How to get rid of bad breath at school?


11 Ways to Fight Bad Breath Naturally

What’s even more humiliating and socially unacceptable than the remains of a spinach salad speckled across a toothy grin? Yes, it’s bad breath.

Halitosis. A foul odor emanating from the mouth. It’s not a medical emergency, of course, but some 25 to 30 percent of the world’s population suffer with this distressing problem.

The origins of bad breath are not mysterious: dental cavities, gum disease, poor oral hygiene, coated tongue (a white or yellow coating on the tongue, usually due to inflammation) are among the most common. Hundreds of bacteria live in our mouths and some of them—on the tongue or below the gumline or in pockets created by gum disease between gums and teeth, for example—create sulfurous smells. Other causes may include malnutrition (fat breakdown gives your breath a fruity odor), uncontrolled diabetes, and dry mouth (saliva has an antimicrobial effect). Infections such as sore throat or sinusitis, or intestinal disorders, such as heartburn, ulcers, and lactose intolerance, also result in bad breath.

Bad breath can be intermittent as well. Food and drink, such as garlic, onions, coffee, and alcohol, can temporarily cause bad breath. Smokers also suffer from it. Whatever the cause, treatment involves correcting the underlying disorder—and/or perhaps trying a few easy solutions from 500 TIME-TESTED HOME REMEDIES AND THE SCIENCE BEHIND THEM.

Here are 11 ways to fight bad breath:

  • If you wear dentures, remove them at night and clean to get rid of bacterial buildup from food and drink.
  • Drink plenty of water and swish cool water around in your mouth. This is especially helpful to freshen “morning breath.”
  • Brush after every meal and floss, preferably twice a day.
  • Replace your toothbrush every two to three months.
  • Arrange regular dental checkups and cleanings.
  • Scrape your tongue each morning with a tongue scraper or spoon to decrease the bacteria, fungi, and dead cells that can cause odor. Hold the tip of the tongue with gauze to pull it forward in order to clean the back of the tongue.
  • Chew a handful of cloves, fennel seeds, or aniseeds. Their antiseptic qualities help fight halitosis-causing bacteria.
  • Chew a piece of lemon or orange rind for a mouth- freshening burst of flavor. (Wash the rind thoroughly first.) The citric acid will stimulate the salivary glands—and fight bad breath.
  • Chew a fresh sprig of parsley, basil, mint, or cilantro. The chlorophyll in these green plants neutralizes odors.
  • Try a 30-second mouthwash rinse that is alcohol-free (unike many off-the-shelf products). Mix a cup of water with a teaspoon of baking soda (which changes the pH level and fights odor in the mouth) and a few drops of antimicrobial peppermint essential oil. Don’t swallow it! (Yields several rinses.)



Raw crunchy foods clean the teeth. Apples contain pectin, which helps control food odors and promotes saliva production. Cinnamon is antimicrobial. Active cultures in yogurt help reduce odor-causing bacteria in the mouth.

  • 1 cup apple chunks
  • 1 cup grated carrot
  • 1 cup diced celery
  • ½ cup dried cranberries
  • ½ cup crushed walnuts
  • 3 to 5 tablespoons plain nonfat yogurt
  • Ground cinnamon

PREPARATION AND USE: Mix the apple, carrot, celery, cranberries, and walnuts together in a large bowl. Add yogurt by the tablespoon to moisten the mixture. Sprinkle with cinnamon. (Serves two.)

Save Your Breath!

The Remedy Chicks

All right, let’s collectively leave the judgment at the door here, because we’re all guilty of stanky breath from time to time. Whether the cause is your diet, good ole morning time, or overall dental hygiene, bad breath is just something that happens—and more often than you’d like.

Below, three New York City–based dentists share their expert tips on what you can do to prevent bad breath from creeping up again and how to fix your problem stat, if you need a fix, like, right now.

1. Clean your tongue.

According to dentist Michelle Chan, DDS, one main source of bad breath is a type of oxygen-hating bacteria in your mouth called anaerobic bacteria. Since they don’t like fresh air, they nestle deeper into your mouth’s surfaces, causing inflammation and bleeding of the gums, which, in turn, creates a stinky, sulphuric byproduct. Sexy, right? Dr. Chan suggests using a tongue scraper to remove the bacteria burrowed in the fuzzy filaments of your tongue, or in a pinch, try using a clean spoon instead.

2. Use an oxygenated mouthwash.

Since anaerobic bacteria hate oxygen, try gargling with an oxygenated mouthwash to kill them fast, even in hard-to-reach places like your tonsils. Yep, anaerobic bacteria tend to accumulate in the contours of your tonsils and create super-pungent tonsil stones (a buildup of bacteria and debris in your tonsils). Yum! Dr. Chan also suggests gargling in the back of your throat with salt water to dislodge the stones or seeing your ENT doctor to remove them.

