- What Are the Potential Health Benefits of Moringa Powder?
- What Are the Nutrition Facts and Studied Health Benefits of Moringa Powder?
- Does Moringa Powder Have Any Safety Concerns to Be Aware Of?
- Some Inspiration for Using Moringa Powder in Your Diet
- Bottom Line: Should You Add Moringa Powder to Your Healthy Lifestyle?
- 1. It’s nutrient-packed.
- 2. It fights free radicals.
- 3. It fights inflammation.
- 4. It helps reduce some diabetes symptoms.
- 5. It protects the cardiovascular system.
- 6. It supports brain health.
- 7. It protects the liver.
- 8. It contains antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.
- 9. It enhances wound healing.
- How to Use It
- Skin Care: 6 Reasons To Add Drumstick Or Moringa To Your Beauty Regime
- How To Make DIY Moringa Face Mask For Healthy Skin
- What makes moringa good for you?
- 1. Protecting and nourishing skin and hair
- 2. Treating edema
- 3. Protecting the liver
- 4. Preventing and treating cancer
- 5. Treating stomach complaints
- 6. Fighting against bacterial diseases
- 7. Making bones healthier
- 8. Treating mood disorders
- 9. Protecting the cardiovascular system
- 10. Helping wounds to heal
- 11. Treating diabetes
- 12. Treating asthma
- 13. Protecting against kidney disorders
- 14. Reducing high blood pressure
- 15. Improving eye health
- 16. Treating anemia and sickle cell disease
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What Are the Potential Health Benefits of Moringa Powder?
If you spend any time on social media, you may have noticed a new superfood popping up in your Instagram feed. We’re talking about moringa powder, the latest of-the-moment natural food supplement that supposedly fixes many common ills.
Like many natural remedies, moringa is a tempting alternative to prescription drugs. “A lot of people are averse to going on medication, and as chronic disease continues to be an issue, seem like a cure-all,” says Ginger Hultin, RD, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, based in Seattle.
Mainly, moringa (Moringa oleifera, or M. oleifera) is touted for its high concentration of antioxidants, as well as its ability to lower blood sugar, improve heart health, and reduce inflammation.
But, as an article published in March 2012 in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology noted, moringa powder has been used in traditional Indian medicine for thousands of years — so why is the United States only now starting to catch on?
You can thank science for the sudden interest in moringa powder, says Robin Foroutan, RDN, an integrative dietitian-nutritionist and a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, who is based in New York City. “When something has research behind it to show that it has a really good health impact, people get excited about it,” she says.
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What Are the Nutrition Facts and Studied Health Benefits of Moringa Powder?
The light-colored, earthy-tasting powder is derived from the leaves and seed pods of Moringa oleifera, a tree that’s native to India but also grows in Asia, Africa, and South America, and is sometimes referred to as the drumstick tree, miracle tree, horseradish tree, or ben oil tree, according to a review published in March 2014 in the journal Phytotherapy Research.
The same review noted that the plant contains a number of important compounds, including beta-carotene, quercetin, and a wide range of vitamins and minerals.
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), one 10-gram (g) serving of moringa powder offers 150 milligrams (mg) of calcium (15 percent of the daily value, or DV), 2 mg of iron (11.11 percent DV), and 160 mg of potassium (3.4 percent DV). “There’s some protein in there too, which is exciting because generally leaves are mostly carbohydrates,” Hultin says. (One 10-g serving of moringa powder offers 3 g of protein.)
Because fresh moringa is tough to get in the United States, many people are turning to the powdered form, Hultin says, and research suggests the powdered version may offer health benefits as well. (More on that research next.)
Yet while there is some research to support the benefits of moringa powder, a lot of the evidence is based on animal studies; the studies that have been done on humans are pretty small. “This doesn’t mean they’re not valid, it’s just hard to make general recommendations,” Hultin warns.
Research shows moringa powder may be beneficial for raising antioxidant levels in post-menopausal women, whose antioxidant enzyme systems are affected due to lower estrogen levels. In one study published in November 2014 in Journal of Food Science and Technology, post-menopausal women who supplemented daily with 7 g of moringa powder saw a significant increase in blood antioxidant levels, as well as a 16.3 percent decrease in malondialdehyde (a marker of oxidative stress) after three months. Those changes may signal improvements in health outcomes, but more studies are needed to know for sure.
In addition to supplying a hefty amount of antioxidants, moringa powder may help lower blood sugar, reduce inflammation, and improve heart function.
“The anti-inflammatory effect of moringa is the big news because we know that out-of-control inflammation is the hallmark of most kinds of diseases,” Foroutan says. According to an article published in November 2012 in the journal EMBO Reports, inflammation has been linked with a wide range of chronic diseases, from different types of cancer to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to heart disease.
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In a study published in the March–April 2014 issue of Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, for example, researchers found that treating rats with moringa extract for five days was an effective treatment for colon inflammation, such as that experienced with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. Further research is needed to determine if it will be effective in humans, though.
The research on blood sugar appears more promising. In a study in the journal Bioscan, people with type 2 diabetes who supplemented daily with 8 g of moringa powder saw a 28 percent decrease in fasting blood glucose and 26 percent decrease in post-meal blood glucose on average after 40 days. Meanwhile, the aforementioned study in the Journal of Food Science and Technology revealed that post-menopausal women who took 7 g of moringa powder every day for three months lowered their blood sugar by an average of 13.5 percent. And an older study published in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition found that taking 50 g of moringa powder with a single meal decreased blood sugar levels by 21 percent.
In addition, moringa contains a plant compound known as terpenoids. “Terpenoids from moringa have been found to help the pancreas secrete more insulin, which can be really helpful for people with diabetes,” Foroutan says. According to a review published in 2014 in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, researchers believe the terpenoids in moringa play a role in stimulating B cells, which triggers insulin production.
Furthermore, a study published in February 2016 in the American Journal of Hypertension revealed that supplementing with 750 mg of moringa seed powder every day for eight weeks improved cardiac diastolic function (the stiffening and relaxation of your ventricles) in hypertensive rats. Though the powder didn’t lower blood pressure, researchers speculate that it may help prevent heart disease associated with high blood pressure. Again, more studies in humans are needed.
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Does Moringa Powder Have Any Safety Concerns to Be Aware Of?
Pregnant or lactating women should avoid moringa powder altogether: “ has some uterine stimulating effects,” Hultin says, which could cause the uterus to contract when it’s not supposed to. Moringa powder also hasn’t been proven safe for children, so stay on the safe side and keep it away from kids.
Moringa powder is also risky for anyone taking medication to treat diabetes or high blood pressure, or Levothroid (levothyroxine), a hormone that’s commonly used to treat hypothyroidism, Hultin says. If you’re on any medication, check with your healthcare team before trying moringa.
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Some Inspiration for Using Moringa Powder in Your Diet
As Hultin notes, moringa powder has a mild, tea-like flavor that easily mixes into juices and smoothies without dramatically altering their taste. It can also be made into a tea (there are many premade options available), or taken in pill form.
But you do have to be careful about where you get your moringa powder, as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn’t require dietary-supplement and other natural-product manufacturers to prove the safety of their products before marketing them. According to previous research, moringa root contains spirochin, a potentially toxic alkaloid that could cause neurological issues, “so only purchase powder from a very reputable source,” Hultin says.
Hultin recommends sticking with brands who pay for third-party testing. You’ll likely wind up paying more for a supplement that’s third-party tested, but it will be your safest option. You can quickly identify products that have been tested because companies will slap it right on the front of the label. “They’re proud it it,” Hultin says.
Look for supplements that have been tested by any of these top agencies: NSF International, ConsumerLab, and USP.
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Bottom Line: Should You Add Moringa Powder to Your Healthy Lifestyle?
Assuming you’re not pregnant or breastfeeding, or taking medication for blood pressure, diabetes, or thyroid conditions, moringa powder is generally safe. That is, as long as you stick to the recommended doses listed on the package or bottle of moringa powder. “Too much of it could actually disrupt your digestive system,” Foroutan says.
But before you start taking moringa powder, figure out why you want to use it, and check in with your doctor or a registered dietitian to see if there are better options for you. “My concern is always that people will try using something like moringa instead of meeting with a doctor and starting medication that is needed for their condition,” Hultin says.
If you’re ready to take the plunge, be sure you’re buying moringa powder from a reputable brand that uses third-party testing for safety.
Finally, keep in mind that moringa powder — and any other supplement — isn’t a cure-all. “Natural products are really exciting, but we still need to look at our health very holistically, and while something like moringa might be able to support, it’s often not the only answer to someone’s health issues,” Hultin says.
Moringa plant is beginning to gain more popularity as a new “superfood” for its highly nutritious profile and powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and tissue-protective properties among many other health benefits.
Moringa oleifera, also known as horseradish tree, ben tree, or drumstick tree, is a small tree from India, Pakistan, and Nepal that has been used for generations in Eastern countries to treat and prevent diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, anemia, arthritis, liver disease, and respiratory, skin, and digestive disorders.
Moringa has become popular as a natural leaf powder supplement, although the pods, roots, bark, flowers, seeds, and fruits are also edible.
It’s used as a traditional remedy for many ailments, and here are 10 scientifically backed health benefits of consuming the moringa leaf:
1. It’s nutrient-packed.
Moringa is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. It contains significant amounts of vitamin A, C, and E; calcium; potassium; and protein.
2. It fights free radicals.
Antioxidants fight free radicals, molecules that cause oxidative stress, cell damage, and inflammation.
Moringa contains antioxidants called flavonoids, polyphenols, and ascorbic acid in the leaves, flowers, and seeds.
A study found that leaf extracts had higher antioxidant activity, free-radical-scavenging capacity, and higher inhibition of lipid, protein, and DNA oxidation than flowers and seeds.
This means it prevents the damage and degradation that free radicals cause in the cells of different organs in the body, keeping them healthy and functioning at their best.
3. It fights inflammation.
Inflammation can lead to chronic diseases like diabetes, respiratory problems, cardiovascular disease, arthritis, and obesity. Moringa reduces inflammation by suppressing inflammatory enzymes and proteins in the body, and moringa leaf concentrate can significantly lower inflammation in the cells.
4. It helps reduce some diabetes symptoms.
Moringa leaf powder has been effective at reducing lipid and glucose levels and regulating oxidative stress in diabetic patients, which means it lowers blood sugar and cholesterol and improves protection against cell damage.
