- 8 Anti-Aging Ingredients & How They Work
- 8 Anti-Aging Ingredients You Need
- 2. Green Tea Extract
- 3. Retinol
- 4. Vitamin C
- How it Works:
- 5. Hyaluronic Acid
- 6. Antioxidants
- 7. Alpha Hydroxy Acids
- 8. Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ-10)
- The Right Anti-Ageing Beauty Products According to Your Skin Needs
- Anti-Aging Ingredients Your Skin Needs Now
- The Best Skincare Is Like A Healthy Diet
- Anti-Aging Products Come in All Forms
- The 5 Things Your Skin Simply Can’t Go Without
Understanding the Ingredients in Skin Care Products
- What are the main ingredients in today’s skin care products, and how do they improve the skin?
- Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs)
- Polyhydroxy acids
- Beta-hydroxy acid (salicylic acid)
- Kojic acid
- L-ascorbic acid
- Hyaluronic acid
- Copper peptide
- Alpha-lipoic acid
- DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol)
- Sea Fennel
- Vitamin C
- Buy Now
- Best anti-ageing serum
- Best anti-ageing face cream
- Best anti-ageing night cream
- Best anti-aging night serum
- Best anti-ageing face mask
- Best anti-ageing hand cream
- Best anti-ageing supplements
- Best anti-ageing face wash
- Best anti-ageing eye serum
- Best anti-ageing eye mask
- Best anti-ageing anti-wrinkle cream
- Retinol for anti-ageing
- Check Anti-Aging Cream for These 4 Key Ingredients
8 Anti-Aging Ingredients & How They Work
Navigating your way through the beauty aisle to find an anti-ageing solution could be an overwhelming experience. Aside from the huge selection of beauty products presented before you, the challenge grows even more intense once you already have to make a choice.
So how can you find confidence in choosing anti-ageing beauty products? The answer is in their contents. And while the list of anti-aging ingredients could easily add up to your confusion, we want to make it simpler for you.
In this article, we’ve picked 8 anti-aging ingredients that can turn back the clock when it comes to skin ageing.
8 Anti-Aging Ingredients You Need
“The All-Around Antioxidant”
A natural chemical produced by the body, Alpha Lipoic Acid is present in your cells. It works as an antioxidant that fights free radicals–therefore preventing fine lines, wrinkles, and pores to give your skin a healthy glow.
As a major antioxidant that works in controlling ageing and inflammation, it is a common anti-aging ingredient used in skin care products as it facilitates:
- energy production in skin cells;
- regeneration of C and E vitamins;
- reduction of cellular inflammation;
- skin protection against inflammation caused by free radicals;
- activation of antioxidants, particularly coenzyme Q10.
The recommended intake of Alpha Lipoic Acid is 300 mg per day. However, aside from taking it internally, there are also beauty products with the ingredient that can be applied topically on the face and body.
Defy skin ageing with serums, creams, and moisturisers that can promote skin vitality. Some of the Alpha Lipoic Acid infused beauty products from our range, include:
- Juice Beauty Green Apple Brightening Eye Cream
- Mahalo Vitality Elixir
- Sarah Chapman Skinesis Age Repair Serum
2. Green Tea Extract
“The Health Ingredient”
A species of Camellia Sinensis, green tea extract loads the body with polyphenols that work in fighting the body’s free radicals. Studies have also revealed that it helps in easing skin damages caused by sun exposure, including skin cancer.
Early studies have found the ingredients in tea can ease sun damage and may protect you from skin cancer when you put it on your skin. Use green tea extract under sunscreen to double the protection. Polyphenols in creams and lotions may also slow signs of aging and reduce sagging skin and wrinkles.
Green tea is a source of polyphenols responsible for antioxidants in the skin and work in slowing signs of ageing, preventing loss of elasticity and wrinkle formation. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, it provides the power of antioxidants that inhibit damages caused by UV exposure.
The list is long when it comes to finding green tea infused beauty products as it is one of the anti-aging ingredients that has benefited from extensive research. Here are some of our top product picks that contain the ingredient:
- Odacite Mint & Green Tea Hydra-Purifying Treatment Mist
- Sans Balancing Hair Wash
- Odacite GT+L Radiance Effect Serum
“The Universal Healer”
A derivative of vitamin-A, retinol is effective for the treatment of a range of ageing signs such as fine lines, wrinkles, sun spots, dullness, and sagging skin. With its effects, it has also been referred to be among the best anti-ageing ingredients we have.
Retinol is commonly added to skin care products, particularly those that are targeted to control signs of ageing. Referred to as the cure-all ingredient, it effectively helps in getting rid of dead skin cells, enhances collagen and elastin production, and facilitates skin repair at the deepest levels.
Although Retinol isn’t as strong as tretinoin, it can still bring visible improvements in your skin. For best results, use retinol-based products at night. Dry and flaky skin may also be expected on the top layer of your skin.
Some of our retinol-based products include:
- MZ Skin Hydrate & Nourish Age Defence Retinol Day Moisturiser SPF30
- Kat Burki Retin-C Treatment Complex 30ml
- Allies of Skin Bright Future Overnight Facial
- LILFOX Seabuck+Neroli Face Nectar
- Verso Skincare Night Cream
4. Vitamin C
“The Antioxidant Superstar”
Known as an immune booster, Vitamin C is also one of the essential anti-aging ingredients. It is packed with powerful antioxidants that enhance the skin’s protection against environmental stressors. It also has an effect on collagen production to preserve your skin tone and tightness.
How it Works:
As the body ages, the production of collagen and elastin is also reduced. With the antioxidants found in Vitamin C, the skin’s strength and flexibility are preserved, therefore preventing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Vitamin C is present in a wide variety of skin care products, enhancing the skin’s youthful glow and vibrancy. Here are some of our top choices to help you find the Vitamin C skin care product that is suited to your needs.
- Zelen’s High Potency Vitamin C Treatment Drops
- Kat Burki Vitamin C Intensive Face Cream
- John Master Organic Vitamin C Anti-Ageing Face Serum
- ‘Odacite ‘An Autumn on the World’ Serum’ 15% Vit. C Serum
- African Botanics Nutritive Molecule Serum
5. Hyaluronic Acid
“Skin Boosting Nutrient”
This anti-aging ingredient can greatly improve the texture and appearance of your skin. And because it is a naturally-occurring substance in the body, you can use it without getting worried about the side effects it may bring.
