually help protect against elastin breakdown, and most have powerful protective antioxidants. In addition to drinking more iced tea this spring, save some to apply to your face. You can put some in a spray bottle and use it as a refreshing toner, put the cooled tea bags over your eyes for 10-15 minutes, or use the tea as a base to make your own homemade moisturizing mask. Add in yogurt, mashed berries, oatmeal, or eggs.
3. Use some argan oil.
Most natural oils are good for the skin, but we have some evidence that argan oil, in particular, may help to restore skin elasticity. In 2015, researchers reported that women who took argan oil supplements experienced significant increases in skin elasticity.
The researchers concluded: “Our findings suggest that the daily consumption and/or topical application of argan oil have an anti-aging effect on the skin demonstrated by the improvement of skin elasticity.”
4. Eat more yogurt, and consider a homemade yogurt mask.
Yogurt, particularly Greek yogurt, is high in protein, and proteins are important for the production of both collagen and elastin. Yogurt may also hold some of its own magic when it comes to elasticity.
In a 2011 study, for example, researchers applied facial masks to participants. Those who received the masks that contained yogurt experienced improvements in elasticity. Researchers concluded that the yogurt mask “successfully improved the moisture, brightness, and elasticity of treated skin.”
Yogurt also contains probiotics, which can help reduce inflammation and provide an anti-bacterial effect, helping to reduce redness and acne.
5. Exercise more.
It may be hard to imagine that your daily jog could improve your skin’s appearance, but some studies suggest it could do just that.
In 2014, The New York Times reported on a study that showed exercise could even help reverse skin aging. Researchers found that participants aged 40 and older who exercised frequently had healthier outer skin layers and thicker dermis layers. They described the skin as being closer to that of 20- and 30-year-olds, even in participants who were over 65.
Exercise also improves blood circulation, getting needed nutrients to the skin where it can use them to rebuild collagen and elastin.
How do you restore your skin’s “spring?”
Pinch your skin—on your face, your neck, or on the back of your hands. How quickly your skin recoils back to its original position is called elasticity. The more elastic your skin, the more youthful looking it is, snapping back into place quickly, and therefore, it is more firm and tight.
Elasticity is a result of a protein in the skin called elastin. It’s found in the deeper layers of skin, called the subcutaneous layer. It gives skin the ability to stretch and recoil.
Loss of elasticity is something we consult patients regularly about. The reasons for this loss include:
Unprotected exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can trigger the breakdown of this important connective tissue, collagen and, elastin. Initially, you won’t see the effects of this sun exposure, but over time, this breakdown of elastin fibers will trigger loose, slack, and even sagging skin—all signs of premature skin aging. (This decrease in elasticity is called elastosis.)
We offer numerous state-of-the-art treatments that can reverse the slack, loose skin effect that results from this loss of elastin.
These include the very latest injectables—Restylane®, Juvéderm®, Perlane®, Voluma®, Radiesse®, Belotero Balance®, and Sculptra®—as well as lasers that can penetrate the deeper layers of skin to stimulate the growth of collagen, elastin and repair connective tissue. The result: smoother, firmer, tighter and more youthful-looking skin.
Keep in mind, even the most amazing treatments can be undone by just sitting, unprotected, in the sun again. This is why we strongly recommend wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen every day, year round.
As estrogen is a hormone that is gives elasticity to the skin, the slowdown in the production of estrogen as women age, means a loss of elasticity in skin.
A loss of estrogen can also trigger a decrease in something called glycosaminoglycans (GAGs)—one of which is Hyaluronic Acid. These help maintain fluid balance and structural integrity in the skin and help boost production of the skin-firming protein, collagen, in the skin.
Our patients regularly get amazing results from our hyaluronic acid fillers. Since hyaluronic acid is a natural component of skin, by adding it back into aging skin through fillers like Restylane®, Juvéderm®, and Voluma®, the look achieved can be incredibly natural and youthful. We have an aesthetic eye and are careful in creating this natural, beautiful, and youthful look—why our patients continue to trust us with their skin.
“Fillers are amazing. They’re painless and give immediate results. They make wrinkles disappear, creases less deep and can give a more pronounced cheek. It begins with selecting the right filler for your needs and then injecting the right amount to get natural looking results. That’s my job”
— Dr. Dennis Gross
Loss of elasticity is a normal part of aging. But with the very latest anti-aging treatments we offer, you can overcome this loss of elasticity, restoring your skin to a more youthful, beautiful version of you.
How to Improve Skin Elasticity: Advice from the Experts
“While collagen loss makes the skin thinner, elastin loss decreases its turgor,” Astarita explains. “As far as I know, there haven’t been any studies of cosmetic treatments that actually measured the regeneration of elastin by viewing the tissue under a microscope.”
Anecdotally, though, she has found that some procedures and products may help.
First, Astarita suggests the use of retinoids to improve skin turgor. “I’ve never seen anything better than retinoids at increasing elasticity,” she says.
Ultherapy, a skin tightening treatment that directs ultrasound energy deep within the dermis, can also help address moderate skin laxity. Astarita confirms that her patients’ skin definitely looks tighter and better draped after undergoing Ultherapy treatments. However, recent histological studies do not indicate that ultrasound brings any changes to the skin’s elastin composition.
As for specific cosmeceutical products, Astarita recommends Defenage. The skincare line contains a patent-pending peptide that, according to the brand’s website, communicates with the skin’s stem cells to help correct the signs of aging.
Although she acknowledges that there is a lack of substantiating scientific data, in Astarita’s opinion “Defenage, Ultherapy and Retin A are you best shots at restoring elastin.”
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