5. It protects the cardiovascular system.
Moringa leaf powder has heart-healthy benefits, particularly in blood lipid control, the prevention of plaque formation in the arteries, and reduced cholesterol levels.
6. It supports brain health.
Moringa supports brain health and cognitive function because of its antioxidant and neuro-enhancer activities. It’s also been tested as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease with favorable preliminary results.
Its high content of vitamins E and C fight oxidation that leads to neuron degeneration, improving brain function. It’s also able to normalize the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline in the brain, which play a key role in memory, mood, organ function, responses to stimulus such as stress and pleasure, and mental health, for example in depression and psychosis.
7. It protects the liver.
Moringa contains high concentrations of polyphenols in its leaves and flowers that protect the liver against oxidation, toxicity, and damage.
Moringa can reduce liver damage and fibrosis and reverse oxidation in the liver. Moringa oil can also restore liver enzymes to normal levels, reducing oxidative stress, and increasing protein content in the liver.
The liver is responsible for blood detoxification, bile production, fructose metabolism, fat metabolism, and nutrient processing, and it can only fulfill these functions with the aid of liver enzymes, so it’s vital they stay at normal levels. For instance, lower levels of hepatic enzymes can impair its ability to filter the blood.
8. It contains antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.
Moringa has antibacterial and anti-fungal properties that fight infections. It’s been effective against types of fungi that cause infections on skin and strains of bacteria responsible for blood and urinary tract infections and digestive problems.
9. It enhances wound healing.
Moringa has blood-clotting properties in its leaves, roots, and seeds that benefit wound healing and can reduce clotting time, which means it reduces the time it takes for scratches, cuts, or wounds to stop bleeding.
How to Use It
You can add Ergogenics Organic Whole Greens which has Moringa to your smoothie or you can drink it as a tea. The leaf powder was deemed safe in human studies, even in larger doses than normal. The powder has a mild flavour, so it makes for a light Moringa tea with a slightly earthy taste.
This article was originally published on mindbodygreen
Skin Care: 6 Reasons To Add Drumstick Or Moringa To Your Beauty Regime
Drumstick, or moringa, has been known as a superfood for quite some time now. Indians are no strangers to the powerful benefits and taste-enhancing properties of drumstick. It’s added to curries and soups in India and all around the world, while south Indians use it a lot in dishes like sambhar, drumstick pickles and some non-vegetarian curries as well. It’s a very well-known fact that almost every part of the drumstick tree is great for consumption as its leaves, fruits, flowers and seeds are all full of nutrients and minerals with amazing health benefits. But, did you know that moringa is a powerful beauty ingredient as well? Moringa face masks are becoming extremely popular, as more and more people around the globe are realising the importance of this wonder ingredient, for enhancing beauty.
Also Read: 7 Powerful Health Benefits of Moringa Powder: The Miracle Herb
Here are some hard-to-beat reasons you should add drumstick leaves and oil to your skin care regime:
1. Slows down ageing: Moringa oil and moringa leaf powder are both used topically on the face to prevent wrinkles and free radical damage to the skin. Moringa may help firm up your facial skin and also help reduce wrinkles and blemishes, making you look younger.
2. Moisturises the lips: Moringa oil is also used as an ingredient in a range of lip balms and lip care products, as it is capable of moisturising the sensitive skin of the lips and make them retain their softness.
Moringa or drumstick powder can be used for skincare
3. Improves complexion: As stated earlier, moringa or drumsticks may help improve your complexion by preventing blemished and give you an even tone, when applied topically. A paste of the leaves can be applied to dark spots or blemishes on the face to reduce them.
4. Fights acne: It may seem counter-productive but applying moringa oil on the face has been known to prevent acne breakouts, due to its anti-bacterial properties. The same effect can be achieved by applying a paste of moringa leaves on the affected areas of the face. However, it’s always advisable to consult an expert dermatologist before self-administering any skin treatments, whether internally or topically.
Also Read: Drumstick or Moringa: 3 South Indian Recipes for Cooking this Superfood
5. Help in removing toxins: Pimple and acne breakouts may be signs of accumulation of toxins in the blood. Consuming moringa powder or moringa seeds may help purify your blood, which will definitely translate into a clearer and healthier skin.
6. Reduces large pores: Moringa also acts on large open pores of the skin and tightens the skin. It has skin health boosting collagen protein, which helps in reducing pores.
How To Make DIY Moringa Face Mask For Healthy Skin
Due to skin healthy vitamins in moringa powder, it’s frequently used as an ingredient in face masks. Moringa powder is obtained from sun-dried moringa leaves, which are ground to a fine, bright green powder. To make a DIY face mask, you need moringa powder, raw honey, rose water, lemon juice and water.
1. Mix half a tablespoon of moringa powder with a tablespoon each of honey and rose water and add half a tablespoon of lemon juice to it.
2. Check the consistency and add water as needed to obtain a fairly thick and smooth paste.
3. Apply this on your face in the morning and keep it for about 10 minutes, before washing it off with lukewarm water.
4. After drying the face with a clean towel, apply small amount of moisturiser on your face, to get a smooth and soft skin.
Moringa powder has great beauty benefits for your hair as well and can be used to get longer, thicker and healthier hair. Due to its anti-bacterial properties, moringa powder may also prevent dandruff and flaky scalp.
About Sakshita KhoslaSakshita loves the finer things in life including food, books and coffee, and is motivated by self-indulgence and her love for words. When not writing, she can be found huddled in the corner of a cosy cafe with a good book, caffeine and her own thoughts for company.
Moringa Oleifera belongs to the family of Moringaceae included 14 species which growing fast in the tropics and subtropics areas is native to India, Africa, Asia Minor and sub-Himalayan tracts, drought tolerant, the height of the tree ranged from 5 to 10 m in three years. It is spread in North and South America, Cambodia, The pacific and Caribbean islands (Morton, 1991; Anwar and Bhanger, 2003; Anwar et al., 2005; Crosby, 2007; Oluduro, 2012 and Rockwood et al., 2013).
Moringa called as the miracle tree which contain 36 anti-inflammatories, more than 539 bio-chemical activities and 46 antioxidants natural components. Its leaves a rich source of high nutrition value such as various phenolics, essential minerals like calcium and potassium, vitamins like B,C and A amino acids and β-carotene, so it can used in modern science to prevent many diseases and cultivated in Malnutrition areas and remote countries for medical and nutrition values benefits (Debnath and Guha, 2007; Toba et al., 2010; Mishra et al., 2011; Oluduro, 2012 and Misra and Misra, 2014). Moringa leaves act as antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-atherosclerotic and hypertensive agents and anticancer, which a cure liver diseases, cardiovascular and hypoglycemic actions, asthma, malaria, eye and ear infections, headaches, skin diseases, hyperglycemia, diarrhea, scurvy, heart burn, bronchitis, syphilis, Strengthens the immune and digestion systems, hypocholesterolemic and regulate thyroid hormone, also enhance the shelf life of fat containing food to contain antioxidant compounds like phenolics, ascorbic acid and carotenoids (Dillard and German, 2000; Sreelatha and Padma, 2010; Mbikay, 2012 and Rockwood et al., 2013).
Moringa leaves is eaten raw as a salad green or combined with other vegetables and grains or cooked as spinach and other greens, introduced as a side dish with other food or as a nutrition main course, the dried powder from leaves added to soups, sauces or sprinkled on other food to raise the nutritional value, and is used the dried powder in supplement form or as a healthful drink like tea or mixed with cold or hot drinks ( Fahey, 2005 ). So, the objective of this work was to study the possibility of preparing a new beverages formula from Moringa Oleifera leaves rich in natural phenolic compounds and antioxidants in compare with other common beverages.
We are supplier of moringa oil and moringa leaf powder from Indonesia – Preparing New Beverage from Moringa oleifera Leaves
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Raw materials: Moringa Oleifera (M. Oleifera) trees have been cultivated to ensure the plants were healthy and uninfected, leaves was collected from Faculty of Agriculture farm, Mansoura University, El-Mansoura City, El-Dakahleia Governorate, Egypt.
Commercial beverages: Commercial Green tea, Peppermint, Anise and Cinnamon were purchased from local Market (Sun Mall), El-Mansoura City, El-Dakahleia Governorate, Egypt.
Chemicals: All chemicals were purchased from El-Gomhouria pharmaceutical company, El-Mansoura City, El-Dakahleia Governorate, Egypt.
Preparation of Moringa Oleifera leaves: Leaves of M.Oleifera were collected and washed under running tap water to eliminate dust and other foreign particles, then dried in the greenhouse (30- 45ºC) for one week then crushed to fine powder using domestic blender (BRAUN). Powdered was stored in polyethylene plastic bags at 5±1ºC until analysis.
Preparation of Moringa Oleifera beverages: Powder of M.Oleifera leaves was added to green tea, peppermint, anise and cinnamon as shown in Table (1), each packet contain 2 gm, then 200 ml hot water was added, finally prepared beverage were panel tested at Food Industries Dept., Fac. of Agric., Mans.University.
Proximate chemical analysis:
Moisture content, crude oil, crude protein, crude fiber and ash of M.Oleifera leaves was estimated according to (A.O.A.C. 2000) .
Identification and fractionation of phenolic compounds:
Phenolic compounds of dried M.Oleifera leaves was determined using HPLC at Food Tech. Res. Institute, Agric. Res. Center, El-Giza, Egypt, according to (Goupy et al., 1999).
Determination of total phenolic compounds (TPC):
The Folin-Ciocalteu method was used for determining of total phenolic compounds of dried M.Oleifera leaves and other combined beverages by using standardized spectrophotometric method at Food Tech. Res. Institute, Agric. Res. Center, El-Giza, Egypt according to (Ivanova et al., 2010 ).
Determination of radical scavenging activity (DPPH%):
2,2 diphenyll-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH%) assay of dried M.Oleifera leaves and beverages were carried out according to the method of ( Brand-Williams et al., 1995 ) at Food Tech. Res. Institute, Agric. Res. Center, El-Giza, Egypt.