Your body is capable of producing hyaluronic acid. It is a natural substance that can help in the retention of moisture and production of collagen. Hyaluronic acid helps in maintaining a supple skin while facilitating tissue repair. To further improve the results of this anti-aging ingredient, it is highly advised to use it alongside other Vitamin C products.
Hyaluronic Acid or HA has become a preferred ingredient in many skincare products which has led to researches being focused on the use of HA in beauty and healthcare supplements, particularly those targeted to combat ageing.
- Susanne Kaufmann Hyaluron Serum
- Kat Burki Restorative Dual Acid Peel
- Grown Alchemist Detox Facial Night Cream
- MZ Skin Soothe & Smooth Collagen Activating Eye Complex
- Mahalo The Petal Mask
Antioxidants work to prevent your skin cells from getting damaged due to environmental aggressors, naturally. Regular use of antioxidants in your skincare can help prevent the formation of wrinkles, age spots, and even reduce the occurrence of skin cancer. Lycopene, resveratrol, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E are some of the examples of this anti-aging ingredient in the body.
These powerful anti-ageing ingredients reach the deep layers of the skin to convert damaging free radicals into compounds that don’t have the potential to harm your cells or damage your DNA, elastin, and collagen. But other than that, they also perform a range of functions including stimulation of collagen, enhancement of cell repair, and reduction of blemishes.
Choosing skin care products with antioxidants can bring huge improvements to your skin health and appearance. With this anti-aging ingredient, you can find an ally that can supplement and protect your skin.
- African Botanics Nutritive Molecule Serum
- Sarah Chapman Skinesis Eye Recovery
- ILA Spa Face Oil
- Ambuja Dewdrop Elixir
- Grown Alchemist Anti-Oxidant + Treatment Serum
7. Alpha Hydroxy Acids
“The Glow Revealer”
Aging brings unwanted changes to the skin and AHAs are among the anti-aging ingredients that can reverse those effects. Glycolic acids and lactic acids are some of the most common forms of AHAs. With topical application, you can expect improvements as a result of exfoliation that helps get rid of dead skin cells.
On a daily basis, your skin sheds billions of skin cells. This process naturally enables your body to get rid of the elements that can result in the dull and lifeless skin. However, due to the aging process, natural shedding slows down and this is worsened by exposure to sun damage, genetics, skin disorders, among others. To resolve this, Alpha Hydroxy Acids facilitate exfoliation to save you from skin worries and leave you with a beautiful and radiant complexion.
What We Recommend:
This anti-aging ingredient promises to reveal a glowing complexion, but for best results, it is recommended to use products that are suited for your skin type. Also, with the increased sensitivity to the sun that may result from using AHAs, sunscreen use is advised.
- Juice Beauty Green Apple Age Defy Serum
- MZ Skin Cleanse & Clarify Dual Action AHA Cleanser & Mask
- Cosmetics 27 Essence 27
- Verso Skincare N°1 Enzyme Peel
- Siam Seas Herbal Body Scrub Tamarind & Honey
8. Coenzyme Q-10 (CoQ-10)
“The Cell Energy Provider”
Another naturally occurring nutrient in the body, CoQ-10 functions as an essential body substance similar to that of the vitamins that support body organ functioning. It protects the skin from harmful agents, as well as those that contribute to ageing.
The ingredients that protect your skin cells from further damage decreases as you age. As a result, your skin becomes more vulnerable. Boosting your skin care protection would be a smart step to support your changing needs while enhancing your protection against environmental aggressors. When applied to skin, CoQ10 helps in the reduction of oxidative damage and boost your antioxidant protection resulting to less visible fine lines and wrinkles.
CoQ-10 supports the energy requirement of your cells even as you age. Get a dose of this anti-aging ingredient with the range of beauty products that you can use.
- Susanne Kaufmann Pollution Skin Defence System
- Evidens de Beaute The Rich Cream
- Kypris Beauty Elixir III Prismatic Array
- Oskia Skincare City Life Facial Mist
- Siam Seas Twilight Becalm Face Serum
There are other popular anti-aging ingredients that you can find in a range of beauty products. While the list goes on, nothing could be more important than finding the one that works according to your needs. For further guidance, continue reading below for some important tips.
The Right Anti-Ageing Beauty Products According to Your Skin Needs
- For Extremely Dry Skin – Choose thicker creams, balms, and ointments. These beauty products contain oils and emollients that work better in resolving serious problems with dry skin.
- For Normal to Combination Skin – Lotions and serums work fine. Their lightweight and almost weightless texture and feel make them great for layering. They are also suitable for the treatment of dry skin, as well as clogged skin pores.
- For Oily Skin – This skin type is prone to oil buildup and clogging of pores. To avoid such, choose serums in gel or liquid form.
- For Combination Skin – Use the right product depending on the area of application. For oily areas, use gels. As for dry spots, go for creams.
There is already a wide range of organic beauty products today that easily addresses your skin ageing problems. Know the anti-aging ingredients that work according to your needs and use them well to turn back the hands of time and enjoy a youthful and glowing complexion longer!
Have you found the anti-ageing ingredient that meets your skin care requirements. Follow our lifestyle magazine for more interesting updates.
Anti-Aging Ingredients Your Skin Needs Now
At Paula’s Choice Skincare, we know that giving your skin the right ingredients it needs is vitally important. Doing so means your skin can be radiant, appear younger and smoother, and you’ll see fewer fine lines plus diminished wrinkles and deep lines.
In order to help you, we summarized some of the key things to look for when shopping for anti-aging products. It can be confusing, but after reading this you’ll have a much clearer understanding of what aging skin really needs—all supported by published, scientific research, not meaningless hype!
The Best Skincare Is Like A Healthy Diet
The topic of diet in connection to skin is about comparing the complex needs of your body with the complex needs of your skin.
It’s a fact that our bodies need an array of nutritional foods to keep us healthy, and so does our skin. Eating only one food is never beneficial for your body, and using one great skincare ingredient (or one product, however great it may be) will never serve the complicated needs of your skin, especially as time marches on!
The fact is your skin needs a balanced, elaborate mixture of powerful ingredients to improve its texture, revive radiance, visibly even skin tone, improve loss of firmness, and visibly minimize other signs of aging, including the appearance of wrinkles.
Skin isn’t just surface: It’s your body’s largest organ and it requires a complex range of ingredients to look beautiful and ward off telltale signs of aging.
Anti-Aging Products Come in All Forms
In order for anti-aging products to provide visible benefits, they need to contain specific types of ingredients which we explain below. A surprising fact: The texture of anti-aging products doesn’t need to be heavy or creamy; lighter textures can be just as “anti-aging”!
