How to improve hygiene?

A Guide to Good Personal Hygiene

Mom was right: Good personal hygiene is essential to promoting good health.

Personal hygiene habits such as washing your hands and brushing and flossing your teeth will help keep bacteria, viruses, and illnesses at bay. And there are mental as well as physical benefits. “Practicing good body hygiene helps you feel good about yourself, which is important for your mental health,” notes Donald Novey, MD, an integrative medicine physician with the Advocate Medical Group in Park Ridge, Ill. People who have poor hygiene — disheveled hair and clothes, body odor, bad breath, missing teeth, and the like — often are seen as unhealthy and may face discrimination.

Personal Hygiene: Healthy Habits Include Good Grooming

If you want to minimize your risk of infection and also enhance your overall health, follow these basic personal hygiene habits:

  • Bathe regularly. Wash your body and your hair often. “I’m not saying that you need to shower or bathe every day,” remarks Dr. Novey. “But you should clean your body and shampoo your hair at regular intervals that work for you.” Your body is constantly shedding skin. Novey explains, “That skin needs to come off. Otherwise, it will cake up and can cause illnesses.”
  • Trim your nails. Keeping your finger and toenails trimmed and in good shape will prevent problems such as hang nails and infected nail beds. Feet that are clean and dry are less likely to contract athlete’s foot, Novey says.
  • Brush and floss. Ideally, you should brush your teeth after every meal. At the very least, brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. Brushing minimizes the accumulation of bacteria in your mouth, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease, Novey says. Flossing, too, helps maintain strong, healthy gums. “The bacteria that builds up and causes gum disease can go straight to the heart and cause very serious valve problems,” Novey explains. Unhealthy gums also can cause your teeth to loosen, which makes it difficult to chew and to eat properly, he adds. To maintain a healthy smile, visit the dentist at six-month intervals for checkups and cleanings.
  • Wash your hands. Washing your hands before preparing or eating food, after going to the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and after handling garbage, goes a long way toward preventing the spread of bacteria and viruses. Keep a hygiene product, like an alcohol-based sanitizing gel, handy for when soap and water isn’t available.
  • Sleep tight. Get plenty of rest — 8 to 10 hours a night — so that you are refreshed and are ready to take on the day every morning. Lack of sleep can leave you feeling run down and can compromise your body’s natural defenses, your immune system, Novey says.