Calcium, potassium and iron were determined using Sens AA ″GBC scientific equipment″ model ″Sens AA Dual″ made in Dandenong, Victoria, Australia at Atomic absorption, Micro-Analysis unit, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Data were statistically analyzed according to the technique of analysis variance (ANOVA), the least significant difference (L.S.D) and Duncan’s methods was used to compare the differences between the means of treatment values to the methods described by (Gomez and Gomez, 1984). All statistical analyses were performed using analysis of variance technique by means of Co STATE computer software.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Proximate chemical composition of Moringa Oleifera leaves powder:
The proximate chemical composition of M.Oleifera leaves powder was determined, results in Table (2), revealed that M.Oleifera leave powder could be considered as a good source of crude protein, crude ash and fibers . From data presented in Table (2), it could be noticed that the moisture content of M.Oleifera leaves powder (MOLP) was 8.16%, the protein content reached to 21.40 %, which consider M.Oleifera leaves as a good and cheap source of protein supplement in countries suffering from malnutrition. These obtained results were lower than those obtained by (Ilyas et al., 2015 and Ismael et al., 2016) who mentioned that the crude protein of (MOLP) were 28.11 and 38.1 % respectively .
Also results presented in Table (2), showed that fiber content of (MOLP) was 7.46 %, this higher fibers content aids indigestion and prevention of many diseases ( Saldanha, 1995 ). These results was similar to those reported by ( Ismael et al., 2016 ) who found that the crude fibers of (MOLP) was 7.40% but was lower than those mentioned by ( Ilyas et al., 2015 ) who reported that the crude fibers of (MOLP) was 19.61 ± 0.38 % .
As shown in the same Table (2), it could be observed that the oil content of (MOLP) was 10.02 %. The ash content of (MOLP) was 5.33% which indicated the presence of suitable quantity of minerals in the leaves, these results was lower than those mentioned by ( Ilyas et al., 2015 and Ismael et al., 2016) who found that ash content of (MOLP) was 10.50 and 6.80 % respectively. So the differences in chemical composition would be attributed to the differences in the stage of maturity of the plants as well as the soil fortified with different chemical fertilizers and geographical location of the plants as reported by ( Ilyas et al., 2015 ) .
Identification and fractionation of phenolic compounds content (ppm) in Moringa Oleifera leaves powder:
Phenolic compounds are known as antioxidants which have long been recognized to have protective function oxidative damage in diet and may provide health benefits with reduced risk of chronic diseases (Karppinen et al., 2004). Therefore phenolic compounds were determined and identified in M.Oleifera leaves powder and results presented in Table (3), it can be observed that M.Oleifera leave powder contained 24 fractionated and identified phenolic compounds. The predominant phenolic compound being e-vanillic was (2022.38 ppm) followed by syringic acid (1011.28 ppm) and benzoic (939.99 ppm), while moderate amounts of pyrogallol, catechol, protocatchuic and caffeine recorded (515.68, 468.86, 289.70 and 111.11 ppm) respectively.
The presence of these compounds in M.Oleifera leaves powder can also modulate the lipid peroxidation involved in atherogenesis, coagulation and carcinogenesis in humans ( Siddhuraju and Becker, 2003 ).
Sensory evaluation of Moringa beverages:
Sensory evaluation considered as an important indicator of potential consumer preferences. In spite of its short comings, it will remain the most serious quality indicator. Results of sensory evaluation include appearance, taste, aroma, colour and overall-acceptability are presented in Table (4).
Data in Table (4), indicate that control beverage sample contained only M.Oleifera have an acceptable level up to 40.400 while the other beverage formula which containing (M.Oleifera : green tea) with the ratio of 1.25 : o.75 and the formula containing (M.Oleifera: anise) with the ratio of 1.25 : 0.75 nearly showed the same overallacceptability which recorded 40.025 and 39.700 respectively.
Also, from the same Table it can be observed that addition of (M.Oleifera : green tea) at the ratio of 1.75:0.25 enhanced the taste to be more accepted in compared with control one. Also results showed that non significant differences observed in aroma was found in the beverage formula M and G2. Results in the same Table showed that addition of (M.Oleifera : pepperiment) at the ratio of 1:1 and 1.75 : 0.25 could improve the taste in compared to control formula with score 7.550.
Also in the same Table (4), it could be noticed that formula contained (M.Oleifera : anise) at ratio of 1.25 : 0.75 enhanced taste to be more accepted in compared with control with score 7.550, and addition of the (M.Oleifera : anise) at ratio of 1.25 : 0.75 and 1.50 : 0.50 also improved colour in compare with control one .
Total phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and some minerals content of prepared beverages with or without Moringa Oleifera:
Amount of phenolic compounds could be considered as a good preventative tool against many diseases. From data presented in Table (5), it can be noticed that The highest content of total phenolic compounds (TPC) was observed in G2 beverage formula which contained 1.25 Moringa : 0.75 green tea which recorded (31.5 mg/g) followed by Moringa beverage formula (17.17 mg/g). Results also in the same Table (5), indicated that prepared extract from Moringa beverage had the highest level of antioxidant activity (92.58%), these results were higher than those obtained by ( Ilyas et al., 2015 ) who reported that the antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera leaf powder was up to (87.02%), while the G2 beverage which contained 1.25 Moringa : 0.75 green tea recorded (89.13%) followed by A2 beverage which contained 1.25 Moringa : 0.75 anise (87.72%) .
Minerals content of Moringa beverages, namely (Ca, K and Fe) is also presented in Table (5). Calcium (Ca) considered as essential element for transport of oxygen and cellular activity, for blood clotting, stabilizes blood pressure, contributes to normal brain function and bone health as reported by ( Antia et al., 2006 ). Our obtained results showed that calcium exhibited the highest amount of minerals content in Moringa beverage being (61.10 ppm) in compared with formula G2 beverage (32.26 ppm) and formula A2 beverage (45.61 ppm) . Potassium (K) is an essential nutritional element for transmission of nerve impulses and electrolyte balance. From data presented in Table (5), it can be noticed that the potassium (k) of Moringa beverage reached to (13.33 ppm), while in the formula A2 beverage 1.25 Moringa: 0.75 anise reached to (12.89 ppm) followed by G2 beverage 1.25 Moringa: 0.75 green tea (8.80 ppm). Finally iron (fe) play an important role in energy metabolism, gene regulation, cell growth, enzyme reaction and treatment and prevention of anemia. Deficiency of iron could resulted in decreased work capacity, depressed immune, increased rates of infection, increased lead and cadmium absorption and fetal growth retardation ( Antia et al., 2006 ). Obtained results in Table (5), indicate that the iron was higher in Moringa beverage (2.455 ppm) than G2 beverage (1.512 ppm) and A2 beverage (1.356 ppm). So, These obtained results indicated that Moringa Oleifera is a good source of some essential minerals for human health and could be recommended as daily used beverage .
So, from above mentioned data it could be observed that addition of Moringa Oleifera could particularly enhanced some sensorial properties of prepared beverages and could be accepted alone or combined with other commercial beverages .
Results of present study indicated that Moringa Oleifera leaves is a rich source of nutritional value, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity. Beverages prepared from M.Oleifera leaves also showed agood minerals content, strong antioxidant properties and a rich source of phenolics. So, the study recommended M.Oleifera leaves as a daily beverage alone or combined with some other commercial beverages.
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What makes moringa good for you?
Moringa is believed to have many benefits and its uses range from health and beauty to helping prevent and cure diseases. The benefits of moringa include:
1. Protecting and nourishing skin and hair
Moringa seed oil is beneficial for protecting hair against free radicals and keeps it clean and healthy. Moringa also contains protein, which means it is helpful in protecting skin cells from damage. It also contains hydrating and detoxifying elements, which also boost the skin and hair.
It can be successful in curing skin infections and sores.
2. Treating edema
Edema is a painful condition where fluid builds up in specific tissues in the body. The anti-inflammatory properties of moringa may be effective in preventing edema from developing.
3. Protecting the liver
Moringa appears to protect the liver against damage caused by anti-tubercular drugs and can quicken its repair process.
4. Preventing and treating cancer
Moringa extracts contain properties that might help prevent cancer developing. It also contains niazimicin, which is a compound that suppresses the development of cancer cells.
5. Treating stomach complaints
Moringa extracts might help treat some stomach disorders, such as constipation, gastritis, and ulcerative colitis. The antibiotic and antibacterial properties of moringa may help inhibit the growth of various pathogens, and its high vitamin B content helps with digestion.
6. Fighting against bacterial diseases
Due to its antibacterial, antifungal, and antimicrobial properties, moringa extracts might combat infections caused by Salmonella, Rhizopus, and E. coli.
7. Making bones healthier
Moringa also contains calcium and phosphorous, which help keep bones healthy and strong. Along with its anti-inflammatory properties moringa extract might help to treat conditions such as arthritis and may also heal damaged bones.
8. Treating mood disorders
Moringa is thought to be helpful in treating depression, anxiety, and fatigue.
9. Protecting the cardiovascular system
The powerful antioxidants found in Moringa extract might help prevent cardiac damage and has also been shown to maintain a healthy heart.
10. Helping wounds to heal
Extract of moringa has been shown to help wounds close as well as reduce the appearance of scars.
11. Treating diabetes
Moringa helps to reduce the amount of glucose in the blood, as well as sugar and protein in the urine. This improved the hemoglobin levels and overall protein content in those tested.
12. Treating asthma
Moringa may help reduce the severity of some asthma attacks and protect against bronchial constrictions. It has also been shown to assist with better lung function and breathing overall.
13. Protecting against kidney disorders
People may be less likely to develop stones in the kidneys, bladder or uterus if they ingest moringa extract. Moringa contains high levels of antioxidants that might aid toxicity levels in the kidneys.
14. Reducing high blood pressure
Moringa contains isothiocyanate and niaziminin, compounds that help to stop arteries from thickening, which can cause blood pressure to rise.
15. Improving eye health
Moringa contains eyesight-improving properties thanks to its high antioxidant levels. Moringa may stop the dilation of retinal vessels, prevent the thickening of capillary membranes, and inhibit retinal dysfunction.
16. Treating anemia and sickle cell disease
Moringa might help a person’s body absorb more iron, therefore increasing their red blood cell count. It is thought the plant extract is very helpful in treating and preventing anemia and sickle cell disease.
Moringa products are available to purchase online.
Moringa Benefits: Why You Need This Superfood Supplement
- Virtually all parts of the moringa tree are useful as food and medicine, but the most potent nutritional content and healing properties come from the moringa leaves.
- Moringa has more vitamin C than oranges, more vitamin A than carrots, more potassium than bananas, and more iron than spinach.
