Difference between hordeolum and chalazion

Patient Presentation
A 6-year-old male came to clinic with a 2 day history of painful right eyelid swelling. His mother noticed the top lid was red, swollen in 1 discrete area and was mildly painful. He denied any problems seeing and his mother agreed that he did not have problems walking or doing other activities because of visual problems. They noticed some debris on the lashes that was crusted especially when awakening. He had not had any prior eyelid or other ophthalmological problems. The review of systems was negative for fever or other current or recent infectious diseases.

The pertinent physical exam showed a well-appearing male. Vital signs were normal and growth parameters were 50-90% for age. Visual acuity was 20:20 by Snellen chart. Extra ocular movements were intact. The left eyelid margin showed one 2-3 mm swelling with a central area that pointed outward that was slightly yellowish. There was mild erythema of the swelling and surrounding tissue. There were no other lesions noted with eversion of the eyelid. The right eye was normal as was the rest of the examination. The diagnosis of a simple external hordeolum was made. The family was instructed to do warm compresses for 15 minutes four times/day. They were to call if the swelling or pain increased, or if changes in vision or generalized symptoms such as fever developed. They were also instructed to call if the hordeolum did not appear to be improving in about 3 days.

Discussion
There is confusion with the terms stye, hordeolum and chalazion because of the general public usage and the most precise medical usage. Even in the more precise usage, there is difficulty because of the overlap in the anatomy.

Hordeola and chalazia can be caused by blepharitis or generalized eyelid inflammation. A differential diagnosis of blepharitis can be found here.

Learning Point
Stye is a term used often by the general public to denote a small localized swelling/inflammation of the eyelid.

A hordeolum (or a stye) is term used by the medical profession to denote a localized inflammation and/or infection of the hair follicles of the eyelid or the meibomian glands. It is usually an acute problem but can be recurrent. These are usually somewhat painful with erythema and the entire general eyelid may be edematous. Generalized cellulitis can also occur. In 90-95% of cases, Staphylococcus aureus is the cause. Treatment is mainly with warm compresses (four times/day), but sometimes incision to aid drainage is needed. Topical antibiotics may be helpful for recurrent or actively draining hordeola. Ophthalmologic consultation is recommended if not improving in 2-3 days.

  • External hordeolum – a hordeolum of hair follicles that usually has its leading edge pointing externally to the eyelid. It affects the sebaceous glands of Zeis or the apocrine sweat glands of Moll which both service the hair follicles. There is often purulent material on the eyelashes and lid margin.
  • Internal hordeolum – a hordeolum of the meibomian glands lying within the tarsal plates that usually has its leading edge point internally to the eyelids. Purulent material may be seen on the conjunctival surface of the eyelid.
  • Hordeola may also be bi-directional.

A chalazion is a term used by the medical profession to denote a swelling caused by blockage of sebaceous glands and formation of granulomas. It usually occurs in the meibomian glands in the tarsal plates, but also can occur in the sebaceous glands of Zeis. It is a chronic problem and it is usually painless. Internal hordeola may lead to chalazia. Chalazia can become quite large and put pressure on the cornea and thereby cause visual changes.
Chalazia usually are treated with warm compresses (4 times/day). Washing the eyelashes with a baby shampoo may also help with lid hygiene and improves control of seborrheic dermatitis if present. Antibiotics are usually not used unless there is an additional secondary infection. Ophthalmologic referral is usually made after 2 weeks and treatment at that time may include surgical drainage or steroid injection.

Questions for Further Discussion
1. What are indications for ophthalmology consultations?
2. When can a child’s visual acuity be evaluated in a health supervision visit?

Related Cases

    Disease: Hordeolum | Eye Lid Disorders
    Symptom/Presentation: Mass or Swelling | Eye Pain
    Specialty: General Pediatrics | Ophthalmology
    Age: School Ager

To Learn More

To view pediatric review articles on this topic from the past year check PubMed.

Evidence-based medicine information on this topic can be found at SearchingPediatrics.com, the National Guideline Clearinghouse and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Information prescriptions for patients can be found at MedlinePlus for this topic: Eyelid Disorders

To view current news articles on this topic check Google News.

To view images related to this topic check Google Images.