Personal hygiene: 20 tips for better personal care

Good personal hygiene is the first step to good health. It not only protects you from poor health, but also shields those around you from suffering illnesses that arise from poor personal habits. Habits such as washing your hands, bathing, brushing, flossing, may all look monotonous and boring, but they all come under important personal hygiene. They make you feel good about yourself and keep you free of bacteria, viruses, and illnesses. In this post we give you 20 tips for personal hygiene that you must follow routinely.
Personal Hygiene Habit # 1
Vaginal itch is curable and does not need intensive treatment. The doctor will prescribe antibiotics and antifungal creams that will take care of the skin problem.How do you prevent vaginal itch?
Stay dry and clean
Shower daily
Rinse out all the soap
Make sure your intimates are not tight; cotton is a preferred material
It is recommended that after motions, you must wash up or wipe from front to back. This will help avoid germs entering the vagina.
Grandma’s tip: Back in the day, women were suggested to sleep without their underwear, so that the vagina area remains dry.
Personal Hygiene Habit # 2
For Food storage
Store and prepare raw meat, poultry, and seafood away from other foods
Store food in the fridge at 5°C/41°F, do not overfill and allow cold air to circulate
Prevent raw food juices from dripping onto other foods.
Personal Hygiene Habit # 3
While preparing your food
Cut meat and vegetables with separate knives and chopping/cutting boards
Soak, scrape, brush, scald, peel or wash all fruit, salad and vegetables
Do not wash raw meat in the sink prior to cooking as this spreads germs around the sink area. This is also not necessary as proper cooking of the meat will destroy any harmful bacteria
Personal Hygiene Habit # 4
Peeing etiquettes
Don’t hold it in
Stay hydrated
Relax when you pee
Wipe from front to back
Personal Hygiene Habit # 5
Fighting bad breath
Drink plenty of water.
Brush and floss regularly.
Treat any existing oral diseases.
Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables.
Cut out coffee.
Chew sugarless gum.
Eat yogurt
Get your vitamins. a, but can also help prevent two other causes of bad breath—gum disease and gingivitis.
Avoid tobacco products.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 6
Cleaning and disinfection of office work spaces.
Viruses are breeding round the clock, especially when it comes to hard surfaces, like office desks, office floors and so on.
Make sure your office administration staff routinely cleans door handles, countertops, keyboards and doorknobs with anti-bacterial solution to remove the germs.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 7
Go for an alcohol-based sanitizer.
Clean your hands every now and then by using hand sanitizers. This is because alcohol is a drying agent and kills all the viruses and bacterias immediately.
However, please note alcohol is liable to make your skin dry, thus always go for a branded alcohol-based fragrance-free hand sanitizer, which has a good amount of moisturizer in it.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 8
Office pantry etiquette.
The office pantry is a very tricky place – you can’t avoid it, but nor can you be friends with it. The best practice is to carry your own coffee and tea mugs and wash them at least twice a day. If you are not so sure about your office hygiene, get your own tissue roll from home and store your office snacks in a clean and safe drawer.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 9
Makeup hygiene
Eyebrow pencil hygiene is a must. Always ensure that you clean your eyebrow pencil with a wet tissue before usage in order to get rid of bacterial residue.
Wash your makeup brush and powder puffs on a weekly basis with a mild baby shampoo for best and safe usage. Dry the washed makeup product by using a clean towel.
Never use your fingers to apply makeup, unless and until a profesional artist does that for you. But, if you must use your fingers, then make sure they’re clean and that you use just the ring finger as it has the lightest stroke.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 10
Brushing hygiene
Brush your teeth twice a day for at least 3-5 minutes. Make sure you do not put too much pressure as this can hurt your gums.
Place the bristles along the gum line at a 45-degree angle. Gently brush the outer tooth surfaces of 2-3 teeth using a vibrating back and forth motion. Clean outer, inner and biting surfaces of teeth with scrubbing motion.
Studies show an essential oil based mouthwash reduces plaque by 70% and gum problems by 36% over brushing alone. Use an anti-microbial mouthwash to get complete protection from germs.
Floss your teeth. Ease the floss gently between your teeth, pull the floss smoothly back and front. Additionally, using a dental floss will help remove food debris that’s stuck in your teeth.
Clean and brush the surface of your tongue daily because there is bacteria present particularly on the rougher top surface of the tongue. These can contribute to bad breath (halitosis) and negatively affect your dental health.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 11
Bathe daily
A daily shower is a must whether you feel grungy or not. A regular bath (every morning and after all athletic activities) helps in keeping you clean, fresh and odor free.
Cleaning your body is also important to ensure your skin rejuvenates itself, as the scrubbing of your arms, legs, and torso will slough off dead, dry skin and help your skin stay healthy and refreshed, and will prevent acne, blemishes and other skin eruptions.
Also, do not share your towel and wash them on a regular basis.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 12
Trim your nails
Keeping your finger and toenails trimmed and in good shape will prevent problems such as hang nails (when a loose strip of dead skin hangs from the edge of a fingernail) and infected nail beds.
If possible, trim them weekly and brush them daily with soap so that no dirt or residue remains beneath the nail.
Fingernails should be trimmed straight across and slightly rounded at the top whereas toenails should be trimmed straight across.
The best time to cut your nails is after bathing when they are soft and easy to trim.
It’s also a good idea to moisturize nails and cuticles regularly.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 13
Take care of your hair
Washing your hair at least every other day is important to keeping your hair and scalp healthy and in good shape.
If you suffer from lice or dandruff, then take necessary action at the earliest. Also, it is critical that you get a hair cut frequently for healthy hair.
The longer you wait to get your hair cut, the more frail and brittle your hair can become, especially if it is longer
Personal Hygiene Habit# 14
Wear Clean Clothes
Wear a fresh set of clothes as often as possible.
Dirty clothes are a source of contamination and can cause very serious skin disorders if worn over and over without washing them.
Also, try wearing a clean pair of socks every day (especially after athletic activities) as this keep your feet dry and not smelly.
Wash clothing and linens on a regular basis as the longer it takes you to clean them the smellier they become.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 15
Hair Removal
Shave your underarms and legs if you desire, but do so with care. Use a new blade if you are going to shave with a manual razor to lessen your risk of cutting yourself. Also use shaving cream, or a shaving gel.
Take your time when shaving to avoid nicks and cuts.
Pubic hair does not have to be shaved.
If it is shaved, it may grow inward, and the skin in this area of the body may be sensitive after shaving.
Try using a moisturizer that contains no oil if you want to make facial hair less noticeable, or use a bleaching product.
Talk to your parents about removing facial hair permanently, if you are thinking about it.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 16
Body Odor
Keep your underarms and groin area clean and dry to discourage bacteria.
Change out of sweaty clothes as soon as possible after exercising or perspiring.
Trim or shave your underarm and pubic hair so there is less surface area allowing for the accumulation of sweat and bacteria.
Cut back on alcohol and foods that may contribute to body odor, including curry, spicy food, onion, and garlic.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 17
Sleep tight
Get plenty of rest — 8 to 10 hours a night — so that you are refreshed and are ready to take on the day every morning.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 18
Clean your ears
clean your ears with your fingers while having a bath
The daily cleaning of all hearing devices is essential to remove germs that can be introduced into the ear
Earrings should be kept clean, and should be removed daily so the piercing can be attended to.
The use of hair products can build-up on the ear and should be washed off when possible to avoid irritation to the skin of the ear.
Personal Hygiene Habit# 19
Foot Care
Wash your feet properly while having a bath, specially between the fingers
Wear the right socks
Make sure your shoes aren’t too tight.
Switch shoes
Wash shoes or insoles of your shoes
Stay in bare feet at home
Personal Hygiene Habit# 20
Genital care
for men
wash your genitals with a finger.
Shower on the outside normally.
If you can retract foreskin just rinse in water and wipe with clean finger.
If you can’t pull it back yet then it is clean under there and no maintenace is required.
For women
Clean your vaginal area twice a day
Use a panty liner
Try to keep this area shaved
Read more Personal Health, Diet & Fitness stories on www.healthmeup.com