- Moringa is high in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds that can help treat cancers, prevent disease, and protect your brain.
- You can take moringa supplements or moringa powder — both of which contain ground moringa leaves.
Heard of moringa? If not, you soon will. This strange-sounding leaf powder supplement is one of the latest superfoods to gain the limelight — and for good reason. Moringa boasts a powerhouse of free-radical-fighting, anti-inflammatory, and healing compounds that benefit your heart, head, skin, and more.
Moringa, a nutrient-packed plant found in India, is also known as the “miracle tree.” With antifungal, antiviral, antidepressant, and anti-inflammatory properties, it has been used for generations to treat skin, digestive, and heart conditions, to name a few. And it possesses more antioxidants than other superfoods like acai and green tea.
Want to learn more about moringa’s benefits? Here’s your quick guide to what moringa can bring to your plate, and how to best use this powerful little plant.
Related: Best Supplements for Stress, Sex, Sleep & Mood
What is moringa?
While still new to the West, this small tree, moringa oleifera, has been highly valued for centuries in southeast Asia, where it is used in everything from fiber, rope, and dye, to fertilizer, spices and medicines.
In fact, all parts of this plant are useful and edible — hence the name “miracle tree.” Other names it goes by include, horseradish tree, ben tree, and drumstick tree. Whatever you call it, moringa seeds, flowers, fruits, roots and leaves are all used for food, and each packed with phytonutrients, proteins and minerals. But the most potent nutritional content and healing properties come from the moringa leaves. The leaves are edible raw and cooked, although in the U..S, you’re most likely to find them dried and ground in powders or capsules.
Moringa gets its superfood status from a rich nutrition profile, providing more nutrients per gram than many other plant species. The nutrient density of moringa varies by growing conditions and preparation, but many studies rank moringa with more vitamin C than oranges, more vitamin A than carrots, more potassium than bananas, and more iron than spinach.Moringa is also high in protein, and contains an impressive 8 of the 9 essential amino acids, a rare trait in plant-based proteins.
But incredible nutrient density isn’t the last of moringa’s claims to superfood fame. Its antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant compounds help protect your performance and strengthen your body against a wide variety of diseases. Up next: the top health benefits of moringa supplements.
Lowers blood sugar and protects against diabetes
Treats and prevents diabetes: Moringa leaf is a useful natural supplement for treating and preventing diabetes, and may even reverse type 1 and 2 diabetes in studies with rats.
Maintains healthy blood sugar levels: In studies, moringa helps prevent sugar spikes after meals and reduces fasting blood sugar levels in both diabetic and non-diabetic animals. Maintaining healthy blood sugar is key to reducing inflammation, boosting your mood, and preventing heart disease and diabetes. Other antioxidants in moringa help protect insulin-producing cells from damaging oxidative stress.
Prevents diabetes complications: The antioxidant phytochemicals in moringa leaves also help protect the kidney and retinas from diabetes-related damage, and studies show that moringa supplementation can help restore kidney and pancreas functions in diabetic rats.
Reduces inflammation and oxidation
Lowers inflammation: Moringa is a powerful anti-inflammatory agent, and helps soothe chronic inflammation in your body by suppressing inflammatory enzymes and boosting production of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Reducing inflammation is the No. 1 goal of the Bulletproof Diet, and key to increasing your longevity, strength, and resilience to chronic diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, and obesity.
Reduces oxidative stress and DNA damage: Moringa also boasts an impressive arsenal of antioxidants including vitamins C and E, flavonoids and polyphenols. These compounds scavenge harmful free radicals, and protect your cells from oxidative stress, DNA damage, and inflammation.
Prevents weight gain: An extra perk? Reducing blood sugar, inflammation, and oxidative stress can all help prevent unwanted weight gain.
Food poisoning: Several compounds in moringa are naturally antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and antiparasitic. This makes moringa useful in food preservation and water purification, and protecting you from nasty food-borne bugs like salmonella or fungi.
Herpes and HIV: These effects are so strong, that moringa is used as a promising treatment against herpes simplex virus and HIV.
UTIs and stomach bugs: Incorporating moringa in your diet can help boost your resilience against blood or digestive bacterial infections.
Fungal infections and acne: Moringa oils applied topically can fight fungal skin infections and acne.
Moringa fights cancer and triggers cell death
Enhances cancer therapy: Moringa may play an exciting role in treating cancer, and enhancing cancer treatments such as chemotherapy. Moringa leaves pack a potent dose of antioxidants, compounds that ward off cancers by neutralizing free-radicals that can damage cells and DNA to trigger tumor development.
Triggers cancer cell death: Studies show that specific moringa leaf extracts such as glucosinolates and quercetin help inhibit growth and trigger cell death in growing tumors. Along with these exciting cancer-fighting properties, another study shows that treatment with moringa leaf extracts actually increased the effect of chemotherapy in human pancreatic cells.
Defends against cognitive decline
Another benefit of moringa’s high antioxidant content is its ability to protect your brain tissue against neurodegeneration and damage. Moringa leaf extract may be valuable in treating memory-related disorders such as Alzheimer’s and dementia. In one rat study, treatment with moringa helped regulate and restore healthy neurotransmitter levels after Alzheimer’s-like brain damage.
Protect your kidneys and liver
Certain compounds present in moringa help to protect your kidney and liver against toxins or drug exposure. Moringa’s high antioxidant content and ability to detoxify heavy metals make it an ideal supplement for supporting kidney and liver health. But what about all that calcium? Moringa is high in calcium oxalates, but not the kind of oxalates that cause kidney stones. Moringa calcium oxalates are non-soluble, which means your body can excrete them without worrying about kidney stones.
Strengthens skin and hair
While moringa leaf helps you glow from the inside, moringa oils can boost your glow from the outside. (Bonus points if you add it to a smoothie along with collagen protein.)
Hydrates skin: Pressed from seeds and leaves, this vitamin and antioxidant-rich oil makes an excellent skin cleanser, hydrating moisturizer or hair treatment.
Fights wrinkles & sagging skin: High vitamin C levels help boost natural collagen production and protect your skin from oxidative stress, fighting off wrinkles, sagging and sun damage.
Keeps skin clear: and its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties can also help clear skin problems such as acne or blackheads.
Heals wounds: Moringa oil also helps heal wounds and skin damage by promoting the growth and movement of fibroblasts, the cells responsible for producing collagen in wound healing.
Treats low-iron anemia
Moringa is an ideal iron supplement, and perfect for vegetarians who may need help hitting their iron and protein intake. On top of providing a potent plant-based iron, compounds in moringa actually improve iron absorption levels, increase red blood cell counts, and prevents the breakdown of red blood cells seen in sickle-cell anemia.
Moringa side effects
While moringa is generally safe and beneficial to add you your diet, it’s always a good idea to consult your doctor or functional health practitioner if you plan to use moringa to treat any specific disease. This is especially true if you are trying to conceive, or taking other medications. Moringa (particularly extracts of the roots and bark) possess fertility-reducing properties that discourage implantation. Not much research exists on the safety of moringa while pregnant, but moringa leaves have long been used as a traditional remedy to enhance breast milk production after giving birth.
Be careful combining moringa with other medications that may that may mimic the same effects, such as blood sugar or blood pressure reducers, as moringa can add to these effects. Lastly, because moringa is such a rich source of iron, take care to avoid overdosing on this mineral.
How to use moringa
Moringa powder: In western countries, moringa leaves are dried and ground, sold as a powder or as supplements. You can add moringa powder to your smoothies or soups, or use it as a tea. It does have a mild asparagus-like flavor, so expect it to taste “healthy.”
Moringa dosage: Start out with 1/2 to 1 Tablespoon of moringa powder daily, or follow the recommendations on capsule supplements.
In high doses, moringa can have a laxative effect, so (like any supplement!) watch to see what changes you notice in your body.
Moringa oil: For cosmetic uses, creams or oils containing moringa seeds or moringa oil (also called ben oil or benzoil) can be great additions to your beauty routine. If you’re after pure moringa oil, look for organic and cold-pressed. Fortunately, moringa oil is highly resistant to oxidation, so you don’t need to worry about it going rancid before you finish the bottle.
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The Miracle of Moringa Tree Leaves (Moringa Oleifera), commonly called the ‘drumstick tree”, and ‘horseradish tree’ is native to India but has been planted around the world and is naturalized in many locales. Moringa is one of the most powerful health-enhancing plants. While many things found in Nature can have one or two health benefits, Moringa has many. India’s ancient tradition of ayurveda medicine sites 300 diseases that are treated with the leaves of the Moringa tree. Recent scientific research has proven that these humble leaves are in fact a powerhouse of nutritional value.
Moringa leaf is best known as an excellent source of nutrition and natural energy booster. This energy boost is not based on sugar, and so it is sustained. Moringa is also soothing. It helps lower blood pressure and is a sleep aid. Its detoxifying effect may come from Moringa’s ability to purify water. Moringa acts as a coagulant attaching itself to harmful material and bacteria. It is believed that this process is taking place in the body as well.
While the continued use of Moringa for food and medicinal purposes by cultures in separate and distant parts of the world attest to its beneficial effects, Moringa is a recent discovery of modern science. The leaves of Moringa Oleifera are nature’s multi-vitamin providing 7 x the vitamin C of oranges, 4 x the calcium of milk, 4 x the vitamin A of carrots, 3 x the potassium of bananas, and 2 x the protein of yogurt. On top of that, science is proving Moringa to be a power house of nutrients; 90 are known to date, with the possibility of more yet to be identified. If that were not enough, Moringa has no known impurities, with no adverse reactions ever recorded.
Moringa Poster (Click for larger view)
Medicinal Qualities of Moringa Leaves
- Juice from the leaves is believed to have a stabilizing effect on blood pressure and is used to treat anxiety. It is believed to control glucose levels in cases of diabetes.
- Mixed with honey and followed by a drink of coconut milk 2 or 3 times a day, leaves are used as a remedy for diarrhea, dysentery and colitis.
- Leaf juice, sometimes with carrot juice added, is used as a diuretic. Eating leaves is recommended in cases of gonorrhea because of the diuretic action.
- Leaves and buds are rubbed on the temples for headache.
- A poultice is made from fresh leaves and applied to reduce glandular swelling.
- Leaf juice is used as a skin antiseptic.
- Leaves are used to treat fevers, bronchitis, eye and ear infections, scurvy, and catarrh (inflammation of the mucus membrane).
