- After Your Interventional Procedure (Angioplasty & Stent)
- Instructions for going home after your procedure
- Angioplasty and stent placement – peripheral arteries – discharge
- How long does a stent procedure take?
- Recovering From Your Coronary Stent Procedure
- Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting
- How Is Coronary Angioplasty Done?
- What to Expect Before Coronary Angioplasty
- What to Expect During Coronary Angioplasty
- What to Expect After Coronary Angioplasty
- What Are the Risks of Coronary Angioplasty?
- Complications from Stents
- After the Procedure – Stents Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
- Expect to Spend Some Time in the Hospital
- Angioplasty Recovery Time: The Do’s and Don’ts
After Your Interventional Procedure (Angioplasty & Stent)
Instructions for going home after your procedure
Care for the Catheter Insertion Site
Interventional procedures may be performed in the femoral artery in the groin (in the area at the top of your thigh) or in the radial artery in your arm. When you go home, there will be a bandage (dressing) over the catheter insertion site (also called the wound site).
- The morning after your procedure, you may take the dressing off. The easiest way to do this is when you are showering, get the tape and dressing wet and remove it.
- After the bandage is removed, cover the area with a small adhesive bandage. It is normal for the catheter insertion site to be black and blue for a couple of days. The site may also be slightly swollen and pink, and there may be a small lump (about the size of a quarter) at the site.
- Wash the catheter insertion site at least once daily with soap and water. Place soapy water on your hand or washcloth and gently wash the insertion site; do not rub.
- Keep the area clean and dry when you are not showering.
- Do not use creams, lotions or ointment on the wound site.
- Wear loose clothes and loose underwear.
- Do not take a bath, tub soak, go in a Jacuzzi, or swim in a pool or lake for one week after the procedure.
Your doctor will tell you when you can resume activities. In general, you will need to take it easy for the first two days after you get home. You can expect to feel tired and weak the day after the procedure. Take walks around your house and plan to rest during the day.
For femoral procedure
- Do not strain during bowel movements for the first 3 to 4 days after the procedure to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site.
- Avoid heavy lifting (more than 10 pounds) and pushing or pulling heavy objects for the first 5 to 7 days after the procedure.
- Do not participate in strenuous activities for 5 days after the procedure. This includes most sports – jogging, golfing, play tennis, and bowling.
- You may climb stairs if needed, but walk up and down the stairs more slowly than usual.
- Gradually increase your activities until you reach your normal activity level within one week after the procedure.
For radial procedure
- Do not use the wrist used in the procedure to lift more than 2 pounds for 24 hours.
- Do not participate in strenuous activities for 2 days after the procedure. This includes most sports – jogging, golfing, play tennis, and bowling.
- Do not use a lawn mower, motorcycle, chainsaw or all-terrain vehicle for 48 hours.
- Gradually increase your activities until you reach your normal activity level within two days after the procedure.
Ask your doctor when it is safe to
- Return to work. Most people are able to return to work within 1 to 2 weeks after an interventional procedure. If you had a heart attack, your recovery may be longer. Your doctor will provide specific guidelines about returning to work.
- Resume sexual activity.
- Resume driving. Most people are able to resume driving within 24 hours after going home.
- Please review your medications with your doctor before you go home. Ask your doctor if you should continue taking the medications you were taking before the procedure.
- If you had a percutaneous intervention (PCI), you will need to take an antiplatelet medication such as clopidogrel, prasugrel or ticagrelor. Do not stop this medication until your doctor tells you to.
- If you have diabetes, your doctor may adjust your diabetes medications for one to two days after your procedure. Please be sure to ask for specific directions about taking your diabetes medication after the procedure.
- Depending on the results of your procedure, your doctor may prescribe new medication. Please make sure you understand what medications you should be taking and how often to take them.
Be sure to drink eight to ten glasses of clear fluids (water is preferred) to flush the contrast material from your system.
Importance of a Heart-Healthy Lifestyle
It is important for you to be committed to leading a heart-healthy lifestyle. Your health care team can help you achieve your goals, but it is up to you to take your medications as prescribed, make dietary changes, quit smoking, exercise regularly, keep your follow-up appointments and be an active member of the treatment team.
Enroll in an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program to assist with developing the best exercise program and assisting with lifestyle changes such as heart healthy diet, quitting smoking, weight loss and stress management. Cardiac rehab is covered by most insurance companies for patients after a heart attack.
