Pregnancy and joint pains

From backache and Braxton Hicks, to sciatica and acne, follow our expert advice on how to deal with these pregnancy niggles. By Sister Lilian

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Almost half of the world’s population will be pregnant at some stage in their lives. Many will be pregnant more than once. The way we live can help ensure that both the mom and baby are healthy and comfortable throughout the experience. It’s not inevitable that pregnancy will be physically and emotionally challenging. Nonetheless, there are many niggles – some minor; some a little more aggravating, and these can affect how a woman feels.

The fitter and healthier a woman is before pregnancy, the less troubling any physical discomfort will be during pregnancy. First pregnancies are mostly easier, too.

ALSO SEE: Exercises to ease pregnancy pain

Five main factors are associated with non-serious discomfort:

  • Increased levels of the hormone, progesterone, which stretches and relaxes ligaments that hold the bones together and the organs in place, and smooth muscle fibres throughout the body.
    On the positive side, this is one way in which Mother Nature ensures easier birth, as the pelvic outlet can become roomier as your baby pushes through. Unfortunately this effect happens before birth already, and in places other than the pelvis!
  • By the end of pregnancy, a woman will mostly have gained at least 12kg, and her centre of gravity will have changed significantly.
  • The shape and position of the womb can affect pain.
  • Some women have a lower pain tolerance and may feel the pains more acutely.
  • Baby’s position and movements may well contribute to discomfort.

This guide will help you sort the simple from the serious, and offer a host of tips to remedy common complaints that are believed to be “part of pregnancy”.

Pregnancy aches and pains explained

Ligament pain

These are common in the back, the navel area, groin, hip bones, pelvis, pubic bones and thighs.

It may feel like a stitch or a twinge, or as burning, pulling, tightening or simply aching – sometimes continuously; sometimes at intervals. Some experience discomfort in a particular spot, while others describe the pain as moving from place to place. Intense burning pain in the area of the ribs, aggravated by your baby’s kicking, may cause inflammation in the muscle fibres, which is called intercostal pain. Round ligament pain is a needling, specific sensation.

Self-help remedies:

  • Regular walking, swimming and dancing are excellent for overall strength and posture – do light sessions often.
  • Correct your posture by pulling in your tummy muscles and buttocks, keeping your shoulders back and down, and slightly tilting your chin upwards when walking.
  • Sleep with a pillow between your legs to relieve hip pain.
  • For aching in the lower abdomen, cup your hands around the lower part of your “bump” and lift it up a little to instantly soothe the pressure.
  • To soothe pain in the pelvic area, go down on all fours, with your head on folded arms and your buttocks higher than your chest.
  • Massage painful areas with Arnica Oil.
  • Take the tissue salts Calc fluor and Ferrum phos to improve elasticity and strength of ligaments. Ferrum phos also helps for burning pain.
  • For a low pain threshold, take Rescue Emotion to improve anxiety and break the pain-tension cycle.

When to see the doctor: If there are any symptoms such as an abnormal vaginal discharge, fever or severe digestive discomfort (vomiting, diarrhoea, bad inexplicable constipation or bloating)

Backache

This is very common due to the effect of progesterone and an altered centre of gravity with poor posture. The sacro-iliac joints between the pelvis and hip bones take extra strain and can contribute a lot to lower backache.

This is experienced mostly from mid-pregnancy. Backache may be associated with bladder and kidney infections – be aware of other symptoms like burning and strong-smelling urine. Toward the end of pregnancy, backache may signify the start of labour if other symptoms are present too.

Self-help remedies:

  • For instant – if not permanent – relief, go down on all fours.
  • If you’re at a desk all day, try sitting on a big “birth ball” which automatically corrects posture.
  • Alternate periods of rest and movement.
  • Exercise regularly and concentrate on back-strengthening exercises.
  • For relief, cross your hands in the small of your back and press up firmly against a wall.
  • Correct posture as for ligament pain.
  • A back massage with Arnica oil is very soothing.
  • Take the tissue salts Calc fluor and Ferrum phos to promote elasticity and strength of back ligaments.

ALSO SEE: Benefits of yoga for backache during pregnancy

When to see the doctor: If you have backache in early pregnancy associated with pelvic cramping or any abnormal vaginal discharge; if you feel feverish or your urine smells strongly; if you have any symptoms that make you suspect you might be in labour before your due date.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

This is the sensation of numbness, a feeling of clumsiness, or severe pain in the fingers, hand and/or arm, which is quite common in pregnancy.