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3. Stay hydrated.

Beauty editors like to respond to everything with “drink more water,” and I’m sorry in advance, but the same applies here. Dehydration reduces your saliva production, which is a problem because your spit has antibacterial and antifungal properties that keep your mouth healthy and your breath smelling good. And on a basic level, your saliva also helps break down your food, wash it away, and lubricate your teeth to prevent food getting stuck. “If the food’s decomposing in your mouth because it wasn’t broken down or washed out, bacteria can flourish,” Dr. Chan says. “The more food you leave behind, the more feasting for the bacteria.”

TL;DR: Spit is good. Stay hydrated.

4. Rinse with alcohol-free mouthwash.

While we’re on the topic of dehydration, go ahead and toss all your alcohol-based rinses because ironically enough, your mouthwash could be your problem. Alcohol dries out your mouth, which leads to more bacteria growth, says dentist Debra Glassman, DDS. If you don’t want to run to the store, you can create your own by mixing a tablespoon of baking soda with a cup of warm water and a few drops of peppermint essential oil. “Baking soda is a natural antibacterial, and the peppermint oil helps freshen your breath in a pinch if you run out of mouthwash,” Dr. Glassman says.

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5. Snack on apples or any other crunchy, healthy foods.

Better make a quick stop at Whole Foods (that’s romantic, right?). The hard texture of apples, celery, carrots, etc., can remove food caught between your teeth and rub away the bacteria that’s clinging to them. Think of crunchy health foods as nature’s toothbrushes.

6. Chew sugarless gum containing xylitol.

Gum contributes to better breath for a few reasons: First, the act of chewing stimulates the flow of saliva, which, remember, helps flush away bacteria. Second, it helps pick up food that’s been left behind. And third, xylitol, a sweetener, is also an antibacterial. Try SuperSmile Whitening Gum With Xylitol, or if you’re not a gum fan, try Spry Xylitol Mints.

7. Eat probiotic foods.

Dr. Glassman says good breath relies on a healthy gut. Eating probiotic fermented foods like kimchi, yogurt, and kefir increases the good bacteria in your gut (the large and small intestines and the stomach). And when good bacteria thrive, there’s less room for the bad bac, which can give off a not-so-pleasant smell that travels up the digestive tract and into your mouth.

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8. Chew on fresh mint leaves or parsley.

You laugh, but it works! If you’re already on your date, order a drink with mint leaves or casually ask your server for a side of parsley (you just, um, really love parsley, okay?). The mint will help freshen your breath, and the parsley contains chlorophyll, which Dr. Jennifer Jablow, DDS, says fights against the aforementioned sulfur compounds.

9. Brush and floss Every. Single. Day.

Sure, flossing is an extra step, but it’s an essential one. Brushing your teeth helps nix the plaque and bacteria on the front, back, and the chewing surface, but flossing dislodges anything your toothbrush can’t get to between the teeth. If you don’t floss, Dr. Chan says here’s what will happen:

The minerals in saliva (like calcium and phosphates) can cause the plaque to harden between the teeth (aka tartar). Tartar is full of bacteria. The bacteria colonies can multiply and burrow deeper into your gum. Over time, the tissue around the bone gets irritated, causing inflammation. Your gums start to break down, resulting in bleeding gums when you brush your teeth. If it progresses, the space between the gums and teeth grows. Welcome to gum disease.

Basically, anaerobic bacteria are the culprit behind gum disease and bad breath. So brush and floss, or bad breath will be the least of your concerns.

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10. Steer clear of cigarettes.

Aside from the obvious fact that cigarettes smell bad, Dr. Chan says smoking inhibits your immune system, which can interfere with your bod’s ability to fight off bad bacteria. That can lead to a quicker progression of gum disease and bad breath.

11. Don’t skip your dentist appointments.

See your dentist at least twice a year (depending on your oral condition) for cleanings, and while you’re there, don’t hesitate to bring up your concerns if you’ve tried everything and your bad breath still isn’t going away. It could be the result of multiple factors, so don’t WebMD yourself into a dark hole. Just go ahead and make yourself an appointment.

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Carly Cardellino Carly Cardellino was the beauty director at Cosmopolitan. Brooke Shunatona Brooke Shunatona is a contributing writer for

DIY Fixes and Tips

Having bad breath can have adverse consequences on your confidence and social life. The condition of having mouth odour is usually referred to as ‘halitosis.’ There are several causes of bad breath including lifestyle choices such as smoking and alcohol. However, the most common reasons are brought about by dental hygiene such as dental cavities, a coated tongue due to inflammation or gum disease. Lack of saliva in the mouth also contributes to bad breath.
However, you can successfully treat halitosis by taking care of the underlying factors causing the condition. Here are 8 home remedies that have proven effective in getting rid of bad breath.