Dictionary.com. Chalazion – http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chalazion,(cited 5/24/2010)

Dictionary.com. Hordeolum – http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hordeolum,(cited 5/24/2010)

ACGME Competencies Highlighted by Case

  • Patient Care
    1. When interacting with patients and their families, the health care professional communicates effectively and demonstrates caring and respectful behaviors.
    2. Essential and accurate information about the patients’ is gathered.
    3. Informed decisions about diagnostic and therapeutic interventions based on patient information and preferences, up-to-date scientific evidence, and clinical judgment is made.
    4. Patient management plans are developed and carried out.
    5. Patients and their families are counseled and educated.
  • Medical Knowledge
    10. An investigatory and analytic thinking approach to the clinical situation is demonstrated.
    11. Basic and clinically supportive sciences appropriate to their discipline are known and applied.
  • Systems Based Practice
    24. Cost-effective health care and resource allocation that does not compromise quality of care is practiced.

    Author

    Donna M. D’Alessandro, MD
    Professor of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Children’s Hospital

  • Contents

    Eye styes: Causes, symptoms, treatments

    Conditions

    By Liz Segre; reviewed by Vance Thompson, MD

    A stye (also called a sty or hordeolum) is a localized infection in the eyelid that causes a tender, red bump near the edge of the lid. The infection is caused by bacteria and it can occur at the base of an eyelash (external hordeolum) or within one of the small oil glands within the eyelid (internal hordeolum).

    Here are seven things to know about eye styes:

    • The first signs are pain, redness, swelling and tenderness.
    • Styes typically don’t cause vision problems.
    • Styes are caused by staphylococcal bacteria.
    • Styes are contagious.
    • Most styes heal on their own.
    • Never “pop” a stye.
    • Other eye problems can accompany styes.

    Here are more details about these symptoms, causes and treatments for eye styes:

    1. The first signs are pain, redness, swelling and tenderness.

    After symptoms appear, a small pimple will develop in the affected area. Usually this is accompanied by swollen eyes. Sometimes just the immediate area is swollen; at other times, the entire eyelid swells.

    2. Styes typically don’t cause vision problems.

    Your ability to see well at either near or distance shouldn’t be affected by a stye.

    3. A stye is caused by staphylococcal bacteria.

    This bacterium is found in the nose and is transferred easily to the eye when you rub your nose, then your eye.

    SEE ALSO: Treatments for an eye stye.

    4. Styes are contagious, but…

    Pretty much everyone has this stye-causing bacteria in their body. We all, at any age, have the potential to develop a stye without outside contamination.

    Still, if you have a stye, you don’t want the bacteria within to come into contact with someone else’s eye. This might cause them to develop a stye or other infection.

    To avoid spreading stye-causing bacteria, keep your eyes and hands clean and don’t share pillowcases, bedsheets, washcloths or towels with others.

    5. Most styes heal on their own within a few days.

    You can encourage this process by applying hot compresses for 10 to 15 minutes, three or four times a day, over the course of several days.

    This will relieve the pain and bring the stye to a head, much like a pimple. In most cases, the stye will then open, drain and heal without further intervention.

    6. Never “pop” a stye.

    You shouldn’t pop a stye like you would a pimple. Allow the stye to open on its own.

    A stye that forms inside the eyelid (called an internal hordeolum) might not rupture and heal on its own. Because this type of stye can be more serious, your eye doctor may need to surgically open and drain it.

    If you have frequent styes, your eye doctor may want to prescribe an antibiotic ointment to prevent recurrence. He or she also might recommend using pre-moistened eyelid cleaning pads for daily lid hygiene, to reduce the risk of styes and blepharitis.

    NEED AN EYE EXAM? Find an eye doctor near you and schedule an appointment.

    7. Other eye issues can accompany styes.

    With a stye, you may notice frequent watering in the affected eye, increased light sensitivity and a feeling like something is “in” your eye (this symptom is called a “foreign body sensation”).

    Chalazia: Bumps that aren’t styes

    Often mistaken for a stye, a chalazion (shah-LAY-zee-on or kah-LAY-zee-on) is an enlarged, blocked oil gland in the eyelid. A chalazion mimics a stye for the first few days, then turns into a painless hard, round bump later on.

    Most chalazia develop farther from the edge of the eyelid, compared with where styes typically occur.

    Although the treatment of a stye and a chalazion is essentially the same, chalazia may linger for one to several months. If a chalazion remains after several months, visit an eye doctor to have it surgically removed or injected with a steroid to facilitate healing.

    SEE ALSO: What a chalazion looks like.

    Other common eyelid bumps

    Milia: Also called “milk spots” or “oil seeds,” milia are tiny white cysts that may appear under the outer layer of skin on the eyelids and around the eyes and nose. Milia occur when dead skin cells don’t slough off normally and cellular debris is trapped at the base of a sweat gland or hair follicle, forming a small, white or yellow bump that looks similar to a whitehead.

