- Find Relief from Dry Nostrils. 5 Tips That Work.
- Dry Nose Natural Spray
- Over-the-counter decongestant nasal sprays work, but be cautious when using them
- Choose Nasal Spray Wisely
- Nasal Sprays: How to Use Them Correctly
Find Relief from Dry Nostrils. 5 Tips That Work.
With changes in weather, many of us find the insides of our noses getting dry and uncomfortable. Allergies and sinus conditions can also cause uncomfortable nostril dryness.
What can you do?
- Drink more water. Take care that your beverages don’t have too much sugar. That can cause dehydration. Your nose and your mouth can get even dryer.
- Boost the humidity. In the winter months, try a bedroom humidifier. Some are self-sterilizing. If yours doesn’t clean itself, you should clean it twice a week so things like mold and bacteria don’t grow in it.
- Enjoy a warm bath. The moist air will help for a while. Be aware that long, hot baths can dry your skin.
- Try a nasal spray. You can use over-the-counter saline nasal drops, saline gels or saline sprays. Follow the package directions.
- Apply a moisturizer. A little bit of water-based moisturizer can help. (It’s polite to apply when no one is watching!) Carry a tube of moisturizer so you can reapply.
Important note: Take care if you use petroleum jelly. If it accidentally gets in your lungs, it can cause problems such as an abscess. If using, apply a small amount with a cotton swab and gently rub in.
If your problem with dry nostrils continues, ask your health care provider for guidance in relieving your dry nose.
Dry Nose Natural Spray
A dry nose results in nasal irritation, congestion, cracks in the nasal mucosa and sometimes bleeding. Moreover, its natural functions such as the sense of smell and cleansing & conditioning of inhaled air, may become impaired leaving the nose (and the respiratory tract) prone to infections.
Sinomarin Dry Nose Relief is a 100% natural nasal spray that provides local hydration and soothes the irritated nasal mucosa due to the presence of well-known hydrating and soothing ingredients –hyaluronic acid and dexpanthenol. Combined with Sinomarin’s hypertonic sea water solution (2.3% NaCl), Sinomarin Dry Nose Relief additionally relieves nasal stuffiness while cleansing and refreshing the nose.
Sinomarin Dry Nose Relief is free from drug substances, additives and preservatives and with no side effects such as drowsiness, nasal dryness or habit formation, making it safe & suitable for everyone from 6 years and above.
Find which Sinomarin product is suitable for you and your family.
*Please read the instructions provided for each separate product for age limits and possible contraindications.
Over-the-counter decongestant nasal sprays work, but be cautious when using them
Over-the-counter decongestant nasal sprays provide fast relief by shrinking the swollen blood vessels in your nasal passages, helping you breathe more easily. Most contain one of two main active ingredients: oxymetazoline (found in Afrin, Dristan, Vicks Sinex and similar generics), which can relieve congestion for up to 12 hours, and phenylephrine (found in Neo-
Synephrine and its generics), which lasts up to four hours.
While bringing almost immediate relief (and an occasional but brief burning sensation in your nasal passage), decongestant sprays or drops cause fewer side effects than oral decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed and its generics), in part because they’re mainly topical treatments. That means that unlike pills, they’re usually not absorbed into the bloodstream in significant amounts. (This assumes that you don’t exceed the recommended dose and that you avoid tilting your head back while using the medication, which could cause some of it to drip down your throat.)
Another caveat: Using the sprays for too long can actually leave you feeling stuffier than you were to begin with.
Here are some do’s and don’ts for using nasal sprays, including when to shelve them and switch to an oral decongestant:
1 Do use them sparingly. Three days in a row is the maximum time recommended for taking over-the-counter decongestant drops or sprays. Using them longer than that can lead to rebound congestion — short-term, severe congestion that occurs as the medication’s effect wears off. “When you stop using the spray, the vessels in your nose that have been held in check begin to swell, making you feel congested,” says Beverly Schaefer, an independent pharmacist in Seattle. The rebound effect can last from one to three days, she adds.
2 Don’t double your decongestants. Consumer Reports’ consultants caution against using a nasal spray and an oral decongestant at the same time, for two reasons. First, it’s not necessary, since they work on the nasal passages the same way. Second, taking them together could lead to an overload of decongestant, increasing the risk of side effects. But you might consider switching to an oral decongestant, namely pseudoephedrine, if you still have symptoms after using a spray for three days.