- How to choose a cardiac rehabilitation program.
- Finding a Cleveland Clinic cardiac rehabilitation program. If you are not from the Cleveland area, ask your local doctor for a program near you.
Your Cleveland Clinic cardiologist will contact your referring or primary care doctor by phone or fax to report the results of your procedure. Your doctor also will receive a written report from Cleveland Clinic in the mail that will include a general summary of your medical condition including the procedure you underwent, your prescribed medications and care plan. Ask your primary care doctor when you should return for follow-up testing.
Please ask your doctor if you have any questions about cardiac catheterization, angioplasty or stenting.
Learn more about:
- Coronary artery disease
- Interventional procedures (angioplasty & stent)
Angioplasty and stent placement – peripheral arteries – discharge
You will need to increase your activity slowly while the incision heals.
- Walking short distances on a flat surface is OK. Try to walk a little bit 3 or 4 times a day. Slowly increase how far you walk each time.
- Limit going up and down stairs to about 2 times a day for the first 2 to 3 days.
- DO NOT do yard work, drive, or play sports for at least 2 days, or for the number of days your health care provider tells you to wait.
You will need to care for your incision.
- Your provider will tell you how often to change your dressing.
- If your incision bleeds or swells up, lie down and put pressure on it for 30 minutes.
- If the bleeding or swelling does not stop or gets worse, call your provider and return to the hospital or else go to the closest emergency room or call 911.
When you are resting, try to keep your legs raised above the level of your heart. Place pillows or blankets under your legs to raise them.
Angioplasty does not cure the cause of blockage in your arteries. Your arteries may become narrow again. To lower your chances of this happening:
- Eat a heart-healthy diet, exercise, stop smoking (if you smoke), and reduce your stress level.
- Take medicine to help lower your cholesterol if your provider prescribes it.
- If you are taking medicines for blood pressure or diabetes, take them the way your provider has asked you to take them.
Your provider may recommend that you take aspirin or another medicine, called clopidogrel (Plavix), when you go home. These medicines keep blood clots from forming in your arteries and in the stent. DO NOT stop taking them without talking with your provider first.
How long does a stent procedure take?
If your physician has identified a blockage in one or more of your arteries, he or she may determine that you could benefit from angioplasty and stenting. Angioplasty is a procedure performed by interventional cardiologists to reopen a blocked artery. The interventional cardiologist threads a thin tube called a catheter through the artery to the blocked heart artery. Then a tiny balloon at the end of the catheter is opened and closed to push the blockage aside and restore blood flow through the artery. After angioplasty, a metal mesh tube called a stent is placed at the site of the former blockage to prop the artery open.
Stent placement can take as little as an hour (not counting preparation and recovery time), but it also can take up to several hours depending on the number and location of the narrowings, the number of stents and the complexity of the narrowings in your heart arteries. You will be awake for the procedure, though you will receive anesthesia or slight sedation. You might experience angina pain or slight discomfort in your chest when your cardiologist is inflating the balloon or the stent. If this is the case, additional pain-killers, such as morphine, can be provided during the procedure. Usually the discomfort lasts only a few seconds and goes away gradually as soon as the balloon is deflated. You should inform the cardiologist who is performing this procedure if this occurs. Hospital stays range from 1 to 3 days, again depending on the complexity of the procedure.
Recovering From Your Coronary Stent Procedure
Your cardiologist may prescribe medications to thin your blood and prevent blood clots from forming and adhering to the surface of the stent. You should not stop taking these medications unless you are asked to stop by the doctor who implanted your stent. If you stop taking these medications before being instructed to do so by your cardiologist, the chances of blood clot formation on the stent, subsequent heart attack or even death are increased.
If surgery or dental work is recommended which would require you to stop taking these medications prematurely, you and your doctor should carefully consider the risks and benefits of this additional surgery or dental work versus the possible risks from early discontinuation of these medications.
If you do require premature discontinuation of these medications because of significant bleeding, your cardiologist will carefully monitor you for possible complications. Once your condition has stabilized, your cardiologist will probably put you back on these medications.
For more information about medications specific to your stent, please check out the patient guide for your stent model.
Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting
Coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure in which a balloon is used to open a blockage in a coronary (heart) artery narrowed by atherosclerosis. This procedure improves blood flow to the heart.
Atherosclerosis is a condition in which a material called plaque builds up on the inner walls of the arteries. This can happen in any artery, including the coronary arteries, which carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart. When atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries, the condition is called coronary artery disease (CAD).