4 Reasons You Would Need Good Hygiene

1. Disease Prevention

Good hygiene lowers your risk for diseases and illnesses commonly spread through viruses and bacteria. Your hands come into contact with bacteria every time you cough, use the restroom, touch your pet, or touch surfaces, such as stair railings, used frequently by others. Failing to wash your hands and body regularly can cause this bacteria to multiply, increasing the risk for infection and other health problems. Washing yourself and staying clean can kill and remove illness-causing bacteria from your body, lowering the risk for disease.

Good hygiene is key to preventing infection when wounds and skin irritation are present. Poor hygiene can result in dirt and other bacteria entering and staying inside skin wounds, while good hygiene can ward off this bacteria to prevent infection. Good hygiene prevents you from spreading bacteria and disease to others, including coworkers and family members.

2. Social and Professional Acceptance

Spending time around those who fail to demonstrate good hygiene can be unpleasant due to factors such as bad breath and body odor, and it increases your own risk for disease and infection. Poor hygiene can have negative consequences on your social life and relationships — including business relationships.

Many employers urge or require employees to practice good hygiene and tend to hire people who look clean and as though they practice healthy hygiene habits. Good hygiene is especially important to employers in the food and medical industries, as poor hygiene can lead to contamination and the spread of disease.

Children who practice good hygiene can avoid being bullied at school, as evidence suggests that poor hygiene is one of the top reasons kids are bullied. Parents who teach their children the importance of good hygiene instill healthy habits early on in life and prevent them from experiencing problems with bullies.

3. Higher Confidence and Self-Esteem

Being clean and well-groomed can help you feel more confident and comfortable both physically and mentally. Feeling dirty, oily, and unfresh not only puts your physical health at risk, but it can trigger negative emotions of discomfort, irritability, and anxiety. Poor hygiene can affect your mood, your interactions with others, and the way you feel about yourself.

Good hygiene can boost your confidence and self-esteem and make you seem more positive and attractive to others. Good hygiene can indirectly boost your success at work, in the gym, and in scenarios that require you to be at your very best.

4. Pain Prevention

Practicing good hygiene can prevent you from developing painful diseases and infections. Suffering from chronic pain can reduce your overall quality of life and even lead to comorbid disorders, such as obesity and painkiller addiction. Good hygiene can help you stay in good overall health so you can avoid experiencing pain caused by certain medical conditions.

Failing to brush and floss teeth regularly increases the risk for gum disease, which causes chronic pain and tooth loss in its advanced stages. Staying in wet, sweaty socks for hours after exercising increases the risk for athlete’s foot, which can lead to a fungal nail infection that causes pain and inflammation under the nails. Good hygiene helps prevent the development of medical conditions such as these and can keep you feeling healthy and pain-free.

Understanding Good Hygiene

Good hygiene is crucial to good overall health and wellness because it helps lower the risk for disease, illness, and medical conditions caused by the effects of poor hygiene. When a person doesn’t practice good hygiene, their body can accumulate bacteria that contribute to diseases such as athlete’s foot, head lice, and scabies. Poor hygiene can also cause parasites to grow and multiply on the skin and in the body, causing parasitic diseases like malaria and toxoplasmosis.

