Is it safe to eat papaya seeds?


Health Benefits of Papaya Seeds for Digestion, Hypertension Prevention

We all know fruits and vegetables are healthy, but we bet you didn’t know that some can play a crucial role in your overall health and well being. Papaya is one such fruit and even though you’re used to trashing those seeds, we hope you’ll start crunching away on their edible goodness.

One of the great things about papaya seeds is that you really only need to eat a small portion of them in order to receive their many health benefits.

1. Detox Effects

Many types of fruits and vegetables have a detoxifying effect on your body. The antioxidants in papaya fruit and seeds and their high fiber content also help, but the papaya fruit itself has a lot of unique qualities that promote the detox process.

People who consume papaya seeds are less likely to get renal failure later in life. Papaya seeds also can be used to promote kidney health allowing the kidneys to naturally help your body to rid itself of toxins.

The liver is also incredibly important when it comes to your body’s natural ability to rid itself of toxins, and eating papaya seeds can promote liver health as well.

Even people who have severe cirrhosis of the liver will be more likely to recover if they consume papaya seeds. However, the consumption of papaya seeds can also make a huge difference when it comes to preventing liver diseases as well.

2. Papaya Seeds and Anti-Inflammation

Inflammation causes a wide range of different health problems and consequences, including redness, joint problems, pain, arthritis, and swelling.

Many long-term chronic illnesses are also linked to inflammation. Papaya seeds can help to get rid of many problems caused by inflammation while preventing a wide range of problems associated with chronic inflammation.

Combining papaya seeds with an additionally powerful anti-inflammatory supplement like curcumin can act as a catalyst to heighten the potency of papaya seeds. Just be sure to do your research because not all curcumin is effectively absorbed into the system.

3. Improved Digestion

Papaya seeds are rich in the enzyme papain with is proven to boost digestive capabilities making it easier to digest proteins.

4. Age-Defying Skin

As the body ages, it becomes less capable of skin renewal and repair. Achieve a more youthful glow by adding papaya seeds to your diet, as many of the nutrients contained within promote rejuvenation. Papain, an active enzyme in papaya seeds is currently being studied for topical applications on burns, irritations, and wounds and has been used in traditional Hawaiian and Tahitian skin treatments for centuries.

5. Anti-Cancer Benefits

Many of the antioxidants found in papaya seeds can make all the difference when it comes to warding off various types of cancer. Eating papaya seeds is particularly beneficial when it comes to preventing the development of leukemia, breast cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, and prostate cancer.

Papaya seeds contain the phytochemical isothiocyanate and numerous other compounds that have been shown in studies to actively slow the growth of tumor cells.

6. Lower Blood Pressure

When consumed on a regular basis, papaya seeds have been shown to lower blood pressure due and in some cases prevent high blood pressure altogether thanks to the existence of carpaine, an alkaloid component of the papaya fruit which has been studied for its positive cardiovascular effects.

7. Fighting Infectious Diseases

In Costa Rica and Nigeria, papaya seeds have been popular remedies for various infectious diseases thanks to the anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties of these seeds.

| Related: 8 Health Benefits of Eating Pineapple: Anti-Inflammation Food |

And although many plants contain natural defenses against parasites and bacteria the papaya fruit leads the pack in fighting a whole host of unwanted infectious diseases, from salmonella poisoning to typhoid fever, and staph infections.

The Bottom Line

Papaya seeds should never end up in the trash. They’re surprisingly delicious, and they have immense health benefits. Adding a turmeric supplement to your day adds additional anti-inflammatory benefits.

It’s also important to note that excessive consumption of papaya may lead to many side effects, notably pregnancy-related issues.

Additionally, while papaya seeds do have strong anti-parasitic properties, they may be too powerful for young children’s gastrointestinal tracts, so a doctor should be consulted before giving them to infants.

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I am not aware of concern about papaya seed consumption because of carpaine. Carpaine is an alkaloid that may be found in papaya seeds but is more concentrated in papaya leaves. The only published study on this papaya alkaloid that I’ve seen was conducted in laboratory animals in 1978, and it did not involve papaya seeds. The leaves of the papaya plant were used for that study.

Yet, I have seen published controversy about papaya seeds in two basic areas.

The first of these areas involves genetic engineering of the seeds. Problems with ringspot virus, particularly in Hawaii, initially prompted growers to gravitate toward genetically modified papaya seeds that could produce plants better able to withstand damage from this virus. Because evidence of the genetic modification began to show up in organically grown papaya fruit (organically grown foods are not allowed to undergo any type of genetic modification), Hawaiian growers protested that their food quality and livelihood were being jeopardized. I have not seen any published data on health risks associated with consumption of genetically modified papaya, but I always favor purchase of organically-grown foods (including papaya) to avoid any unknown but potential risks in this area.

The second issue I’ve seen with papaya seeds is toxicity related to chloroform or other synthetic extracts derived from the seeds. Animal studies have shown increased problems with infertility resulting from consumption of these very high-dose synthetic extracts. These problems have included reduced sperm count and reduced sperm motility. I don’t believe these studies on animals (involving high-dose synthetic-seed extracts) apply in any direct way to human consumption of papaya seeds. I would also note that some of these animal studies involved intramuscular injection of the seed extracts—making the studies even less applicable to the situation of a human eating fresh papaya with seeds included.

I have seen one study that showed potential immune benefits associated with consumption of papaya seeds.

Based on all of the above evidence, I continue to believe that papaya seeds are safe to eat in an amount proportional to the natural amount of fresh papaya fruit being enjoyed.

For more information on this topic, please see:

  • Papaya

Adebiyi A, Ganesan Adaikan P, Prasad RN. Tocolytic and toxic activity of papaya seed extract on isolated rat uterus. Life Sci. 2003;74(5):581-92.

Kermanshai R, McCarry BE, Rosenfeld J, et al. Benzyl isothiocyanate is the chief or sole anthelmintic in papaya seed extracts. Phytochemistry. 2001;57(3):427-35.

Verma RJ, Nambiar D, Chinoy NJ. Toxicological effects of Carica papaya seed extract on spermatozoa of mice. J Appl Toxicol. 2006;26(6):533-5.


Medically reviewed by Last updated on Mar 22, 2019.

Clinical Overview


A. triloba has been used medicinally, as well as for food and as a material in fishing nets. Although it exhibits cytotoxic and pesticidal activity, published clinical trials are lacking to support its use for any indication.

Clinical trials are lacking to provide guidance on dosing, and concerns of toxicity persist.


None identified; however, concerns of neurotoxicity persist.


Avoid use. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking.

None well documented.

May cause contact dermatitis.

Pawpaw fruit contains the neurotoxins annonacin and squamocin, and has been linked to Parkinsonism in some reports; however, case studies are lacking.