    Milia are common in newborns, but adults also can be affected. In babies, milia tend to clear up on their own over a week or two, but most adults will require medical treatment or surgical removal of milia.

    The preferred method of removing a bothersome milial cyst is by a simple surgical excision (no stitch is needed) by a dermatologist.

    Xanthelasma: This skin condition is characterized by yellowish bumps (plaques) developing under the skin on or around the eyelids.

    Xanthelasma (zan-thah-LAZ-mah) generally appear as disc-like lesions with a flat surface and well-defined borders, ranging in size from several millimeters up to three inches in severe cases.

    They are caused by a build-up of cholesterol and other fats under the surface of the skin and often are attributed to elevated lipid levels (“high cholesterol”) in the bloodstream. Xanthelasma are not cancerous, but elevated blood lipids could increase your risk of cardiovascular disease and should be investigated by your doctor.

    Xanthelasma can be surgically removed by an ophthalmologist or dermatologist for cosmetic purposes.

    Page updated July 2019

    Schedule an exam.

    Find an eye doctor near you.

    Reviewer – Vance Thompson

    Vance Thompson, MD, FACS, is the director of refractive surgery at Vance Thompson Vision in Sioux Falls, S.D. He also is professor of ophthalmology at the Sanford USD School of Medicine, … read more

    Blepharitis, Stye & Chalazion

    Blepharitis, or chronic inflammation of the eyelid, is the most common ocular disease known. The symptoms of blepharitis include redness of the eyes and eyelids, itching, burning and a feeling that something is in the eyes. Some patients complain that their eyelids form crusts and stick together in the morning. Blepharitis always involves the eyelid margin (edge), but in some cases it may also affect the conjunctiva (inner lining of the eye), cornea (clear outer layer of the eye) and eyelid skin.

    © University of Illinois Board of Trustees
    Usage without written permission is prohibited.

    Who can get blepharitis?

    Adults are affected more often than children. The condition may occur at an increased frequency within certain families and in children with Down’s syndrome.

    What are the types of blepharitis?

    To better understand this condition, think of the eyelid as being composed of two layers, one in front of the other. Each of these layers contains unique structures whose function may be affected by blepharitis.

    Anterior blepharitis is related to inflammation of the front layer of the eyelid. The symptoms usually are limited to ocular itching, burning and irritation. Although there are many possible causes of anterior blepharitis, it is most often related to bacterial infection or seborrheic dermatitis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition.

    Seborrheic dermatitis is a common problem affecting the scalp, eyebrows, face and eyelids in two-thirds of anterior blepharitis patients. It is the most common cause of blepharitis. This condition leads to oily secretions, eyelid swelling, scaling and flaking produce ocular itching and burning that can be severe. Both layers of the eyelid may be affected.

    Posterior blepharitis occurs when the small (meibomian) glands in the inner layer of the eyelid either become inflamed or secrete an excessive quantity of their normal product. These glands produce an oily substance, an important part of the normal tear film that bathes the surface of the eye. Overproduction of this substance can produce a bothersome burning sensation of the eyes, although the eyelids may remain normal in appearance. In contrast, patients suffering from gland inflammation may also complain of a burning sensation as well as tearing, itching, irritation, sensitivity to light and crusting upon awakening in the morning. In these patients, the eyelid margin may appear red and swollen. The cause of gland inflammation is unknown, but bacterial infection or plugging of the glands by abnormally thick secretions is thought to play a role.

    Treatment of blepharitis

    Blepharitis is a chronic condition. Treatment involves thorough eyelid cleansing aimed at keeping the eyelid margin free from crusts and secretions. Both anterior and posterior blepharitis are treated with warm compresses (warm, moist wash cloth applied to the eyelid) followed by lid cleansing (using a moist cotton swab to gently clean the eyelid margin) two to three times each day. For posterior blepharitis with significant meibomian gland dysfunction, some physicians may recommend treatment with oral antibiotics. Blepharitis is a difficult disease to treat and a complete cure is not easily achieved. Effective treatment requires a long-term commitment from both patient and physician.