1. Fennel Seeds
Fennel seeds have antiseptic properties that help get rid of bacteria that cause bad breath. Chewing a tablespoon of fennel seeds will help freshen your breath as well as stimulate the production of saliva in your mouth. The antimicrobial effect in saliva prevents bad breath.
2. Cinnamon
Cinnamic aldehyde is an essential oil found in cinnamon that reduces the bacteria in your mouth and covers bad breath. Boil a teaspoon of cinnamon powder in water, add bay leaves and some cardamom seeds. After straining the solution, use it as a mouth rinse twice a day.
3. Lemon Juice
Chewing on a lemon or orange rind will freshen your mouth and add a burst of flavor. The citric acid stimulates saliva production and fights off bad breath. You can also make a lemon rinse by adding a tablespoon of lemon juice to one cup of water and rinsing your mouth with it.
4. Parsley
Parsley effectively neutralizes bad breath due to the chlorophyll in it. Simply chew on a parsley sprig to freshen your mouth. If preferred, you may dip the parsley sprig in some vinegar before chewing it thoroughly.
5. Cloves
Put a few pieces of cloves in your mouth and chew them. The antibacterial properties in the cloves will freshen your mouth. Making clove tea will also give you a good mouthwash. Boil a teaspoon of ground cloves to a cup of water and boil, allowing to simmer for 5 to 10 minutes. Use this mouthwash twice a day.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is great at balancing pH levels which makes it quite effective at remedying bad breath. Take a tablespoon of raw apple cider vinegar and after adding it to a glass of water, drink the solution before taking meals. This will do great for your digestion and treat bad breath. Alternatively, you can add some apple cider vinegar to a cup of water and simply gargle.
7. Baking Soda
Use baking powder to make an alcohol-free mouthwash. Take one cup of water and to it add a teaspoon of baking soda. To it add a few drops of peppermint essential oil which has antimicrobial properties. The baking soda will help regulate acid levels in your mouth and will fight off mouth odor.
8. Water
Drinking lots of water will generally give you a fresher mouth. Swish cold water around your mouth every now and then. This is especially effective in getting rid of morning breath.
Use these tips for a healthier, fresher mouth. If the odour persists, it is advisable that you see a doctor in order to find out if there is a more serious underlying condition causing your bad breath.

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Home Remedies: Battling bad breath

There are many causes of bad breath, also called halitosis. Your mouth may be the source. The breakdown of food particles and other debris by bacteria in and around your teeth can cause a foul odor. If your mouth becomes dry, such as during sleep or after smoking, dead cells can accumulate and decompose on your tongue, gums and cheeks, causing odor. Eating foods containing oils with strong odor such as onions and garlic, can lead to bad breath. Foul-smelling breath also may be a symptom of illness, such as lung disease, diabetes or liver failure.

To reduce or prevent bad breath, you should:

  • Brush your teeth after you eat.
    Keep a toothbrush at work to use after eating. Brush using a fluoride-containing toothpaste at least twice a day, especially after meals. Toothpaste with antibacterial properties has been shown to reduce bad breath odors.
  • Floss at least once a day.
    Proper flossing removes food particles and plaque from between your teeth, helping control bad breath.
  • Brush your tongue.
    Your tongue harbors bacteria, so carefully brushing it may reduce odors. People who have a coated tongue from a significant overgrowth of bacteria such as smoking or dry mouth may benefit from using a tongue scraper. Or use a toothbrush that has a built-in tongue cleaner.

  • Clean dentures or dental appliances.
    If you wear a bridge or a denture, clean it thoroughly at least once a day or as directed by your dentist. If you have a dental retainer or mouthguard, clean it each time before you put it in your mouth. Your dentist can recommend the best cleaning product.
  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dry mouth.
    To keep your mouth moist, avoid tobacco and drink plenty of water — not coffee, soft drinks or alcohol, which can lead to a drier mouth. Chew gum or suck on candy — preferably sugarless — to stimulate saliva. For chronic dry mouth, your dentist or physician may prescribe an artificial saliva preparation or oral medication that stimulates the flow of saliva.
  • Adjust your diet.
    Avoid foods such as onions and garlic that can cause bad breath. Eating a lot of sugary foods also is linked with bad breath.
  • Regularly get a new toothbrush.
    Change your toothbrush when it becomes frayed — about every three to four months. Also, choose a soft-bristled toothbrush.
  • Schedule regular dental checkups.
    See your dentist regularly — generally twice a year — to have your teeth or dentures examined and cleaned.
  • Chew fresh parsley.
    Chewing parsley may improve bad breath temporarily.