Scientific Family

  • Annonaceae (Custard apple)


A. triloba, commonly known as “pawpaw,” is from the custard-apple family and should not be confused with Carica papaya from the papaya family (see Papaya monograph).1, 2

A. triloba is a small, North American tree that grows approximately 3 to 12 meters tall. It is common in the temperate woodlands of the eastern United States and is an orchard crop in several states.3 Its large, drooping leaves give the plant a tropical appearance. The dark brown, velvety flowers, which can bloom for up to 6 weeks, are approximately 5 cm across and grow in umbrella-like whorls similar to those of some magnolia species. The fruit is smooth-skinned and yellow to greenish-brown in color, measures from approximately 8 to 15 cm long, and can reach up to 0.45 kg in weight. It resembles a short, thick banana and is similar in nutrient value but has a very short shelf life, which currently limits culinary and commercial uses.3 The yellow, soft, custard-like pulp is edible but sickly sweet in flavor and contains dark seeds.4, 5, 6


Pawpaw bark has been used medicinally due its useful alkaloid content. It has also been used as food by American Indians and the thin, fibrous, inner bark has been used to make fishing nets.4

The seeds of several Annonaceous species have an emetic properties, and in 1898 Eli Lilly Inc. sold an A. triloba extract for inducing emesis.6 Topical preparations exploit the pesticidal properties of the plant. An ointment for use in oral herpes is commercially available.7, 8


The bark, roots, twigs, and seeds of A. triloba contain acetogenins, long-chain, aliphatic compounds with 35 to 39 carbon atoms ending with a gamma-lactone, cyclized in tetrahydrofuran rings. Acetogenins are polyketide-derived molecules and are unique to the Annonaceae family. About 400 acetogenins from Asimina and other genera have been identified.7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

A variety of essential oils and other extracts from the leaf of the pawpaw plant have been described, with sesquiterpenes dominating the oil composition (83%).15, 16 The fruit, which contains phenolic acids and flavonoids, is a dietary source of antioxidants, although flavonoid content decreases greatly with ripening.3, 17, 18, 19 The fruit contains fatty acids ranging from C6 to C20.20

Uses and Pharmacology


Animal data

The pawpaw tree is usually insect- or disease-resistant because of its acetogenin content, which deters the feeding of many organisms.21 Antifungal and pesticidal properties have been demonstrated, with different plant parts having differing potencies. Small twigs yielded the most potent extract, while the leaves were the least potent. Unripe fruits, seeds, root wood and bark, and stem bark were also potent.22 Extracts of the plant were anthelminthic in vitro.23

Clinical data

Despite the availability of topical preparations, no clinical data exist regarding the use of A. triloba for antimicrobial effects.8


Certain acetogenins have exhibited cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines.9, 24, 25, 26 A mechanism of action may be inhibition of mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide: ubiquinone oxidoreductase, causing a decrease in cellular adenosine triphosphate levels.21, 27 Acetogenins may also inhibit hypoxia-inducible factor-1, resulting in the suppression of angiogenesis in tumors.28 Despite concerns regarding the toxicity of A. triloba extracts, limited studies have been conducted in rodents. Acetogenins may be less toxic than standard chemotherapy.7

No clinical data exist regarding the use of A. triloba in cancer; however, a trial has been conducted using acetogenins from an unrelated plant.29


Clinical trials are lacking to provide guidance on dosing, and concerns of toxicity persist.30

Pregnancy / Lactation

Avoid use. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking.


None well documented.

Adverse Reactions

Handling of the fruit may produce a skin rash in sensitive individuals.1 The sensitizing potential of the pawpaw was examined in guinea pigs; the crude extract of the stem bark was found to be a weak sensitizer and to elicit allergic contact dermatitis. This report also determined the active compound asimicin to be a weak irritant.31 Acetogenins may also be irritating to the eyes.1


Pawpaw fruit contains the neurotoxins annonacin and squamocin,32 and has been linked to Parkinsonism in some reports;30 however, case studies are lacking.10 Neurotoxicity has been reported in rodents.8, 33 Ames tests for mutagenicity have largely been negative.8

1. Duke J, Bogenschutz-Godwin M, duCellier J, Duke P. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2002.2. Asimina triloba L. USDA, NCRS. 2015. The PLANTS Database (, 2015). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. 2015.3. Brannan RG, Peters T, Talcott ST. Phytochemical analysis of ten varieties of pawpaw (Asimina triloba Dunal) fruit pulp. Food Chem. 2015;168:656-661.251727604. Hocking GM. A Dictionary of Natural Products: Terms in the Field of Pharmacognosy Relating to Natural Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Materials and the Plants, Animals, and Minerals From Which They Are Derived. Medford, NJ: Plexus Publishing; 1997: 80.5. Davidson A. Fruit: A Connoisseur’s Guide and Cookbook. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster; 1991: 123-124.6. Pomper KW. Acetogenin update. Kentucky State University. 2009. Johnson HA, Oberlies NH, Alali FQ, McLaughlin JL. Thwarting resistance: Annonaceous acetogenins as new pesticidal and antitumor agents. In: Cutler SJ, Cutler HG, eds. Biologically Active Natural Products: Pharmaceuticals. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2000.8. McLaughlin JL. Paw paw and cancer: annonaceous acetogenins from discovery to commercial products. J Nat Prod. 2008;71(7):1311-1321.185980799. Zhao GX, Rieser MJ, Hui YH, Miesbauer LR, Smith DL, McLaughlin JL. Biologically active acetogenins from stem bark of Asimina triloba. Phytochemistry. 1993;33(5):1065-1073.776402810. Gupta A, Pandey S, Shah DR, Yadav JS, Seth NR. Annonaceous acetogenins: The unrevealed area for cytotoxic and pesticidal activities. Syst Rev Pharm. 2011;2(2):104-109.11. Kim EJ, Tian F, Woo MH. Asitrocin, (2,4)- cis- and trans-asitrocinones: novel bioactive mono-tetrahydrofuran acetogenins from Asimina triloba seeds. J Nat Prod. 2000;63(11):1503-1506.1108759212. Kim EJ, Suh KM, Kim DH, et al. Asimitrin and 4-hydroxytrilobin, new bioactive annonaceous acetogenins from the seeds of Asimina triloba possessing a bis-tetrahydrofuran ring. J Nat Prod. 2005;68(2):194-197.1573024213. Bruneton J. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris, France: Lavoisier; 1995: 156.14. Duke J. Handbook of Biologically Active Phytochemicals and Their Activities. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc; 1992.15. Derevinskaya T, et al. Some problems of the quality of drug-technical raw material of Asimina triloba. Farm Zh. 1983;38:49-52.16. Farag MA. Chemical composition and biological activities of Asimina triloba leaf essential oil. Pharm Biol. 2009;47(10):982-986.17. Brannan RG, Peters T, Talcott ST. Phytochemical analysis of ten varieties of pawpaw (Asimina triloba Dunal) fruit pulp. Food Chem. 2015;168:656-661.18. Kobayashi H, Wang C, Pomper KW. Phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of pawpaw fruit (Asimina triloba L.) at different ripening stages. HortScience. 2008;43(1):268-270.19. Harris GG, Brannan RG. A preliminary evaluation of antioxidant compounds, reducing potential, and radical scavenging of pawpaw (Asimina tribloba) fruit pulp from different stages of ripeness. LWT – Food Sci Technol. 2009;42(1):275-279.20. Wood R, Peterson S. Lipids of the pawpaw fruit: Asimina triloba. Lipids. 1999;34(10):1099-1106.1058033721. Janick J. Progress in New Crops. Arlington, VA: ASHS Press; 1996: 609-614.22. Ratnayake S, Rupprecht JK, Potter VM, McLaughlin JL. Evaluation of various parts of the paw paw tree, Asimina triloba (Annonaceae), as commercial sources of the pesticidal annonaceous acetogenins. J Econ Entomol. 1992;85(6):2353-2356.146469123. Ferreira JF, Peaden P, Keiser J. In vitro trematocidal effects of crude alcoholic extracts of Artemisia annua, A. absinthium, Asimina triloba, and Fumaria officinalis: trematocidal plant alcoholic extracts. Parasitol Res. 2011;109(6):1585-1592.2156276224. Zhao G, Hui Y, Rupprecht JK, McLaughlin JL, Wood KV. Additional bioactive compounds and trilobacin, a novel highly cytotoxic acetogenin, from the bark of Asimina triloba. J Nat Prod. 1992;55(3):347-356.159328125. He K, Shi G, Zhao GX, et al. Three new adjacent bis-tetrahydrofuran acetogenins with four hydroxyl groups from Asimina triloba. J Nat Prod. 1996;59(11):1029-1034.894674326. Woo MH, Cho KY, Zhang L, Gu ZM, McLaughlin JL. Asimilobin and cis- and trans-murisolinones, novel bioactive Annonaceous acetogenins from the seeds of Asimina triloba. J Nat Prod. 1995;58(10):1533-1542.867613027. Zhao GX, Miesbauer LR, Smith DL, McLaughlin JL. Asimin, asiminacin, and asiminecin: novel highly cytotoxic asimicin isomers from Asimina triloba. J Med Chem. 1994;37(13):1971-1976.802797928. Coothankandaswamy V, Liu Y, Mao SC, et al. The alternative medicine pawpaw and its acetogenin constituents suppress tumor angiogenesis via the HIF-1/VEGF pathway. J Nat Prod. 2010;73(5):956-961.2042310729. Indrawati L; Indonesia University. Effect of Annona muricata leaves on colorectal cancer patients and colorectal cancer cells. In: Bethesda, MD: National Library of Medicine. NLM Identifier: NCT02439580. Updated May 12, 2015. Accessed September 7, 2015.30. Levine RA, Richards KM, Tran K, Luo R, Thomas AL, Smith RE. Determination of neurotoxic acetogenins in pawpaw (Asimina triloba) fruit by LC-HRMS . J Agric Food Chem.2559410410.1021/jf504500g31. Smith RE, Tran K, Richards KM. Bioactive Annonaceous acetogenins. In: Rahman A, ed. Studies in Natural Products Chemistry. Vol 41. New York, NY: Elsevier; 2014:95-117.32. Avalos J, Rupprecht JK, McLaughlin JL, Rodriguez E. Guinea pig maximization test of the bark extract from pawpaw, Asimina triloba (Annonaceae). Contact Dermatitis. 1993;29(1):33-35.836515033. Potts LF, Luzzio FA, Smith SC, Hetman M, Champy P, Litvan I. Annonacin in Asimina triloba fruit: implication for neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicology. 2012;33(1):53-58.22130466