Good personal hygiene habits include brushing your teeth, bathing or showering, and wearing clean clothes. Performing these habits daily or as often as needed achieves and maintains good hygiene and cleanliness.

Risks of Good Hygiene

There are no risks to practicing good hygiene. Poor hygiene, on the other hand, increases the risk for bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections. Serious medical conditions that can develop on behalf of poor hygiene include gastroenteritis, food poisoning, hepatitis A, influenza, common cold, giardiasis, roundworm, and threadworm. Good hygiene can help you avoid the possible risks associated with poor hygiene.

What to Expect With Good Hygiene

Practicing good hygiene requires you to perform a series of basic personal hygiene habits on a regular basis. Wash your body and hair often to remove bacteria and dead skin cells. Brush your teeth after every meal, or at least twice per day. Flossing and brushing regularly help prevent the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth that increases the risk for gum disease.

Wash your hands every time before eating or preparing food and after coming into contact with bacteria and viruses — in restrooms and after coughing or sneezing and taking out the garbage. Trim your fingernails and toenails regularly, and take steps to ensure your feet are clean and dry at all times.

Good hygiene can help you stay healthy and offers countless positive benefits for your physical, emotional, and psychological health.

Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Good Hygiene

  • What type of soaps can I use to kill bacteria?
  • Can you prescribe any medications to treat dandruff and other hygiene problems?
  • How often do I need to wash my hair?
  • How often should I bathe if I have dry skin?
  • What are the best ways to sneeze or cough without spreading bacteria?

Good Hygiene May Also Be Known as

  • Personal hygiene
  • Healthy hygiene
  • Personal care

Sources

A lot of people overlook the importance of personal hygiene which can be a huge mistake. You see, we interact with different organisms on a daily basis, exposing us to a wide range of infectious or communicable diseases.

In 2016, 3 infectious diseases have been included in the top ten causes of death worldwide They are diarrheal diseases, lower respiratory diseases, and tuberculosis.

Failure to look after yourself and your hygiene can increase your risk of developing any of the conditions above.

To protect yourself, here are a few tips to stay healthy and prevent diseases:

Wash Hands and Keep Your Body Tidy

Whether you eat with a spoon or enjoy licking your fingers, it is important to bring clean hands to your plate. Fingers carry microbial germs from interaction with infected pets, people, and touching several other non-living things and substances.

Washing hands thoroughly for about a minute, especially before eating, can limit the transmission of harmful bacteria that cause infectious diseases. After washing, use a clean and dry towel or a tissue to pat-dry the hands and remove excess water.

In the absence of soap and water, using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer can help you get rid of 99.9% germ by killing bacteria, fungi, and certain viruses. Extra care should be taken to wash hands after using public and shared utilities like elevators, public transport, parks, commercial shops, restrooms, etc.

Clean your hands and have your kids do the same before a snack or a meal, after using of the toilet, and playing with pets. Also, give your hands a good wash after an intentional or unintentional contact with someone suffering from cold or cough.

Apart from washing hands, bathing is also essential in maintaining complete physical hygiene. Indulge in extra care for your feet as they often come in contact with dust and germs. Wash them clean before entering the kitchen and before hitting the sack.

See Also: 13 Yoga Trends To Immerse Yourself In On Your Journey To Health & Happiness

Make Oral Hygiene a Priority

The mouth is inhabited by 200 to 300 bacterial species. A few of these bacteria cause dental decays or periodontal diseases. According to a report by the WHO, 60% to 90% of school children and almost 100% adults worldwide suffer from dental cavities. Also, 15% to 20% of adults aged between 35 and 44 years have severe periodontal diseases.

Researchers and experts believe that gum diseases have the potential to cause heart diseases, stroke, diabetes, premature birth, and respiratory disease. Maintaining dental hygiene, thus, is important.

Remember to brush and floss regularly.

In addition, mouth wash can be used to rinse the mouth as it kills harmful bacteria. Don’t forget to clean your tongue every time you brush your teeth.

Cavity-causing bacteria can be passed on from parents to their kids through physical contact. Mothers with dental cavities must avoid sharing spoons with their kids as the bacteria gets passed on along with saliva.

Above all, following a healthy diet goes a long way in preventing dental infections. It is advisable for adults to keep away from tobacco and excessive alcohol. Children should be discouraged from consuming sugary and fizzy drinks.