As long as the product contains the best anti-aging ingredients, the texture can be a cream, lotion, serum, gel, or even a liquid formula. When any of these varying product textures are filled with proven anti-aging ingredients, they will work wonders to improve the appearance of your skin.
Your skin needs ingredients that support and maintain its resiliency, counter signs of environmental damage, and replenish it with ingredients that young ksin has in abundance. Let’s go over the five types of ingredients we consider must-haves for aging skin!
The 5 Things Your Skin Simply Can’t Go Without
Without question, topically applied antioxidants are essential for skin, and there are many brilliant ones that show up in skincare products. Antioxidants include different forms of vitamins A, C, and E, superoxide dismutase, beta-carotene, glutathione, selenium, green tea and derivatives, soy extract, grape extract, pomegranate extract, and dozens of others. The more of these that are included in your skincare products, the better!
- Help thwart the visible effects of daily environmental assault
- Visibly calm stressed, reddened skin
- Help increase the look and feel of skin’s firmness
- Become unstable when packaged in a jar because, once opened, jars allow air in and air causes antioxidants to deteriorate
2. Skin-Replenishing Ingredients
Healthy, young skin’s surface naturally contains substances that keep it smooth. Doing so helps skin retain an ideal balance of water to preserve its moisture balance. These ingredients include ceramides, lecithin, glycerin, fatty acids, polysaccharides, hyaluronic acid, sodium PCA, peptides, amino acids, cholesterol, glycosaminoglycans, and many more.
Skin-Replenishing ingredients work to:
- Protect skin’s surface against moisture loss
- Complement vital substances found in skin to help it look smooth and feel supple
- Help skin remain soft and hydrated
- Dramatically improve skin’s texture and, with continued use, relieve uncomfortable, rough-feeling skin
3. Skin-Restoring Ingredients
As a result of environmental exposure (including sun damage from not using a broad spectrum sunscreen daily), age, and midlife changes, skin can lose its ability to restore its youthful look the way it did when we were younger.
One way you can help turn this around is to apply products rich in restorative ingredients like retinol, synthetic peptides, niacinamide, lecithin, and adenosine. All of these help to revitalize and energize skin’s surface so it reflects a younger-looking, visibly firmer, less lined, and more even appearance.
Skin-restoring ingredients can:
- Revitalize skin’s surface to restore a more youthful look
- Help counter the visible toll environmental exposure takes on skin
- Plump skin’s surface to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
About 75% of what we think of as signs of aging is caused by unprotected sun exposure. That’s why applying a broad spectrum sunscreen rated SPF 30 or higher every single day is the most important thing you can do to decrease the risk of skin cancer and stop these early signs of aging.
Ready for a shocking fact? Sun damage begins within the first minute your skin is exposed to daylight, even if it’s cloudy. To ensure you’re getting sufficient broad spectrum protection, your sunscreen must state “broad spectrum protection”, be rated SPF 30 or greater, and, for even more benefits, contain a mix of antioxidants.
It’s perfectly OK to layer makeup (like foundation) with sunscreen over your facial moisturizer with SPF.
Daily use of a well-formulated sunscreen will help:
- Diminish the look of wrinkles, redness, uneven skin tone, and loss of firmness
- Shield against both UVA (aging rays) and UVB (burning rays)—that’s what we mean by “broad spectrum protection”
- Help preserve youthful substances in skin’s surface that unprotected sun exposure routinely depletes
Note: The only significant difference between a daytime moisturizer (day cream) and a nighttime moisturizer (night cream) is that your daytime moisturizer should contain sunscreen. There aren’t special ingredients skin only needs at night and somehow cannot benefit from during daylight hours—that’s a beauty myth!
5. A Formula That Suits Your Skin Type
Now that you know the types of ingredients that should be in any leave-on anti-aging product you use, the question is: What type of product should you buy? Should you shop for a lotion, gel, serum, cream, liquid, or balm?
Here’s how to choose the right product:
Thicker creams, balms, and ointments contain oils and emollients that are best for dry to very dry skin. There are hundreds of emollients, but some widely-used examples include all non-fragrant plant oils, shea butter, cocoa butter, fatty acids like lecithin, stearates, and triglycerides.
Lotions and serums are ideal for normal to combination skin because of their lightweight, often silky textures and near-weightless feel on skin. These textures are also great for layering if you have slightly dry to dry skin plus clogged pores or bumps.
Gels, liquids, or non-aqueous serums are extremely unlikely to clog pores and are best for oily or congested skin.
Combination skin can benefit from using multiple products: i.e., a gel in oily areas (usually the center of the face) and a creamier texture on any dry spots, including around the eyes.
No matter the product’s texture, every skin type needs the same types of ingredients to look younger and healthier, less wrinkled, and to help defend against environmental damage that visibly ages skin prematurely.
Sunscreens, antioxidants, skin-replenishing ingredients, and skin-restoring ingredients are what the best anti-aging products should deliver so you can have better skin starting now!
Learn more about anti-aging & wrinkle solutions.
1 / 10Chevron Chevron Photographed by Angelo Pennetta, Vogue, January 2014
How young is too young to start an anti-aging regimen? According to Sherry Ingraham, M.D., it’s a question that she fields almost daily at her dermatology practice in Texas. “If you think of sunscreen as the most important anti-aging product, you should start as soon as you possibly can!” she says. In other words, now is the time to become better acquainted with your skin-care products—and, more specifically, with the near-inscrutable ingredients found on the label.
A solid preventative routine established in your 20s can go a long way toward protecting and maintaining healthy skin cells through your 30s, Ingraham explains, and there are a number of key ingredients to include. “When you’re buying a product, absolutely read the label and know what you’re looking for,” she says. “You want to optimize and give your skin the building blocks we had in our youth.” Here, Ingraham demystifies eight anti-aging ingredients every woman should know about by age 30—and beyond. “It’s never too late, and the changes to your skin will be measurable and enjoyable,” she says. Why wait?
Broad Spectrum Sunscreen with SPF 30 or Higher
“This should be the core of your regimen, and it’s imperative you pick a broad-spectrum formula with SPF 40 or higher. I recommend that all my patients seek one with zinc, as well. It’s one of the most important ingredients you can find in makeup products. You want a physical component that reflects light—micronized zinc has teeny microscopic particles that do that—as opposed to a purely chemical sunscreen that absorbs it.”