The small bony canal in the wrist through which nerves and blood vessels pass to and from the hand, doesn’t allow much room for swelling. Fluid retention is quite common in pregnancy and doesn’t have to be severe to cause pressure on these nerves and blood vessels. Symptoms sometimes only occur at night due to pressure at the shoulder joint when lying prone. It seldom resolves on its own and mostly continues for some months after birth.

Self-help remedies:

  • A wrist splint helps some.
  • Try a different sleeping position.
  • Take the tissue salts Nat mur and Nat sulph to help reduce swelling in the area.
  • Apply cool poultices over the area to reduce pain and swelling.
  • The tissue salt Ferrum phos will help for burning pain along the nerve pathway.
  • The tissue salt Kali phos helps regenerate and heal nerve injury in chronic carpal tunnel syndrome.

When to see the doctor: If symptoms are not relieved by these tips and remedies, or if symptoms persist or become worse, you might need a minor operation, which is very successful and not harmful to your baby.

ALSO SEE: Braxton Hicks contractions explained

Cramps in your feet and legs

This is quite common due to the extra magnesium requirements of pregnancy as well as the increased demands on the circulatory system.

It may be accompanied by a heavy, dull ache in the legs. It occurs most frequently in the last trimester, but can occur at any time, and is usually most severe at night.

Self-help remedies:

  • Increase foods rich in magnesium like nuts, seeds, bananas and green, leafy vegetables.
  • Pull the toes on the foot of the affected side up towards your knee during cramping.
  • Take the tissue salt Mag phos to improve the assimilation of magnesium from food and supplements, and to provide rapid relief during cramping.
  • Massage cramping muscles with Arnica Oil for rapid relief.

When to see the doctor: Consult your doctor urgently if you develop varicose veins, shortness of breath, or pain in your leg muscles between cramping sessions.

Sciatica

This is a pinched nerve in the lower back, which is quite common in pregnancy, and is mostly due to postural changes.

Symptoms include:

  • A numb ache in one buttock
  • Burning pain down sections of the leg and foot of the affected side
  • A lame feeling in parts of the leg and possibly burning or tingling in the toes.

Self-help remedies:

  • Alternate rest and activity.
  • Make sure that you correct your posture when walking.
  • Try not to slouch when sitting.
  • Wear an abdominal maternity band which is used to aid ligament control in the back, but it can also have a positive effect on sciatica.
  • Take the tissue salt remedies Ferrum phos, Kali phos and Nat Phos twice a day throughout pregnancy, as this chronic condition is very difficult to relieve otherwise. • Massage the affected foot, leg and buttock to reduce the burning ache.
  • The tissue salt Mag phos helps relieve cramps which often accompany sciatica.

When to see the doctor: If you have pronounced varicose veins in the affected leg; if your leg feels hot to the touch; or if you feel unwell.

Stiff, painful joints

These are often due to extra weight, especially in the hip, knee and foot joints. It may also be related to a more serious auto-immune condition.

Water retention may decrease the mobility of joints. Stretched, softened ligaments add to symptoms too.
The pain is usually worse on rising in the morning, and improves once the day has warmed up and you’ve moved around a bit. Joint pain is mostly worse in the second half
of pregnancy.

Self-help remedies:

  • Avoid foods that are acidic or cause acidity (like too much red meat, cheese, pickles and alcohol).
  • Do moderate exercise that doesn’t stress your body.
  • Alternate rest and movement.
  • Take the tissue salt Nat phos to help balance the body’s pH, and Ferrum phos for burning or throbbing pain and inflamed joints.
  • Apply warmth to the affected joints.

When to see the doctor: If pain persists or becomes worse.

ALSO SEE: 5 common skin changes in pregnancy and how to treat them

More about the expert:

Sister Lilian has been a leading South African pregnancy and parenting advisor for many years, is a best-selling author and has often appeared on radio and TV, and in parenting magazines, as South Africa’s go-to parenting expert. Some of her books have even been translated into Spanish, Romanian and Afrikaans. As a qualified midwife, nurse, reflexologist and natural healthcare practitioner who began her independent practice in 1988, she has helped countless parents find responsible, natural solutions to any of their parenting concerns. Read more about Sister Lilian here.