A set of healthy teeth is great for a beautiful smile!

Cook in Clean Conditions

Cleaning the kitchen and the dining area can contribute to personal hygiene. Poor cleaning can cause bacteria to breed, eventually leading to the contamination of the food and the water.

You should clean your hands before cooking and the area where you’ll cook should be dry to avoid contamination. Precautions to keep hair from falling into the food must be taken as hair can be a source of potential microbiological infection. Coughing, sneezing, and smoking should be prohibited in the cooking area and one must wash one’s hands upon the completion of the aforementioned activities.

Dirty clothes tend to carry germs and should be replaced by clean and washed clothes or aprons ahead of cooking. It is preferable to keep nails short to avoid accumulation of dirt and germs below them.

One should strictly keep away from cooking if suffering from food poisoning. Pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and parasites contaminate food, and those suffering from an illness must take adequate precautions to prevent the spreading of food-borne diseases.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases report declared in 2014 that around 48 million people in America suffer from food-borne illness every year, of which about 3,000 people succumb to the disease annually.

See Also: Taking ‘Smart Care’ of your health

Stay Safe During Travel

Even when on the road, it’s important to keep in mind the importance of personal hygiene.

When traveling, people must be careful of acquiring traveler’s diarrhea. Travelers can use bottled water and refrain from drinking tap water. Pasteurized milk and hot beverages can be consumed to stay healthy and consumption of uncooked/undercooked food and meat should be avoided whenever possible.

Carrying a sanitizer comes in handy when traveling to foreign places. Clean your clothes yourself or use the laundry service to sanitize them after visiting places of public interest.

Further, safeguard children with full-sleeved clothes and good footwear.

Conclusion

Being clean is the first step towards sustaining good health. Hygienic living conditions are important to control and prevent illnesses. An unhealthy environment not only disrupts one’s health, but also spreads illnesses among other people.

People carrying pathogens must be mindful of others’ health.. A healthy body comes from knowing the importance of personal hygiene and following healthy practices religiously.

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Author: Pratima Makanji

Pratima Makanji is the founder of AIHT Education (American Institute of Healthcare & Technology), a US based healthcare training institute.

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    Hardly a wait. Good service.

    Jean S.

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    I’m the worst patient. I’ve had to cancel multiple times because of my job. The staff was very understanding and worked with my schedule to fit me in. Dr Machlus is also an excellent dentist!

    Charles L.

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    everyone was fantastic

    Silvester F.

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  • 

    I’ve been a patient for over thirty years and appreciate Dr. Finkelman’s professionalism and warm personality.

    Nancy O.

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    The office is run extremely professional, Dr. Machlus has a wonderful bed side manner and truly cares about his patients. Couldn’t ask for anything better!!

    Wayne E.

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    I have been using your dental service for over 45 years and have worked with Dr. Elkins and now Dr. Finkelman – a couple times with Dr. Machlus. They have been very professional and have met my needs.

    James A.

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    Everyone was professional and very friendly. They also did great work.

    Scott S.

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    Best dentist I’ve ever been too. They were always ready for me when I came there in time.

    Scott S.

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    I have trust and confidence with Dr Finkelman. And the hygentist always does a nice job.

    Jennife D.

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    Vera is a great dental hygienist. She makes me feel comfortable and makes my visit go quickly and smoothly. Dr. Machlus is a great dentist, too. Overall, I always have a good experience when going to their office.

    Kathleen R.

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    My hygenist is wonderful. Friendly, efficient and painless. Everyone here is really nice.

    Gilbert C.

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  • 

    Doctor was thorough. Hygienist was easy to work with.

    Audrey R.

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  • 

    Friendly staff. Appointments are on time. Injections are painless.

    Nancy R.

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  • 

    The office is always very friendly, I can always get the appointment time that fits my needs.

    Mashail O.

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    #1 and the most important is that you are getting in at your actual scheduled time. Super important! You don’t have to wait! They staff is pleasant, office is clean, easy going doctor and assistants.

    Leonid V.

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    Both the doctor and staff are friendly, professional and competent

    Mary S.

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    The entire staff was so friendly. I was seen within an hour of calling for an emergency appointment!

    Michelle E.

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    Very clean office. Nice and professional staff

    Michelle S.

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  • 

    Fast, compassionate care.

    Arthur V.

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  • 

    I have always received excellent care and the staff and doctors are always friendly and comforting – Vira -the hygentist-is wonderful and friendly. Doctor Finkelman has been my dentist for over 30 years – he is an excellent doctor and has taken great care of me – and my children too-would not go any where else!!!