Alpha Hydroxy Acids
“A lot of the time in your 20s, you’re still contending with acne. Glycolic acid, lactic acid, and other alpha hydroxy acids gently exfoliate the skin to give it a smoother, brighter appearance and simulate new collagen. You might start with a light glycolic toner or wash in your 20s and switch to a serum with antioxidants and glycolic acid in your 30s.”
From fighting those pesky free radicals, to stimulating skin’s natural collagen production, anti-aging products make some alluring promises. And consumers spend billions of dollars each year on such creams and lotions, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
But for many creams, lotions and vitamin supplements that claim to reduce wrinkles or slow down premature aging, there isn’t sufficient evidence to show they work. Although certain active ingredients used in anti-aging products have been shown to be safe and effective, the trick is finding the right ingredients that work well with you, experts say.
There’s definitely an overabundance of products and ingredients that promise to deliver, said Dr. Elizabeth Hale, a dermatologist at New York University Medical Center. “It can be overwhelming for patients and doctors—it’s hard to know which works, and which doesn’t.”
Here are five commonly listed active ingredients, and the scientific evidence about whether they may play a role in decreasing signs of aging.
As you age, your skin becomes thinner and loses fat, causing it to sag and develop fine lines. The body produces less collagen and elastin, substances that enables the skin to maintain its smooth, plump and youthful appearance.
Peptides are small proteins that help stimulate new cells to grow and help skin cells to heal.
“The jury is still out on how beneficial they are,” said Dr. Ivona Percec, a plastic surgeon who specializes in cosmetic surgery and skin care at the University of Pennsylvania. “We don’t know for sure what the biological benefits are.”
Although peptides are found in a number of products, experts still aren’t sure exactly which formulation may work. “If they work, they do so by stimulating the replacement of collagen, elastin, and other components that suffer during aging,” Percec said. “The concern is that peptides are large molecules, and depending on their formulation and the skin surface, they may not be able to penetrate deeply enough to achieve their effect.”
Hale considers peptides to be good in moisturizers for hydrating skin, “which can make lines less noticeable,” but she still hasn’t seen convincing data that they work to actually reduce wrinkles.
Alpha-hydroxy acids, such as lactic, glycolic and citric acids, are natural ingredients that come from fruits and milk sugars.
“They are commonly used because they work as an exfoliant, getting rid of dead skin cells, allowing new cells to grow,” Hale said. “It allows the deeper layer of the skin to come to surface faster — which speeds up the cycle of skin turnover.”
Each acid has a slightly different effect. Lactic acid, which comes from sour milk, helps remove dead skin cells, which has a brightening effect on the skin. Glycolic acid, which comes from sugar cane, can helps by reducing fine lines and wrinkles, making the skin appear smoother and tighter.
Side effects include stinging and sun sensitivity, so experts recommend using a sunscreen every day.
Touted as a tried-and-true method for decreasing signs of aging, retinol, a natural form of vitamin A, works by reducing the appearance of wrinkles and boosts the thickness and elasticity of the skin.
“There is ample evidence that shows retinol improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles,” Hale said.
Retinol is an ingredient found in a number of over-the-counter skin creams. A more potent form of retinol, called tretinoin (sometimes sold under the brand name Retin-A), is available by prescription. Prescription-strength retinol products may cause more side effects than the over-the-counter strength. Side effects may include burning, warmth, stinging and tingling.
“While weaker formulations have benefits,” Percec said, “there are newer formulations of prescription strength that are more tolerable and effective.”
But women who are pregnant or plan to get pregnant should avoid using any form of vitamin A, because it may increase the risk of birth defects.
Resveratrol is a plant compound — it is found in red wine, and is also available as a supplement. Some have claimed that the compound could prevent or reverse chronic health problems such as diabetes or heart disease.
While there is evidence that drinking wine in moderation has health benefits, whether resveratrol supplements might have a similar effect remains unclear. A 2008 study, published in the journal Cell Metabolism, found the red-wine ingredient slowed down age-related decline in mice.But in a study of 29 healthy, middle-age women, which was published in October in the journal Cell Metabolism, researchers found that women who took 75-miligram resveratrol supplements didn’t gain metabolic benefits.
“I think more research needs to be done as to whether or not a supplement should be taken,” Hale said. “At this time, I would just feel good about the occasional glass of red wine.”
Antioxidants are commonly claimed to help fight cell damage from free radicals, which are molecules that could injure cells and increase inflammation, and increase the risk of cancer.
Substances with antioxidant properties include beta-carotene, lycopene, selenium, and vitamins A, C and E, according to the National Institutes of Health. These and other antioxidants are found in many foods, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, and some meats. Supplements of many antioxidants are also available.
As for their health benefits, “there are antioxidants that are effective, however, it’s the formulation of the antioxidants that is critical,” Percec said. “Vitamins C and E are the most commonly used, and the most time-tested,” Percec said.
Although some vitamin formulations may claim to be “natural,” Percec said that they may not be effective.
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Understanding the Ingredients in Skin Care Products
What are the main ingredients in today’s skin care products, and how do they improve the skin?
There are a lot of skin care products on the market. This document will help you understand the latest ingredients in skin care products that may benefit your skin. If you’re still unsure which skin care products are right for you, ask your dermatologist or consult with a skin expert at your local salon or beauty counter.
Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs)
Over-the-counter skin care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids (glycolic, lactic, tartaric, and citric acids) have become increasingly popular in recent years. Creams and lotions with alpha-hydroxy acids may help with fine lines and wrinkles, irregular pigmentation and age spots, and may help shrink enlarged pores. Side effects of alpha-hydroxy acids include mild irritation and sun sensitivity. To avoid burning, sunscreen should be applied in the morning. To help avoid skin irritation, start with a product with a maximum concentration of 10% to 15% AHA. To allow your skin to get used to alpha-hydroxy acids, you should only initially apply the skin care product every other day, gradually working up to daily application.
These have similar effects to alpha-hydroxy acids but are less likely to cause stinging or burning, so they may be a better option for those with sensitive skin.
Beta-hydroxy acid (salicylic acid)
Salicylic acid removes dead skin and can improve the texture and color of sun-damaged skin. It penetrates oil-laden hair follicle openings and, as a result, also helps with acne. There are many skin care products available that contain salicylic acid. Some are available over-the-counter and others need a doctor’s prescription. Studies have shown that salicylic acid is less irritating than skin care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids, while providing similar improvement in skin texture and color.