Angioplasty is a common medical procedure. It may be used to:
- Improve symptoms of CAD, such as angina and shortness of breath.
- Reduce damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when blood flow through a coronary artery is completely blocked. Angioplasty is used during a heart attack to open the blockage and restore blood flow through the artery.
- Reduce the risk of death in some patients.
Angioplasty is done on more than a million people a year in the United States. Serious complications don’t occur often, but can happen no matter how careful your doctor is, or how well he or she does the procedure.
Research on angioplasty is ongoing to make it safer and more effective, to prevent treated arteries from closing again and to make the procedure an option for more people.
Other Names for Coronary Angioplasty
- Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
- Percutaneous intervention
- Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
- Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
- Balloon angioplasty
- Coronary artery angioplasty
Who Needs Coronary Angioplasty?
Coronary angioplasty is used to restore blood flow to the heart when the coronary arteries have become narrowed or blocked due to coronary artery disease (CAD).
When medicines and lifestyle changes, such as following a healthy diet, quitting smoking and getting more physical activity, don’t improve your CAD symptoms, your doctor will talk to you about other treatment options. These options include angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), a type of open-heart surgery.
Your doctor will take into account a number of factors when recommending the best procedure for you. These factors include how severe your blockages are, where they’re located, and other diseases you may have.
Angioplasty is often used when there is less severe narrowing or blockage in your arteries and when the blockage can be reached during the procedure.
CABG might be chosen if you have severe heart disease, multiple arteries that are blocked, or if you have diabetes or heart failure.
Compared with CABG, some advantages of angioplasty are that it:
- Has fewer risks than CABG
- Isn’t surgery, so it won’t require a large cut
- Is done with medicines that numb you and help you relax. Unlike CABG, you won’t be put to sleep for a short time
- Has a shorter recovery time
Angioplasty also is used as an emergency procedure during a heart attack. As plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, it can burst, causing a blood clot to form on its surface. If the clot becomes large enough, it can mostly or completely block blood flow to part of the heart muscle.
Quickly opening a blockage lessens the damage to the heart during a heart attack and restores blood flow to the heart muscle. Angioplasty can quickly open the artery and is the best approach during a heart attack.
A disadvantage of angioplasty as compared with CABG is that the artery may narrow again over time. The chance of this happening is lower when stents are used, especially medicine-coated stents. However, these stents aren’t without risk. In some cases, blood clots can form in the medicine-coated stents and cause a heart attack.
Your doctor will discuss with you the treatment options and which procedure is best for you.
How Is Coronary Angioplasty Done?
Before coronary angioplasty is done, your doctor will need to know whether your coronary arteries are blocked. If one or more of your arteries are blocked, your doctor will need to know where and how severe the blockages are.
To find out, your doctor will do an angiogram and take an x-ray picture of your arteries. During an angiogram, a small tube called a catheter with a balloon at the end is put into a large blood vessel in the groin (upper thigh) or arm. The catheter is then threaded to the coronary arteries. A small amount of dye is injected into the coronary arteries and an x-ray picture is taken.
This picture will show any blockages, how many, and where they’re located. Once your doctor has this information, the angioplasty can proceed. Your doctor will blow up (inflate) the balloon in the blockage and push the plaque outward against the artery wall. This opens the artery more and improves blood flow.
The illustration shows a cross-section of a coronary artery with plaque buildup. The coronary artery is located on the surface of the heart. Figure A shows the deflated balloon catheter inserted into the narrowed coronary artery. In figure B, the balloon is inflated, compressing the plaque and restoring the size of the artery. Figure C shows the widened artery.
A small mesh tube called a stent is usually placed in the newly widened part of the artery. The stent holds up the artery and lowers the risk of the artery re-narrowing. Stents are made of metal mesh and look like small springs.
Some stents, called drug-eluting stents, are coated with medicines that are slowly and continuously released into the artery. These medicines help prevent the artery from becoming blocked again from scar tissue that grows around the stent.
The illustration shows the placement of a stent in a coronary artery with plaque buildup. Figure A shows the deflated balloon catheter and closed stent inserted into the narrowed coronary artery. The inset image on figure A shows a cross-section of the artery with the inserted balloon catheter and closed stent. In figure B, the balloon is inflated, expanding the stent and compressing the plaque to restore the size of the artery. Figure C shows the stent-widened artery. The inset image on figure C shows a cross-section of the compressed plaque and stent-widened artery.