Read more about self-management for bad breath.

Nose Breathing Exercise: Hold your tongue to the roof of your mouth, behind your front teeth. Breathe in through your nose, making your belly rise. Breathe in for 3 seconds and exhale for 4 seconds. Do this for 2-3 minutes daily.

  • Anaerobic bacteria and oxygen deprivation

Bad breath is most commonly caused by anaerobic bacteria in your mouth. These bugs thrive in the absence of oxygen, producing chemicals that cause bad breath.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) can increase your oxygen intake.

In a hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber, the air pressure is increased to three times higher than normal and pure oxygen is administered. Under these conditions, your lungs absorb far more of the pure oxygen than they would at normal pressure.

Hyperbaric oxygen is known to help gangrene, skin and bone infections and non-healing ulcers. At present, research is limited and mainly confined to sports injuries. However, we know that bacteria that produce bad breath compounds thrive in mouth crevices where oxygen can’t reach.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #8: Hydration

Drink more water. Hydration will help maintain saliva flow and keep your mouth moist, discouraging bacterial growth.

Cut down on diuretics. Diuretics such as coffee, black tea, and alcohol increase fluid loss and may cause dry mouth.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #9: Oral hygiene

Stop nasty bacteria from building up on your gums and teeth.

Oral hygiene. Regular oral hygiene, including interdental cleaning with floss, will help to prevent bad breath.

Brush your tongue. The bacteria that cause bad breath are often found on the topside of your tongue. If you can see a white coating on your tongue, you should remove this debris with a tongue cleaner.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #10: Exercise

Daily exercises help to increase your ventilation and circulation rate. This helps to increase cellular turnover throughout your body.

Exercise has also been shown to be good for maintaining microbiome health. This may help to manage harmful bugs that cause bad breath.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #11: Decrease your stress

Stress can change your body’s odor.

One natural remedy for reducing bad breath may be to get your stress under control. Bad breath is a sign that both your immune system and microbiome aren’t working the way they should.

Chronic stress can damage your immune system and reduce your ability to respond to your environment. Central to this is your microbiome.

Stress as a cause of bad breath may be due to its ability to cause odor. We know stress increases sweat gland activity. These secretions interact with bacteria in your body to create body odor.

However, stress itself may change your body’s bacteria. Research has shown in mice studies that the microbiome can lose diversity when exposed to chronic stress.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #12: Get good quality sleep and rest

Lack of sleep can negatively affect both your immune system, microbiome and stress response. We also know that sleep helps your immune system to effectively ‘remember’ its environment.

Researchers have also found that your gut microbiome plays a role in your diurnal rhythm. If you have bad breath, it’s worth looking at your sleep patterns and trying to ensure you get enough good quality sleep.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #13: Essential oils

Many toothpaste and mouthwashes claim to kill bacteria that cause bad breath. However, we know little about what these products do to the whole microbiome. Natural products with antimicrobial properties may be more effective in preserving ‘friendly’ bacteria.

Peppermint essential oil

For bad breath, try gargling with peppermint oil, a potent anti-microbial that kills off harmful bacteria and leaves the breath fresh. Mix 1-2 drops with water and swish the mixture around your mouth for 30 seconds.

Lemongrass essential oil

Lemongrass has antimicrobial properties that inhibit certain bacteria, both internally and externally. It is also known to be effective against bacterial infections in the colon.

Lemongrass oil may be used as an internal or external preparation. Chewing lemon rind may also be effective.

Eucalyptus essential oil

Eucalyptus oil is well-known for its ability to reduce mucus production. It also boosts the immune system, reduces inflammation, and acts as an antioxidant, antimicrobial and pain reliever.

Clove essential oil

Clove oil contains antifungal and antimicrobial compounds that may act against bacteria that cause bad breath and digestive problems.

It’s used as a natural pain reliever, especially for dental emergencies.

You can add a few drops of clove oil to water as a natural bad breath remedy.

Orange essential oil

Cleaning products are often scented with orange due to its anti-odor properties. Orange oil is rich in the antioxidant limonene, which may help to fight bad breath causing microbes.

You can add a few drops of concentrated orange oil to water to make a drink or peel orange rind straight from the orange and chew it.

Consult your dentist before trying these oils as a cure for bad breath, and don’t use them for more than 2-3 weeks. You can try combining them to suit your taste.