Skin care products containing hydroquinone are often called bleaching creams or lightening agents. These skin care products are used to lighten hyperpigmentation, such as age spots and dark spots related to pregnancy or hormone therapy (melasma or chloasma). Over-the-counter skin care products such as AMBI®Fade cream contain hydroquinone. Your doctor can also prescribe a cream with a higher concentration of hydroquinone if your skin doesn’t respond to over-the-counter treatments. Hydroquinone is also sometimes combined with sunscreen because sun exposure causes skin hyperpigmentation. It is best to test hydroquinone-containing products in a small area as some people are allergic to it. If you are allergic to hydroquinones, you may benefit from use of products containing kojic acid instead.
Kojic acid is also is a remedy for the treatment of pigment problems and age spots. Discovered in 1989, kojic acid works similarly to hydroquinone. Kojic acid is derived from a fungus, and studies have shown that it is effective as a lightening agent, slowing production of melanin (brown pigment). With continued use, Kojic acid may make your skin more susceptible to sunburn.
Examples of retinoids include retinol, retinal aldehyde, and retinyl esters. They are used to improve acne and acne scarring, mottled pigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles, skin texture, skin tone and color, and your skin’s hydration levels.
Retinol is derived from vitamin A and is found in many over-the-counter “anti-aging” skin care products. Tretinoin, which is the active ingredient in prescription Retin-A® and Renova® creams, is a stronger version of retinol. If your skin is too sensitive to use Retin-A®, over-the-counter retinol is an excellent alternative. Here’s why skin responds to skin care products with retinol: vitamin A has a molecular structure that’s tiny enough to get into the lower layers of skin, where it finds collagen and elastin. Retinol is proven to improve mottled pigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles, skin texture, skin tone and color, and your skin’s hydration levels. Retinyl palmitate is another ingredient related to retinol, but is less potent.
This is the only form of vitamin C that you should look for in your skin care products. There are many skin care products on the market today that boast vitamin C derivatives as an ingredient (magnesium ascorbyl phosphate or ascorbyl palmitate, for example), but L-ascorbic acid is the only useful form of vitamin C in skin care products. With age and sun exposure, collagen synthesis in the skin decreases, leading to wrinkles. Vitamin C is the only antioxidant proven to stimulate the synthesis of collagen, minimizing fine lines, scars, and wrinkles. . Data suggests that L-ascorbic acid may better the appearance of photodamaged skin. Initial use of vitamin C containing creams can cause stinging or redness, but these side effects generally go away with continued use.
Skin care products containing this substance are often used with vitamin C products to assist in effective penetration. Hyaluronic acid (also known as a glycosaminoglycan) is often touted for its ability to “reverse” or stop aging. In news reports, you might have heard of hyaluronic acid as the “key to the fountain of youth.” This is because the substance occurs naturally (and quite abundantly) in humans and animals, and is found in young skin, other tissues, and joint fluid. Hyaluronic acid is a component of the body’s connective tissues, and is known to cushion and lubricate. As you age, however, the forces of nature destroy hyaluronic acid. Diet and smoking can also affect your body’s level of hyaluronic acid over time. Skin care products with hyaluronic acid are most frequently used to treat wrinkled skin and may help with skin hydration and firmness.
Copper peptide is often referred to as the most effective skin regeneration product, even though it’s only been on the market since 1997. Here’s why: Studies have shown that copper peptide promotes collagen and elastin production, acts as an antioxidant, and promotes production of glycosaminoglycans (think hyaluronic acid, as an example). Studies have also shown that copper-dependent enzymes increase the benefits of the body’s natural tissue-building processes. The substance helps to firm, smooth, and soften skin, doing it in less time than most other anti-aging skin care products. Clinical studies have found that copper peptides also remove damaged collagen and elastin from the skin and scar tissue because they activate the skin’s system responsible for those functions.
You may have heard of alpha-lipoic acid as “the miracle in a jar” for its anti-aging effects. It’s a newer, ultra-potent antioxidant that helps fight future skin damage and helps repair past damage. Alpha-lipoic acid has been referred to as a “universal antioxidant” because it’s soluble in both water and oil, which permits its entrance to all parts of the cell. Due to this quality, it is believed that alpha-lipoic acid can provide the greatest protection against damaging free radicals when compared with other antioxidants. Alpha-lipoic acid diminishes fine lines, gives skin a healthy glow, and boosts levels of other antioxidants, such as vitamin C.
If you’ve heard of fish referred to as brain food, you can thank DMAE. This substance is naturally produced in the brain, but DMAE is also present in anchovies, salmon, and sardines. DMAE boosts the production of acetylcholine, which is important for proper mental functions. DMAE in skin care products shows remarkable effects when applied topically to skin, resulting in the reduction of fine lines and wrinkles.
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The hard evidence: one of the most researched and proven anti-ageing ingredients, several thousand peer-reviewed studies show that topical Vitamin A stimulates collagen production and increases turnover of skin cells.
Wonder products with retinol: Indeed Labs Retinol Reface Retinol Skin Resurfacer (30ml, £19.99), Murad Time Release Retinol Concentrate for Deep Wrinkles (15ml, £65)
© Ole Henriksen Truth Serum Collagen Booster Vitamin C
Why it’s so amazing: topical vitamin C is a bona fide anti-ageing marvel. A potent antioxidant, it reverses sun damage, boosts collagen production to plump the complexion and protects the skin against free radicals. “It’s the best antioxidant in my opinion,” says Dr Bunting, “but it must be properly stabilised and stored, as it’s easily degraded by light.” The L-ascorbic acid form of the vitamin in a serum at a concentration of between 10% and 20% is most effective, but L-ascorbic acid is prone to oxidisation in light, so unless you fancy mixng your own DIY serum, it’s best to look for serums that contain more stable forms of vitamin C such as ascorbyl palmitate or sodium ascorbyl phosphate.
The hard evidence: a 2002 American study reported that a formulation of 10% vitamin C effectively stimulated collagen production when applied daily for 12 weeks, resulting in a clinically visible improvement in wrinkling.
Wonder products with vitamin C: Oz Naturals Vitamin C 20% Serum (30ml, £15.95), Ole Henriksen Truth Serum Collagen Booster (30ml. £47)
Why it’s so amazing: glycolic acid is a type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) naturally found in sugar cane. AHAs make for the best exfoliators. The acids remove the outer layer of dead skin cells, smoothing the surface of the skin and improving radiance. They also stimulate collagen and elastin production to minimise fine lines and blemishes. Glycolic acid boasts the smallest molecules of any AHA and absorbs into the skin most effectively, so it should be your go-to. Plus, it works well on sensitive and dry skin types. For optimal results, look for products that contain between a 5% and 15% concentration.