- Leaves are considered to be anthelmintic ( able to kill intestinal worms).
- Leaves are used as a purgative.
- Eating leaves is believed to increase a woman’s milk production and is sometimes prescribed for anemia.
Better Protein Than Soy
Moringa is considered to have the highest protein ratio of any plant so far identified, with the protein in Moringa being comparable in quality to that of soy. Food scientists once believed that only soy had protein comparable to meat, dairy, and eggs. Now they have added Moringa to that very short list. Some even consider Moringa protein better than soy protein as it is non-allergic. Proteins are digested into smaller units known as amino acids. Moringa contains 18 of the 20 amino acids required by the human body including all eight of the essential amino acids found in meat products. (Meat is a luxury most people around the world cannot afford). The body cannot manufacture those eight essential amino acids and must get them through the food we eat. Moringa is one of very few plants that contain all eight.
More Impressive Than Olive Oil
Oleifera is a Latin term meaning oil containing. The Moringa oil, known as ben oil, (due to the high concentration of behenic acid contained in the oil) is extracted from the seeds. Moringa Oleifera seeds contain 35-40% oil by weight and can yield more oil per hectare than sunflower or peanuts. The oil has more impressive attributes than olive oil. It is used in cooking and cosmetics; and because it wont spoil and turn rancid, it is also used as a preservative and machinery lubricant, even being used as a lubricant in fine watches. Whats left after the oil has been extracted from the seeds is called seed cake, which is used as feed to increase milk production in cows.
Trees For Life
Click on this link to learn about how you can help with malnutrition in third world countries, by donating money to plant Moringa trees: Trees For Life
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Moringa Tree and Cancer: Side Effects and Research Studies
Many people with cancer inquire about herbal medicine as a complementary therapy after reading anecdotal reports of herbal cancer cures online.
One such herb, known as moringa tree, is reported to prevent and cure cancer.
Research has investigated moringa as a treatment for cancer, asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other diseases.
Moringa is a plant native to India, but it is grown worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions.
There are 13 species of moringa that range in size — from leafy shrubs to tall trees. The most commonly harvested species, M. oleifera, is a small, fast-growing tree.
Cancer research on moringa has been conducted in test tubes and in mice, but not in humans. The studies involving test tubes and mice show moringa can kill several different types of cancer cells, but this hasn’t been confirmed in human clinical trials.
There are no studies about the effect of moringa on mesothelioma.
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What Are the Side Effects of Moringa?
While the leaves are perfectly safe, consuming large quantities of the bark or pulp may be harmful.
The side effects of consuming moringa may include:
- Lower blood pressure and slow heart rate because of the alkaloids in the plant
- Uterine contractions from moringa bark
- Cell mutations caused by a chemical isolated from roasted moringa seeds
- Interference with fertility
Moringa leaves also increased the risk of liver and kidney damage in rats. Do not consume moringa if you are pregnant, taking the diabetes drug Januvia (sitagliptin) or taking drugs that are substrates of the cytochrome P450 family of enzymes.
Cancer Research on Moringa
All cancer research involving moringa has been conducted on mice or on cancer cells grown in labs, but not in humans.
This means the available information on moringa and cancer is theoretical and hasn’t been proven or disproven in human clinical trials.
Cancer research on moringa tree has involved cancer prevention and treatment:
- A 2006 study published in the Journal of Experimental Therapeutics and Oncology reported that a molecule found in moringa killed ovarian cancer cells cultivated in a lab.
- A 2013 study published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine examined the effects of moringa leaf extract on lung cancer cells cultivated in a lab. Researchers found the extract caused oxidative stress and DNA damage that killed the lung cancer cells.
- A 2014 study published in PLoS One also looked at the effects of moringa leaf extract on lung cancer cells cultivated in a lab. This study found moringa limited tumor growth and caused lung cancer cells to die.
- A 2015 review published in International Journal of Molecular Sciences reported on several studies that found moringa had anti-cancer effects on lab-cultivated cancer cells including pancreatic cancer cells, liver cancer cells, colon cancer cells and leukemia cells.
- A 2017 study published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention found an extract from moringa leaves tested on several cancers in a lab reduced cancer cell growth and promoted cell death.
Nutritional Values of Moringa
The 2018 National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference shows 1 cup of chopped moringa tree leaves contains:
- 2 grams of protein
- 11% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of iron
- 9% of the RDA of vitamin A
- 12% of the RDA of vitamin C
The levels of vitamins C and A, which are antioxidants, help protect against cell damage caused by chemicals in the body, known as free radicals, which can play a role in the development of cancer.
Vitamin C helps the body maintain a healthy immune system, while vitamin A can help maintain mucous membranes that protect against infections in the respiratory and digestive tracts.
Moringa leaves also contain amino acids that may boost the immune system. This may help patients undergoing treatments such as chemotherapy, but no research has been conducted in this area yet.
The National Institute of Nutrition’s 1989 book, “Nutritive Value of Indian Foods,” shows a handful of moringa leaves contains:
- Seven times the amount of vitamin C in an orange
- Three times the amount of iron in spinach
- Four times the amount of vitamin A in a carrot
- Four times the amount of calcium in one glass of milk
- Three times the potassium in one banana
- Two times the protein found in regular, plain yogurt
Moringa leaves can be eaten fresh, cooked or crushed, and they can be stored as dried powder for several months without loss of nutritional value.
Moringa leaves can be blended into fruit smoothies or used as a replacement for spinach in most recipes. Dried moringa powder may be added to a curry recipe and served over rice.
Moringa and Herbal Medicine
According to ethnobotanical records, moringa has been used by herbalists to help with a variety of symptoms, including common mesothelioma symptoms such as difficulty breathing, cough and other respiratory complications.
Additional scientific research and clinical studies are needed to understand the potential of moringa to prevent and treat cancer.
Keep in mind that cancer treatments affect people differently. As with any complementary treatment, it is best to talk with your doctor before adding moringa to your treatment regimen or diet.
If you experience any side effects, you should seek medical attention immediately.
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Never heard of moringa before? Although this plant was initially discovered for its beneficial properties thousands of years ago, only recently has moringa (sometimes called the Ben oil tree) become known as one of the most impressive herbal supplements to hit the holistic health market.
In fact, in 2008 the National Institute of Health called moringa (moringa oleifera) the “plant of the year,” acknowledging that “perhaps like no other single species, this plant has the potential to help reverse multiple major environmental problems and provide for many unmet human needs.” (1) Clearly, moringa benefits are highly touted and deservedly so.
To date, over 1,300 studies, articles and reports have focused on moringa benefits and this plant’s healing abilities that are important in parts of the world that are especially susceptible to disease outbreak and nutritional deficiencies. Research shows that just about every part of the moringa plant can be utilized in some way, whether it’s to make a potent antioxidant tea or produce an oily substance that lubricates and nourishes the skin. Throughout the world, moringa is used for treating such widespread conditions as: (2)
- inflammation-related diseases
- arthritis and other joint pain, such as rheumatism
- allergies and asthma
- constipation, stomach pains and and diarrhea
- stomach and intestinal ulcers or spasms
- chronic headaches
- heart problems, including high blood pressure
- kidney stones
- fluid retention
- thyroid disorders
- low sex drive
- bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic infections
Moringa is an excellent source of protein, vitamin A, potassium, calcium and vitamin C. Just how strong is moringa? According to Kuli Kuli, an organization that harvests moringa plants in Africa and makes them accessible to customers in the the U.S. and other western nations, gram for gram, moringa contains:
- two times the amount of protein of yogurt
- four times the amount of vitamin A as carrots
- three times the amount of potassium as bananas
- four times the amount of calcium as cows’ milk
- seven times the amount of vitamin C as oranges
6 Proven Moringa Benefits
Moringa is known by over 100 names in different languages around the world. This easy-to-grow tropical plant species, native to the Himalayan mountains and parts of India and Africa, comes packed with over 90 protective compounds, including isothiocyanates, flavonoids and phenolic acids. (3)
Moringa has gained a reputation for fighting inflammation and combating various effects of malnutrition and aging, earning the nickname “the miracle plant.” Here are the top six proven moringa benefits to show that nickname is well-deserved.
1. Provides Antioxidants and Anti-Inflammatory Compounds
One of the reasons that the many health benefits of herbal plants like Moringa oleifera are so impressive is because they contain similar abilities to conventional drugs, only they don’t pose the same level of risk for experiencing side effects. According to a report published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, moringa contains a mix of essential amino acids (the building blocks of proteins), carotenoid phytonutrients (the same kinds found in plants like carrots and tomatoes), antioxidants such as quercetin, and natural antibacterial compounds that work in the same way as many anti-inflammatory drugs. (4)
Moringa leaves are high in several anti-aging compounds that lower the effects of oxidative stress and inflammation, including polyphenols, vitamin C, beta-carotene, quercetin, and chlorogenic acid. These are associated with a reduced risk for chronic diseases, such as stomach, lung or colon cancer; diabetes; hypertension; and age-related eye disorders.
2. Balances Hormones and Slows the Effects of Aging
A 2014 study published in the Journal of Food Science and Technology tested the effects of moringa (sometimes also called “drumstick”) along with amaranth leaves (Amaranthus tricolor) on levels of inflammation and oxidative stress in menopausal adult women. Knowing that levels of valuable antioxidant enzymes get affected during the postmenopausal period due to deficiency of “youthful” hormones, including estrogen, researchers wanted to investigate if these superfoods could help slow the effects of aging using natural herbal antioxidants that balance hormones naturally.
Ninety postmenopausal women between the ages of 45–60 years were selected and divided into three groups given various levels of the supplements. Levels of antioxidant status, including serum retinol, serum ascorbic acid, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde were analyzed before and after supplementation, along with fasting blood glucose and haemoglobin levels. Results showed that supplementing with moringa and amaranth caused significant increases in antioxidant status along with significant decreases in markers of oxidative stress.
Better fasting blood glucose control and positive increases in haemoglobin were also found, which led the researchers to conclude that these plants have therapeutic potential for helping to prevent complications due to aging and natural hormonal changes. (5) Moringa benefits the libido as well and might work like a natural birth control compound, according to some studies.
Although it’s been used as a natural aphrodisiac to increase sex drive and performance for thousands of years, it seems to help reduce rates of conception. That being said, it can boost the immune system during pregnancy and also increase breast milk production/lactation, according to some studies.