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3 Side Effects Of Eating Too Much Pawpaw

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1. May Cause Miscarriage
This stems from the fact that papaya can often cause latex allergy in individuals. This can be potentially dangerous to the mother as well as the unborn child

Other studies also speak of the enzyme papain in papaya, which suppresses progesterone (a sex hormone) that is needed to prepare the uterus for conception. Papain may also damage certain membranes in the woman’s body that are essential for fetal development.

Further research also tells us that the papain in papaya can poison the fetus and cause birth defects in the newborn

Papaya may not also be safe during breastfeeding. There is some speculation in this regard, and research is not very clear. Hence, please consult your doctor and avoid papaya during this period.

2. Can Lead To Digestive Issues
The very same papain that can calm your stomach can also lead to digestive distress if taken in excess. Papaya is rich in fiber, and too much of it can lead to digestive upset. Also, the skin of the fruit contains latex – which can irritate the stomach and cause pain.

The papain in the fruit works well in breaking down fiber. But if the fiber is not digested well, you will have to suffer from stomach gas.

Papaya can also cause diarrhea in certain individuals – the fiber in the fruit can bind with the stools and cause diarrhea, leaving you terribly dehydrated.

The abundant fiber in the fruit can also cause constipation. To avoid this, ensure you drink plenty of water.

3. Papaya Can Cause Respiratory Disorders
The papain in the fruit is also a potential allergen. Individuals consuming a lot of papayas end up ingesting excessive papain – and this can lead to respiratory allergies. Some of these include asthma, wheezing, nasal congestion, and, in severe cases, even breathing difficulties.

In fact, this can be a problem for pregnant women as well. Respiratory allergies can also affect the fetus, causing further complications.

What are the health benefits of papaya?

The nutrients found in papaya are thought to have a range of health benefits. They may help protect against a number of health conditions.

Age-related macular degeneration

Share on PinterestPapaya has a range of health benefits including asthma prevention and even anti-cancer properties.

Zeaxanthin, an antioxidant found in papaya, filters out harmful blue light rays.

It is thought to play a protective role in eye health, and it may ward off macular degeneration.

However, a higher intake of all fruits has been shown to decrease the risk of and progression of age-related macular degeneration.

Asthma prevention

The risk of developing asthma is lower in people who consume a high amount of certain nutrients. One of these nutrients is beta-carotene, contained in foods like papaya, apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, pumpkin, and carrots.

Consuming the antioxidant beta-carotene, found in papayas, may reduce cancer risk. Among younger men, diets rich in beta-carotene may play a protective role against prostate cancer, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers.

Bone health

Low intakes of vitamin K have been associated with a higher risk of bone fracture. Adequate vitamin K consumption is important for good health, as it improves calcium absorption and may reduce urinary excretion of calcium, meaning there is more calcium in the body to strengthen and rebuild bones.


Studies have shown that people with type 1 diabetes who consume high-fiber diets have lower blood glucose levels, and people with type 2 diabetes may have improved blood sugar, lipid, and insulin levels. One small papaya provides about 3 grams of fiber, which is equivalent to just 17 grams of carbohydrates.


Papayas contain an enzyme called papain that aids digestion; in fact, it can be used as a meat tenderizer. Papaya is also high in fiber and water content, both of which help to prevent constipation and promote regularity and a healthy digestive tract.

Heart disease

The fiber, potassium, and vitamin content in papaya all help to ward off heart disease. An increase in potassium intake along with a decrease in sodium intake is the most important dietary change that a person can make to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease.


Choline is a very important and versatile nutrient found in papayas that aids our bodies in sleep, muscle movement, learning, and memory. Choline also helps to maintain the structure of cellular membranes, aids in the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in the absorption of fat, and reduces chronic inflammation.

Skin and healing

When used topically, mashed papaya appears to be beneficial for promoting wound healing and preventing infection of burned areas. Researchers believe that the proteolytic enzymes chymopapain and papain in papaya are responsible for their beneficial effects. Ointments containing the papain enzyme have also been used to treat decubitus ulcers (bedsores).

