Milk of magnesia 8

Milk Of Magnesia

Milk of Magnesia is a brand name for magnesium hydroxide, a medication used to treat constipation.

It’s a type of laxative known as an oral osmotic; it works by drawing water into the colon from the body tissues surrounding it. This allows the stool to pass more easily.

Milk of Magnesia can be taken as a liquid or a tablet. A bowel movement should occur within a half hour to six hours after taking it.

Milk of Magnesia can also be used as an antacid. It can help relieve heartburn, sour stomach, and acid indigestion.

It’s an over-the-counter (OTC) drug that’s available without a prescription. Many companies offer it as a brand name, such as Ex-Lax Milk of Magnesia and Phillips’ Milk of Magnesia.

Before trying Milk of Magnesia or other laxatives, your doctor may advise you to try lifestyle changes to encourage healthy bowel movements, such as:

  • Eating more fiber-rich foods (fruits, whole-grain cereals, vegetables)
  • Increasing the amount of water and other fluids
  • Getting regular exercise

Your doctor will also want to rule out any serious condition that might be causing constipation, such as appendicitis or an obstruction in the bowel.

Milk of Magnesia Warnings

Milk of Magnesia should only be used on a short-term basis to treat occasional constipation. That’s because oral laxatives can sometimes interfere with how your body absorbs other medicines.

Chronic use may also decrease your colon’s ability to contract, and actually make your constipation worse over time.

If you have kidney disease or are on a magnesium-restricted diet, talk to your doctor before using Milk of Magnesia.

Pregnancy and Milk of Magnesia

If you are pregnant, check with your doctor before taking Milk of Magnesia.

Also ask your doctor before taking Milk of Magnesia if you are breastfeeding.

Milk of Magnesia for Acne and Oily Skin

Milk of Magnesia in liquid form can also be a gentle topical treatment for acne and oily skin, some experts believe.

The evidence for this, however, is largely anecdotal. In a 1975 letter published in the Archives of Dermatology, an application of topical Milk of Magnesia every night was found to help those with acne.

Treatment was paired with oral antibiotics and two washes a day with a fat-free soap. Those who tried it reported less redness from acne and fewer breakouts. It was not a formal study, however.

If you plan to try Milk of Magnesia for acne or oily skin, check with your doctor first.

Phillips Caplets Side effects

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  • Side effects of Phillips Caplets in details
  • Phillips Caplets contraindications
  • Phillips Caplets reviews

What are the possible side effects of Phillips Caplets?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using Phillips Caplets gluconate and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • nausea or vomiting;

  • fast or slow heart rate;

  • feeling light-headed, fainting; or

  • warmth, tingling, or redness under your skin.

Continue taking Phillips Caplets gluconate and talk to your doctor if you have any of these less serious side effects:

  • diarrhea;

  • bloating, gas; or

  • upset stomach.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

Side effects of Phillips Caplets in details

A side effect of any drug can be defined as the unwanted or undesired effect produced by the drug. The side effect can be major or in few medications minor that can be ignored. Side effects not only vary from drug to drug, but it also depends on the dose of the drug, the individual sensitivity of the person, brand or company which manufactures it. If side effects overweigh the actual effect of the medicine, it may be difficult to convince the patient to take the drug. Few patients get specific side effects to specific drugs; in that case, a doctor replaces the drug with another. If you feel any side effect and it troubles you, do not forget to share with your healthcare practitioner. sponsored

The adverse effects of parenterally administered Phillips Caplets usually are the result of Phillips Caplets intoxication. These include flushing, sweating, hypotension, depressed reflexes, flaccid paralysis, hypothermia, circulatory collapse, cardiac and central nervous system depression proceeding to respiratory paralysis. Hypocalcemia with signs of tetany secondary to Phillips Caplets sulfate therapy for eclampsia has been reported.

What is the most important information I should know about Phillips Caplets?

  • Lab tests, including Phillips Caplets levels, may be performed while you use Phillips Caplets. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Phillips Caplets should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Phillips Caplets while you are pregnant. It is not known if Phillips Caplets is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Phillips Caplets contraindications

Contraindication can be described as a special circumstance or a disease or a condition wherein you are not supposed to use the drug or undergo particular treatment as it can harm the patient; at times, it can be dangerous and life threatening as well. When a procedure should not be combined with other procedure or when a medicine cannot be taken with another medicine, it is called Relative contraindication. Contraindications should be taken seriously as they are based on the relative clinical experience of health care providers or from proven research findings. sponsored

Do NOT use Calcium Carbonate/Phillips Caplets Carbonate if:

you are allergic to any ingredient in Calcium Carbonate/Phillips Caplets Carbonate

you have an increased calcium level in your blood

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Reviews

The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Phillips Caplets are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Phillips Caplets. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

What is milk of magnesia used for?