3 Do check with your doctor or pharmacist first. Conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, thyroid disease and an enlarged prostate can be made worse by decongestants, including sprays. Call your doctor right away if you experience dizziness, insomnia, tremors, weakness or an irregular or rapid heartbeat while taking a decongestant.
4 Don’t rule out nondrug treatments. Studies have found that using a saline rinse for the nasal passages (called nasal irrigation; saline nasal sprays are also available) can help relieve congestion. And chicken soup really can help you feel better. At least one study showed that it prevented a buildup of white blood cells, which can trigger the inflammatory response that makes you feel so poorly when you have a cold.
5 Do consider what’s causing persistent congestion. OTC nasal sprays are intended to relieve short-term congestion from such infections as the common cold, not to treat prolonged congestion. If your stuffiness lingers, ask your doctor what might be causing it, rather than overdoing it with sprays and risking the rebound effect. You could have an underlying problem such as allergies or a sinus infection. In those cases, the doctor might recommend a medication that’s more appropriate for chronic congestion, such as an antihistamine or a prescription nasal spray that contains a steroid.
Where’s the pseudoephedrine?
Even though pseudoephedrine is available without a prescription, it has been kept behind the counter at pharmacies since 2006 to discourage people from buying it to make the illegal drug methamphetamine. So you’ll have to ask the pharmacist for it.
Note that exceeding the recommended dose can cause dizziness, nervousness or sleeplessness. And even at normal doses it might be unsafe for people with hypertension, heart or thyroid disease, or an enlarged prostate.
In general, it’s best to try a nasal spray first for congestion and switch to pills only if you still have symptoms after three days.
Copyright 2012. Consumers Union of United States Inc.
Phenylephrine, a short-acting vasoconstrictor, is the active ingredient in Neo-Synephrine, a medicine cabinet staple since it entered the market in 1940. A longer-acting compound — oxymetazoline and xylometazoline — appeared in the 1960’s and is responsible for Afrin’s advertised 12-hour relief. (There is also a formulation of Neo-Synephrine containing oxymetazoline.)
“Afrin is safe and effective when used for three days,” said a spokeswoman for its maker, Schering-Plough. “We do not support extended use of this product.”
Though it is not entirely clear why, the blood vessels in the nasal lining quickly become tolerant to the drugs’ shrinking effects. With months of overuse, the sprays choke off blood flow to the nasal membranes and damage them. In some patients with severe cases, Dr. Bhattaharyya said, “the inside of their nose looks like a chemical burn.”
Dr. Goldstein said he had seen patients with holes in the nasal septum — the structure that separates the two breathing passages — from abuse of the decongestants.
Decongestants do not solve the problem that prompts their use, except in the case of a transient cold. The drugs should not be used for chronic conditions like seasonal or persistent allergies, for breathing obstruction caused by a deviated septum or for a common syndrome called vasomotor rhinitis, an innate hypersensitivity to irritants like chemicals, pollutants or cold air.
These afflictions are better treated with nasal steroids, like Rhinocort or Flonase, which build up their action over time to control chronic stuffiness without the risk of rebound or significant side effects.
For more acute problems, oral decongestants like Sudafed that work over a period of hours are a good choice because they lack the potential for rebound congestion. External strips that hold the nostrils open can also help at night.
Choose Nasal Spray Wisely
Health Minute Fall 2017 Aug 24, 2017
Nasal sprays can seem like an easy solution to frustrating congestion and post-nasal drip. But knowing what type of nasal spray is right for you is an important first step.
Before choosing a nasal spray, make a plan to visit your doctor to determine the cause of your congestion.
Nasal congestion can be caused by a variety of issues, including seasonal allergies, sinus infections, a cold, or the flu. Understanding the problem can help determine whether it is an issue that needs temporary relief or chronic care, according to Premier Physician Network (PPN) physicians.
The various types of nasal sprays available and the safest way to use them, according to PPN physicians and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), are:
- Intranasal antihistamines – These work in a similar way to antihistamines taken by mouth but instead are delivered through a spray into the nasal passages. They offer relief for seasonal rhinitis and allergies and are non-drowsy.
- Intranasal steroids – This spray works well if you have chronic sinusitis symptoms that are not caused by allergies, including pressure and pain over your sinuses and both anterior and posterior nasal drainage. This spray is safe for long-term use, but it’s important to use it as directed by your doctor. Once inside their nasal passage patients should aim toward the corner of their eye when spraying. If not aimed correctly, over time, the pressure of the spray can perforate the septum.