Hair health

Papaya is also great for hair because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient required for sebum production, which keeps hair moisturized. Vitamin A is also necessary for the growth of all bodily tissues, including skin and hair. Adequate intake of vitamin C, which papaya can provide, is needed for the building and maintenance of collagen, which provides structure to skin.

Can You Eat Papaya Seeds?

In addition to providing several key nutrients, papaya seeds are linked to a number of potential health benefits.

Can Help Fight Infections

Studies show that papaya seeds can destroy certain types of fungi and parasites.

According to one test-tube study, papaya seed extract was effective against three different strains of fungi, including the specific pathogen responsible for causing yeast infections (6).

Another small study found that drinking an elixir made from dried papaya seeds and honey was significantly more effective at killing intestinal parasites than a placebo (7).

However, further large-scale studies are needed to determine how eating papaya seeds may impact fungal and parasitic infections in humans.

May Protect Kidney Function

Your kidneys play an integral role in health, acting as a filter to remove waste and excess fluid from your body.

Research suggests that eating papaya seeds could protect and preserve the health and function of your kidneys.

One animal study found that papaya seed extract helped prevent kidney damage in rats given a medication to induce toxicity (8).

Papaya seeds are also rich in antioxidants, which can block oxidative damage to your cells and protect kidney health (1, 9, 10).

However, since research in this area is still limited to animal studies, more human-based studies are needed.

Could Have Anti-Cancer Properties

Thanks to their impressive nutrient and antioxidant profile, some studies show that papaya seeds could have anti-cancer properties.

One test-tube study found that papaya seed extract helped reduce inflammation and protect against cancer development (11).

Similarly, another test-tube study showed that black papaya seeds were effective in decreasing the growth of prostate cancer cells (12).

While these results are promising, additional studies are needed to evaluate the effects of papaya seeds on cancer growth in humans.

May Improve Digestive Health

Like other seeds, papaya seeds are a good source of fiber.

Fiber moves through your gastrointestinal tract undigested, adding bulk to your stool to promote regularity.

In fact, a review of five studies found that increasing fiber intake was effective in increasing stool frequency in people with constipation (13).

Upping your fiber intake may positively impact several other aspects of digestive health as well.

Studies show that dietary fiber may protect against inflammatory bowel disease, relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids and prevent the formation of intestinal ulcers (14, 15, 16).

Summary Studies have found that papaya seeds could help fight infections, promote kidney health, protect against cancer and enhance digestive health.

7 Surprising Health Benefits of Papaya Seeds

While most people throw them away, papaya seeds are not only edible, small amounts of them in your diet can be surprisingly good for you.

Keep in mind though that chewing half a teaspoon of the seeds is not like eating papaya fruit. They have a strong flavor, more like a cross between mustard and black peppercorns.

If you can handle that, ahead are 7 powerful papaya seed benefits, potential precautions you need to know and recommended ways to add them to your diet for disease prevention and better health.

1. Papaya Seeds for Worms and Other Parasitic Infections

Like green papaya, the seeds of papaya fruit contain high levels of the proteolytic enzyme papain, which can help rid your body of parasites such as intestinal worms.

In the same way that papain breaks down undigested protein waste from your food, it can also dissolve the protective biofilm and fibrin that covers parasites, and particularly their eggs, on the walls of your lower intestine.

Good levels of digestive enzymes in your diet also help to improve and normalize your intestinal ecology, making it much less hospitable to worms and other parasites and much harder for them to breed.

Enzyme rich green papaya powder or capsules, like these ones I take each day, are a simple alternative if you don’t have the fresh green fruit or seeds available. They also give you a consistent and measurable dose.

Make sure you use green papaya powder though, not ripe papaya powder, if you want the digestive enzyme benefits of papain.

Alongside proteolytic enzymes, the seeds from papaya also contain a unique anthelmintic alkaloid called carpaine that has been shown to be very effective at killing parasitic worms and amoebas.

There is much more detail on the human parasite problem and a great tasting smoothie treatment to get rid of them in using papaya seeds for parasites and intestinal worms.

2. Papaya Seed Treatment for Liver Cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis is a disease, usually caused by excessive alcohol consumption over many years, wherein the liver shrinks and becomes hardened. In this state it is ineffective at removing toxins from the body, leading to a variety of serious health problems.

Papaya seeds are often reported as an effective natural treatment for liver cirrhosis and overall detoxification of the liver.

The recommended method is to grind up around ten dried seeds in a pepper grinder, or crush up fresh ones in a mortar and pestle, and mix them with a tablespoon of squeezed lemon or lime juice in a glass of water.

A 1/4 of a teaspoon of these powdered organic papaya seeds can also be used as an effective replacement option if you don’t have fresh papayas available.

Drink this papaya seed liver treatment down twice a day for a month. Many cirrhosis sufferers have had dramatic improvements with this powerful natural remedy but it does need to be used regularly.

Obviously consult your doctor first if you are being treated for cirrhosis of the liver, especially with regards to the papain enzyme that may interfere with medications.

Even for people without such obvious liver damage, a small amount of papaw seeds taken regularly can help support your liver and improve its ability to eliminate toxins within your body.

3. Fighting Bacterial Infections and Treating Food Poisoning

Another potential use of papaya seeds is to combat bacterial infections and possibly even treat food poisoning caused by bad bacteria.

The seeds of papaya have a strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect on your digestive system. Studies have shown an extract made from papaya seeds is effective at killing E coli, Salmonella, Staph and other dangerous bacteria.

As a natural remedy for food poisoning, papaya seeds should be taken at the first sign of sickness and continued 3 times a day with each main meal until symptoms subside.

While people suffering from food poisoning often don’t feel like eating, it’s best to take the freshly crushed up seeds with a small amount of food. Something simple to digest like papaya fruit would be ideal.

For general protection against gastrointestinal infections from bad bacteria, papaya seeds can be used daily in the small dosage described in this article on how to eat papaya seeds.

4. Combating Candida Yeast Overgrowth

The potent digestive enzymes in papaya seeds help change your intestinal ecology to one that is more favorable to the ‘good’ bacteria and less so to the bad ones that can cause so many digestive problems.

In this way papaw seeds can also be a helpful aid in the treatment of candida yeast overgrowth, a common yet often undiagnosed health issue with serious consequences.

Candida thrives when your digestive system is out of balance and left untreated it can cause chronic fatigue, lowered immunity, intestinal inflammation and a myriad of disorders throughout your body.

By creating a supportive environment for healthy intestinal bacteria, both pathogenic yeasts and debilitating bad bacteria are much less likely to take hold within your intestinal tract.

This concentrated papaya seed liquid gut cleanse can be used to fight both candida yeast and bacterial infections such as food poisoning. Unlike the fresh seeds it’s best taken with just a big glass of water and used on an empty stomach 2 to 3 times a day.

5. Treating Viral Infections

There are even reports of using papaya seeds to successfully treating viral infections such as dengue fever in parts of Central America and Asia. Obviously this is a serious disease so consult a doctor if you contract dengue to monitor your condition.

Papaya leaf juice is actually an even better natural treatment for dengue fever as detailed here, including my personal experience with using it, how to make it and dosage instructions.