Natural remedies to get rid of bad breath #14: Skin Rubs

Your skin microbiome communicates with your oral microbiome. Therefore, rubbing certain pleasant-smelling essential oils on your skin could have a positive effect on your bad breath. You can add these to a bath or add diluted to the skin.

Tea tree oil is well known for its antibacterial properties. It’s especially effective against bacteria that live on the skin.

Lavender oil is another natural anti-microbial oil that will leave your skin smelling fresh. Add a few drops to a damp cloth and dab onto your skin.

Heal your bad breath naturally

Nature is full of compounds that help heal your oral, gut and digestive system. By working these into your daily routine, it is possible to find a natural remedy for bad breath.

Not only are many of these more pleasant to use, they may encourage long-term health of your oral and gut microbiome.

If your bad breath persists, please see your dentist or doctor.

Have a question? Why not leave it in the comment section below.

For more information on Dr. Lin’s clinical protocol that highlights the steps parents can take to prevent dental problems in their children:

Want to know more? Dr Steven Lin’s book, The Dental Diet, is available to order today. An exploration of ancestral medicine, the human microbiome and epigenetics it’s a complete guide to the mouth-body connection. Take the journey and the 40-day delicious food program for life-changing oral and whole health.

Click below to order your copy now:

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Things You Can Try at Home to Eliminate Bad Breath

Good dental hygiene

According to research studies, poor dental hygiene is the most common cause of bad breath. Preventing plaque buildup is the key to maintaining a healthy mouth. You should brush your teeth using a fluoride toothpaste for two minutes at least twice per day (morning and night).

Some people find that brushing after every meal is necessary to prevent decay and bad breath. To prevent bacteria from growing on bits of food stuck in your teeth, floss at least once per day.

Bacteria can also accumulate on the tongue, causing a foul smell. A practice known as tongue scraping can help you remove this thin layer of film. Using your toothbrush or a specialized tongue scraper, brush or scrape your tongue at least once per day. Learn more about why you should be brushing your tongue.


Parsley is a popular folk remedy for bad breath. Its fresh scent and high chlorophyll content suggest that it can have a deodorizing effect. Studies (not done on human breath, however) have shown that parsley can effectively combat foul sulfur compounds.

To use parsley for bad breath, chew on fresh leaves after each meal or buy a parsley dietary supplement here.

Pineapple juice

Many people believe that pineapple juice is the quickest and most effective treatment for bad breath. While there is no scientific evidence to back up this theory, anecdotal reports suggest that it works.

Drink a glass of organic pineapple juice after every meal, or chew on a pineapple slice for one to two minutes. It’s also important to remember to rinse your mouth of the sugars in fruit and fruit juice afterward.


Research shows that mouth dryness often causes bad breath. Saliva plays a very important role in keeping your mouth clean. Without it, bacteria thrive.

Your mouth naturally dries out while you sleep, which is why breath is typically worse in the morning.

Prevent dry mouth by keeping your body hydrated. Drinking water (not caffeinated or sugary drinks) throughout the day will help encourage saliva production. Aim for at least eight glasses of water per day.


Yogurt contains healthy bacteria called lactobacillus. These healthy bacteria can help combat bad bacteria in various parts of your body, like your gut.

Research shows that yogurt may also help reduce bad breath. A study found after six weeks of eating yogurt, 80 percent of participants had a reduction in bad breath. Probiotics in yogurt are effective in reducing the severity of bad breath.

To use yogurt to fight bad breath, eat at least one serving per day of plain, nonfat yogurt.


Milk is a well-known cure for bad breath. Research shows that drinking milk after eating garlic can significantly improve “garlicky” breath.

To use this method, drink a glass of low- or full-fat milk during or after a meal containing strong-smelling foods like garlic and onions.

Fennel or anise seeds

Since ancient times, fennel and anise seeds have been used to freshen breath. In parts of India, roasted fennel seeds are still used as “mukhwas,” or mouth fresheners, to cleanse after-dinner breath. They taste sweet and contain aromatic essential oils that give the breath a fresh scent.

Fennel and anise seeds can be eaten plain, roasted, or coated with sugar.


Oranges not only make for a healthy dessert, but they also promote dental hygiene.

Many people have bad breath because they don’t produce enough saliva to wash away foul-smelling bacteria. Research shows that vitamin C helps increase saliva production, which can help eliminate bad breath. Oranges are rich in this vitamin.


Zinc salts, an ingredient in certain mouthwashes and chewing gum, can counteract bad breath. Zinc works to decrease the number of sulfurous compounds in your breath. Research has shown that regular rinsing with a solution containing zinc can be effective in reducing bad breath for at least 6 months.

Try a zinc chewing gum designed for people with dry mouth. You can also find zinc dietary supplements at your local drug store or purchase them online here.