3. Helps Improve Digestive Health
Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, moringa has been used in ancient systems of medicine such as Ayurveda to prevent or treat stomach ulcers, liver disease, kidney damage, fungal or yeast infections (such as candida), digestive complaints, and infections. (6)
A common use of moringa oil is helping to boost liver function and therefore detoxifying the body of harmful substances, such as heavy metal toxins. It might also be capable of helping to fight kidney stones, urinary tract infections, constipation, fluid retention/edema and diarrhea.
4. Balances Blood Sugar Levels, Helping Fight Diabetes
Moringa contains a type of acid called chlorogenic acid, which has been shown to help control blood sugar levels and allow cells to take up or release glucose (sugar) as needed. This gives moringa natural antidiabetic and hormone-balancing properties. Aside from chloregnic acid, compounds called isothiocyanates that are present in moringa have also been tied to natural protection against diabetes.
A study that appeared in the International Journal of Food Science Technology found that moringa had positive effects on blood glucose control and insulin levels in patients with diabetes when eaten as part of a high-carbohydrate meal. The effects of three different plants (moringa, curry and bittergourd) were tested in response to eating meals containing various levels of glucose. The results showed that plasma insulin responses were significantly lower when the three plants were included in the meal compared to when they weren’t, with all three plants having similar effects. (7)
Separate studies conducted by the Biotechnology Institute at Sadat City University in Egypt have found that antidiabetic activities of low doses of moringa seed powder (50–100 milligrams per kilogram body weight) help increase antioxidant status and enzyme production within the liver, pancreas and kidneys of rats and prevent damage compared to control groups.
High levels of immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG), fasting blood sugar and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) — three markers seen in diabetics — were also found to decrease as a result of moringa given to rats with diabetes. Results from the study showed that overall, compared to rats not given the herbal treatment, those receiving moringa experienced a return to both kidney and pancreatic health as well as reduced complications of diabetes. (8)
5. Protects and Nourishes the Skin
Moringa contains natural antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral compounds that protect the skin from various forms of infections. Some of the common ways moringa is used on the skin include: reducing athlete’s foot, eliminating odors, reducing inflammation associated with acne breakouts, treating pockets of infection or abscesses, getting rid of dandruff, fighting gum disease (gingivitis), and helping heal bites, burns, viral warts and wounds. (9, 10)
Moringa oil is applied directly to the skin as a drying, astringent agent used to kill bacteria, but at the same time when used regularly it’s known to act like a lubricant and hydrate the skin by restoring its natural moisture barrier. It’s a common ingredient used in food manufacturing and perfumes because it prevents spoilage by killing bacteria, plus it has a pleasant smell and reduces odors.
6. Helps Stabilize Your Mood and Protects Brain Health
As a high protein food and a rich source of the amino acid tryptophan, moringa benefits neurotransmitter functions, including those that produce the “feel good” hormone serotonin.
Moringa is also rich in antioxidants and compounds that improve thyroid health, which makes it beneficial for maintaining high energy levels plus fighting fatigue, depression, low libido, moods swings and insomnia. (11)
Moringa Nutrition Facts
Moringa is a unique plant because almost all parts of it — leaves, seeds, flowers/pods, stem and roots — can be used as a source for nutrition and its other medicinal properties that fight free radical damage. The most popular medicinal use of moringa, both traditionally and today, involves drying and grinding down the tree’s antioxidant-packed leaves to unlock the most moringa benefits.
Moringa leaves are loaded with numerous nutrients, including antioxidants, protein, calcium, beta-carotene, vitamin C and potassium. Because it provides a concentrated source of vitamin A, moringa is given to thousands of children in third-world countries every year suffering from life-threatening vitamin A deficiency, which is linked to impaired immune function. (12)
With an exceptionally high nutritional value, moringa can be used to obtain important trace minerals, protein and phenolics. The plant contains a rare and unique combination of disease-preventing phytonutrients, including: zeatin, quercetin, beta-sitosterol, caffeoylquinic acid and kaempferol — proven anti-inflammatories with strong medicinal values. Numerous studies have shown that these compounds are protective of the heart, natural circulatory stimulants, and possess antitumor, anti-epileptic, anti-ulcer, antispasmodic, antihypertensive and antidiabetic effects.
To take advantage of this, moringa leaves are used to brew tea by steeping the dried, preserved leaves in hot water, which releases their special chemical compounds — very similarly to how green tea is made. Dried moringa leaves are also ground to create a long-lasting powder, or potent extracts are taken from the leaves to be used in the formation of concentrated moringa capsule supplements.
Aside from the valuable leaves, the pods of the moringa tree also contain seeds that hold a healing type of oil. Oil from moringa seeds can be used to cook with or put directly onto the surface of the body. Several popular uses of moringa oil are to help retain skin’s moisture, speed up wound healing, and soothe dry or burnt skin.
Another interesting use of the seeds is for water purification. Combining moringa seeds with water helps impurities cling to the seeds so they can be removed, leaving behind better quality water that’s lower in toxins. Salt also seems to bind to moringa, which is beneficial for producing fresh-tasting water. Some studies have shown that 0.2 grams of ground moringa seed can turn one liter of contaminated water into safe drinking water due to the coagulating actions of certain ingredients in the seeds that absorb bacteria, adding water purification to the list of moringa benefits.
Moringa vs. Matcha
Both of these superfoods have several things in common. They provide antioxidants, fight inflammation, slow down aging, protect brain and heart health, and increase immune function in various ways. The two are similar in terms of their appearance and uses, since both are made into potent powders or teas, but have some notable differences when it comes to their nutrient profile.
While comparable in terms of calories, gram for gram moringa has more fiber, protein, calcium, sodium, vitamin C and vitamin A than matcha does. (13) One of the biggest differences between moringa and matcha green tea is in regard to amino acid concentration. Moringa leaves are a surprisingly great source of protein since they provide nine essential amino acids required for human protein synthesis: histidine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. This is one reason why organizations like the World Health Organization rely on moringa to supplement low-calorie diets and prevent deficiencies.
In matcha defense on the other hand, matcha tea (which contains roughly 15 times more active ingredients than any other conventional green tea) provides numerous antioxidants and high doses of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a type of powerful catechin that belongs to the flavonoids subcategory of polyphenols known to protect brain health. Moringa is not known to provide EGCG, which means both plants used together can have even more benefits than moringa benefits or matcha green tea benefits alone.
History and Uses of Moringa
There are actually believed to be at least a dozen different varieties of the the moringa tree, but one (moringa oleifera) is by far the most utilized. This species of the moringa tree — a fast-growing, tall, leafy plant that produces flowers or pods — has been used by health authorities around the world to help combat symptoms of malnutrition for several decades now. And prior to moringa benefits being proven in scientific studies, it was used extensively in traditional medicine practices like Ayurveda medicine for over 4,000 years!
A noteworthy characteristic of the moringa tree is that it’s capable of growing in depleted or dry soils where many other types of beneficial plants or trees cannot survive. This is precisely why certain undernourished populations living in third-world countries, such as Somalia or India, have benefited from moringa during times of famine.
Aside from providing important nutrients, moringa is used to help restore fertile soil, in forest restoration efforts, to filter water, produce an oil that benefits the skin, and also in the manufacturing of certain medications or supplements. The plant can be grown yea- round and as it progresses through its life cycle it actually helps replenish diminished minerals and other substances. Even as it decomposes, the moringa tree helps provide a way for populations to better grow other sources of food in difficult landscapes with barren soil.
How to Use Moringa
As you can probably tell by now, moringa can be used in many different ways in order to utilize all the available moringa benefits. Because of the long transport time needed to ship moringa from parts of Africa or Asia where it’s grown, in the U.S. it’s usually sold in powder or capsule form, which prolongs its shelf life.
An interesting characteristic of moringa? It’s said to taste like a mix between horseradish and asparagus. (14) It might not have the most appealing flavor, but it’s a supplement with one of the the richest supplies of vital nutrients in the world, which makes the off-putting taste worth it.
There’s no recommended or required dosage of moringa at this time since it’s only an herbal supplement and not an essential nutrient. That being said, there’s some evidence that the optimum dose for humans has been calculated to be 29 milligrams per kilogram of body weight.
It’s recommended that you start by taking half a teaspoon of dried moringa orally per day for three tofive days, increasing your intake slowly over two weeks as you get accumulated to its effects. Most people choose to take moringa every several days but not every single day for long duration of time, since it can can cause laxative effects and an upset stomach when overused.
Here are the most common ways to use moringa to get the best moringa benefits possible:
- Dried moringa leaves or moringa powder: It takes roughly seven pounds of moringa leaves to make one pound of dried moringa powder. The leaves are considered the most potent parts of the plant, containing the most antioxidants and available macronutrients. In regard to the concentration of phenolic compounds, amino acids and volatile oils, the stem and root portions of the plant appear to have the least bioactive nutrients compared to the leaves. Look for moringa dried leaves in capsule, powder or tea form, and take them with a meal, rather than on an empty stomach.
- Moringa tea: This type of moringa is made from dried leaves steeped in hot water, just like many other beneficial herbal teas. The most nutrient-dense types are organic and dried slowly under low temperatures, which helps preserve delicate compounds. Avoid boiling the leaves to help retain the nutrients best, and don’t cook with moringa if possible.
- Moringa seeds: Moringa pods and flowers appear to have a high phenolic content along with proteins and fatty acids. These are the parts of the plant used to purify water and add protein to low-nutrient diets. Look for them added to creams, capsules and powders. The immature green pods of the plant are often called “drumsticks” and are prepared similarly to green beans. The seeds inside the pods are removed and roasted or dried just like nuts to preserve their freshness.
- Moringa oil: The oil from moringa seeds is sometimes called Ben oil. Look for it in natural creams or lotions. Keep the oil in a cool, dark place away from high temperatures or the sun.
Potential Moringa Side Effects & Concerns
Because it’s completely natural and free from chemical additives (when you buy a pure, high-quality brand), moringa taken by mouth or used on the skin seems to be very well-tolerated and unlikely to cause side effects. Leaves, fruit, oil and seeds from the moringa tree have been consumed safely for thousands of years, but today there are various forms of moringa supplements or extracts sold, so it’s important to buy the purest kind you can find.