    Complications concerning blepharitis

    Complications may occur in patients with anterior or posterior blepharitis. In the presence of bacterial blepharitis, an abscess (a collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue) may form in the sweat glands or hair follicles normally present in the anterior layer of the eyelid, producing a stye. A stye develops rapidly, producing an elevated, painful, red, swollen area on the eyelid. Styes rarely occur in seborrheic dermatitis, but may occur in up to one-third of patients with posterior blepharitis. Treatment consists of frequent warm compresses and, in select cases, antibiotics.

    © University of Illinois Board of Trustee
    Usage without written permission is prohibited.

    A chalazion is a firm nodule that may form following either anterior or posterior blepharitis. Secretions from meibomian glands normally present in the posterior layer of the eyelids may leak into the surrounding tissues, causing inflammation. Chalasia may occur suddenly or may appear gradually over time. They may be painful, red, and swollen, or may simply produce a firm mass. Conservative treatment with frequent warm compresses is often successful, but steroid injections into the chalazion or surgical removal are sometimes necessary. In rare cases, cancerous tumors of the eyelid can appear like a stye or chalazion.

    “Eye Facts” is an informational series and should not be used as a substitute for medical advice. For eye appointments, call (312) 996-6591. All Eye Facts illustrations and images are copyright protected and are the property of the UIC Board of Trustees. Unauthorized use of the images is prohibited. For usage of any Eye Facts content or illustrations please contact the Office of Medical Illustration at [email protected] or 312-996-5309 for licensing.

    Styes and Chalazia

    Topic Overview

    What are styes and chalazia?

    Styes and chalazia are lumps in or along the edge of an eyelid. They may be painful or annoying, but they are rarely serious. Most will go away on their own without treatment.

    • A stye is an infection that causes a tender red lump on the eyelid. Most styes occur along the edge of the eyelid. When a stye occurs inside the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum (say “hor-dee-OH-lum”).
    • A chalazion (say “kuh-LAY-zee-on”) is a lump in the eyelid. Chalazia (plural) may look like styes, but they are usually larger and may not hurt.

    Styes and chalazia may be related to blepharitis, a common problem that causes inflammation of the eyelids.

    What causes a stye or chalazion?

    Styes are caused by a bacterial infection. Usually the bacteria grow in the root (follicle) of an eyelash. An internal hordeolum is caused by infection in one of the tiny oil glands inside the eyelid.

    A chalazion forms when an oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked. If an internal hordeolum doesn’t drain and heal, it can turn into a chalazion.

    What are the symptoms?

    A stye usually starts as a red bump that looks like a pimple along the edge of the eyelid.

    • As the stye grows, the eyelid becomes swollen and painful, and the eye may water.
    • Most styes swell for about 3 days before they break open and drain.
    • Styes usually heal in about a week.

    A chalazion starts as a firm lump or cyst under the skin of the eyelid.

    • Unlike styes, chalazia often don’t hurt.
    • Chalazia grow more slowly than styes. If a chalazion gets large enough, it may affect your vision.
    • The inflammation and swelling may spread to the area surrounding the eye.
    • Chalazia often go away in a few months without treatment.

    How is a stye or chalazion diagnosed?

    Doctors diagnose these problems by closely examining the eyelid. It may be hard to tell the difference between a stye and a chalazion. If there is a hard lump inside the eyelid, the doctor will probably diagnose it as a chalazion.

    How are they treated?

    Home treatment is all that is needed for most styes and chalazia.

    • Apply warm, wet compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 to 6 times a day. This usually helps the area heal faster. It may also help open a blocked pore so that it can drain and start to heal.
    • Use an over-the-counter treatment. Try an ointment (such as Stye), solution (such as Bausch and Lomb Eye Wash), or medicated pads (such as Ocusoft Lid Scrub).
    • Let the stye or chalazion open on its own. Don’t squeeze or open it.
    • Don’t wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the area has healed.

    If a stye is not getting better with home treatment, talk to your doctor. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eyedrops. You may need to take antibiotic pills if infection has spread to the eyelid or eye.

    If a stye gets very large, the doctor may need to pierce (lance) it so it can drain and heal. Do not try to lance it yourself.

    If a chalazion does not go away or if it gets worse, a doctor may recommend an injection of steroid medicine or surgery to remove it.

    How can you prevent styes and chalazia?

    • Don’t rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and let in bacteria. If you need to touch your eyes, wash your hands first.
    • Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution when you can. For example, wear safety glasses when you do dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.
    • Replace eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.
    • If you get styes or chalazia often, wash your eyelids regularly with a little bit of baby shampoo mixed in warm water.
    • Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid promptly.