Milk of magnesia is a mint flavoured oral suspension used to relieve stomach discomfort, including indigestion, heartburn and trapped wind.

It may also be used as a laxative to treat bouts of short term constipation. It is suitable for adults and children over the age of three.

Phillips’ milk of magnesia relieves indigestion and symptoms of upset stomach by neutralising the acid in your stomach.

How and when do I take it?

This medicine can be taken on its own, or with milk or water. It is important to drink plenty of fluid throughout your treatment. For oral use only.

Shake the bottle well before each dose. Measure each dose with the dosing cup provided.

Treating indigestion and heartburn

For the treatment of indigestion symptoms in adults, the recommended dose is one or two 5ml spoonfuls. This dose may be repeated as necessary until the maximum daily dose of twelve 5ml spoonfuls is reached.

The recommended dose for children aged between 3 – 12 is one 5ml spoonfuls, taken up to six times daily.

Treating constipation

For the treatment of constipation in adults, the recommended dose is six to nine 5ml spoonfuls taken at bedtime. Repeat nightly until constipation has been treated.

The recommended dose for children (aged 3 – 12) is one – two 5ml spoonfuls taken at bedtime.

Important information

If you are treating constipation, do not use for more than three days. If symptoms persist after three consecutive days of use, consult your doctor or GP.

For the treatment of indigestion and stomach discomfort, this medicine may be used for up to 14 days.

Do not exceed the recommended dose.

If you experience any side effects, stop taking this medicine consult your doctor.Please note: You should talk to your doctor before taking milk of magnesia if you have kidney problems, are taking any other medication or are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Keep out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not take if you are allergic to magnesium hydroxide or any of the following ingredients: Sodium hydrogen carbonate, oil of peppermint, glycerol, sodium saccharin and purified water.

Use within six months of opening.

What is Milk of Magnesia?

Magnesium is a naturally occurring mineral. Milk of Magnesia reduces stomach acid, and increases water in the intestines which may induce bowel movements.

Milk of Magnesia is used as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation.

Milk of Magnesia is also used as an antacid to relieve indigestion, sour stomach, and heartburn.

Milk of Magnesia may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Do not use Milk of Magnesia without a doctor’s advice if you have stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting.

Since Milk of Magnesia is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it’s almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.

What should I avoid while taking Milk of Magnesia?

Follow your doctor’s instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

What other drugs will affect Milk of Magnesia?

Other drugs may affect Milk of Magnesia, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.

More about Milk of Magnesia (magnesium hydroxide)

  • Side Effects
  • During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
  • Dosage Information
  • Drug Interactions
  • Support Group
  • Pricing & Coupons
  • En Español
  • 26 Reviews
  • Drug class: antacids
  • FDA Alerts (1)

Other brands: Phillips’ Milk of Magnesia, Dulcolax Milk of Magnesia, Pedia-Lax Chewable Tablets, Ex-Lax Milk of Magnesia

  • Constipation
  • Acne
  • Indigestion

Some laxatives work quickly, within 15-30 minutes, and some take one or two days to work. You should drink plenty of fluid when you are taking laxatives (8-10 cups per day). Laxatives are usually taken for a few days until your bowel movements have returned to normal. A few people need to take them long-term.

What are laxatives?

Laxatives are a group of medicines that are used to treat constipation. They can be taken by mouth as liquids, tablets, or capsules, or they can be given via the back passage (rectum) – for example, suppositories, or enemas. Suppositories are pellet-shaped laxatives that are inserted into the rectum, via the anus. An enema is a liquid that is inserted into the rectum and lower part of the gut (bowel), via the anus.

There are four main groups of laxatives that work in different ways. Each laxative may have different brand names:

  • Bulk-forming laxatives (also known as fibre supplements). For example, ispaghula (psyllium) husk, methylcellulose and sterculia. Unprocessed bran is a cheap fibre supplement.
  • Osmotic laxatives. For example, lactulose, macrogols, (also called polyethylene glycol, or PEG), phosphate enemas and sodium citrate enemas.
  • Stimulant laxatives. For example, bisacodyl, docusate sodium, glycerol, senna and sodium picosulfate.
  • Faecal softeners. For example, arachis (peanut) oil enemas, and liquid paraffin.

Some laxatives work in more than one way. There are also a number of newer medicines for constipation, which work differently to the groups above. These don’t all necessarily work by their direct effect on the gut. These include prucalopride, lubiprostone, and linaclotide.

What is constipation?

Constipation is the name for the condition where stools (faeces) become hard and difficult or painful to pass. The time between opening your bowels increases compared with your usual pattern.