Our experienced editors work with trained journalists and qualified experts to compile accurate, insightful and helpful information about pregnancy, birth, early childhood development and parenting. Our content is reviewed regularly by our panel of advisors, which include medical doctors and healthcare professionals. Meet the Living & Loving Team and our Online Experts.

Knee Pain & Pregnancy

As anyone who has ever been pregnant, or has known a pregnant woman, knows quite well, pregnancy can put a great deal of stress on a woman’s body. Not only does her weight increase–sometimes dramatically–but her center of gravity shifts. Further, her joints soften in preparation for delivering a baby. This is a recipe for joint pain, and knee pain is no exception.

Significance

Knee pain can be either significant or relatively insignificant–discomfort aside–during pregnancy. The difference depends upon whether the pain is the result of an injury, or is simply an effect of a woman’s changing body. Women who experience pain in the knee after a fall, strain or injury should contact their physicians for an examination. Notes Dr. Raymond Poliakin in his book, “What You Didn’t Think To Ask Your Obstetrician,” a pregnant woman’s soft joints make it more likely than usual that she will incur an injury during her pregnancy, particularly if she’s active.

Types

There are several potential types of knee pain during pregnancy. Knees can hurt because of injuries to the ligaments and soft tissue of the knee. This sort of pain is typically dull and aching, but may be sharp and stabbing if a woman moves in such a way as to exacerbate the injury. Women who stand or walk for a majority of the day may have aching legs, knees and feet simply because they’re much heavier during pregnancy than they were before, which stresses joints and muscles, explain Heidi Murkoff and Sharon Mazel in their book, “What To Expect When You’re Expecting.”

Considerations

Pregnant women also have a noticeable joint-softening effect during pregnancy, due to the hormone relaxin. This hormone, explains Dr. Poliakin, softens ligaments and relaxes joints so that a baby can pass through the pelvis during delivery. Softened joints are more flexible than normal, and women may inadvertently strain their knees and other weight-bearing joints when standing or stretching. Dr. Poliakin recommends particular care when stretching during pregnancy; though it maintains flexibility and is beneficial to the muscles, women should be aware of their limitations and not force joints beyond the point of comfort.

Warning

As much as exercise benefits both a pregnant woman and her baby, higher-impact forms of exercise may result in joint injuries. Running, in particular, may contribute to knee pain in pregnant women. In their book “You: Having A Baby,” Drs. Michael Roizen and Mehmet Oz explain that relaxin-loosened joints can’t absorb impact as well as normal joints, since the joints are slightly floppy and bones move against one another. While some women run comfortably throughout pregnancy, those who find that they’re experiencing knee pain after running may wish to look for other, lower-impact forms of exercise.

Prevention/Solution

Unfortunately, unless knee pain is the result of an injury and needs medical treatment, there’s little that pregnant women can do to treat the pain. Sore knees as a result of increased body weight will resolve themselves once the baby is born. In the interim, Drs. Roizen and Oz recommend hot or cold packs for uncomfortable, sore joints. While pregnant women should always consult their physicians before using over-the-counter medications, most obstetricians allow acetaminophen for analgesia during pregnancy.

Understanding Postpartum Aches and Pains of New Mothers

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During pregnancy, women experience many new aches and pains while carrying their unborn babies…not to mention the actual pain of labor. But even after the baby is born, many new mothers continue to experience a variety of aches and pains in their bodies.

It can be very frustrating and disheartening to learn that the headaches, stiffness, and body aches that existed during those formative nine months continue after giving birth. These pains can make the early days of being a new mom unpleasant and even excruciating.

Here is some information about the common aches and pains that new mothers often face after pregnancy and how concerned new mothers should be about this discomfort.

The Severity of Postpartum Aches and Pains

Interestingly, some women experienced very severe aches and pains after giving birth, while others experience none at all. The most common pain that new moms experience is lower back pain, which is understandable considering the toll that pregnancy and labor take on the back. It can take a significant amount of time for the body to return to its pre-pregnancy strength and rebuilt overworked bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons.

Pain and stiffness of the hips, upper back, shoulders, neck, and headaches are often very common among new moms. Postpartum joint pain is also common due to bodily changes and the secretions of various hormones. The extra pounds put on during pregnancy, performing the repetitive movements of caring for a new baby, and sleep deprivation all contribute to this type of joint pain.