It’s possible for moringa to be combined with synthetic ingredients, fillers and toxins in certain supplements, so read ingredient labels carefully. Follow dosage directions carefully, taking up to six grams daily for up to three weeks at a time (which has been shown to be safe according to studies). (15)
During pregnancy or when breast-feeding, it’s best to avoid moringa extract, root or high doses of supplements since not enough research has been done to show it’s definitely safe. It’s possible that chemicals within the plant’s root, bark and flowers can lead to contractions of the uterus, which can cause complications during pregnancy. Use moringa under the care of a health care professional or functional doctor if pregnant or breast-feeding to air on the safe side.
- In 2008 the National Institute of Health called moringa (moringa oleifera) the “plant of the year,” acknowledging that “perhaps like no other single species, this plant has the potential to help reverse multiple major environmental problems and provide for many unmet human needs.”
- Moringa benefits include providing antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, balancing hormones and slowing the effects of aging, improving digestive health, balancing blood sugar levels and helping fight diabetes, protecting and nourishing the skin, and helping stabilize mood and protect brain health.
- There are actually believed to be at least a dozen different varieties of the the moringa tree, but one (moringa oleifera) is by far the most utilized.
- The most common forms of moringa are drive moringa leaves or powder, moringa tea, moringa seeds, and moringa oil.
Read Next: Matcha Green Tea Helps Burn Fat & Fight Cancer
Moringa oleifera: A review on nutritive importance and its medicinal application
Moringa oleifera, native to India, grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is commonly known as ‘drumstick tree’ or ‘horseradish tree’. Moringa can withstand both severe drought and mild frost conditions and hence widely cultivated across the world. With its high nutritive values, every part of the tree is suitable for either nutritional or commercial purposes. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamins and other essential phytochemicals. Extracts from the leaves are used to treat malnutrition, augment breast milk in lactating mothers. It is used as potential antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antimicrobial agent. M. oleifera seed, a natural coagulant is extensively used in water treatment. The scientific effort of this research provides insights on the use of moringa as a cure for diabetes and cancer and fortification of moringa in commercial products. This review explores the use of moringa across disciplines for its medicinal value and deals with cultivation, nutrition, commercial and prominent pharmacological properties of this “Miracle Tree”.
Lowell J. Fuglie, Church World Service, 1999
MORINGA OLEIFERA TREE NUTRITIONAL VALUE
Nutritional value of Moringa oleifera tree. Moringa oleifera pods, Moringa oleifera fresh (raw) leaves and dried Moringa oleifera leaf powder contain the following per 100 grams of edible portion:
Vitamins, minerals and amino acids are very important for a healthy diet. An individual needs sufficient levels of certain vitamins, minerals, proteins and other nutrients for his physical development and well-being. A deficiency of any one of these nutrients can lead to health problems. Some of the problems caused by deficient diets are well known: scurvy, caused by lack of vitamin C; night blindness, caused by lack of vitamin A; kwashiorkor, caused by lack of protein; anemia, caused by lack of iron. Many other health problems are caused by lack of vitamins or minerals which are less known, but still essential to a person’s bodily functions. Actual need for different vitamins, etc., will vary depending on an individual’s metabolism, age, sex, occupation and where he/she is living. Recommendations for daily allowances (RDA) also vary according to whom is doing the study.
WHO/FAO recommend the following Moringa oleifera daily allowances for a child aged 1-3 and a woman during lactation:
MORINGA OLEIFERA VITAMINS
Moringa oleifera (RDA, in milligrams): Child Woman A Beta carotene 1.5 5.7 B1 Thiamin 0.5 1.6 B2 Riboflavin 0.8 1.8 B3 Niacin 9 20 C Ascorbic acid 20 95 PROTEIN (grams): 16 65
MORINGA OLEIFERA MINERALS
Moringa oleifera (RDA, in milligrams) Child Woman Ca Calcium 400 1,200 Cu Copper 0.8 2 Fe Iron 10 15 K Potassium 800 3,000 Mg Magnesium 150 340 P Phosphorus 800 1,200
The following lists the composition of Moringa oleifera tree pods, Moringa oleifera tree fresh leaves, Moringa oleifera tree leaf powder and what this represents in terms of recommended daily intake for children aged 1-3 and women during lactation. The listing of Moringa oleifera pod and Moringa oleifera fresh leaf content is for each 100 grams of edible portion. However, the CWS/AGADA project recommended use of Moringa oleifera dried leaf powder as a nutritional additive to sauces and infant formulas, whereby one or more spoonfuls of Moringa oleifera powder would be stirred into the sauce or formula before serving. One rounded soup spoon (tablespoon) contains about 8 grams of powder (100 grams of powder is a bit less than one and a half cups American measure). As such, the listings of Moringa oleifera leaf powder content are per heaped soup spoon.
As an example, 100 grams of the edible part of Moringa oleifera tree pods will contain 2.5 grams of protein. 100 grams of Moringa oleifera tree fresh leaves will contain 6.7 grams of protein and one heaped soup spoon of Moringa oleifera tree leaf powder will contain 2.2 grams. It is recommended that during the months a woman is pregnant or breast-feeding she should be consuming 65 grams of protein daily. So, a meal of 100 grams Moringa oleifera tree pod will satisfy 3.8% of her protein needs and a meal of 100 grams fresh Moringa oleifera tree leaves will satisfy 10.3% of her protein needs for that day. Each rounded soup spoon of Moringa oleifera tree leaf powder added to her diet will satisfy 3.3% of her protein needs.
MORINGA OLEIFERA PROTEIN
Proteins are essential constituents of all body tissues and help the body produce new tissue, so are extremely important during growth and pregnancy and when recovering from wounds. Deficiency can cause growth retardation, muscle wasting, kwashiorkor and edema (abnormal swelling; collection of fluids in the body). Synthesis of protein by the body requires intake of vitamin A. Fresh Moringa oleifera leaves contain more than twice the amount of protein found in spinach (2.8g/100g).
MORINGA OLEIFERA CARBOHYDRATES
Moringa oleifera moringa PODS
carbo- hydrates(g) 3.7 13.4 3.1
Carbohydrates are compounds which provide heat and energy for all forms of body activity. Deficiency can cause the body to divert proteins and body fat to produce needed energy. This can lead to depletion of body tissue.
MORINGA OLEIFERA FIBER
Moringa oleifera moringa PODS
FIBER(g) 4.8 0.9 1.5
An important part of any diet, fiber aids in digestion. Recommendations are that an average adult should consume 18-32 grams of fiber daily.
MORINGA OLEIFERA CALCIUM
Calcium builds healthy bones and teeth and assists in blood-clotting. Calcium intake is very important during the childhood growing years. Deficiencies can cause rickets, bone pain and muscle weakness. Women frequently suffer from calcium deficiencies during pregnancy and breast-feeding periods. Fresh Moringa oleifera tree leaves contain almost four times the amount of calcium found in cow’s milk (120mg/100g) and more than double the amount found in spinach (170mg/100g).
MORINGA OLEIFERA MAGNESIUM
Magnesium helps the body maintain and repair cells, and provides energy. Deficiencies can result in weakness, tiredness, vertigo, convulsions, nervousness, cramps and heart palpitations.
MORINGA OLEIFERA PHOSPHORUS
Phosphorus provides energy and helps build the structure of bones and teeth. Deficiency can lead to loss of appetite, weakness, bone pain and mental confusion. However, phosphorus is present in many foods so deficiencies are rare.
MORINGA OLEIFERA POTASSIUM
Potassium helps the body maintain normal water balance in cells, transmit nerve impulses, keep acids and alkalis in balance, and stimulate normal movement of the intestinal tract. Deficiencies can cause vomiting, acute muscle weakness, loss of appetite and coma.
MORINGA OLEIFERA COPPER
Copper is a co-factor in many enzymes, including those which provide hair and skin color, help skin to heal, provide protection from infections, and form healthy blood and bones. Copper, along with iron, is necessary to promote recovery from anemia among malnourished children. Deficiencies in babies can cause depigmentation of skin and hair, slow growth and diarrhea. In adults it can result in anemia, irritability, brittle bones, loss of hair color and loss of sense of taste.
MORINGA OLEIFERA IRON
Iron is a vital component of red blood cells which carry oxygen. Iron assists the muscles to keep reservoirs of oxygen and makes the body more resistant to infections. Iron deficiency can cause anemia, tiredness, headaches, insomnia and palpitations. In children, deficiency can cause slow growth and impaired mental performance. Fresh Moringa oleifera leaves contain over three times the amount of iron found in spinach (2.1mg/100g).
MORINGA OLEIFERA SULFUR
Moringa oleifera moringa PODS
SULFURS (mg) 137 137
Sulfur is a constituent of all proteins and an essential element for all life. In the body, the sulfur content is mostly found in the skin, joints, nails and hair. The more sulfur content in the hair, the curlier it will be (sheep hair is about 5% sulfur). Although involved in many metabolic processes, there is generally not a recommended dietary requirement for sulfur because the body can extract it from the amino acids cysteine and methionine.
MORINGA OLEIFERA OXALIC ACID
Moringa oleifera moringa PODS
OXALIC ACID(mg) 10 101 1.60 % *
An acid also found in strawberries, rhubarb and spinach, oxalic acid can combine with calcium and iron in the body to form insoluble compounds which the body cannot absorb. However, only large amounts of oxalic acid consumption are liable to cause calcium and iron deficiencies. (*Oxalic acid content in leaf powder is listed as a percentage).
MORINGA OLEIFERA VITAMIN A
Vitamin A in the form of retinol is found mainly in meat, eggs and dairy products. Beta carotene is the precursor to vitamin A which can be found in many plants, particularly those with yellow, red or dark green coloring. However, since absorption of B-carotene by the intestines is not very efficient, it is estimated that six milligrams of B-carotene are needed to give the dietary equivalent of one milligram retinol. Vitamin A is important for developing good eyesight, healthy skin and hair, strong immunity and resistance to infection, strong bones, good growth and helps prevent anemia. Deficiency can cause intestinal and respiratory infection, poor hair quality, eyeball pain, poor eyesight, night blindness and xerophthalmia (a dry, thickened, lusterless eye condition) which can damage the cornea and lead to blindness. It is estimated that this causes 500,000 new cases of blindness a year in children in south-east Asia. Children who lack vitamin A are more likely to get respiratory, intestinal and other infections and are more prone to die from them. Vitamin A is not destroyed by most methods of cooking. Some losses can occur at high temperatures, such as when leaves are fried in oil. Sunlight will also destroy vitamin A, so significant losses can occur if leaves are exposed to sunlight during the drying process. Carotene may cause some yellowing of the skin if taken in excess, but it is not harmful. The vitamin A content of fresh Moringa oleifera tree leaves cited above is a very conservative estimate. Other researchers have found fresh leaves to contain as much as 9mg vitamin A per 100g.9 Nonetheless, even the conservative figure means that fresh Moringa oleifera tree leaves contain almost three times the Beta-carotene content of spinach (3.5mg/100g).