6. Protecting Your Kidneys

Oxidative stress is common culprit in chronic kidney disease, particularly in patients with diabetes, and can lead to renal failure wherein your kidneys can no longer properly filter metabolic waste from your blood.

This study found an extract of Carica papaya seeds had nephroprotective (kidney protecting) effects against oxidative stress, though being an animal study there isn’t as much evidence here as for the other papaya seeds health benefits.

Parsley juice would be an even better natural treatment for detoxifying your kidneys and it’s highly beneficial for your liver as well.

7. Better Digestion with Papaya Seeds

Many people eat large amounts of difficult to digest meat and other high protein foods. Poorly broken down protein can putrefy in your colon, creating toxic compounds, encouraging bad bacteria overgrowth and really smelly gas.

Proteolytic enzymes, like papain found in papaya seeds, are some of the most powerful natural substances for breaking down undigested protein in your digestive tract.

Eating a small amount of papaya seeds with a meal containing a lot of meat is a simple way to improve protein digestion and prevent problems like constipation and bad gas later on.

And, as mentioned in the sections on papaya seed benefits for bacterial infections, candida overgrowth and killing parasites, both papain and the alkaloid carpaine have a positive effect on your overall intestinal ecology — a vital component of good health and disease prevention.

Precautions and Warnings

Despite all of their beneficial properties, papaya seeds do have some side effects to be aware of and certain people shouldn’t take them. Please check if any of these apply to you before eating papaya seeds.

  • As a precaution, pregnant women should not use papaya seeds or the enzyme rich green papaya powder. This warning on their use would also extend to mothers who are breastfeeding.
  • Additionally, while papaya seeds do have strong anti-parasitic properties, they may be too powerful for young children’s gastrointestinal tracts, so a doctor should be consulted before giving them to infants.
  • There is also some animal research suggesting that eating papaya seeds may temporarily but greatly reduce a man’s fertility to the point that would make pregnancy unlikely. I’ll leave it up to male readers whether they currently consider that a good or bad thing. There’s a detailed look at the contraceptive potential of papaya seeds for men here if you’re interested.
  • Patients using blood thinning medications like warfarin or aspirin should consult their doctor before they eat papaya seeds regularly as papain may increase the actions of these drugs.
  • The side effects and warnings for using papaya enzymes on the previous page would also especially apply to papaya seeds as well. Keep that in mind if you are currently dealing with any of the health conditions mentioned there.

Using Papaya Seeds for Better Health

The benefits of papaya seeds, with their high levels of digestive enzymes, anti-bacterial, anti-parasitic and liver regenerating properties are powerful. You don’t need to eat too many at a time, certainly not a whole fruit’s worth.

For detailed instructions on how to take the seeds regularly see this page on eating papaya seeds for better digestive health, including recommended dosage and timing, and some unusual ways to add them into your diet.

To use fresh papaya seeds at home first you’ll need to get a papaya fruit. Hawaiian and Mexican papayas are most commonly sold in the USA.

I prefer Mexican yellow and red papayas as these are generally larger and contain more seeds. They also avoid the GMO issues of the smaller Hawaiian papayas.

After you scrape the seeds out of a fresh fruit, it’s best to store them in a sealed container in the fridge if you’re using them regularly, or in the freezer if only occasionally.

At the recommended dose of half to a full teaspoon, a large papaya fruit could easily supply enough seeds for several weeks of gastrointestinal health and detoxification treatment.

Also remember, you need to crush, pound or grind the seeds up in some way before using them for best results. A mortar and pestle is great for this, but the flat bottom of a clean jar on a chopping board will also work.

Papaya Seed Extract and Powder

While I do believe fresh papaya seeds are best, in some parts of the USA and Europe buying papaya fruit can be very expensive, or they simply aren’t in season for much of the year.

The best alternative I’ve found is this 100% organic papaya seed powder. Definitely don’t get commercial papaya seeds for planting as they may be treated with chemicals. Only use proper food grade powdered organic papaya seeds like this.

Using papaya seed powder instead of the fresh seeds you only need to use around a quarter of a teaspoon as they are finely ground and therefore more concentrated.

Another good option are papaya seed extracts, like the ones generally used in the studies on the specific effects of papaw seeds. The safest and most potent one is this GMO free and organic papaya seed gut cleanse.

Unlike fresh papaya seeds or the powder you can take papaya seeds extract on an empty stomach with a big glass of water. This may make it more effective at treating candida and bacterial infections than the powder in a meal and it’s certainly easier to take.

Once again, before using fresh papaya seeds or any of the papaya seed products recommended, make sure you are aware of the potential side effects, particularly if you are a pregnant woman, taking blood thinning medications or have a stomach ulcer or other serious digestive problem.

Getting Started

I hope within all of these papaya seed and papain health benefits you’ve found some good reasons to give this powerful natural remedy a try.

Remember to start off slow at first with just a small amount. Perhaps just a few seeds to begin with the first time. You really don’t need much of them to feel their positive effects.

Please help spread the word that papaya seeds are not only edible but actually highly beneficial to take regularly in small doses or as specific treatment for parasites, liver problems, bacterial infections and to improve your digestion.

Photo 1: Quinn Dombrowski

This article may contain affiliate links to products I recommend. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Hawaiian papayas need to be allowed to ripen and turn yellow. Once the skin is a fairly uniform shade of yellow, they can be sliced and enjoyed, and their seeds put to use as described above. The flesh of Hawaiian papayas is yellow. The skin of the papaya should not be eaten.​

The large Caribbean papaya has flesh the color of a blood orange. Many of these larger papayas are sold to processors who dry the flesh for trail mixes, etc. Transportation costs limit the number of large papayas that can be shipped to western markets.

Green papayas are used in savory dishes across Asia. They can be handled in the same way as ripe papaya, but the flesh of the green papaya should be roasted with butter and cinnamon like a squash. Another option is to include it in stews and curries.

Fresh, ripe papaya is loaded with antioxidants and can lower your risk of developing macular degeneration due to the antioxidant zeaxanthin. Per Megan Ware, the high concentration of beta carotene found in papayas reduce the risk of developing asthma and can protect against prostate cancer.

As with many nutritional supplements, papaya seeds seem perfectly healthy in moderation. Ingesting large amounts of papaya seeds may impact the nervous system because of the chemical Carpine.

Papayas were called “fruit of the angels” by Christopher Columbus. These rich yell-gold fruits provide a sweet source of many nutrients and offer up the nutritional benefits of their seeds as well.​

You’ll find papaya enzyme (papain) in papayas and in a number of dietary supplements. Not only does it enhance digestion and lower inflammation, but it may also help fight infections and improve wound healing. Keep reading to learn about its health benefits, dosage, and side effects.

What Is Papain?

Papain is a digestive enzyme naturally found in papaya (Carica papaya). It is a protease: an enzyme that breaks down proteins into amino acids, which aids digestion. Thanks to its protein-degrading action, papain is also often used as a meat tenderizer .

Papain is extracted from papaya latex, a milky fluid that oozes from the fruit, stem, and leaves of the plant. The fruit is the richest in it: the more unripe the papaya, the more active the papain .