Considerations for New Moms

The early days of motherhood are often filled with stress, anxiety, and lots of worrying. But minor aches and pains are very normal among postpartum women and often no cause for serious concern. While these conditions may make daily tasks with a new baby more difficult, they are often not signs of a more serious medical condition.

However, postpartum body aches and pains typically subside within about four to six weeks of giving birth. This recovery period may be longer for women who had a C-section birth. If the pain becomes worse, doesn’t go away, or moves to different areas of the body, it may be time to seek medical attention. A trusted medical professional should be able to recommend safe exercises and medications to use to alleviate pain and enjoy the first few weeks with the new baby.

How to Relieve Post-Pregnancy Aches and Pains

It is important for postpartum women to discuss their aches and pains with a doctor to determine a safe treatment plan, especially during breastfeeding. New moms should pay extra close attention to their posture while holding, feeding, and carrying their babies because poor posture can make aches and pains worse. Gentle over-the-counter pain relievers, like Vanquish, can help relieve minor pain due to headache, backache and muscle aches.

Postpartum women should also stay hydrated and practice healthy ways to get active with their new babies, such as going for walks with a stroller around the neighborhood or taking mom-and-baby yoga classes. Hot baths or showers, heating pads, and massage are also great options for postpartum women who continue to feel body pains after giving birth.

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Experiencing joint pain during pregnancy? It may not be arthritis

By Dr Aruna Kalra
Pregnancy brings along many changes to a new mother’s body, including the constant joint pains. While some mothers are prone to develop arthritis after delivery of their baby, not all joint pains may lead to the same condition.
These aches may be due to various factors of pregnancy like weight gain, change in posture and hormonal changes. Joint pain, stiff sensation, and aches in hips, elbows, knees, fingers and ankles are common in pregnant women. The initial aches are a sign that your body is preparing for childbirth.
Women who are well nourished and workout regularly with orderly prenatal care are less likely to experience any complications during pregnancy.
Here are few crucial reasons for the aches and remedies to help ease your gestational days:
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Weight Gain
The pressure on your knees increases as the body starts gaining weight, further leading to knee aches. Ankles, knees and hips feel the added weight as the body grows during pregnancy. In order to ease the joint pains in this condition, hot and cold therapy is very helpful. You can either take a nice hot shower or place hot water bag/electric heating pads against your aching joints. Also wrapping an ice pack in a towel and placing it over your joints will do wonders.
Relaxin Hormone
The ovaries and placenta of pregnant ladies produces an important hormone called Relaxin. This hormone helps prepare your pelvic muscles and tendons for pregnancy by stretching and relaxing them. However, these contractions may loosen the ligaments around the joints adding to the additional strain and further causing hip pain and sometimes lower back pain as well. Considering the situation, regular gentle exercise and yoga can help relax the pain. Some also recommend prenatal massages in order to ease the symptoms.
ThinkStock Photos
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
A syndrome when excessive fluid gain in your body due to pregnancy applies added pressure on your wrist, leading to pain and numbness in wrist and hand. A few home remedies suggested are application of an ice pack, resting your hands or using a wrist splint if the situation demands. Many patients find that moving or shaking and exercising their hands helps relieve the pain.
Hypothyroidism
The thyroid diseases – hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism – are relatively common in pregnancy. However, hypothyroidism is a condition when your thyroid glands do not produce enough thyroid hormone which further lead to weight gain. The added gain in weight applies excessive pressure and pain in the joints. The thyroid needs to be closely monitored by your doctor along with timely medication.
Sciatica
Some women undergo sciatica or hip pain during pregnancy because their expanded uterus due to the growing baby presses down on their sciatic nerve. This accrued pressure causes pain, and tingling/numbness in their lower back, buttocks, knees calves and ankles. Sleeping on your side with a pillow between your legs may help to relieve this pain. Doing mild exercise, such as yoga with lots of stretching, will help relieve the pain.
ThinkStock Photos
Coccyx Joint
As the baby grows some women also experience a gradually increasing pain near the end of the spine. This is when the pressure of the developing and expanding foetus is applied towards your tailbone, causing acute pain. The pain is usually worsened with constipation, and during the terminal weeks when your abdomen region is at its peak. Try a prescribed laxative for the constipation to ease the pain. Other remedies include sleeping on your side or supporting your belly with pillows to take some weight off. Also a maternity support belt may help alleviate back and abdominal soreness while standing as well.
Keeping your body healthy with workout and a well-balanced diet can help reduce the degree of these pains during pregnancy. If ever you feel the basic remedies are not helping, the next best thing to do is consult your doctor to prescribe you medications or medical tests.
Agencies Dr Aruna Kalra, gynaecologist and obstetrics surgeon, CK Birla Hospital (Gurugram)
(The author is a gynaecologist and obstetrics surgeon, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram)