    Patricia R.

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    Staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor was professional and explained the treatment plan and costs up front.

    Mary S.

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  • 

    A very pleasant atmosphere and Dr. Finkelman was so nice which made me feel less anxious about the dentist.

    Kathleen D.

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    Knowledgeable dentist – very efficient in processing an emergency dental need. Clean environment.

    Santiago R.

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    Did a very professional job. The quality of work was really good and I am satisfied.

    Jonathan R.

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7 Personal hygiene

The human body can provide places for disease-causing germs and parasites to grow and multiply. These places include the skin and in and around the openings to the body. It is less likely that germs and parasites will get inside the body if people have good personal hygiene habits.

7.1 Good personal hygiene

Good personal hygiene habits include:

  • washing the body often. If possible, everybody should have a shower or a bath every day. However, there may be times when this is not possible, for example, when people are out camping or there is a shortage of water
  • If this happens, a swim or a wash all over the body with a wet sponge or cloth will do
  • cleaning the teeth at least once a day. Brushing the teeth after each meal is the best way of making sure that gum disease and tooth decay are avoided. It is very important to clean teeth after breakfast and immediately before going to bed
  • washing the hair with soap or shampoo at least once a week
  • washing hands with soap after going to the toilet
  • washing hands with soap before preparing and/or eating food. During normal daily activities, such as working and playing, disease causing germs may get onto the hands and under the nails. If the germs are not washed off before preparing food or eating, they may get onto the food
  • changing into clean clothes. Dirty clothes should be washed with laundry soap before wearing them again
  • hanging clothes in the sun to dry. The sun’s rays will kill some disease-causing germs and parasites
  • turning away from other people and covering the nose and mouth with a tissue or the hand when coughing or sneezing. If this is not done, droplets of liquid containing germs from the nose and mouth will be spread in the air and other people can breathe them in, or the droplets can get onto food

Fig. 3.17: Washing the body helps keep it free of disease-causing germs
Fig. 3.18: Cleaning teeth helps keep gums and teeth healthy.
Fig. 3.19: Washing hands after going to the toilet helps stop the spread of germs.
Fig. 3.20: Washing hands before preparing food helps keep germs out of our bodies.
Fig. 3.21: Washing hands before eating food helps stop germs getting into our bodies
Fig. 3.22: Washing clothes helps keep them free of disease-causing germs.
Fig. 3.23: Hanging clothes in the sun helps to kill some disease-causing germs and parasites.
Fig. 3.24: Covering the nose and mouth when sneezing helps stop the spread of germs.

7.2 Overcrowding

When there are too many people in any house, the likelihood of them getting disease is greater than if the house is not overcrowded. This is because people in an overcrowded house will be much closer to each other and it is therefore easier for any germs to spread from one to another. For example:

  • sneezing and coughing in crowded rooms makes it easier to spread cold and flu germs
  • sharing towels can spread trachoma germs and other germs which cause eye infections (runny or sore eyes)
  • several children sleeping in the same bed makes it easier to spread a scabies infection

Fig. 3.25: Overcrowding helps spread germs and parasites such as scabies.
Each house is designed to allow a particular number of people to live there comfortably. This number will depend upon the number and size of the rooms, especially bedrooms, and the size of other facilities such as the sewage system and washing and cooking areas.
If the number of people living in the house is greater than the number it was designed for, these facilities will not be able to cope properly. For example, large numbers of people using the toilet may mean that the septic tank will not be big enough to take and treat the additional load of sewage.
For good health and comfort, the number of people who should live in a house depends upon the factors outlined below.

The number and size of bedrooms

While most people who live permanently in a house will have a bedroom to themselves or share one with one or two other people, other rooms are often used as bedrooms. The number of people who should sleep in a room will depend upon the amount of air which is available to each person. The law requires that each adult person has at least 13 cubic metres of air and each child has at least 10 cubic metres of air in a sleeping area.

The type and size of the sewage system

Usually, a household septic tank system with 2 round tanks caters for a maximum of ten people.

The size and availability of other facilities

The facilities within the house may not be able to handle all of the demands placed on them by the occupants. For example, the hot water system may not be able to produce enough hot water, or the amount of food to be chilled is too great for the refrigerator to hold.
In Indigenous communities, overcrowding in houses occurs for a number of reasons, such as:

  • there not being enough houses for the number of people who live in the community
  • families not being able to afford to pay rent on a house of their own and needing to live with relatives to share the cost
  • people visiting relatives and staying for a long time
  • visitors coming to stay so that they can attend special events such as funerals

It is important that EHPs remember that overcrowding is a significant environmental health problem in many communities.