In some cases, plaque is removed during angioplasty. In a procedure called atherectomy, a catheter with a rotating shaver on its tip is inserted into the artery to cut away plaque. Lasers also are used to dissolve or break up the plaque. These procedures are now rarely done because angioplasty gives better results for most patients.
What to Expect Before Coronary Angioplasty
Meeting With Your Doctor
If your angioplasty isn’t done as emergency treatment, you’ll meet with your doctor before the procedure. Your doctor will go over your medical history (including the medicines you take), do a physical exam and talk about the procedure with you. Your doctor also will order some routine tests, including:
- Blood tests
- An EKG (electrocardiogram)
- A chest x-ray
When the procedure is scheduled, you will be advised:
- When to begin fasting (not eating or drinking) before the procedure. Often you have to stop eating or drinking by midnight the night before the procedure.
- What medicines you should and shouldn’t take on the day of the angioplasty.
- When to arrive at the hospital and where to go.
Even though angioplasty takes one to two hours, you will likely need to stay in the hospital overnight. In some cases, you will need to stay in the hospital longer. Your doctor may advise you not to drive for a certain amount of time after the procedure, so you may have to arrange for a ride home.
What to Expect During Coronary Angioplasty
Coronary angioplasty is performed in a special part of the hospital called the cardiac catheterization laboratory. The “cath lab” has special video screens and x-ray machines. Your doctor uses this equipment to see enlarged pictures of the blocked areas in your coronary arteries.
In the cath lab, you will lie on a table. An intravenous (IV) line will be placed in your arm to give you fluids and medicines. The medicines will relax you and prevent blood clots from forming. These medicines may make you feel sleepy or as though you’re floating or numb.
To prepare for the procedure:
- The area where the catheter will be inserted, usually the arm or groin (upper thigh), will be shaved.
- The shaved area will be cleaned to make it germ-free and then numbed. The numbing medicine may sting as it’s going in.
Steps in Angioplast
When you’re comfortable, the doctor will begin the procedure. You will be awake but sleepy.
A small cut is made in your arm or groin into which a tube called a sheath is put. The doctor then threads a very thin guide wire through the artery in your arm or groin toward the area of the coronary artery that’s blocked.
Your doctor puts a long, thin, flexible tube called a catheter through the sheath and slides it over the guide wire and up to the heart. Your doctor moves the catheter into the coronary artery to the blockage. He or she takes out the guide wire once the catheter is in the right spot.
A small amount of dye may be injected through the catheter into the bloodstream to help show the blockage on x-ray. This x-ray picture of the heart is called an angiogram.
Next, your doctor slides a tube with a small deflated balloon inside it through the catheter and into the coronary artery where the blockage is.
When the tube reaches the blockage, the balloon is inflated. The balloon pushes the plaque against the wall of the artery and widens it. This helps to increase the flow of blood to the heart.
The balloon is then deflated. Sometimes the balloon is inflated and deflated more than once to widen the artery. Afterward, the balloon and tube are removed.
In some cases, plaque is removed during angioplasty. A catheter with a rotating shaver on its tip is inserted into the artery to cut away hard plaque. Lasers also may be used to dissolve or break up the plaque.
If your doctor needs to put a stent (small mesh tube) in your artery, another tube with a balloon will be threaded through your artery. A stent is wrapped around the balloon. Your doctor will inflate the balloon, which will cause the stent to expand against the wall of the artery. The balloon is then deflated and pulled out of the artery with the tube. The stent stays in the artery.
After the angioplasty is done, your doctor pulls back the catheter and removes it and the sheath. The hole in the artery is either sealed with a special device, or pressure is put on it until the blood vessel seals.
During angioplasty, strong antiplatelet medicines are given through the IV to prevent blood clots from forming in the artery or on the stent. These medicines help thin your blood. They’re usually started just before the angioplasty and may continue for 12-24 hours afterward.
What to Expect After Coronary Angioplasty
After coronary angioplasty, you will be moved to a special care unit, where you will stay for a few hours or overnight. While you recover in this area, you must lie still for a few hours to allow the blood vessels in your arm or groin (upper thigh) to seal completely.
While you recover, nurses will check your heart rate and blood pressure. They also will check your arm or groin for bleeding. After a few hours, you will be able to walk with help.
The place where the tube was inserted may feel sore or tender for about a week.