Embrace The New Holiday Trend! Try These Picture-Perfect Destinations For Your Babymoon

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Kerala

17 Sep, 2017The land of coconut trees, long stretches of lush vegetation, enchanting backwaters makes God’s own country a perfect babymoon spot. You can soak in the beaches, check into lakeside resorts or experience the breathtakingly stunning backwaters by booking a cosy and elegant houseboat all for yourself. Enriched with abundant scenic beauty, Kerala can help you come back re-energised, all set to take on the new responsibilities in life.

Natural Pregnancy Cures: Back, Pelvic, and Hip Pain

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by: Guest Contributor

Now that you’re in your second trimester, you’re probably pleased to have that cute little (or not so little) pregnancy bump, as opposed to just looking slightly out of shape and wearing ill-fitting clothing. People smile when they see you and most likely offer you their seat on the bus.

But with that bump comes excess weight and pressure on your joints and ligaments. The second trimester is when most people begin to experience back pain and may feel joint and pelvic pain.

As your pregnancy progresses, these aches and pains become more pronounced — if you don’t manage them. But with a little effort and some healthy exercises and tips, these little pains can become manageable.

Back Pain

If you have experienced back pain prior to pregnancy, your pregnancy will most likely exacerbate those symptoms. Start strengthening your back before you start trying to conceive suggests Paula Giblin, a Certified Nurse Midwife and Director of Perinatal Services at the MCPM Clinic in Denver. She suggests trying yoga, swimming, and Pilates.

Even women in the best of shape can experience lower back pain as well as neck and muscle tension. As your baby grows, your uterus grows as much as 1,000 times its original size. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, this amount of growth — when centered in one area — affects the balance of your body and may cause discomfort. Most women’s posture changes as their belly grows and they begin to lean back, which makes their back muscles become strained. And your newly voluptuous shape can also trigger neck and shoulder strain as your larger breasts pull on those muscles.

A big culprit is the pregnancy hormone relaxin, which does what it sounds like — it relaxes and loosens your joints and muscles to help the baby make its way out of your lower body. The added weight bearing down on loosened joints and ligaments can create all sorts of aches and pains — usually moderate, but in some cases severe.

How to find relief:

Fortunately, there are multiple ways to relieve back pain. One of the most enjoyable suggestions is regular prenatal massage. CAPPA Certified Doula Sarah Murane says that massage therapy can help enormously with muscular pain. She also suggests heating pads and warm baths or showers.

“A good position to find relief any time of day is to simply sit backwards on a chair to take the pressure off your spine and relax your back,” she says. “Also, make sure you keep your low back supported with pillows when sitting in a chair.” Murane also stresses the importance of proper body alignment while you sleep. “Always have something between your knees to take the pressure off your lower back and hips, and use a good pillow to help keep your body aligned properly.”

Regular exercise will not only help relieve pain and help your body get back into proper alignment, says Giblin, it will also help strengthen your body so you minimize your risks of additional aches and pains. Swimming, water aerobics, prenatal yoga, and other types of low-impact and/or strengthening routines will go a long way to help alleviate back and other pains — and help you lose the baby weight faster after you give birth.

Other suggestions to minimize back pain include wearing low-heeled (not flat) shoes, practicing good posture, and wearing some sort of maternity belt for extra support. Be sure to lift properly, bending at the knee and not at the waist, using your legs instead of your back. And ask for help with heavy objects; don’t overdo it.

If pain persists or becomes unmanageable, consider visiting a physical therapist or chiropractor.

