Aubra birth control pills

Aubra

Aubra Birth Control Pills

Table of Contents

  • What are Aubra Birth Control Pills?
  • Important Information
  • How to Use Aubra Birth Control
  • Aubra Side Effects
  • Aubra Birth Control Reviews

What are Aubra Birth Control Pills?

Aubra birth control is a combination hormone medication that is taken orally to prevent pregnancy. Aubra contains two different female hormones: estrogen and progestin. If users follow the instructions on the package, the medication will effectively prevent a woman from ovulating (releasing an egg from the ovaries). In addition to preventing the release of an egg, this medication also causes changes to the lining of the uterus, which makes it unreceptive to the implantation of an egg (if by chance an egg becomes fertilized).

Besides preventing pregnancy, Aubra may be prescribed by your doctor if you are experiencing irregular periods, painful menstrual cramps, acne problems, or if you are at risk for ovarian cysts.

Important Information

Although Aubra birth control is effective at preventing pregnancy, it does not protect you or your partner against sexually transmitted diseases such as STI’s and HIV. Both female and regular condoms will help protect you from infections and should always be used during intercourse.

Before you begin taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have any allergies, especially to hormones (estrogen or progestin).

If you have a history of any of the following conditions, speak with your doctor or pharmacist before you take this medication:

  • Blood clots
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal breast exam
  • Cancer
  • High cholesterol
  • Depression
  • Gallbladder problems
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Unexplained vaginal bleeding

Like other oral contraceptive, Aubra birth control pills should not be taken during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. The hormones in the medication can pass into breast milk and may cause harm to nursing infants. Consult your doctor before you start taking this medication.

How to Use Aubra Birth Control Pills

Before you start taking the birth control, speak with you doctor or pharmacist and follow the instructions provided. Aubra birth control is available in 21- or 28-day tablet packages. If your pack contains 28 tablets, there will be 21 active pills containing hormones, and 7 placebo pills that should be taken as reminder pills. Take 1 active pill everyday for 21 days. When all active pills are gone, take the 7 hormone-free pills for the remaining week. You will get your menstrual cycle during this week. When all 7 inactive pills are gone, start a new pack and repeat.

It is important to take this medication as directed by your physician. The amount of estrogen and progestin in each tablet varies, so you should take the pills in the correct order starting from day 1.

If you experience vomiting or diarrhea from taking this birth control, be sure to use a backup birth control method such as a condom or spermicide. If you have a weak stomach, you should take Aubra after your evening meal or at bedtime to prevent nausea.

Aubra Side Effects

Many people using this medication do not experience serious side effects. However, you may experience some Aubra side effects. The most common Aubra side effects include the following:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Breast tenderness
  • Breakthrough bleeding
  • Acne
  • Weight gain
  • Vision problems (especially if you wear contacts)

If you experience any of the symptoms below, stop using Aubra birth control and speak with your doctor about alternative methods of birth control.

  • Heart attack symptoms – chest pain or pressure
  • Liver problems – loss of appetite, upper stomach pain, tiredness, fever
  • Swelling in hands, ankles, or feet
  • Breast lumps
  • Signs of a stroke – sudden numbness, severe headache, slurred speech
  • Signs of blood clot – sudden vision loss, stabbing chest pain, coughing up blood
  • Signs of depression – sleep problems, weakness, tired feeling, mood changes

Aubra Birth Control Reviews

Users of this medication have rated Aubra a total of 3 out of 5 stars on drugs.com with a total of 186 Aubra birth control reviews.

There are also Aubra reviews on webmd.com, with an overall user rating of the following:

  • Effectiveness: 4.28 out of 5
  • Ease of use: 4.27 out of 5
  • Satisfaction: 2.60 out of 5

Overall, there are mixed Aubra reviews from people that have used the birth control. Like any prescription, people may experience different side effects.

If you are interested in finding out more information about Aubra birth control pills, you should speak with your physician to find out if this medication is right for you.

Aubra Dosage

To achieve maximum contraceptive effectiveness, Aubra (levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets) must be taken exactly as directed and at intervals not exceeding 24 hours. The dosage of Aubra is one light yellow tablet daily for 21 consecutive days, followed by one brown inert tablet daily for 7 consecutive days, according to the prescribed schedule. It is recommended that Aubra tablets be taken at the same time each day.

During The First Cycle Of Use

The possibility of ovulation and conception prior to initiation of medication should be considered. The patient should be instructed to begin taking Aubra on either the first Sunday after the onset of menstruation (Sunday Start) or on Day 1 of menstruation (Day 1 Start).