Green tea

Green tea is an effective home remedy for bad breath. Research shows that green tea has disinfectant and deodorizing properties that can temporarily freshen the breath. Mint has similar effects, so a cup of green mint tea may be an ideal breath freshener.

Brew two cups of tea before going to bed and refrigerate it overnight. Pour your cool tea into a water bottle and bring it to work. Slowly sip on it throughout the day. Purchase green mint tea here.


One study found that raw apples have a powerful effect against garlic breath. Certain natural compounds in apples neutralize the foul-smelling compounds in garlic. This is particularly useful for people whose garlic breath lingers, because it neutralizes the compounds in the bloodstream, rather than just deodorizing the mouth.

Homemade mouthwash with baking soda

Studies have shown that baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, can effectively kill bacteria in the mouth. Research indicates that toothpastes containing high concentrations of baking soda effectively reduce bad breath.

To make a baking soda mouthwash, add 2 teaspoons of baking soda to 1 cup of warm water. Swish the mouthwash around in your mouth for at least 30 seconds before spitting it out.

Homemade mouthwash with vinegar

Vinegar contains a natural acid called acetic acid. Bacteria don’t like to grow in acidic environments, so a vinegar mouthwash may reduce bacteria growth.

Add 2 tablespoons of white or apple cider vinegar to 1 cup of water. Gargle for at least 30 seconds before spitting it out.

Try Natural Home Remedies for Noses

What about the stuffy nose that forces you to breathe through your mouth and talk funny? Try these remedies: Inhale the vapors of one grated horseradish. Or crush a clove of garlic in a cup of warm water and place a few drops of the garlic solution into each nasal passage. And don’t forget the old standby of hot chicken soup to which you may add garlic, parsley, and onion. Several good inhalants can be made right in your kitchen. One consists of a quarter cup of lemon thyme in a quart of water. Boil and inhale the steam. You can also make an effective vapor by adding one ounce of chopped comfrey leaves or root to one cup of water. Boil this mixture and inhale the steam. To get the best results, cover your head and the basin with a towel. And you can also get good results by adding a half cup of vinegar to boiling water and inhaling the fumes. Of course, all these methods sound pretty logical, so here is one that sounds crazy and illogical, but it works. Place several cubes of ice in a basin of water and place only your toes in the water until they begin to feel numb. You won’t end up with frostbite, but it will serve to clear the nasal passages.

Millions of people suffer from irritated sinuses due to allergy attacks, air pollution, smoke, or viral infection. This is called sinusitis. Don’t give in to it. Fight back with home remedies. Mix together two cups of cold water with one tablespoon of Epsom salts and two teaspoons of bicarbonate of soda. Dip a clean cloth in the liquid and place over the sinus area. Another method involves dissolving a 500 mg vitamin C tablet in a quarter cup of warm water. Apply directly to the nostrils with an eyedropper. Still another eyedropper remedy can be made by putting a teaspoon of dried rose petals in a cup of boiling water. Steep until cool, strain, and dip a cotton ball in the liquid. Apply this as a compress and place drops in the nostrils. One other method for sinusitis has been found to be helpful by many sufferers. Eat two garlic cloves three times a day for a week. Sinuses should start draining after a few days. Admittedly this is a tough treatment to stay with, in that you must be careful not to get close to anyone during the week, and romantic moments are definitely a no-no.

If our noses give us trouble with frequent running or stuffing up, those instances will in all likelihood be accompanied by the occasional bloody nose. The nose is the most vascular area of the body, which means that nasal passages are packed with veins and capillaries, many lying just below the thin lining of the nostrils, practically waiting for the right conditions to start bleeding. Very dry air, some dust or dirt, or a dozen other irritants may get the blood flow started. There are some simple remedies, however, for dealing with the problem. If your nosebleed is persistent, ice may stop the flow quickly. There are several methods you can try here. Studies have shown that sucking ice cubes can constrict the blood vessels, and this often helps. Some doctors recommend a cold compress of ice wrapped in a washcloth and placed on the forehead and bridge of the nose. Some even suggest a bag of frozen peas smashed up like a bean bag and wrapped in a towel. Vitamin C tablets and zinc tablets have both been shown to be important in the maintenance of body tissues, including the blood vessels. Taking a tablet of each every day as well as eating foods rich in vitamin C, including fruits and vegetables, is recommended. You will want to avoid taking aspirin unless your doctor has prescribed it for another condition, since aspirin is an anticoagulant or “blood thinner” which can aggravate a sensitive nose and cause it to bleed.

Whatever the poets and romanticists opine about our noses, we all have to live with them right in the middle of our faces. Hopefully some knowledge of these “nosy” remedies will make our life with them a more compatible arrangement.