- Saline spray – Saline sprays are a good way to moisturize the nasal passages when they dry out, especially during winter months. However, this type of spray also can be used as a decongestant and can be used as long as it’s needed.
- Vasoconstrictors – These sprays can be found over-the-counter by names such as Afrin and Neo-Synephrine. While these are good for instant relief of nasal congestion from a cold or infection, patients can be at risk while using them. They can seem helpful because they can clear airways quickly, but they shouldn’t be used for more than three days. Though they provide relief, they can make the nose more stuffed up after you quit using them. This causes a rebound effect for many people, who then have a hard time quitting the use of the spray.
If you are having issues with nasal congestion, start by talking with your doctor before choosing a nasal spray to make sure you have the best kind for your symptoms. And, make sure to follow your physician’s instructions for using any type of nasal spray.
For more information about earaches, talk with your doctor or visit us online to find a physician.
Nasal Sprays: How to Use Them Correctly
Nasal sprays are liquid medicines that you spray into your nose. Most often, nasal sprays are nasal decongestants. These decongestants relieve the congestion (stuffiness) in your nose. Congestion is often a symptom of a cold or allergies.
Using nasal sprays the correct way can take some practice.
Path to improved health
Prescription nasal sprays come in two different kinds of containers: pressurized canisters and pump bottles.
Steps for using a pressurized canister:
- Gently blow your nose to clear it of mucus before using the medicine.
- Make sure the canister fits snugly in its holder. Shake the canister several times just before using it.
- Keep your head upright. Breathe out slowly.
- Hold your nasal spray canister in one hand. Insert the canister tip in your nose, aiming the tip toward the back of your head. Use your finger to close the nostril on the side not receiving the medicine.
- Press down on the canister as you begin to breathe in slowly through your nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril. If you are using more than one spray in each nostril, follow all these steps again.
- Try not to sneeze or blow your nose just after using the spray.
Steps for using a pump bottle:
- Gently blow your nose to clear it of mucus before using the medicine.
- Remove the cap. Shake the bottle. The first time you use the pump spray each day, you may have to “prime” it. Do this by squirting a few times into the air until a fine mist comes out.
- Tilt your head forward slightly. Breathe out slowly.
- Hold the pump bottle with your thumb at the bottom and your index and middle fingers on top. Insert the canister tip in your nose, aiming the tip toward the back of your head. Use a finger on your other hand to close your nostril on the side not receiving the medicine.
- Squeeze the pump as you begin to breathe in slowly through your nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril. If you are using more than one spray in each nostril, follow all these steps again.
- Try not to sneeze or blow your nose just after using the spray.
- Remember, it may take up to 2 weeks of using a nasal steroid spray before you notice the full effects.
- Wash the canister device at least once a week.
- Be sure you can sniff air through each nostril before spraying. Otherwise the medicine will be wasted because it will not go deep into your nose.
- Aim straight. Point the nozzle of the nasal spray container toward the back of your head. If you don’t spray straight, you will waste the medicine and may cause more irritation in your nose.
- If the pump spray is used correctly, the spray should not drip from your nose or down the back of your throat.
- If your nose hurts, if you begin to have nosebleeds,or if the inside of your nose stings, stop using the spray for 1 to 2 days. Sometimes it helps to use a saline nose spray (some brands: SalineX, Ocean Nasal Mist, or NaSal) just before you use your regular medicine.
- Use your medicines just the way your doctor tells you. Most nasal sprays work best when used regularly and consistently.
- Keep your medicine away from sunlight.
Things to consider
Overusing nasal spray can damage the inside of your nose. It can also cause what is called the “rebound effect.” With continuous use, your nose stops responding to nasal spray. This may cause you to use more and more nasal spray to get the results you had before. The more you use, though, the worse it gets. This is the rebound effect. It can even lead to chronic sinus infections. Do not use an over-the-counter nasal spray for more than 3 days. If you have questions about how long you should use a nasal spray, call your doctor.
See your doctor if you are using nasal spray as directed and still getting no relief. He or she may be able to prescribe you something that will work.
Questions for your doctor
- Why should I use nasal spray instead of pills or liquid decongestants?
- Are there any side effects for nasal sprays?
- How old should you be before using nasal sprays?
- Are nasal sprays addictive?