    Lumps that form on the eyelid are common and can be caused by different factors. There are two main types: styes and chalazia. In today’s post, EyeSite of The Villages, your provider of high-quality eyeglasses and other eye care services, sheds light on these two conditions.

    What Is a Chalazion?

    A chalazion can develop when the oil glands in your eyelids become clogged and inflamed. At first, the chalazion may not cause any symptoms, but as it grows larger, the affected area may become red and swollen. A large chalazion may press on your eye, which could hamper your vision.

    What Is a Stye?

    A stye, also referred to as hordeolum, is a painful, pimple-like lump that forms on your eyelid. Your eye doctor explains there are two major types of styes: external and internal. External styes usually form at the base of your eyelashes as a result of an infected hair follicle. Internal styes typically are the result of infected oil glands and form inside your eyelids.

    How Are They Different?

    While they may look similar, styes and chalazia are different. A stye is a result of an infection and may cause severe pain and swelling that usually involves your entire eyelid. A chalazion is caused by clogged oil glands and rarely causes swelling or discomfort.

    How Are They Managed?

    We will perform an eye exam to determine if the lump on your eyes is a stye or chalazion. If it’s a stye, we may prescribe antibiotics. Chalazia are typically treated with steroid injections.

    For more information about styes and chalazia, call us today at (352) 504-4560. We see patients from Lady Lake, FL, and the surrounding communities.

    eye styes and chalazia

    What is an eye stye? What is a chalazion?

    …and what’s the difference between the two?

    Styes and chalazia are similar problems that cause lumps in or around the eye. They are not the same thing, although they are often confused. While both styes (also called hordeolums) and chalazia tend to present as eyelid redness, swelling, and pain, they have quite different causes and treatments.

    A chalazion is a non-infectious obstruction of a gland inside the eyelid. This forms a small, slow-growing lump, usually on the upper eyelid. Chalazia can show up in both eyes at once. The gland concerned is one of your meibomian glands, which produce an oil that moistens and protects your eyes.

    A stye, on the other hand, is caused by an infection of abscess, usually some form of staph bacteria. The majority form on the outside of the eyelid, and may be caused by follicle obstruction. Rarely, you might get a stye on the inside, caused by an infection of the meibomian glands.

    The two conditions can be clinically indistinguishable for the first couple of days, but they then show distinct differences. One of the primary differences is that styes tend to be full of pus and may resemble very large pimples. Styes are also more painful than chalazia and often result in excessive tear production.

    If there is no lump, then you may have conjunctivitis (pink eye) or blepharitis (an infection of the eyelid). If you have both a lump and a reddening of the eyelid, then you may have both a stye and blepharitis. (People with chronic blepharitis are more prone to styes).

    Close up of a chalazion (A) and a stye (B), in two different women’s eyes

    Should You See Your Doctor?

    It depends. If it is clearly a stye, on the outside of the eyelid and with pus visible, then you should try home care first. Apply a warm washcloth to your closed eye for five to ten minutes, several times a day. Gently massage the eyelid.

    If the stye is still bad after 48 hours or if the redness extends to other parts of your face, then you should see your doctor. Also, if the stye is painful, take a mild over the counter painkiller such as ibuprofen.

    If the lump is inside your eyelid, then it is most likely a chalazion. You should make an appointment right away, as chalazia can be a sign of other conditions. Another warning that it might be chalazia is if you have lumps in both eyes at the same time.

    If you have any vision changes, you need to see an eye doctor immediately. Vision changes to monitor for include double vision, which is commonly associated with an eyelid lump.

    What Will Your Doctor do to Treat an Eye Stye?

    For a persistent stye, your doctor may give you topical antibiotics. This will take the form of either eye drops or a cream you apply to the outside of your eyelid. If there’s an indication the infection has spread beyond the eyelid, you may be given oral antibiotics. However, if you have reddening of the eyelid in general, then you will be given a topical cream, as this is most likely blepharitis.

    If the stye is unusually large or uncomfortable, then they may make a small cut in the stye to drain the pus and give you some relief. Note that a doctor should be the only one to do this. In some cases, they may also remove the eyelash closest to the stye. A stye will be removed only when the stye does not appear to be going down on its own.

    They will also likely recommend that you leave the sty alone and not try to pop it (this can cause the infection to spread) and frequently clean your eyelid with mild soap and water. You should not wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the stye has cleared up.

    What Will Your Doctor do to Treat a Chalazion?

    For chalazia, they will suggest hot compresses on the eyelid and monitor it. If the chalazion is persistent, it may have to be surgically removed or injected with corticosteroids to hasten the resolution of the problem.