Sunday start

The patient is instructed to begin taking Aubra on the first Sunday after the onset of menstruation. If menstruation begins on a Sunday, the first tablet (light yellow) is taken that day. One light yellow tablet should be taken daily for 21 consecutive days, followed by one brown inert tablet daily for 7 consecutive days. Withdrawal bleeding should usually occur within 3 days following discontinuation of light yellow tablets and may not have finished before the next pack is started. During the first cycle, contraceptive reliance should not be placed on Aubra until a light yellow tablet has been taken daily for 7 consecutive days, and a nonhormonal back-up method of birth control should be used during those 7 days.

Day 1 start

During the first cycle of medication, the patient is instructed to begin taking Aubra during the first 24 hours of her period (day one of her menstrual cycle). One light yellow tablet should be taken daily for 21 consecutive days, followed by one brown inert tablet daily for 7 consecutive days. Withdrawal bleeding should usually occur within 3 days following discontinuation of light yellow tablets and may not have finished before the next pack is started. If medication is begun on day one of the menstrual cycle, no back-up contraception is necessary. If Aubra tablets are started later than day one of the first menstrual cycle or postpartum, contraceptive reliance should not be placed on Aubra tablets until after the first 7 consecutive days of administration, and a nonhormonal back-up method of birth control should be used during those 7 days.

After the first cycle of use

The patient begins her next and all subsequent courses of tablets on the day after taking her last brown tablet. She should follow the same dosing schedule: 21 days on light yellow tablets followed by 7 days on brown tablets. If in any cycle the patient starts tablets later than the proper day, she should protect herself against pregnancy by using a nonhormonal back-up method of birth control until she has taken a light yellow tablet daily for 7 consecutive days.

Switching from another hormonal method of contraception

When the patient is switching from a 21-day regimen of tablets, she should wait 7 days after her last tablet before she starts Aubra. She will probably experience withdrawal bleeding during that week. She should be sure that no more than 7 days pass after her previous 21-day regimen. When the patient is switching from a 28-day regimen of tablets, she should start her first pack of Aubra on the day after her last tablet. She should not wait any days between packs. The patient may switch any day from a progestin-only pill and should begin Aubra the next day. If switching from an implant or injection, the patient should start Aubra on the day of implant removal or, if using an injection, the day the next injection would be due. In switching from a progestin-only pill, injection, or implant, the patient should be advised to use a nonhormonal back-up method of birth control for the first 7 days of tablet-taking.

If spotting or breakthrough bleeding occurs

If spotting or breakthrough bleeding occur, the patient is instructed to continue on the same regimen. This type of bleeding is usually transient and without significance; however, if the bleeding is persistent or prolonged, the patient is advised to consult her physician.

Risk of pregnancy if tablets are missed

While there is little likelihood of ovulation occurring if only one or two light yellow tablets are missed, the possibility of ovulation increases with each successive day that scheduled light yellow tablets are missed. Although the occurrence of pregnancy is unlikely if Aubra is taken according to directions, if withdrawal bleeding does not occur, the possibility of pregnancy must be considered. If the patient has not adhered to the prescribed schedule (missed one or more tablets or started taking them on a day later than she should have), the probability of pregnancy should be considered at the time of the first missed period and appropriate diagnostic measures taken. If the patient has adhered to the prescribed regimen and misses two consecutive periods, pregnancy should be ruled out.

The risk of pregnancy increases with each active (light yellow) tablet missed. For additional patient instructions regarding missed tablets, see the WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS PILLS section in the DETAILED PATIENT LABELING below.

Use after pregnancy, abortion or miscarriage

Aubra may be initiated no earlier than day 28 postpartum in the nonlactating mother or after a second trimester abortion due to the increased risk for thromboembolism (see CONTRAINDICATIONS, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS concerning thromboembolic disease). The patient should be advised to use a non-hormonal back-up method for the first 7 days of tablet taking.

Aubra may be initiated immediately after a first trimester abortion or miscarriage. If the patient starts Aubra immediately, back-up contraception is not needed.