The hard evidence: a slew of independent and peer-reviewed research has shown that AHAs break down dead skin cells, while several studies have suggested that they also increase collagen and elastin production.
Wonder products with glycolic acid: 12% Alpha Hydroxy Souffle (45ml, £14.19), Alpha-H Micro Cleanse With 12% Glycolic Acid (100ml, £26.50)
© Eve Lom Sodium hyaluronate
Why it’s so amazing: humectants, which include glycerin, lecithin and propylene glycol, draw water into the epidermis, plumping the outer layer of the skin and reducing the appearance of fine lines and other flaws. Hyaluronic acid, found naturally in skin cells, is the ultimate humectant. “What makes the hyaluronic acid molecule unique is that it can hold 1,000 times its own weight in water,” says Dr Stefanie Williams, medical director at European Dermatology London. Sodium hyaluronate, the sodium salt form of the acid, has a smaller molecule size, so it penetrates the skin better. Look for this form on ingredients labels if you’re keen on getting the best results.
The hard evidence: a number of studies published in respected American scientific journals indicate that hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate applied topically increase skin’s moisture content and possess cell-communicating properties, signalling the skin cells to repair damage.
Wonder products with sodium hyaluronate: Dr. LeWinn’s Line Smoothing Complex S8 Super Hydrator (30ml, £20), Eve Lom Intense Hydration Serum (30ml, £75)
Why they’re so amazing: ceramides are lipids (fats), which along with cholesterol and free fatty acids are a major component of cells in the outer layer of the skin. They help form the skin’s protective barrier, locking in moisture and protecting against environmental damage. As we age, our skin’s ceramide content decreases. Applying synthetic or plant-derived ceramides mimics the naturally occurring lipids and stops the barrier breaking down, leaving wrinkles looking less pronounced and bolstering the skin’s protection. There are nine types of ceramides ranging from ceramide AP to phytosphingosine, so be aware of this when you’re checking labels.
The hard evidence: a 2002 Belgian study reported that ceramides applied on the skin can improve barrier repair after damage, and several Japanese studies have showed that ceramides increase moisture levels in the epidermis.
Wonder products with ceramides: CeraVe Facial Moisturizing Lotion PM (90ml, £11.88), Elizabeth Arden Flawless Future Caplet Serum Powered by Ceramide (30ml, £48)
© Olay Regenerist 3 Point Super Serum Matrixyl
Why it’s so amazing: Matrixyl or the rather less catchy palmitoyl-pentapeptide-4 to give it its scientific name, is a peptide that stimulates collagen production in the skin. Peptides are protein fragments that ‘tell’ the skin to produce collagen. Applying peptides to the skin surface can trick the skin into producing more, effectively slowing down the ageing process. Matrixyl is the only peptide that is proven in a peer-reviewed scientific study, so that’s the one to look out for.
The hard evidence: a 2013 study conducted by Professor Ian Hamley and his team at Reading University found that Matrixyl doubled levels of collagen in the skin. “Studies like this are very important for the consumer,” says Professor Hamley, “as cosmetic companies rarely publish their work.”
Wonder products with Matrixyl: L’Oreal Collagen Filler (30ml, £10), Olay Regenerist 3 Point Super Serum (50ml, £29.99)
Why it’s so amazing: this component of vitamin B3 has found its way into a wide range of beauty products and for very good reason. Niacinamide benefits the skin in numerous ways. It enhances collagen and elastin production, it acts as an anti-inflammatory, calming problem skin, and it helps fade hyperpigmentation to even out skin tone. “Niacinamide is good at interrupting the formation of dark spots in the deeper layers of the skin,” says Dr Nick Lowe, dermatologist at London’s Cranley Clinic.
The hard evidence: proper peer-reviewed scientific studies – not those funded by the cosmetic companies – have found that niacinamide stimulates collagen, minimising the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation spots, texture, and red blotches.
Wonder products with niacinamide: Palmer’s Cocoa Butter Formula Eventone Body Milk (250ml, £5.89), Clinique Super Rescue Antioxidant Night Moisturizer (100ml, £40)
© Malin + Goetz Vitamin E Face Moisturizer D-alpha-tocopherol
Why it’s so amazing: as you’ve probably realised by now, vitamins make for potent anti-ageing ingredients, and vitamin E is no exception. But it’s the D-alpha-tocopherol form of the vitamin that is most useful. D-alpha-tocopherol can work wonders perking up the complexion. It has skin-calming anti-inflammatory properties and helps the epidermis retain moisture, minimising the appearance of wrinkles and smoothing away blemishes. And if that isn’t enough to get you reaching for a D-alpha-tocopherol-packed product, this form of vitamin E repairs and protects against UV damage, particularly when combined with vitamin C.
The hard evidence: study after study has shown that vitamin E, especially when it’s in the form of D-alpha-tocopherol has anti-inflammatory, moisturising and UV protective properties that benefit the skin and fight the signs of ageing.
Wonder products with D-alpha-tocopherol: Health Aid Vitamin E Cream (75ml, £5.99), Malin + Goetz Vitamin E Face Moisturizer (118ml, £37)
Why it’s so amazing: resveratrol is an antioxidant found in red grapes with powerful free radical and sun damage-fighting properties. It works in both protective and rejuvenating ways by blocking dangerous UV light and protecting against free radicals, as well as stimulating collagen production and acting as an anti-inflammatory to promote wound healing. Like many antioxidants, resveratrol is also beneficial taken in supplement form, and a portion of grapes or a cheeky glass of red wine will up your levels and help ward off the signs of ageing, too.
The hard evidence: several studies have noted that resveratrol protects the skin against oxidative stress and UV radiation, and helps repair free radical and sun damage.
Wonder products with resveratrol: MooGoo Anti-Ageing Cream With Resveratrol (75g, £23.90), Caudalie Broad Spectrum SPF15 Radiance Day Fluid (40ml, £39)
Meet the power players of the skin-care aisle—and learn how to make them work for you.
(a.k.a. the Cure-All)
WHAT IT DOES: This vitamin-A derivative treats fine lines, wrinkles, sun spots, dullness, crepiness, sagging skin…you name it. Forms of retinol “are among the best anti-aging ingredients we have,” says Jeffrey Dover, an associate clinical professor of dermatology at the Yale School of Medicine.
HOW IT WORKS: Retinol speeds up cell turnover, sweeps away the dead cells that cause dullness, and boosts collagen and elastin by stimulating cellular repair at the deepest level of the skin. It also pumps up circulation by increasing blood-vessel formation, so skin looks healthier.