Note: there is a large range of normal bowel habit. Some people normally go to the toilet to pass faeces 2-3 times per day. For others, 2-3 times per week is normal. It is a change from your usual pattern that may mean that you are constipated. Sometimes crampy pains occur in the lower part of your tummy (abdomen). You may also feel bloated and feel sick if you have severe constipation.

Constipation may be caused by not eating enough fibre, or not drinking enough fluids. It can also be a side-effect of certain medicines, or related to an underlying medical condition. In many cases, the cause is not clear.

For more information see the separate leaflet called Constipation.

How do laxatives work?

Bulk-forming laxatives are sometimes called fibre supplements. They increase the bulk of your stools (faeces) in a similar way to fibre. They partly work by absorbing water (a bit like blotting paper). The increase in the bulk of your faeces stimulates the muscles in your gut to squeeze faeces along and out of the body. Fibre is the part of plant food that is not digested. It stays in your gut and is passed in the stools. Fibre adds bulk to the stools. You can increase your fibre intake by food as well as medication.

Osmotic laxatives work by increasing the amount of fluid in the large bowel by drawing fluid into it (osmosis). Less fluid is then absorbed into the bloodstream from the large bowel. The bowels become more filled (distended) because of the extra fluid, and the stools are softer. The extra volume stimulates the muscles of the walls of the bowels to contract. These muscle contractions (called peristalsis) squeeze the faeces along.

Stimulant laxatives stimulate the nerves in the large bowel (the colon and rectum – sometimes also called the large intestine). This then causes the muscle in the wall of the large bowel to squeeze harder than usual. This pushes the faeces along and out.

Stool (faecal) softeners work by wetting and softening the faeces.

Which laxatives are usually prescribed or recommended?

Mostly, laxatives are taken by mouth (orally). In some cases, your doctor may prefer to treat your constipation by giving medication via the back passage (anus). The choice of laxative usually depends on various factors. These include what you would prefer, the symptoms of constipation that you have, how severe your constipation is, the possible side-effects of the laxative, your other medical conditions, and cost. As a general rule:

  • Treatment with a bulk-forming laxative is usually tried first.
  • If stools (faeces) remain hard despite using a bulk-forming laxative then an osmotic laxative tends to be tried, or used in addition to a bulk-forming laxative.
  • If stools are soft but you still find them difficult to pass then a stimulant laxative may be added in.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding there are a number of laxatives that are thought to be safe to take. If you do need to take a laxative when you are pregnant or breastfeeding you should always ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice about which one you should use.

Sometimes, an enema is needed in severe constipation and can be used to clear out the lower bowel (rectum).

High doses of the macrogol osmotic laxatives are used to treat constipation when it is very severe and the stools are stuck (impacted). This should be under the supervision and advice of a doctor.

Liquid paraffin used to be commonly used as a faecal softener. However, it is now not recommended, as it may cause side-effects such as seeping from the anus and irritating the skin, and it can interfere with the absorption of some vitamins from the gut.

The newer medicine, linaclotide, is used for people with constipation due to irritable bowel syndrome who are not responding to other treatments. Lubiprostone is a newer medicine occasionally used in adults who have severe constipation not responding to other treatments. Prucalopride is for women only who have severe constipation which is not responding to other treatments.

How long do laxatives take to work?

Bulk-forming laxatives can have some effect within 12-24 hours but their full effect usually takes 2-3 days to develop.

Osmotic laxatives such as lactulose can take 2-3 days to have any effect so they are not suitable for the rapid relief of constipation.

Stimulant laxatives usually work within 6-12 hours. A bedtime dose is recommended so you are likely to feel the urge to go to the toilet sometime the following morning. However, you may try taking it at different times in the day to find the best time of day for you. Some people naturally have their bowel movements later in the day rather than in the morning.

Stool (faecal) softeners usually work within 12 to 72 hours.

Laxatives that are given via the back passage (rectum) – suppositories or enemas – usually work within 15-30 minutes. Stronger osmotic laxatives such as phosphate enemas can be used to clear the bowel quickly, in just a few minutes.

How long should I take a laxative for?

This depends on what type of constipation you have. Most people only need to take a laxative for a short time, to get over a bout of constipation. Once the constipation eases, you can normally stop the laxative. Some people get into the habit of taking a laxative each day ‘to keep the bowels regular’ or to prevent constipation. This is not advised, especially for laxatives which are not bulk-forming.

Some people have persistent (chronic) constipation and this can be more difficult to treat. In some situations, laxatives are needed for longer periods (sometimes even indefinitely) and they should not be stopped suddenly. Chronic constipation is sometimes complicated by a backlog of hard stools (faeces) building up in the bowel (faecal loading) or even partially blocking it (impaction). If loading and impaction occur they need to be treated first, often with much higher doses of laxatives. Then a normal maintenance dose of laxatives is used to keep the bowels moving.