Hip and Joint Pain

Again, it’s because that pregnancy hormone relaxin is living up to its name that many pregnant women experience hip pain in their second or third trimester. Hip pain is usually caused by the loosening of the ligaments holding together the sacroiliac joints, which connect your spine to your pelvis. While this joint-and-ligament relaxation helps with the birthing process, it can cause pain in your hips, lower back, and legs as the weight of your uterus bears down on your newly mobile bones and joints. It can result in inflammation, misalignment or bones grinding against bones. Additionally, a change in gait (think waddle) can add extra stress. According to Sharon Phelan, M.D., professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of New Mexico, with each subsequent pregnancy these symptoms tend to show up earlier and earlier.

In addition, sleeping on your side, which is a must in the later stages of pregnancy, can cause hip pain because of the pressure. Overweight people or those with prior hip pain will tend to have greater issues.

The best thing, says Phelan, is to try to keep your anatomy squared when you’re sleeping. “Try to keep your hips straight with a body pillow to help maintain the normal contours of your back, and a pillow between your knees to relieve the pressure,” she suggests. Again, practicing good posture and avoiding slouching can help alleviate pressure.

Activities like prenatal yoga and Pilates can help stabilize these joints and provide relief. Unfortunately, hip pain can occur while walking, and subsequently walking can exacerbate it. A chiropractor or physical therapist can get your body back into alignment, help alleviate the pain, and allow you to resume most of your normal daily activities.

Michelle Sang, M.D., an OB/GYN at Portland Obstetrics & Gynecology Associates, suggests water exercises to take the weight off the joints. “Being in the pool when you’re pregnant can be really soothing and you can do strengthening exercises to keep things in alignment,” she says.

Lastly, a simple warm bath or therapeutic massage can go a long way in providing relief and comfort from hip pain and many other pregnancy discomforts.

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain is most commonly caused by the softening of the symphysis pubic (aka your pubic bone), by that darn pregnancy hormone relaxin and the weight of the uterus bearing down on this joint. It can result in uncomfortable pressure as the baby’s head or other body parts invade your pelvic region, as well as soreness, pain (if the baby is sitting on a nerve) or swelling (if the baby is squatting on a blood vessel and interfering with proper flow and drainage).

Giblin recommends a sitz bath, which is what it sounds like. It’s where you fill a tub with warm (not hot) or room temperature water up to your thighs — and sit in it. “You can try Epsom salts or just plain water to help reduce swelling,” she says. “It’s also good for treating hemorrhoids.”

Phelan says that pelvic pain or vulvar swelling can be a result of simply sitting too much or too long in one place. “If you walk around, or lay down with your legs higher than your heart, you can reduce this discomfort by allowing for proper drainage,” she counsels.

Murane says making small movements often, taking the stairs one at a time, and not pushing or carrying heavy things will help alleviate soreness or pain. “Mayan abdominal massage (an ancient massage technique that releases deep muscle tissue spasms in the abdominal area) works wonders for pregnancy pain and postpartum,” she adds.

Some women will need to use a brace or some type of binder or girdle to help stabilize their pelvic area, warns Sang. And in rare cases, when the pubic bone is extremely sore and tender, women might need to use a walker to help take the weight off their pelvic joints. A pinched sciatic nerve is also a rare but painful occurrence, says Sang, that can be treated by physical therapy, prenatal yoga, and heat or ice packs.

Please remember to always consult your doctor if you’re experiencing pain or discomfort during your pregnancy.

Knee pain is one of the most common discomforts during pregnancy. It occurs whenever the joints have to support more weight than before, in response to normal physical changes affecting the woman’s body during this period.

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The knee joint is a movable part in which the bones meet. Bones are fixed by ligaments and moved by muscles and tendons. Discomfort in one of these areas is considered as knee pain.

It is quite difficult to tolerate such discomfort. Even if it is one of the rare but common pregnancy pains, it is important to find the reason for its occurrence, as it can also be a sign of certain disorders.

Some causes of Knee Pain During Pregnancy

Knee pain may simply be physiological due to changes in the woman’s body during pregnancy, or may also be pathological due to ligament injuries and/or knee soft tissue.

Pregnancy Hormones

In the last trimester, as pregnancy progresses, Relaxin hormones are released to further stretch pelvic ligaments and tendons in anticipation of childbirth.

However, Relaxin also affects other ligaments and tendons in the woman’s body, like those around the knees, softening their joints and causing pain.

Weight Gain

Weight gain is one of the most common factors leading to knee pain during pregnancy. The baby’s growth, especially during the third trimester, will put additional pressure on the mother’s knees.