What Causes Bad Breath?

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Bad breath, or halitosis, can be a major problem, especially when you’re about to snuggle with your sweetie or whisper a joke to your friend. The good news is that bad breath can often be prevented with some simple steps.

Bad breath is caused by odor-producing bacteria that grow in the mouth. When you don’t brush and floss regularly, bacteria accumulate on the bits of food left in your mouth and between your teeth. The sulfur compounds released by these bacteria make your breath smell.

Certain foods, especially ones like garlic and onions that contain pungent oils, can contribute to bad breath because the oils are carried to your lungs and out through your mouth. Smoking is also a major cause of bad breath.

There are lots of myths about taking care of bad breath. Here are three things you may have heard about bad breath that are not true:

Myth #1: Mouthwash will make bad breath go away.

Mouthwash only gets rid of bad breath temporarily. If you do use mouthwash, look for an antiseptic (kills the germs that cause bad breath) and plaque-reducing one with a seal from the American Dental Association (ADA). When you’re deciding which dental products to toss into your shopping cart, it’s always a good idea to look for those that are accepted by the ADA. Also, ask your dentist for recommendations.

Myth #2: As long as you brush your teeth, you shouldn’t have bad breath.

The truth is that most people only brush their teeth for 30 to 45 seconds, which just doesn’t cut it. To sufficiently clean all the surfaces of your teeth, you should brush for at least 2 minutes at least twice a day. Remember to brush your tongue, too — bacteria love to hang out there. It’s equally important to floss because brushing alone won’t remove harmful plaque and food particles that become stuck between your teeth and gums.

Myth #3: If you breathe into your hand, you’ll know when you have bad breath.

Wrong! When you breathe, you don’t use your throat the same way you do when you talk. When you talk, you tend to bring out the odors from the back of your mouth (where bad breath originates), which simply breathing doesn’t do. Also, because we tend to get used to our own smells, it’s hard for a person to tell if he or she has bad breath.

If you’re concerned about bad breath, make sure you’re taking care of your teeth and mouth properly. Some sugar-free gums and mints can temporarily mask odors, too.

If you brush and floss properly and visit your dentist for regular cleanings, but your bad breath persists, you may have a medical problem like sinusitis or gum disease. Call your doctor or dentist if you suspect a problem. They can figure out if something else is behind your bad breath and help you take care of it./p>

Reviewed by: Steven Dowshen, MD

What Can I Do to Prevent Bad Breath?

Bad breath can be reduced or prevented if you:

  1. Practice good oral hygiene. Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste to remove food debris and plaque. Brush teeth after you eat (keep a toothbrush at work or school to brush after lunch). Don’t forget to brush the tongue, too. Replace your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months or after an illness. Use floss or an interdental cleaner to remove food particles and plaque between teeth once a day. Rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash twice a day. Dentures should be removed at night and cleaned thoroughly before being placed in your mouth the next morning.
  2. See your dentist regularly — at least twice a year. He or she will conduct an oral exam and professional teeth cleaning and will be able to detect and treat periodontal disease, dry mouth, or other problems that may be the cause of bad mouth odor.
  3. Stop smoking and chewing tobacco-based products. Ask your dentist for tips on kicking the habit.
  4. Drink lots of water. This will keep your mouth moist. Chewing gum (preferably sugarless) or sucking on candy (preferably sugarless) also stimulates the production of saliva, which helps wash away food particles and bacteria. Gums and mints containing xylitol are best.
  5. Keep a log of the foods you eat. If you think they may be causing bad breath, bring the log to your dentist to review. Similarly, make a list of the medications you take. Some drugs may play a role in creating mouth odors.

Effective Home Remedies for Bad Breath

Regular dentist visits and proper oral hygiene are critical for a healthy mouth. But there are other things you can do to help fight off bad breath and halitosis. Home remedies for bad breath can make a big difference to your oral hygiene over time, when used in conjunction with your daily dental care and visits. So adopt these simple but effective habits to treat bad breath.


Drinking enough water is one of the simplest steps you can take to curb bad breath. When your mouth doesn’t have enough moisture to produce saliva, odor-causing bacteria can develop. Side effects from certain medications, medical conditions and diseases can deprive you of that necessary moisture, but not getting enough water can also contribute to dry mouth in otherwise healthy people.

Staying hydrated is important, particularly before and after heavy exercise, when rapid breath can increase dry mouth. While it’s a healthy practice in and of itself, be sure to drink water when you first wake up. Dry mouth can occur while you’re asleep, so hydrating first thing in the morning gives you a jump on a night’s worth of collected bacteria.