MORINGA OLEIFERA VITAMIN B
Moringa oleifera moringa PODS
VITAMIN B -Choline (mg) 423 423 –
Choline helps with metabolism and fat-stabilization. Deficiency can cause nerve degeneration, senility, high blood pressure, reduced resistance to infections, strokes and thrombosis (presence or formation of blood clots).
MORINGA OLEIFERA VITAMIIN B1
Vitamin B1 helps the body convert glucose into energy in nerves and muscles. It helps in improving mental ability and heart functions, digestion, and warding off rheumatism. Deficiency can cause easy fatigue, muscle weakness, loss of appetite, nausea, constipation, impaired memory and ability to concentrate, beri-beri. Deficiency is a risk during periods of pregnancy and breast-feeding.
MORINGA OLEIFERA B2
Vitamin B2 helps the body convert proteins, fats and sugars into energy, and also helps the body repair and maintain tissues. Deficiency can cause bloodshot or tired eyes, inflammation and ulcers on the tongue and lips, hair loss, vertigo, slow-learning and insomnia.
MORINGA OLEIFERA B3
Niacin (nicotinic acid) is needed to help the body release energy from metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Deficiency can cause dimness of vision and eye muscle fatigue.
MORINGA OLEIFERA VITAMIN C
Vitamin C is necessary for healthy development of bones, teeth, blood and sex organs. Deficiency can cause bleeding and inflammation of the gums, loosening of the teeth, weakness, lassitude and scurvy. Much of the vitamin C content will be lost when leaves are boiled in open pots or when the cooking water is discarded. Excess intake of vitamin C is not harmful.
MORINGA OLEIFERA VITAMIN E
Moringa oleifera MORINGA PODS
VITAMIN E (mg) – – 9.0
Vitamin E influences oxidation in body tissues, protects vitamin A and amino acids, and promotes the ability of white blood cells to resist infectious diseases. Some studies have indicated that vitamin E will help prevent cancer and Alzheimer’s disease, as well as improve blood flow in people affected by arterial hardening, clotting or inflammation (atherosclerosis, thrombosis and thrombophlebetis). Deficiencies in children can result in irritability, water retention and hemolytic anemia. In adults, deficiencies can cause lethargy, apathy, lack of concentration, muscle weakness, irritability and decreased sexual interest. Recommendations for daily intake vary. For infants, formulas should contain at least 0.3mg per 100ml. For adults, recommendations range from 3 to 30mg per day, although extended intake of up to 3,200mg per day have not caused any negative effects. Other significant sources for vitamin E are soybean oil (87mg/100g), maize oil (66mg/100g), and roasted groundnuts (12mg/100g).
MORINGA OLEIFERA AMINO ACIDS
Amino acids make the specific proteins required by the body’s specialized tissues. With the lack of any one amino acid, production of the needed proteins cannot occur. Although the body is able to make most of the amino acids it needs, several are not made in sufficient quantities and must be obtained from the person’s diet. These are called essential amino acids. The above amino acids represent every one of the essential amino acids. Argenine and histidine are especially important for infants who are unable to synthesize sufficient protein for their growth requirements. (* Leaf powder amino acid content is listed in terms of percentage).
MORINGA TREE NUTRITION CONCLUSIONS
Leaves and pods of the Moringa oleifera tree can be an extremely valuable source of nutrition for people of all ages. For a child aged 1-3, a 100 gram serving of fresh Moringa oleifera tree leaves would provide all his daily requirements of calcium, about 75% of his iron and half his protein needs, as well as important supplies of potassium, B complex vitamins, copper and all the essential amino acids. As little as 20 grams of Moringa oleifera tree fresh leaves would provide a child with all the vitamins A and C he needs. For pregnant and breast-feeding women, Moringa oleifera tree leaves and pods can do much to preserve the mother’s health and pass on strength to the fetus or nursing child. One portion of Moringa oleifera leaves could provide a woman with over a third of her daily need of calcium and give her important quantities of iron, protein, copper, sulfur and B vitamins. Just 20 grams of Moringa oleifera tree fresh leaves will satisfy all her daily requirement of vitamin C. For both infants and mothers, Moringa oleifera tree pods can be an important source of fiber, potassium, copper, iron, choline, Malnourished children can benefit from addition of Moringa oleifera leaves to their diet. The high concentrations of iron, protein, copper, various vitamins and essential amino acids present in Moringa oleifera tree leaves make them a virtually Moringa oleifera tree leaves can be dried and made into a powder by rubbing them over a sieve. Drying should be done indoors and the Moringa oleifera tree leaf powder stored in an opaque, well-sealed plastic container since sunlight will destroy vitamin A. It is estimated that only 20-40% of vitamin A content will be retained if Moringa oleifera leaves are dried under direct sunlight, but that 50-70% will be retained if Moringa oleifera leaves are dried in the shade. This powder can be used in place of Moringa oleifera fresh leaves to make leaf sauces, or a few spoonfuls of the Moringa oleifera tree powder can be added to other sauces just before serving. Addition of small amounts of Moringa oleifera leaf powder will have no discernible effect on the taste of a sauce. In this way, Moringa oleifera tree leaves will be readily available to improve nutritional intake on a daily basis. One rounded soup (table) spoon of leaf powder will satisfy about 14% of the protein, 40% of the calcium, 23% of the iron and nearly all the vitamin A needs for a child aged one to three. Six rounded spoonfuls of Moringa oleifera leaf powder will satisfy nearly all of a woman’s daily iron and calcium needs during times of pregnancy and breast-feeding. If one rounded tablespoon of Moringa oleifera powder is added to an infant’s food, three times daily, the 25g of Moringa oleifera leaf powder will give him roughly the following
- Protein: 42%
- Calcium: 125%
- Magnesium: 61%
- Potassium: 41%
- Iron: 71%
- Vitamin A: 272%
- Vitamin C: 22%
During periods of pregnancy and breast-feeding, women are most at risk of suffering from nutritional deficiences. If a woman consumed six rounded tablespoons of Moringa oleifera tree leaf powder per day during these times, she would receive roughly the following in terms of RDA:
- Protein: 21%
- Calcium: 84%
- Magnesium: 54%
- Potassium: 22%
- Iron: 94%
- Vitamin A: 143%
- Vitamin C: 9%
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Moringa nutrition facts
Selection and storage
Moringa pods in a market.
Fresh moringa pods and greens can be readily available in the markets all around the season in the tropical and sub-tropical countries of South-East Asia, Philippines, Middle-Eastern, Africa, Caribbean, and in some Central American region. In the USA, the tree grows easily in the Southern States; however, only a few owners grow them in their backyard. Its consumption in the USA is mainly driven by several thousand expatriated communities of Asian and African background who prefer M. oleifera in their diet.
Fresh leaves, pods, seed kernels can be found at the farmers’ markets. Dry moringa leaf powder in bins, packs can be available in some specialized stores. At their nativity, moringa leaves are one of the inexpensive greens available in the markets. However, fresh pods and seeds command good price even in the native Asian and African markets.
While buying fresh pods; look for just tender, uniform, evenly full, green color pods. Avoid dry, shriveled, bent, twisted, or broken pods. Do not by overmature large size pods as they feature tougher skin, bitter pulp, and hard seeds and thus unappetizing.
At home, moringa leaf should be maintained like any other greens. Pods can keep well for 1-2 days at room temperature, however, should be stored in the refrigerator for extended shelf life.
Dried moringa leaf powder and capsules also sold in the stores for their advocated health benefits across Europe and North Americas.
Preparation and serving methods
Fresh greens and tender seed pods used extensively in the cooking in Asia, Africa, and Caribbean cuisine. Only tender growing tips and young leaves employed as greens in the cooking. However, mature leaves, dried, powdered and can be stored for extended periods to be used in the recipes (akin to dried fenugreek leaves-kasoori methi, in India and Pakistan).
Clean and wash the greens in cold water as you do in case of other greens. To prepare fresh pods; clean them in cold water, mop dry using an absorbent paper towel. Trim the ends. Cut the pod at one to two inches intervals and to do in soups, curries, etc. Clean the leaves as you do with other greens like fenugreek, purslane, spinach. Sift the leaves from the twig and discard the stem. Chop the leaves if you wish to do so, or else, entire leaves can be added to the recipes.
Here are some serving tips:
Moringa pods curry served with steamed rice, a special South-Indian recipe.
Cake prepared with moringa leaf powder. Photo courtesy: treeftf.
Moringa pods and greens feature in the recipes on a regular basis in many Asian traditions. In the Philippines (malunggay), where they marketed all around the season, its leaves are used liberally in soups, stews with fish, prawns, and poultry.
In traditional Senegalese recipe, moringa greens employed to prepare sauce Mboum. Fresh leaves sautéed with onion, peanut butter, vegetable oil, smoked/dried fish, and seasoned with salt and pepper to taste.
In India and Pakistan, tender moringa pods known as sahajan, used in sahajan ki sabzi.
In South Indian states, both pods (murunga in Tamil) and greens used in curries (sambar), soups, and stews.
In the Philippines, fresh leaves are cooked in coconut milk to prepare ginattang malunggay.
Dry and powdered moringa leaves can be added to the diet to improve the nutritional quality in Africa and Asia. Bread, muffins, pastry, rolls, cakes can be prepared by mixing M.oleifera powder with wheat, maize, and rice flours.
Although moringa plant parts confer many health-benefiting qualities, it is advised to use them as a vegetable and not as medicine. Some traditional medicines and pharmaceuticals broadcast various healing properties of M.oleifera, which are yet to be approved by scientific and research medical fraternity around the world. Moringa root contains alkaloid spirochin, which is a potential neuro-paralytic toxin. Its leaves, when eaten in large quantities, may cause stomach upset, gaseous distension and loose stools due to their laxative properties. (Medical disclaimer).
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