HOW TO MAKE IT WORK BETTER:
• Pay attention to packaging. Buy it in an aluminum tube or an opaque plastic pump bottle so light and air don’t degrade it.
• Go for the right names. Avoid forms like retinyl palmitate and retinyl linoleate—they’re less irritating, but also less effective.
• Use it at night. The vampire of the skin-care world, retinol works best in the dark.
• Put it on after cleansing. Wash your face with warm water and make sure it’s dry before applying retinol. Then, blood vessels and pores are dilated, making more space between cells for absorption. (Prescription versions, called retinoids, in particular must be applied to dry skin or they absorb too quickly and irritate.)
• Make sure it tingles. If you can’t feel it, it’s not strong enough, says Dover.
• Go easy on your eyes. Dab around the eye area every third night. Retinol is great for undereye crepiness.
• Give skin a treat afterward. “A layer of moisturizer with niacinamide or ceramides helps skin tolerate the ingredient better by strengthening the skin barrier, making it less prone to irritation,” says Howard Sobel, an attending dermatologist and dermatologic surgeon at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.
1. DDF Retinol Energizing Moisturizer
2. Renova (by prescription)
3. Tazorac (by prescription)
4. Neutrogena Rapid Wrinkle Repair Night Moisturizer
(a.k.a. the Eraser)
WHAT IT DOES: To even out sun spots, blotches, and mottled skin, a little hydroquinone goes a long way. “It’s the most effective ingredient for bleaching skin,” says Jeannette Graf, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City.
They’re not only good for the good bacteria in your tum, probiotics help balance the microbiome on your skin’s surface. They help protect your skin from environmental factors and help restore a healthy pH balance to your skin. Probiotics in skincare are very fragile and deteriorate easily, look for products containing probiotics that come in a pump bottle as they will break down if they are stored in jars.
Before you jump to any unnecessary conclusions, sea fennel is known not only for helping to reduce redness and blemishes but also helps increase luminosity and reinforce the skin’s moisture barrier. Elizabeth Arden Superstart Skin Renewal Booster is fortified with sea fennel and probiotics to help revitalise your skin.
Mum was right, all of that nagging wasn’t for nothing, sunscreen is your hidden weapon when it comes to protecting your skin. Sunscreen helps protect your skin from harmful UV rays and stop premature ageing and sagging. Add it to your daily beauty routine even if you are only in the sun for short periods of time to protect yourself from those harsh Aussie rays.
Power-up your routine with an extra layer of protection from a vitamin C serum, benefits of an antioxidant-rich serum dynamo include protection against UV exposure and also boosted collagen production. Apply a Vitamin C serum to your skin after cleansing before applying the rest of your face, serums are stronger than creams and help protect harmful free radicals.
The final powerhouse to add to your skincare routine is vitamin A. Retinol is part of the vitamin A family and helps to boost the production of healthy skin cells, protecting your body against bacteria, pollutants and infection. It’s best to apply retinol as part of your night-time routine before you hit the hay so it can absorb into your skin and has more time to regenerate while you get your beauty sleep.
This killer combo will have your skin glowing and feeling better than ever.
Best anti-ageing serum
No7 Protect and Perfect Intense Advanced Serum, £26, Boots
This little bottle was breaking the internet long before the term became synonymous with the Kardashians. In 2007, a BBC documentary testing the wrinkle-busting power of various anti-ageing products aired in the UK. The one that came out on top? No7’s Protect & Perfect Beautiful Serum, then priced at a modest £17. By the next day, it had sold out – according to the BBC, Boots sold five months’ worth of stock in just one day. The product has since been upgraded to an ‘Intense Advanced’ version and the price has crept up a little in the last 10 years; but you can still get your hands on it for less than £30 and trust that it’s still just as effective (if not more so) as the day that famous doc aired. Wrinkles will be smoothed out and less visible – science says so.
Best anti-ageing face cream
Lancer Advanced C Radiance Cream, £70 Look Fantastic
Dr Lancer is a trailblazer in the world of dermatology and has been known, for years now, for his ability to change the actual quality of people’s skin. This smooth water-free cream formula boosts radiance and collagen production, as well as the signs of UV damage and wrinkles. It has 10% vitamin C which, not only produces collagen but, is a antioxidant and retinol which can change the skin’s tone and smoothness by improving the elasticity and texture. It’s best to use on a cleansed face morning and evening, and you’ll really see the difference over the weeks that follow.
Best anti-ageing night cream
Caudalie Resveratrol Life Night Infusion Cream, £42 Space NK
You know how they say a glass of red wine is actually good for your health?! Well there’s clearly something in that, because resveratrol is essentially wine for your face. Hooray! OK, not exactly. It’s actually found in the skin of grapes. The reason that it’s used in anti-ageing beauty products is that it helps improve skin elasticity, firmness and radiance by boosting the skin’s internal antioxidant defense. This Caudalie cream also has grape seed oil for nourishment and shea butter extract, bitter orange flower water and vitamin E for diffusing the appearance of wrinkles.
Best anti-aging night serum
Estée Lauder Advanced Night Repair Synchronised Recovery Complex II, £53, Fabled
Technically a night serum rather than the best night cream, but we had to give this one a mention. Touted by beauty editors and bloggers all over the land as a must-have for your PM skincare routine, Estée Lauder’s Advanced Night Repair is world-famous due to its unique ChronoluxCB complex that transforms your skin while you sleep. Apply at night and you’ll wake up with smoother skin, with wrinkles significantly softened and a super-soft – which is why you’ll find it in the bathroom cupboard of 99.9% of skincare enthusiasts.
Best anti-ageing face mask
Zelens Transformer Instant Renewal Renewal Mask, £95, Fabled
Cosmetic surgeon Dr Marko Lens is famous for his ‘red carpet facials’ given to a whole host of A-list clients, and so formulated his skincare range based around the notion of a flawless, celebrity-worthy complexion. The Transformer Mask is a supercharged formula packed with 16 amino acids, polysaccharides and proteins for the ultimate restoring and repairing treatment. Skin feels firmer with more elasticity and, after continued use, its radiance levels will skyrocket. Consider this mask the closest thing to getting a face lift without, you know, actually getting a face lift.