Label: AUBRA- levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol kit

Some women should not use the pill. For example, you should not take the pill if you have any of the following conditions:

  • History of heart attack or stroke.
  • Blood clots in the legs (thrombophlebitis), lungs (pulmonary embolism), or eyes.
  • A history of blood clots in the deep veins of your legs.
  • Chest pain (angina pectoris).
  • Known or suspected breast cancer or cancer of the lining of the uterus, cervix or vagina, or certain hormonally-sensitive cancers.
  • Unexplained vaginal bleeding (until a diagnosis is reached by your health-care provider).
  • Liver tumor (benign or cancerous) or active liver disease.
  • Take any Hepatitis C drug combination containing ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir, with or without dasabuvir. This may increase levels of the liver enzyme “alanine aminotransferase” (ALT) in the blood.
  • Yellowing of the whites of the eyes or of the skin (jaundice) during pregnancy or during previous use of the pill.
  • Known or suspected pregnancy.
  • A need for surgery with prolonged bedrest.
  • Heart valve or heart rhythm disorders that may be associated with formation of blood clots.
  • Diabetes affecting your circulation.
  • Headaches with neurological symptoms.
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure.
  • Allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the components of AUBRA (levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets).

Tell your health-care provider if you have had any of these conditions. Your health-care provider can recommend another method of birth control.

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS BEFORE TAKING ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

Tell your health-care provider if you or any family member has ever had:

  • Breast nodules, fibrocystic disease of the breast, an abnormal breast X-ray or mammogram.
  • Diabetes.
  • Elevated cholesterol or triglycerides.
  • High blood pressure.
  • A tendency to form blood clots.
  • Migraine or other headaches or epilepsy.
  • Depression.
  • Gallbladder, liver, heart, or kidney disease.
  • History of scanty or irregular menstrual periods.

Women with any of these conditions should be checked often by their health-care provider if they choose to use oral contraceptives. Also, be sure to inform your health-care provider if you smoke or are on any medications.

Although cardiovascular disease risks may be increased with oral contraceptive use in healthy, non-smoking women over 40 (even with the newer low-dose formulations), there are also greater potential health risks associated with pregnancy in older women.

RISKS OF TAKING ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

1. Risks of developing blood clots

Blood clots and blockage of blood vessels are the most serious side effects of taking oral contraceptives and can cause death or serious disability. In particular, a clot in the legs can cause thrombophlebitis and a clot that travels to the lungs can cause a sudden blocking of the vessel carrying blood to the lungs. Rarely, clots occur in the blood vessels of the eye and may cause blindness, double vision, or impaired vision.

Users of combination oral contraceptives have a higher risk of developing blood clots compared to non-users. This risk is highest during the first year of combination oral-contraceptives use.

If you take oral contraceptives and need elective surgery, need to stay in bed for a prolonged illness, or injury, or have recently delivered a baby, you may be at risk of developing blood clots. You should consult your health-care provider about stopping oral contraceptives three to four weeks before surgery and not taking oral contraceptives for two weeks after surgery or during bed rest. You should also not take oral contraceptives soon after delivery of a baby or after a midtrimester pregnancy termination. It is advisable to wait for at least four weeks after delivery if you are not breast-feeding. If you are breast-feeding, you should wait until you have weaned your child before using the pill. (See also the section While breast-feeding in GENERAL PRECAUTIONS.)

The risk of blood clots is greater in users of combination oral contraceptives compared to nonusers. This risk may be higher in users of high-dose pills (those containing 50 mcg or more of estrogen) and may also be greater with longer use. In addition, some of these increased risks may continue for a number of years after stopping combination oral contraceptives. The risk of abnormal blood clotting increases with age in both users and nonusers of combination oral contraceptives, but the increased risk from the oral contraceptive appears to be present at all ages.

The excess risk of blood clots is highest during the first year a woman ever uses a combined oral contraceptive. This increased risk is lower than blood clots associated with pregnancy. The use of combination oral contraceptives also increases the risk of other clotting disorders, including heart attack and stroke. Blood clots in veins cause death in 1% to 2% of cases. The risk of clotting is further increased in women with other conditions. Examples include: smoking, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, certain inherited or acquired clotting disorders, obesity, surgery or injury, recent delivery or second trimester abortion, prolonged inactivity or bed rest. If possible, combination oral contraceptives should be stopped before surgery and during prolonged inactivity or bedrest.

Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious cardiovascular events. This risk increases with age and amount of smoking and is quite pronounced in women over 35. Women who use combination oral contraceptives should be strongly advised not to smoke. If you smoke you should talk to your health-care professional before taking combination oral contraceptives.

2. Heart attacks and strokes

Oral contraceptives may increase the tendency to develop strokes or transient ischemic attacks (blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain) and angina pectoris and heart attacks (blockage of blood vessels in the heart). Any of these conditions can cause death or serious disability.

Smoking greatly increases the possibility of suffering heart attacks and strokes. Furthermore, smoking and the use of oral contraceptives greatly increase the chances of developing and dying of heart disease.