People have long known about the papaya enzyme, using it to improve digestion and to lower pain, swelling, and inflammation. Papain can reduce bloating, gas, and diarrhea. According to recent research, it may also combat inflammation and infections .

You can get papaya enzyme by eating papayas… but you would need to eat plenty of mostly unripe fruits. You can spot unripe papayas by the green color of their skin. Alternatively, various papain supplements are widely available .

What Does It Do?

Overall, the papaya enzyme or papain digests proteins, freeing amino acids the gut can absorb. Next, it blocks the growth of harmful gut bacteria, maintaining a healthy microbiome.

Plus, it degrades gliadin: a component of gluten that causes problems in people with celiac disease :

Papain is also an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. As such, it can neutralize excess free radicals that can build up and contribute to a number of chronic diseases .


Here is an overview of the health benefits and risks of papaya enzyme :


  • May improves digestion
  • May speed up wound healing
  • May lower oxidative stress & inflammation
  • May help with infections & sore throat
  • May reduce pain & muscles soreness
  • May support dental health
  • May protect the brain
  • May reduce shingles symptoms


  • Insufficient evidence for some benefits
  • Mild side effects, such as stomach pain
  • Possible allergic reactions
  • Likely unsafe for pregnant women
  • Possible drug interactions

Health Benefits

1) Improving Digestion

Overall, the papaya enzyme enhances digestion by breaking down proteins into amino acids, which helps the body absorb nutrients. Therefore, it can improve symptoms in people with various digestive disorders .

Celiac Disease

Papain can break down parts of gliadin, a component of gluten. As such, it has the potential to help people with celiac disease. In 3 people with celiac disease, papain supplements improved nutrient absorption and reduced loose stools .

Indigestion & Heartburn

In a clinical study of 200 people with indigestion, papain reduced stomach inflammation. Compared to the placebo, it relieved symptoms such as stomach pain, vomiting, nausea, heartburn, burping, and bloating .


In two clinical studies of over 150 people in total, either with constipation-dominant IBS or chronic stomach inflammation (gastritis), papaya enzyme improved symptoms such as constipation, bloating, painful bowel movements, flatulence, and stomach pain, while reducing inflammation .

Papaya enzyme can also block the growth of harmful gut bacteria that cause IBS and other stomach and gut disorders .

Stomach Ulcers

Papain also decreased stomach acidity and ulcer size in rats with stomach ulcers .

All in all, the evidence suggests that papain may help with digestive issues such as indigestion, IBS, and stomach inflammation. You may discuss with your doctor if it may help as an add-on to your treatment regime. Importantly, never use papain as a replacement for what your doctor recommends or prescribes.

Papaya enzyme may improve digestion, gut flora, and nutrient absorption in people with celiac disease, indigestion, and IBS. It may also protect against stomach ulcers.

2) Wound Healing

In multiple clinical studies with over 350 people and 30 children, papaya enzyme applied to the skin sped up the healing of skin ulcers or burns. It reduced wound size, removed damaged tissue, accelerated wound closure, and shortened the hospital stay. It worked better than collagenase, hydrogen peroxide dressing, or placebo .

In animal and cell-based studies, topical papain removed dead cells and tissue, stimulated wound healing, and decreased scarring and inflammation. And aside from helping new tissue form, it may also prevent bacterial infection .

Again, the existing evidence backs the use of papain for wound healing. You may use it for this purpose if your doctor determines that it may be helpful in your case.

3) Inflammation & Oxidative Stress

In 3 clinical studies with over 250 people, papaya enzyme lowered gut and stomach inflammation and improved symptoms such as nausea, stomach pain, and constipation

A combination of papain with other enzymes (bromelain, trypsin, and chymotrypsin) decreased high TGF-beta levels, thus lowering inflammation in 130 people .

In rats, papain lowered inflammation as good as the NSAID indomethacin .

What is more, papaya enzyme increased regulatory T cells, which can fight inflammation and normalize the immune response. It also lowered inflammatory cytokines (TNF, IL-8, IL-6) in human cells .

Finally, papain offered the following benefits in animal and cell-based studies :

  • Lowered oxidative stress similar to vitamin E and vitamin C
  • Increased antioxidant enzymes (glutathione, SOD, CAT)

Although a bit limited, the evidence suggests that papain reduces inflammation. Further clinical research is needed to determine how to use it therapeutically for inflammatory issues. Its potential antioxidant activity requires validation in clinical studies.

Papain may lower inflammation, increase antioxidant defense, and help balance the immune response.

Insufficient Evidence

In a clinical trial on 52 people with braces and gum inflammation, toothpaste with papain, bromelain, miswak, and neem limited dental plaque and tooth decay better than standard toothpaste. Papaya enzyme gel cleared tooth cavities, lowered bacterial counts, and reduced pain and costs in 7 clinical studies on 159 children .

In the lab, papaya enzyme gel resolved tooth decay without affecting the bone structure of teeth. It also prevented the growth of plaque-causing bacteria and their biofilms .

Although the results are promising (especially concerning its effects on cavities removal), only a few small clinical trials have been carried out. More studies on larger populations are needed to confirm these preliminary findings.

Natural toothpaste with papaya and other herbs may help reduce gum inflammation and tooth decay.

2) Infections

In 3 clinical studies with over 400 people with dengue fever, papaya leaf extract increased the number of platelets and reduced the hospital stay compared to placebo. However, it is unclear if the effect was due to papaya enzyme or other compounds in the leaves .

In a 3-year study on 62 women with vaginal yeast infections (candidiasis), a supplement containing papaya enzyme, bromelain, and rutin improved symptoms and reduced infection recurrence .

In animal and cell studies, papain destroyed biofilms, a sticky mass of bacteria that resists common treatments. It also blocked the growth of the following bacteria, fungi, and parasites :

  • Bacteria that cause food-borne illnesses, respiratory, gut, stomach and urinary infections, and IBD (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, E.coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella)
  • Candida
  • Schistosoma mansoni, a parasite causing bilharzia

Because the clinical trials used papain in combination with other papaya compounds or herbal extracts and the only studies using papain alone were done in animals and cells, there is insufficient evidence to claim that this enzyme helps fight infections in humans. More clinical trials using papain alone are needed to evaluate its effects.

Papaya enzyme may fight bacterial, yeast, and parasite infections–but the evidence is limited.

3) Pain and Muscle Soreness

In a clinical trial on 80 people who underwent surgery, a supplement containing papaya enzyme, bromelain, and rutin reduced pain quicker than placebo. It also lowered the participants’ need for painkillers .

In another 30 healthy people, a multi-enzyme supplement including papain reduced muscle pain and soreness after intense exercise slightly better than placebo. Additionally, supplementation prevented muscle damage and enhanced post-exercise recovery .

Two clinical trials testing papain in combination with other enzymes and compounds cannot be considered sufficient evidence that papain helps with pain and muscle soreness. Further clinical research with papain alone is required.

4) Autism Symptoms

Digestive enzymes may improve the symptoms of some children with autism. Papain and pepsin improved emotional response, general behavior, and gut symptoms in a clinical study of over 100 children with autism .