Best anti-ageing hand cream
Temple Spa Palm Balm, £19, Harrods
The first thing you need to know is that this stuff is so good that you’ll find it on board the Orient Express. We could leave it there, but if that alone doesn’t sell it to you then know that this brightens and smooths out the skin of your hands, as well as working to even out complexion (so long, age spots). Described as a ‘multivitamin cocktail’, it contains essential oils of bergamot, lemon and lavender, as well as extracts of jojoba and aloe vera, to restore and soften the skin, and forms a protective barrier to prevent further skin damage. It’s pretty much a time machine in a tube and truly one of the best hand creams out there – rough hands, be gone.
Best anti-ageing supplements
Murad Hydro-Glow Supplements, £50, John Lewis
If you’re looking to combat the signs of ageing then it’s definitely worth adding one or two skin supplements into your daily routine; Murad’s new Hydro-Glow supplements work by ‘hydrating your skin from within’. Now for the sciencey bit: The key ingredient here is Glucosamine, which works to up water levels and create a bank of hydration in skin cells, while also boosting collagen and hyaluronic acid levels – in short, creating very hydrated and healthy skin. With a 30-day supply in the box, you’ll be glowing in just a few short weeks.
Best anti-ageing face wash
Elizabeth Arden Prevage Anti-Ageing Treatment Boosting Cleanser, £39 Look Fantastic
This clever little cleanser works to enhance the effects of your other anti-ageing beauty products by prepping the skin for treatment. Pretty great, no? It’ll dissolve make-up and grime that builds up throughout the day while also getting rid of any surface pollution to prevent environmental damage – and best of all, it won’t leave your skin with that uncomfortable, tight feeling.
Best anti-ageing eye serum
Kiehl’s Midnight Recovery Eye Serum, £26, John Lewis
Any fan of Kiehl’s loves their Midnight Recovery complex, without question, and the brand has since branched out to put its power into a serum for the eye area. The superhero ingredients here are lavender and evening primrose, as well as Butcher’s Broom to de-puff. Apply at night time for firmed-up eyes and softened crow’s feet come morning. You’ll look and feel fresh as a daisy.
Best anti-ageing eye mask
Skyn Iceland Hydro Cool Firming Eye Gels, £25, Fabled
Whether it’s a late night, commute getting to you or you simply just didn’t get anywhere near 8 hours of Zs, wrinkly under eye bags and dark circles can happen to us all – regardless of our age. The under-eye mask market is totally saturated, but one buy that stands out from the crowd are these Skyn Iceland firming gels. In the resealable pack comes eight pairs of the gels that, in just 15 minutes, take away dark purplish shadows, take the edge off wrinkles and lift the entire under eye area, which is particularly delicate. They’re truly nothing short of incredible, and great value for money.
Best anti-ageing anti-wrinkle cream
No7’s Laboratories Line Correcting Booster Serum, £38 Boots
This product caused quite the stir when it launched in early 2018. And when we say a stir, we mean one unit being sold every two seconds and a waiting list of 17,000+. The reason behind the hysteria was the outstanding clinic trial claims – it’s said to reduce wrinkles by five years. Some have even compared (and preferred) it to Botox. No7 are no strangers to being at the forefront of anti-ageing; their 2007 Protect and Perfect serum was another huge sellout for the brand. So what’s so special about this serum? Well, it has 7 x more Matrixyl 3000 Plus™ in it’s formula than any of No7’s others. Don’t worry, we know that sounds complex, but all you need to know is that it’s made up of super duper peptides that work really effectively at reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Retinol for anti-ageing
Skinceuticals Retinol 0.3 Corrective Treatment, £65 Look Fantastic
Retinol is an anti-ageing hero that’s exploded in popularity over the last year or so, it’s hands down one of the best anti ageing beauty products. The best retinol products can transform skin texture and tone, essential for someone keen to prevent and combat the visible signs of ageing. There’s a lot of power in this tiny, little tube. It helps fade the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, it evens out skin tone (if your pigmentation has taken over) and it even helps with acne. It’s highly concentrated and is pure retinol, so ease yourself into using it.
Rest assured that these beauty heroes are worth the pennies.
What are you waiting for? Get shopping…
Check Anti-Aging Cream for These 4 Key Ingredients
Can skin creams really prevent your skin from aging? Of course not. Skin aging is inevitable, but taking care of your skin and using creams with antioxidants can slow down the aging process and improve the feel and appearance of it.
Look for Creams with These Antioxidants
Antioxidants work to neutralize the harmful effects of free-radicals, molecules your body produces that interfere with healthy cell reproduction. In creams, antioxidants can: improve cell function, increase collagen production, improve elasticity, create healthier, younger skin cells, and reduce sun damage.
Anti-aging skin creams can range in price. Whether you buy an economical product or a higher-end one, make sure it contains antioxidants. Over-the-counter products can vary in quality and quantity of key ingredients, so it’s worth looking into medical-grade products.
Here’s a list of four tried-and-true anti-aging ingredients that you should look for in your creams:
- Vitamin A (retinol): Prevents damage, restores, normalizes and helps repair skin – including age spots caused by sun exposure. It also makes skin firmer and smoother
- Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): Produces collagen, diminishes wrinkles, dullness, and brown spots. Breaks down when exposed to light and air
- Vitamin E (tocopherol): Speeds skin cell regeneration and healing, adds moisture, protects the skin against sun damage and skin cancer, and may reverse some discoloration and wrinkles associated with aging
- CoQ10: Helps to reduce UV damage and stimulate collagen production, minimizing the appearance of wrinkles
A Few Words on General Skin Care
A good skin care routine includes washing with a gentle cleanser and moisturizing with the appropriate moisturizer for your skin type.
Skin that has been exposed to UV light is damaged skin. Avoid the sun and tanning beds. The sun speeds up the breakdown of collagen (a connective tissue that keeps the skin firm and elastic) and over time can cause your skin to be dry, sallow (yellowish) and have wrinkles with deep lines.
While this article is about what to look for in topical skin care products, remember the most important things you can do for your skin:
- Apply broad-spectrum sunscreen daily (SPF of 30-50) to face, neck, hands and arms – and other body parts when they are exposed
- Stop smoking. Even more than the sun, smoking ages skin, making it droop, wrinkle, become dry and coarse. It can contribute to those tiny red broken blood vessels and can make the skin color orange or gray
- Eat whole, nutritious food (especially foods with antioxidants like these)
- Get enough exercise and sleep
- Drink plenty of fluids
A Final Note on Your Skin
Skin is the largest organ in your body. Not just aging but disease can show up there. So make sure you are paying attention to changes in your skin, especially growths, lesions, and suspicious areas. While your main concern about your skin might be cosmetic, it’s a good idea to check it regularly (or have your primary care doctor or dermatologist check it) for things that don’t look right.