Personal Hygiene for Women: At Home and at the workplace

Hygiene refers to maintaining cleanliness for keeping fit and staying healthy. Maintaining personal hygiene is important for both men and women, as it ensures good health and has several social benefits as well. Personal hygiene is a way of life, which is usually concerned about maintaining cleanliness, following daily good habits and practising a disciplined lifestyle. It helps us to stay protected from diseases by preventing the spread of harmful germs or bacteria around us by following an all comprehensive hygienic approach. Besides this, maintaining good personal hygiene helps in improving your self-esteem and will make you feel better about yourself.

Personal hygiene as a discipline should be adopted both at home and at the workplace. It’s because we are surrounded by bacteria and harmful germs everywhere, which may not be visible to the naked eyes, but act as major carriers of certain harmful diseases or infections. Since, at workplace we work in a group, unhygienic practices such as unpleasant odour or a shabby appearance will dissuade your colleagues to work along with you.

This article provides an extensive coverage on the simple steps which a woman needs to follow for maintaining personal hygiene:

Maintaining Cleanliness: Cleanliness can be maintained by following the below discussed routines religiously:

  • Taking a shower or a bath every day: Daily bathing helps us to stay clean and protect us from the harmful bacteria which survive on our sweat/ skin cells, which is the cause of foul body odour. Mild soap should be used for bathing and care should be taking while cleaning the private parts of the body. It doesn’t make a difference if you take a bath in the morning or at night..
  • Shampoo and Conditioning of the Hair: This should be done for at least 2 to 3 times a week. Warm water should be used while getting your hair wet. Use a shampoo or a conditioner that suits your hair type like oily, frizzy, dry, straight or curly.
  • Wash your face twice daily: Use a mild or alcohol free cleanser to clean your face every morning and before going to bed. Avoid scrubbing the skin of your face very hard or usage of harsh soaps on the face.
  • Wear clean dry clothes on a daily basis. Change your undergarments if it gets sweaty or becomes wet for any reason.
  • Wash your hands frequently specially after using a toilet, sneezing or coughing, before preparing food or while handling delicate tasks.
  • Keep a small hygiene kit in your purse or backpacks such as a small mirror, deodorant, comb, hand sanitizer or a packet of mouth fresheners or gum.
  • Use deodorants on a daily basis to smell and feel fresh.

Practising Intimate Hygiene: Intimate hygiene is important for their overall health as it not only has a soothing effect but also protects a woman from harmful bacteria which could be the main cause of fatal diseases like cancer, various infections, sterility or other kinds of diseases. The key steps involved in the maintenance of intimate hygiene are given below:

  • Wear loose, breathable and cotton fabrics which allow proper air circulation around the vaginal area and reduce vaginal sweating which is the main cause of various infections.
  • Clean the vaginal portion with a mild soap and warm water. Then dry off the wet portion with a clean towel or a wet wipe.
  • Wipe off the genital area gently after urination with the help of a tissue paper or by using wet wipes.
  • Change sanitary napkins, tampons and panty liners many times a day, to avoid any risk of infections or foul odours.
  • Use unscented intimate wash products, menstruation products, toilet papers or various feminine products.
  • Wash the vaginal portion after a sexual intercourse as this may increase the proneness to vaginal infections or other fatal diseases.

Eat a balanced diet rich in nutrition, consume ample fluids and sleep sufficiently as this will help in maintaining the vaginal health and the overall body health.

What Is Good Grooming and Personal Hygiene?

Appropriate grooming and hygiene is an important part of managing your Image. Employees represent the face of the organisation and the Image they project has an impact on the Image of the organisation. As employees are recruited cross culturally and from various geographic locations, companies strive to bring about uniformity in standard of self presentation by the employees. Often employers stipulate basic grooming standards for the employees along with dress code for the organisation, especially those who interact with clients. In a professional atmosphere, the awareness of proper grooming and hygiene standards among employees is of utmost importance.

Each employee individually has to understand and accept the need for proper grooming and personal hygiene standards. This requires knowledge and inputs regarding the positive impact of good grooming habits & adverse effects of bad grooming habits. Such awareness leads to amicable working conditions and interactions and brings about a highly positive environment in the organisation.

Benefits:

  • Grooming standards of the employees would be at a higher level in line with the objectives of the company
  • Self-presentation of the employees would improve and their Image would bring about positive influence on clients
  • Positive feedback for the company based on the employee grooming and presentation aspects.