A single clinical trial cannot be considered sufficient evidence to attest to the effectiveness of papain at improving the emotional symptoms of autism. Larger, more robust clinical trials are needed to validate this preliminary result.

5) Shingles

In a clinical study on 192 people with shingles, digestive enzymes including papaya enzyme relieved pain and skin lesions as effectively as the antiviral drug acyclovir. However, it’s difficult to say how much papain (and not the other digestive enzymes used in the therapy) contributed to the benefits .

6) Sore Throat

In a clinical study on 100 people with a sore throat and/or tonsils inflammation, multi-ingredient lozenges with papaya enzyme reduced swelling, mucus, coughing, redness, and pain better than the placebo. But these lozenges also contained lysozyme and bacitracin, both of which can kill bacteria, so the specific contribution of papain to the effects observed is difficult to estimate .

7) Fighting Cancer

In a clinical study on 120 people with advanced cervical cancer, papaya enzyme together with trypsin and chymotrypsin reduced radiotherapy side effects (vaginal, genital, urinary and gut problems) .

Larger clinical studies have yet to determine the effects of papaya enzyme in cancer prevention and fight.

Limitations and Caveats

The evidence about the benefits and risks of the papaya enzyme is largely based on animal and cell-based studies. The few published clinical trials had a limited number of participants.

Furthermore, a number of studies used multi-enzyme supplements, making the contribution of papain unclear.

Side Effects & Precautions

This list does not cover all possible side effects. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any other side effects.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. In the US, you may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at In Canada, you may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Common Side Effects

Side effects reported after using papaya enzyme are mild and include :

  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Throat irritation
  • Skin rash
  • Itching


If you are allergic to papaya or latex, avoid papain supplements; they may trigger an allergic reaction .

Pregnancy/ Fertility

In pregnant rats, unripe or semi-ripe papayas stimulated contractions. In male rats and mice, papaya extracts lowered sperm motility and fertility .

Based on this preliminary evidence, pregnant women or couples trying to conceive should probably avoid papain supplements.

Drug interactions

Supplement/Herb/Nutrient-drug interactions can be dangerous and, in rare cases, even life-threatening. Always consult your doctor before supplementing and let them know about all drugs and supplements you are using or considering.

The combination of papaya enzyme together with diabetes drugs may excessively lower blood sugar levels .

Papaya leaf extracts may increase platelets. Papaya enzyme or purees may have a similar effect. Their combination with blood thinners (such as heparin, aspirin, and warfarin) should be avoided .

Dosage & Supplement Forms

Choose a Formulation

Depending on your health goals, you can take papaya enzyme by mouth or apply it to your skin.

Unripe papayas contain papain, but it’s hard to know how much. For more precise dosing, papaya enzyme is available as fruit mash/puree, powder, capsules, chewable tablets, and lozenges .

It is also formulated into creams, gels, and wound dressings.

Remember that papaya enzyme supplements have not been approved by the FDA for medical use due to the lack of solid clinical research. Regulations set manufacturing standards for supplements but don’t guarantee that they’re safe or effective. Speak with your doctor before supplementing.

Supplement Combinations

  • Bromelain: by far the most popular combination. Bromelain may also improve digestion and reduce inflammation. Plus, toothpaste with papain and bromelain removed teeth stains better than standard toothpaste in the lab .
  • Other digestive enzymes: multi-enzyme formulas may further enhance digestion. Probiotics and/or bile are sometimes added as well .
  • Chlorophyll: a less-known combination. Cream with papain and chlorophyll for wound care helped remove dead tissue and heal wounds quicker .


Because papain is not approved by the FDA for any condition, there is no official dose. Users and supplement manufacturers have established unofficial doses based on trial and error. Discuss with your doctor if papain may be useful as a complementary approach in your case and which dose you should take.

You can take papain fruit mash straight or mix it with water, juice, food, or smoothies. Capsules or chewable tablets contain between 20mg to 40mg papain and should be taken according to the specifications of each brand, as the supplements are not standardized. Papain powder is also available.

Caricol is a concentrate from the pulp of unripe papayas. It also contains natural flavors and mango and plum concentrate, which improve its taste. Clinical studies used 20 mL/20 g of Caricol once to twice a day. The manufacturers recommend taking 1-3 portions (21 mL each) after meals or as needed .

For sore throat, people can take lozenges (Frubienzym) containing 2 mg papain, 5 mg lysozyme, and 200 I.U. bacitracin for 4 days .

For Dogs

Papaya enzyme gel removed dead tissue and accelerated wound healing better than sunflower oil in 3 dogs .

Papain was well tolerated by dogs, but did not affect their digestion or bowel movements .

Some sources suggest that papain can enhance digestive health and lower inflammation, especially in older dogs. Since processed dog food may be harder to digest, papain and other digestive enzymes might help.

Due to the limited research, it would be best to consult a vet before giving enzyme supplements to your dog.


Derived from unripe papayas, papain is a strong digestive aid. It is an enzyme that works by breaking down proteins, which helps the gut soak up more nutrients. Papain may provide safe symptom relief to people with celiac disease, IBS, and indigestion. Papaya enzyme is also an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. It may lower post-exercise muscle pain, enhance wound healing, fight infections, and improve dental health. If you want to skip eating unripe papayas, pick a supplement according to your health goals. Some products contain only papain, while others blend it with herbs and additional enzymes.

11 Best Papaya Recipes | Easy Papaya Recipes | Papita Recipes

Papaya recipes

Papaya Recipes- There’s no denying the fact that papaya is one of the most nutritious fruits. This bright orange fruit is a regular at most of our breakfast tables. Not just the sweet fruit but its leaves, seeds and flowers have are also used widely for culinary and therapeutic purposes. In her article ‘The Miraculous Power of Papaya Flower’, food writer Hoihnu Hazel shares, “This vivid memory of my late maternal grandmother comes to mind each time I think of papaya flower. What prompted her to pluck those flowers was a belief that consuming them in the form of a vegetable would help bring down her insulin level.”

Papaya’s nutritional profile is amazing as it is loaded with most essential minerals and micronutrients important for your body. It is an instant energy booster, is good for digestive ailments and has anti-inflammatory properties. Papaya is full of with antioxidants which help in fighting cell-damaging, cancer-causing free radicals. It is good for the heart, boosts immunity and keeps a check on arthritis. The consumption of raw papaya has long been associated with inducing menstruation and normalizing irregular periods. Papaya when rubbed on skin on a regular basis helps reduce pigmentation and boost skin tone. Papaya leaves are commonly used as a natural remedy to counter dengue.

Papayas are easily available and are used in both forms, raw and ripe. While the raw fruit goes into making a variety of delectable preparations – from curries, halwas, dips and accompaniments to kebabs and pakoras among other preparations. Sweet and ripe papayas are often included in deserts, accompaniments, shakes and smoothies. Papaya is also often used to tenderize meat.

If you are inspired enough but are not sure of where to start from our 11 best recipes will give you a lead. Head this way please.