Most people go home 1 to 2 days after the procedure. When your doctor thinks you’re ready to leave the hospital, you will get instructions to follow at home, including:
- How much activity or exercise you can do.
- When you should follow up with your doctor.
- What medicines you should take.
- What you should look for daily when checking for signs of infection around the area where the tube was inserted. Signs of infection may include redness, swelling or drainage.
- When you should call your doctor. For example, you may need to call if you have a fever or signs of infection, pain or bleeding where the catheter was inserted, or shortness of breath.
- When you should call 9-1-1 (for example, if you have any chest pain).
Your doctor will prescribe medicine to prevent blood clots from forming. Taking your medicine as directed is very important. If a stent was inserted, the medicine reduces the risk that blood clots will form in the stent. Blood clots in the stent can block blood flow and cause a heart attack.
Recovery and Recuperation
Most people recover from angioplasty and return to work about one week after being sent home. Your doctor will want to check your progress after you leave the hospital. During the follow-up visit, your doctor will examine you, make changes to your medicines if needed, do any necessary tests and check your overall recovery. Use this time to ask questions you may have about activities, medicines or lifestyle changes, or to talk about any other issues that concern you.
Although angioplasty can reduce the symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD), it isn’t a cure for CAD or the risk factors that led to it. Making healthy lifestyle changes can help treat CAD and maintain the good results from angioplasty.
Talk with your doctor about your risk factors for CAD and the lifestyle changes you’ll need to make. For some people, these changes may be the only treatment needed.
- Follow a healthy diet to prevent or reduce high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol and to maintain a healthy weight.
- Quit smoking if you smoke.
- Be physically active.
- Lose weight if you’re overweight or obese.
- Reduce stress.
- Take medicines as your doctor directs to lower high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol.
Your doctor may want you to take part in a cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) program. Cardiac rehab helps people with heart disease recover faster and return to work or daily activities.
Cardiac rehab includes supervised physical activity, education on heart healthy living and counseling to cut down on stress and help you return to an active life. Your doctor can tell you where to find a cardiac rehab program near your home. “Your Guide to Living Well With Heart Disease,” will give you more information on cardiac rehab.
What Are the Risks of Coronary Angioplasty?
Coronary angioplasty is a common medical procedure. Although angioplasty is normally safe, there is a small risk of serious complications, such as:
- Bleeding from the blood vessel where the catheter was placed.
- Damage to blood vessels from the catheter.
- An allergic reaction to the dye given during the angioplasty.
- An arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
- The need for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting during the procedure (two-four percent of people). This may occur when an artery closes down instead of opening up.
- Damage to the kidneys caused by the dye used.
- Heart attack (three-five percent of people).
- Stroke (less than one percent of people).
As with any procedure involving the heart, complications can sometimes, though rarely, cause death. Less than two percent of people die during angioplasty.
Sometimes chest pain can occur during angioplasty because the balloon briefly blocks off the blood supply to the heart.
The risk of complications is higher in:
- People age 75 years and older
- People who have kidney disease or diabetes
- People who have poor pumping function in their hearts
- People who have extensive heart disease and blockages
Research on angioplasty is ongoing to make it safer and more effective, to prevent treated arteries from closing again and to make the procedure an option for more people.
Complications from Stents
There is a chance that the artery will become narrowed or blocked again in time, often within six months of angioplasty. This is called restenosis.
The illustration shows the restenosis of a stent-widened coronary artery. The coronary artery is located on the surface of the heart. In figure A, the expanded stent compresses plaque, allowing normal blood flow. The inset image on figure A shows a cross-section of the compressed plaque and stent-widened artery. In figure B, the plaque grows (over time) through and around the stent, causing a partial blockage and abnormal blood flow. The inset image on figure B shows a cross-section of the growth of the plaque around the stent.
When a stent isn’t used, four out of 10 people have restenosis. When a non-medicine-coated stent is used, two out of 10 people have restenosis.
The growth of scar tissue in and around the stent also can cause restenosis. Medicine-coated stents reduce the growth of scar tissue around the stent and lower the chance of restenosis. When medicine-coated stents are used, the chance of restenosis is lowered even more, to around one in 10 people.
Other treatments, such as radiation, can help prevent tissue growth within a stent. For this procedure, the doctor puts a wire through a catheter to where the stent is placed. The wire releases radiation to stop any tissue growth that may block the artery.