What are the side-effects?

It is not possible to list all the possible side-effects of each laxative in this leaflet. However, as with all medicines, there are a number of side-effects that have been reported with each of the different laxatives. If you want more information specific to your laxative then you should read the information leaflet that comes with the medicine.

Laxatives very rarely cause serious side-effects. Common side-effects include wind (flatulence), cramps, diarrhoea, feeling sick, and bloating. Most of the side-effects can be avoided or reduced by starting off on a low dose and increasing the dose of oral laxatives gradually.

If you are taking bulk-forming laxatives, you may notice an increase in flatulence and tummy (abdominal) bloating. This is normal and tends to settle down after a few weeks as the gut becomes used to the increase in fibre (or bulk-forming laxative). Occasionally, bulk-forming laxatives can make symptoms worse if you have very severe constipation. This is because they may cause abdominal bloating and discomfort without doing much to clear a lot of stools (faeces) which are stuck further down the gut. See a doctor if you feel that bulk-forming laxatives are making your symptoms worse.

These medicines sometimes react with other medicines that you may take. So, make sure your doctor knows of any other medicines that you are taking, including ones that you have bought over the counter. See the leaflet that comes with your particular brand for a full list of possible side-effects and cautions.

When taking a laxative

Some important considerations are:

  • Drinking plenty of fluid.
  • Avoiding taking too much of the laxative.

Drink plenty of fluid

It is important that you drink plenty of fluid when taking any laxative. This means drinking at least two litres per day (8-10 cups). An osmotic laxative can make you dry (dehydrated). If you take a bulk-forming laxative and you do not drink enough fluid this can cause a blockage in the gut. The stools (faeces) may become dry and difficult to pass.

Avoid taking too much laxative

Taking too much of some laxatives can lead to diarrhoea and losing too much salt from the body. Taking too much of a bulk-forming laxative, or not drinking enough fluid with a bulk-forming laxative, causes a blockage in the gut rather than diarrhoea.

If you take bran, it is best to build up the amount gradually. Start with two teaspoons a day, and double the amount every five days until you reach about 1-3 tablespoons per day. You can sprinkle bran on breakfast cereals, or mix it with fruit juices, milk, stews, soups, crumbles, pastries, scones, etc.

Who cannot take laxatives?

In general, most people are able to take laxatives. You should not take laxatives if you:

  • Have a blockage in your gut.
  • Have Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, unless specifically advised by your doctor.

What about natural laxatives?

The information above is about laxatives that are commonly prescribed. However, it is well known that certain foods have laxative properties and some people prefer to try natural remedies. Foods that have laxative properties mainly work because they are high in fibre but some foods may also have some stimulant or osmotic properties. The following are two examples of natural laxatives.

Prunes

Prunes (dried plums) have long been thought of as effective for constipation. Up until recently, there had been little scientific proof of this. However, a small research trial published in 2011 (see ‘Further Reading and References’ at the end of this leaflet) lends support to the belief that prunes are good for treating constipation. In the trial, 40 adults with persistent (chronic) constipation were studied as to the effect of prunes versus ispaghula (psyllium) – a commonly used treatment for constipation. Briefly, on average, 50 g of prunes (about six prunes) twice daily seemed to be better at easing constipation than 11 g ispaghula taken twice daily. This is just one small trial, but does seem to confirm the common belief that prunes are good for easing constipation.

The Beverley-Travis Natural Laxative Mixture

This recipe (detailed below) was studied in a research trial that involved older people in a care home. A treatment group was compared to a non-treatment group. The conclusion of the study stated that: ‘The Beverley-Travis Natural Laxative Mixture, given at a dosage of two tablespoons twice daily, is easy to use, cost-effective, and more effective than daily prescribed laxatives at producing normal bowel movements.’ So, it may be worth a try:

  • Recipe ingredients – one cup each of: raisins; pitted prunes; figs; dates; currants; prune juice concentrate.
  • Directions – combine contents together in a grinder or blender to a thickened consistency. Store in a refrigerator between uses.
  • Dose – two tablespoons twice a day. Increase or decrease the dose according to consistency and frequency of bowel movements.
How to use the Yellow Card Scheme

If you think you have had a side-effect to one of your medicines you can report this on the Yellow Card Scheme. You can do this online at www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

The Yellow Card Scheme is used to make pharmacists, doctors and nurses aware of any new side-effects that medicines or any other healthcare products may have caused. If you wish to report a side-effect, you will need to provide basic information about:

  • The side-effect.
  • The name of the medicine which you think caused it.
  • The person who had the side-effect.
  • Your contact details as the reporter of the side-effect.

It is helpful if you have your medication – and/or the leaflet that came with it – with you while you fill out the report.

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