1. Singzu (Manipuri raw papaya salad)


1 whole raw papaya (medium size, preferably less than half a kg)

2 Tbsp Sesame seeds

2-3 green or red chilies

Fermented dry fish or simply sun-dried fish

Salt to taste

A handful of coriander leaves to garnish


1. Peel the papaya and wash under a running tap

2. Carefully, shred in small pieces. Keep aside

3. Roast the chillis and fermented fish and mash them together to make a paste

4. Add salt. Roast sesame seeds and make a paste when its done

5. Mix all the ingredients in a plate, garnish with chopped coriander leaves and serve

2. Raw Papaya Cubes

Jaggery, coconut and a good helping of papayas come together to create this guilt-free dessert.

Comments3. Raw Papaya Kebabs with Aloo Bhukhara Chutney

Experience the brilliant pairing of shredded potatoes and papayas worked into delicate kebabs with zingy plum chutney atop.

Teamed with delectable plum chutney, these papaya kebabs are a treat to relish.

4. Grilled Peach and Papaya Salad with Amaranth Granola

A delightful and healthy salad perfect for a quick brunch. Relish this salad packed with the goodness of peach and papaya, topped with amaranth granola pieces. A perfect, quick pot meal.

Grilled Peach and Papaya Salad with Amaranth Granola is a healthy, one pot meal to prepare for a quick brunch.

5. Santula

Another Oriya special, this savoury curry is cooked with the goodness of papayas, potatoes and brinjal, doused in milk and indigenous spices.

Santula is a very popular vegetable dish of Orrisa.

6. Dalma

Straight from the local kitchens of Odisha comes this easy-to-cook preparation. Split chickpeas are cooked along with potatoes, papaya and a host of spices.

A quick and easy lunch meal.

7. Papite ka Halwa

A delectable Indian dessert whipped by combining papaya with walnuts, ghee and cardamom.This can be a delicious Indian dessert to serve at a party.

Tender papaya mixed in with elaichi, ghee and walnuts to make a delicious halwa.

8. Coconut and Watermelon Ice-Cream with a Papaya Sauce

Exciting flavours of watermelon and coconut are teamed and topped with a lip-smacking papaya sauce.

Feast on incredible flavors of watermelon, coconut and papaya with this recipe.

9. Som Tam (Papaya Salad)

Presenting the iconic Thai raw papaya salad spiked with the flavours of roasted peanuts, lime juice, palm sugar, cherry tomatoes and garlic.

Som Tam is a green papaya salad that combines all four tastes – sour, chilli, sweet and salty.

10. Papaya Badam Barfi

The traditional barfi gets a fruity punch. Papayas are teamed with khoya, sugar and aromatics to be rolled into delicious barfis.

An inventive treat!

11. Hawaiin Papaya Salad

A healthy and fresh Hawaiin Papaya salad for the monsoon season! Papayas are an excellent source of the powerful antioxidants vitamin C and vitamin A which makes this salad dish the perfect recipe to have all your vitamins in a delicious way!

On a bed of sliced pineapple, this papaya salad packs the goodness of coconut and watermelon as well.

We’ve been producing papaya for quite a while now, so it’s fair to say that we know a thing or two about the fruit. Aside from eating papaya in the bite-sized chunks that Blue Skies makes, you can enjoy the tropical fruit in many other exciting ways.

We’ve only listed five, but we would love for you to share some of your own papaya recipes.

1. Papaya Ice Lolly

Popsicles aren’t just for children, especially when they look and taste this good. If you like your frozen treats and love papaya, this recipe from Floating Kitchen will probably make your day.

2. Papaya Boat

Why use a bowl when you could make a papaya boat? They look better in pictures and it saves you washing up a bowl. Check out this papaya boat recipe from Rebecca Hughes

3. Papaya Smoothie

Bananas and strawberries are a safe option when it comes to smoothies, so why not switch it up by adding papaya to the mix. Try this re-hydrating recipe from Young and Raw.

4. Papaya Soup

Hot or cold, papaya soup is a great starter for any meal. It’s easy to make and suitable for vegetarians. Check out this recipe from My Belle Don Full.

5. Papaya Bread

If you ever feel guilty about all that bread you eat, try baking a loaf of Papaya bread. It’s tasty, filling and one of your five a day! Bake this recipe by Mommysparadise.

Blue Skies are launching a new range of branded prepared fruit products, and papaya will be one of them, subscribe to our newsletter to be the first to find out more about the launch.

11 health benefits of papayas

Christopher Columbus, an Italian voyager once referred to papayas as the fruit of the angels. The fruit which is extremely rich in Vitamin C has a wide range of health benefits making it a great fruit option to include in your diet. Here are some of the top health benefits of papaya.

1. Lowers cholesterol

Papaya is rich in fibre, Vitamin C and antioxidants which prevent cholesterol build up in your arteries. Too much cholesterol build-up can lead to several heart diseases including heart attack and hypertension.

2. Helps in weight loss

Those looking to lose weight must include papaya in their diet as it is very low in calories. The fibre content in papaya leaves you feeling full and also clears your bowel movement making your weight loss regime easier.

3. Boosts your immunity

Your immunity system acts as a shield against various infections that can make you really sick. A single papaya contains more than 200% of your daily requirement of Vitamin C, making it great for your immunity.

4. Good for diabetics

Papaya is an excellent food option for diabetics as it has a low-sugar content even though it is sweet to taste. Also, people who don’t have diabetes can eat papaya to prevent it from happening.

5. Great for your eyes

Papaya is rich in Vitamin A which helps protect your vision from degenerating. Nobody wants to lose their ability to see due to diseases like age-related macular degeneration, and eating papayas will ensure that you do not see a day where you cannot see.

6. Protects against arthritis

Arthritis can be a really debilitating disease and people who have it may find their quality of life reduced significantly. Eating papayas are good for your bones as they have anti-inflammatory properties along with Vitamin C which helps in keeping various forms of arthritis at bay. A study published in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases showed that people who consumed foods low in Vitamin C were three times more likely to have arthritis than those who didn’t.

7. Improves digestion

In today’s times, it is near impossible to avoid eating foods that are bad for your digestive system. Often we find ourselves eating junk food or restaurant food prepared in excessive quantities of oil. Eating a papaya daily can make up for such occasional mistakes, as it has a digestive enzyme known as papain along with fibre which helps improve your digestive health.

8. Helps ease menstrual pain

Women who are experiencing menstrual pain should help themselves to several servings of papaya, as an enzyme called papain helps in regulating and easing flow during menstrual periods.

9. Prevents signs of ageing

All of us would love to stay young forever, but no one in this world has managed to do it. Still, healthy habits like eating a papaya daily will prolong the process and may make you look 5 years younger than you are. Papaya is rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin E and antioxidants like beta-carotene which helps prevent your skin from free radical damage keeping wrinkles and other signs of ageing at bay.

10. Prevents cancer

Papaya is a rich source of antioxidants, phytonutrients and flavonoids that prevent your cells from undergoing free radical damage. Some studies have also linked the consumption papaya to reduced risk of colon and prostate cancer.

11. Helps reduce stress

After working hard for the whole day, it is a good idea to come home to a plate a papayas. The wonder fruit is rich in several nutrients like Vitamin C which can keep you free from stress. According to a study conducted in University of Alabama, found that 200 mg of Vitamin C can help regulate the flow of stress hormones in rats.

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