    Hot compresses will hasten resolution of either kind of lump and should be applied for five to ten minutes, several times a day.

    However, for chalazia, your doctor may want to rule out other eye problems, and they are likely to also refer you to an eye doctor who can check you for conditions such as blepharitis or meibomian gland dysfunction, which can cause chalazia to recur. In rare cases, especially in the elderly, certain forms of cancer can masquerade as chalazia in the early stages. Therefore, it is important to have your doctor check them to rule out sebaceous gland carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or Merkel cell carcinoma. It is extremely rare for a chalazion to turn out to be cancer. However, if the chalazion is not responding to treatment or keeps recurring in the same place, it can be suspicious.

    Remember that the vast majority of both styes and chalazia resolve on their own or with minimal treatment. Neither is associated with any damage to vision. In most cases, a hot compress for a few days will resolve the problem. However, your doctor will want to be sure there is nothing else going on.

    How to Prevent Styes

    To reduce your risk of styes, you should consider the following:

    • Never touch your eyes with unwashed hands. Children are more likely to develop styes because they rub their eyes frequently.
    • Never insert contacts without washing your hands first.
    • Keep contact lenses clean and disinfected. Use the proper solution recommended by your eye doctor.
    • Never leave eye makeup on overnight.
    • Throw away expired cosmetics. Keep your cosmetics in airtight containers as much as possible. Never buy second-hand cosmetics, and if the seal is not intact on cosmetics, you just brought home, return them.
    • Don’t share cosmetics, especially mascara wands or eyeliner pencils. Never share cosmetic brushes or applicators.
    • Clean cosmetic brushes at least once a week. If you wear cosmetics only on special occasions, clean your brushes before and after the event.
    • If you are prone to styes, then rub your closed lids with a washcloth dipped in baby shampoo while you are in the shower. You can also dilute a few drops of baby shampoo in a teacup of warm water. Close your eyes, and then brush the washcloth along the base of your eyelashes.
    • Don’t use dirty towels on your face.
    • Get enough sleep. Sleep deprivation increases your risk of any kind of infection.
    • If somebody else in the household has a stye, do not share washcloths or face towels, as styes can be contagious.

    Recurring Styes

    If you keep getting styes over and over, talk to your doctor. You might have acne rosacea or blepharitis, a chronic condition caused by the inflammation of the oil glands in your eyelids. Allergies or blocked glands can produce Blepharitis. If you are a contact lens wearer, make sure to get a pair of backup glasses. Wearing contact lenses when you have a stye can cause it to recur by reinfecting the area.

    One tip is that if you wear eye makeup, applying a hot compress before bed will effectively remove your eye makeup and is particularly good for preventing styes. It is also cheaper than buying makeup remover (and remember, makeup remover can also expire and get bacteria in it).

    Stress can also sometimes cause styes, due to the effect on your immune system. If your styes are recurring and you are busy or stressed, you may want to look into various stress management techniques.

    How to Prevent Chalazia

    Chalazia are harder to prevent, but the tips above will also help with your risk of chalazia. However, chalazia are more often associated with an underlying condition. The following conditions are associated with chalazia:

    • Blepharitis – an inflammation of the glands in your eyelids. Your doctor may recommend treatment with antibiotics.
    • Acne rosacea – a skin condition that causes issues with all of the oil glands in your face.
    • Seborrheic dermatitis, otherwise known as dandruff. It is possible to get dandruff on your eyelids, and this can lead to a higher risk of chalazia and styes.
    • Meibomian gland dysfunction – a condition where your glands produce too much oil and clog.

    If you have one of these conditions, staying on top of it and following your treatment protocols will help reduce the number of chalazia you get. However, note that you cannot always prevent the occurrence of chalazia.

    Styes and chalazia are both common problems, with styes being the most common infection of the area around the eye. In the vast majority of cases, though, they are also very minor. Most styes and many chalazia will resolve without medical treatment. However, if you have a persistent stye or chalazion, you will need to see your eye doctor. If you have recurrent styes or chalazia, then your eye doctor may have to investigate to see if you have an underlying condition (most often rosacea or chronic blepharitis). Most people will get at least one stye at some point in their lives, however, and they are generally not any cause for concern.

    However, if you have a recurring or persistent lump on your eyelids, you should make an appointment with your eye doctor to get it looked at. For more information about chalazia and stye removal and associated issues, contact Eye Consultants of Atlanta today.

    Sources:

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