Content:

  • Grooming – General grooming, hair, nail & skin care
  • Hygiene – Hygiene standards to be observed in professional & social situations
  • Do’s & Don’ts for good grooming and personal hygiene habits
  • Polishing self-presentation skills

Personal care, grooming and hygiene

The importance of personal and health care people seniors is essential for a good quality of life, ie keep the skin always perfectly clean to avoid possible diseases related on the other hand maintaining a good physical condition and psychological thereof.

At Joyners know the importance of personal care and hygiene of the elderly is why caregivers of our network provide assistance taking into account various factors that influence when carrying out this task, respecting while promoting the autonomy of the individual, because we know that is important to the sense of self in this regard while respecting the privacy of the same.

Caregivers are well trained in addition to an approved title socio also provide help to dress in the same way take care of personal hygiene as we know it is a sensitive issue takes many by surprise.

The objectives of a service care and personal hygiene of the elderly are focused on protecting personal health of the person both physically and psychic level thus stimulating the desire to maintain a constant hygiene and the importance of it to prevent possible evils resulting from poor body cleansing.

We know the conditions of each individual on a personal level in terms of mobility or psychic level are different, because of this factor hygiene is often affected in terms of regularity or proper application. Caregivers who work with us are aware of this emphasis on small details, because good health also depends on good grooming and hygiene care. It is true that the elderly tend to get dirty easily, for this reason special attention is given and it is recommended to always carry an antibacterial cleansing gel.

On the other hand and tranquility of many, you can contact Joyners or caregivers who work with us in real time through our personalized App, available for both iOS and Android.

Joyners seeks the welfare and customer satisfaction, we understand the needs of each client to proceed properly, so we invite you to contact us through our website, app, or if you prefer directly by phone.

Guest Expectation:

I expect a high level of personal grooming and hygiene from all employees. I pay high room rates and I expect there to be high standards of grooming and hygiene which complement the facilities of the hotel.

1) Report on Duty :

  • Present yourself in a tidy appearance toward our customer and represent highest standards of service.

  • Report on duty 5 – 10 minutes before your shift starts.

2) Staff grooming & hygiene:

  • Brush your hair before going on duty.

  • Ensure that shoes are clean and polished before going on duty.

  • Females must wear appropriate stockings with black court shoes where heels do not exceed two inches.

  • Males must wear black socks and shoes.

  • Change your uniform regularly at Housekeeping Linen Room.

  • Clean pressed uniforms must be worn with neatly brushed hair, polished shoes, clean name badge and no buttons missing.

  • Contact Housekeeping Uniform Linen Room if buttons are missing.

  • Contact HR Department if your name badge is damaged or lost.

  • Change your socks/stockings daily.

  • Ensure nails are well-trimmed, only clear or pale nail polish for female staff

  • Only one ring and watch is permitted, small earrings for female staff.

  • Take a bath daily.

  • Brush your teeth daily and always wear a smile. Use breath freshener if necessary.

  • Teeth should be clean and the breath must be fresh. This can be achieved by cleaning the teeth regularly and visiting the dentist for check-ups on a regular basis.

  • Deodorant/eau de toilette cologne/aftershave may be used but not so much that it is offensive.

  • Earrings, beards and moustaches are forbidden for male staff.

  • Light cosmetics with colors that complement the uniform and skin tones may be worn. Lipstick of a suitable color must be worn at all times.

  • If make-up is worn it should be light and natural-looking. Avoid vivid colors, like bright blues or violets around the eyes, and make sure the blusher does not look too dramatic. Bright lipstick colors should also be avoided.

  • Be aware of your posture. Walk briskly with a straight back and do not lean on walls.

  • Never run in the lobby.

  • Check your appearance in a mirror in the locker rooms before going on duty.

  • Female hair length beyond the shoulder must be neatly tied/ bundled.

  • Men must have short well-combed hair which doesn’t extend below the collar or over the ears.

  • Avoid excessive use of hairsprays and gels, as they can make the hair look stiff and unnatural.

  • Do not use unnatural hair-colors e.g. green, blue, unnatural blond etc.

  • Ask your self :

    Q1. Why do I have to report on duty 5 to 10 minutes earlier?

    Q2. Why is grooming and hygiene important for myself, the hotel and our guests?

    Q3. Why do I have to take bath daily and brush my teeth twice a day?

    Q4. How regular do we have to change our uniform?

    Q5. What do I have to do if I have missing buttons on my Uniform?

thanks with best regards

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