This can affect the cartilage protection and ligaments around the joints and can result in walking, bending, and running difficulties over time, as long as nothing is done to fix it.

Calcium Deficiency

In addition, with poor nutrition, a calcium deficit on the bones can also lead to knee pain during pregnancy. When the baby’s growth is active, especially in the second trimester, more vitamins and minerals are absorbed.

If the pain persists, consult your doctor for examination and analysis in order to rule out some other pathologies.

What Can You Do To Manage knee pain during pregnancy

Knee pain management does not differ from usual practices when it comes to other common pregnancy pains. With these simple strategies, you should be able to manage and minimize your pain.

Use A Knee Brace

It is advisable to wear a special knee brace that exerts stable pressure on the knee joint. The brace will help compensate the shifting center of gravity by stabilizing the kneecap, which results in less pain.

Tips To Help You Cope With Joint Pain after Delivery

Every expectant mother has so many expectations after delivery, about her new life and that of the baby. Post-delivery joint pains are the least of their expectations, especially for first-time mothers. It is therefore imperative to be aware of what one should expect after delivery. Most mothers in their early stages have reported going through this hoping that the pain will ease with time, but to their surprise, it only gets worse.

The body releases hormones during pregnancy, which causes the bones to be tender. Also, the entire process of delivery exerts a lot of pressure on a woman’s muscles and joints. These and other factors contribute to post-delivery joint pains. Hence, most mothers, especially in their early stages, complain of pain even when doing the simplest of activities. This pain may go on for up to nine months depending on every mother. The tips below will help you ease and get rid of post-delivery joint pains.

Back pains
Most mothers in their early stages have not yet established a consistent sleep pattern for their newborns. Therefore, they spend the better part of the night trying to rock their babies to sleep. Also, carrying the baby around does not make the situation any better. There are remedies that you can use to solve this problem.

Firstly, comfort is paramount. Avoid sitting in the same position for too long. Pillows should be your best friend if you are suffering from back pains. When breastfeeding, place some pillows behind your back and shoulders to help you support your child’s weight.

Try the same trick in bed and see how it works for you. You could also take up massage sessions during your free time. Singapore has reputable places that can offer massages. Check out a confinement center in Singapore and request for massage services. The center will take you through different types of therapies that are suitable for you. You can even get help from a confinement nanny to help give you massages in your own home. This will help your muscles relax and get you back in good shape. Another common remedy is the use of topical ointments. Have your doctor prescribe the one that suits you best.

Sacroiliac joint pain
This pain is experienced around the pelvic region. This is because, during pregnancy, women carry additional weight. As your body prepares for delivery, some hormones are released, and they relax your ligaments. The most severe effect of this kind of pain is on walking. The cure is in prevention. You can do this by having an action plan during pregnancy. Take part in pregnancy yoga; walk around for short distances especially in your first and second trimester and some other pregnancy-safe exercises. Try the same pillow trick at home and in your car especially when traveling for long distances. Keep ice packs very close too as they are known to work wonders for women suffering from this kind of pain.

Knee and ankle pain
Mothers usually complain of wobbly knees and sore ankles. This mainly depends on the position a woman was in during delivery. These pains are the easiest to treat, especially at home. Try massaging your knees and ankles using a cloth soaked with saline water frequently. Occasional foot rubs and dipping your feet in warm saline water will do you a lot of good. Another remedy that has worked for many mothers is adopting a gluten-free diet and taking up higher quality grains such as quinoa as well as a higher intake of fruits and vegetables. During your pregnancy and after delivery, increase your vitamin D and calcium supplements. Most mothers who have done this have given very positive results.

Postpartum joint discomfort can be a nightmare and even discourage some mothers from trying again. However, if you understand your pain and its cause, then it will be easy for you to alleviate it. In general, before trying all other things, you should visit your doctor so that he can provide a professional diagnosis of your pain.

Visit a confinement center in Singapore for a comprehensive postpartum package that will help you handle the discomforts. Do not ignore adequate sleep and rest. It is recommended for all mothers to take six weeks of rest after delivery. Come up with a routine that will work for both you and your child. This way you will not push yourself so hard even when you go back to work. A proper diet and drinking a lot of water will surely save you a great deal. Finally and most importantly, be patient. This pain does not go away overnight. As stated, it may last for nine months. Take it easy and enjoy your new bundle of joy.

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