Recent studies suggest that there is a higher risk of blood clots forming in medicine-coated stents compared to bare metal stents (nonmedicine-coated). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reports that medicine-coated stents usually don’t cause complications due to blood clots when used as recommended.
When medicine-coated stents are used in people with advanced CAD, there is a higher risk of blood clots, heart attack and death. The FDA is working with researchers to study medicine-coated stents, including their use in people with advanced CAD.
Taking medicine as prescribed by your doctor can lower the risk of blood clots. People with medicine-coated stents are usually advised to take an anti-clotting drug, such as clopidogrel and aspirin, for months to years to lower the risk of blood clots.
As with all procedures, it’s important to talk to your doctor about your treatment options, including the risks and benefits to you.
Source: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
Please feel free to download and view our booklet on heart surgery information for patients and their families (1.7MB, PDF).
More information is available on the Cardiovascular Center Angioplasty and Stenting website page.
After the Procedure – Stents
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Expect to Spend Some Time in the Hospital
Immediately after your stent procedure, you will rest in a special care unit where nurses will monitor your heart rhythm and blood pressure. At this time, the catheter sheath introducer tube may be removed and pressure will be applied to the puncture site until the bleeding has stopped.
The catheter insertion site may be bruised and sore. If the sheath was inserted into your arm or wrist, it will be removed and the site will be bandaged. If the catheter was inserted into your groin, you may need to lie in bed with your leg straight for several hours. In some cases, your doctor may use a device that seals the small hole in the artery; this may allow you to move around more quickly. The place on your body where the catheter was inserted will be monitored for any changes in color, temperature or sensation.
At first, you may feel groggy from the sedative. Your doctor will let you know when you can get out of bed and walk around. You will typically be able to walk within 2 to 6 hours following the procedure.
Angioplasty Recovery Time: The Do’s and Don’ts
Consider this — over five lakh Stent Placement procedures are performed annually in India, making this a common enough procedure in treating heart attacks today. In fact, advancements like these have made heart surgery less invasive and drastically cut down the recovery time.
Needless to say, our hearts are in good hands … at least while we’re in the operation theatre. What you do when you’re out of surgery will determine how well and how fast you recover. So here are some best practices you should follow to maintain a healthy heart during your angioplasty recovery time.
If you’re having a planned coronary angioplasty, you’ll probably be discharged from the hospital the same day or the following day. Before you leave the hospital, do note:
Any medication you need to take
Changes you need to make to your diet and lifestyle
Wound care and hygiene advice
Your follow-up appointment with the doctor
You may have a bruise where the catheter was inserted. So, just keep an eye on it for the next few days to ensure proper healing. You may also experience tiredness for a few days after the procedure. This is totally normal and will pass in a week’s time.
Once you leave the hospital, your post-procedure care will involve taking the prescribed medications and making some important lifestyle changes. The general angioplasty recovery time is about two weeks, but this can change based on your condition.
Take Your Medication: It’s essential to stick to your medication schedule. Stopping medication early may increase your risk of a recurrent heart problem.
Dial Down the Activities: It’s important to only indulge in light activities for the first week after the procedure. Exercise is great to help your heart recover, but heavy lifting is a strict no-no. Your doctor can give you more insight into the things you can and cannot do.
Avoid Driving: Driving is not advised for at least a week after the surgery. To avoid the risk of having another cardiac issue, take the back seat till you get the green light from your doctor.
Quit Smoking: One of the best things to do for your heart after an angioplasty is to give up smoking. Smoking can narrow your blood vessels and lead to the build-up of plaque — the very reasons you needed an angioplasty in the first place.
Change Your Diet: Eating the right foods is essential to maintaining a healthy heart, especially after a surgery. Consider switching to a plant-based diet that includes heart-healthy foods, such as nuts, berries, and whole grains.
Go Through a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program: Cardiac Rehabilitation is usually offered for people who undergo angioplasty and stent placement surgeries. It helps expedite recovery from heart surgery and return to everyday life as quickly as possible. Take the opportunity to partner a physical therapist or a dietician and formulate a plan to build a stronger heart.
Recovering from a heart surgery is all about patient and smart choices. What you do today can change the life you’ll live tomorrow. All it takes is a few simple tweaks to your lifestyle to ensure a steady heart and healthy life ahead.
Disclaimer: This publication / editorial / article is for information and awareness purpose and does not constitute or imply an endorsement, sponsorship or recommendation of any Products. Please consult your doctor/ healthcare practitioner before starting any diet, medication or exercise