Brush and Floss

Daily tooth brushing along with flossing are the most important actions you can take to ward off bad breath. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), if you neglect to brush and floss daily, food particles can linger in your mouth, causing bad breath. So, it’s recommended to brush two times a day for at least two minutes.

Today, flossing has become an integral part of daily oral care and the American Dental Association recommends you floss once daily at least. Correct flossing after each meal consistently cuts down on plaque, bacteria and odor-causing food particles. Flossing helps stop periodontal disease as well, another cause of bad breath.

Clean Your Tongue

Cleaning your tongue can effectively decrease halitosis-causing compounds. These compounds form on your tongue and in your mouth when bacteria and amino acids combine, emitting an unpleasant sulfur-like smell. So cleaning your tongue regularly is important in fighting halitosis. Products like Colgate® 360 Toothbrush, with its unique tongue cleaner, remove up to 96 percent more odor causing bacteria to eliminate bad breath.

Eat Healthy

It’s common knowledge that certain foods like raw onion or garlic cause bad breath. Such foods, when ingested and excreted by the lungs, cause halitosis. But avoiding acidic foods (like vinegar) or high-fructose foods (like sugary cereal) cuts down on bad breath too. Both acids and sugars increase production of bacteria and bad breath.

Instead, choose a diet that curbs intestinal upset and odor-causing bacteria. According to Aetna, you should moderate your sugar intake and choose foods that increase saliva flow, including:

  • Whole grains like brown rice
  • Dark green and orange vegetables
  • A variety of fruits and
  • Proteins such as fish, beans, nuts or seeds.

Use a Mouthrinse

Use a mouthrinse after every meal like Colgate® Total Advanced Pro Shield™, which helps reduce plaque and gingivitis and freshens breath. Mouthrinse alone is not an effective remedy but should be used in addition to regular brushing and flossing.

Use Traditional Remedies

Home treatments passed down over the years are a good complement to your daily dental care. Herbs such as fennel, for example, have long been used in some cultures as a breath sweetener. Fennel increases saliva production, and contains numerous antibacterial properties, and a few sprigs will do the trick after or between meals.

Fresh breath is a sign of a healthy mouth, and a healthy mouth is often a good indication of your overall health. These home remedies for bad breath are habits you can take up in your own home, and they’re integral to fighting and preventing the underlying causes of bad breath.


Halitosis is a condition in which a person emanates an unattractive odor from their mouth. This is often called bad breath.

Halitosis Symptoms

What does halitosis smell like? The quick answer is: It varies. The underlying causes can impact the smell. Some people might find signs of halitosis embarrassing, so much so that they’re reluctant to even talk to their dentist. Know that you’re not alone; it’s relatively common and often easy to treat and prevent halitosis.

Halitosis Causes

There are three common halitosis causes that you, your dentist and perhaps your doctor can discuss to help you banish bad breath and improve your whole-mouth health.

Oral Issues

Around 80% of what causes halitosis is oral issues from bacteria buildup, such as cavities, gum disease, cracked fillings and less-than-clean dentures. Bacteria buildup often occurs in places a toothbrush can’t reach. It then can lead to these oral issues and persistent bad breath.


High-protein, low-carbohydrate diets; too many sweets; and a steady fare of onions and garlic can cause halitosis. So will excessive coffee and alcohol consumption. In addition, tobacco users run an even higher risk of chronic bad breath.

Medical Conditions

Though rare, medical conditions, such as lung disease, certain cancers, tonsil infections, blood disorders and kidney disease can all cause halitosis. A more common medical cause is diabetes because of fluctuating blood sugar levels. Asthma, acid reflux, postnasal drip and even a common sinus infection, due to mucus buildup, also can cause halitosis and/or bad breath.

Halitosis Treatment

Because most halitosis cases start inside the mouth, your first step for halitosis treatment should be to re-evaluate your basic oral care routine.

How to Get Rid of Halitosis at Home

While brushing your teeth is necessary, one of the best halitosis home remedies is to focus on cleaning your tongue, because it’s where a large amount of the bacteria live. Clean it with a tongue scraper then rise with mouthwash, like LISTERINE®, to help kill germs that can lead to bad breath.
Remember that brushing alone reaches only 25% of your mouth. Rinsing with mouthwash allows you to clean virtually your entire mouth and helps freshen your breath. A twice-daily routine of brushing, flossing and rinsing with an antiseptic mouthwash like LISTERINE® Mouthwash can help prevent and treat halitosis.

Professional Halitosis Treatment

If you don’t notice an improvement with halitosis home remedies, you should visit your dentist. Don’t be afraid or embarrassed to share your condition with a licensed professional. They’ll likely be able to diagnose it and help you find the best treatment option for you.

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