Women with migraine (especially migraine/headache with neurological symptoms) who take oral contraceptives also may be at higher risk of stroke and must not use combination oral contraceptives (see section WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES).

3. Gallbladder disease

Oral-contraceptive users probably have a greater risk than nonusers of having gallbladder disease, although this risk may be related to pills containing high doses of estrogens. Oral contraceptives may worsen existing gallbladder disease or accelerate the development of gallbladder disease in women previously without symptoms.

4. Liver tumors

In rare cases, oral contraceptives can cause benign but dangerous liver tumors. These benign liver tumors can rupture and cause fatal internal bleeding. In addition, a possible but not definite association has been found with the pill and liver cancers in two studies in which a few women who developed these very rare cancers were found to have used oral contraceptives for long periods. However, liver cancers are extremely rare. The chance of developing liver cancer from using the pill is thus even rarer.

5. Cancer of the reproductive organs and breasts

Various studies give conflicting reports on the relationship between breast cancer and oral contraceptive use.

Oral contraceptive use may slightly increase your chance of having breast cancer diagnosed, particularly if you started using hormonal contraceptives at a younger age.

After you stop using hormonal contraceptives, the chances of having breast cancer diagnosed begin to go down and disappear 10 years after stopping use of the pill. It is not known whether this slightly increased risk of having breast cancer diagnosed is caused by the pill. It may be that women taking the pill were examined more often, so that breast cancer was more likely to be detected.

You should have regular breast examinations by a health-care provider and examine your own breasts monthly. Tell your health-care provider if you have a family history of breast cancer or if you have had breast nodules or an abnormal mammogram. Women who currently have or have had breast cancer should not use oral contraceptives because breast cancer is usually a hormone sensitive tumor.

Some studies have found an increase in the incidence of cancer of the cervix in women who use oral contraceptives. However, this finding may be related to factors other than the use of oral contraceptives.

6. Lipid Metabolism and Pancreatitis

There have been reports of increases of blood cholesterol and triglycerides in users of combination oral contraceptives. Increases in triglycerides have led to inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) in some cases.

ESTIMATED RISK OF DEATH FROM A BIRTH-CONTROL METHOD OR PREGNANCY

All methods of birth control and pregnancy are associated with a risk of developing certain diseases which may lead to disability or death. An estimate of the number of deaths associated with different methods of birth control and pregnancy has been calculated and is shown in the following table.

ANNUAL NUMBER OF BIRTH-RELATED OR METHOD-RELATED DEATHS ASSOCIATED WITH CONTROL OF FERTILITY PER 100,000 NONSTERILE WOMEN, BY FERTILITY-CONTROL METHOD AND ACCORDING TO AGE

* Deaths are birth related

** Deaths are method related

In the above table, the risk of death from any birth-control method is less than the risk of childbirth, except for oral-contraceptive users over the age of 35 who smoke and pill users over the age of 40 even if they do not smoke. It can be seen in the table that for women aged 15 to 39, the risk of death was highest with pregnancy (7 to 26 deaths per 100,000 women, depending on age). Among pill users who do not smoke, the risk of death was always lower than that associated with pregnancy for any age group, except for those women over the age of 40, when the risk increases to 32 deaths per 100,000 women, compared to 28 associated with pregnancy at that age. However, for pill users who smoke and are over the age of 35, the estimated number of deaths exceeds those for other methods of birth control. If a woman is over the age of 40 and smokes, her estimated risk of death is four times higher (117/100,000 women) than the estimated risk associated with pregnancy (28/100,000 women) in that age group.

The suggestion that women over 40 who do not smoke should not take oral contraceptives is based on information from older high-dose pills. An Advisory Committee of the FDA discussed this issue in 1989 and recommended that the benefits of oral-contraceptive use by healthy, nonsmoking women over 40 years of age may outweigh the possible risks. Older women, as all women, who take oral contraceptives, should take an oral contraceptive which contains the least amount of estrogen and progestogen that is compatible with the individual patient needs.

WARNING SIGNALS

If any of these adverse effects occur while you are taking oral contraceptives, call your health-care provider immediately:

  • Sharp chest pain, coughing of blood, or sudden shortness of breath (indicating a possible clot in the lung).
  • Pain in the calf (indicating a possible clot in the leg).
  • Crushing chest pain or heaviness in the chest (indicating a possible heart attack).
  • Sudden severe headache or vomiting, dizziness or fainting, disturbances of vision or speech, weakness, or numbness in an arm or leg (indicating a possible stroke).
  • Sudden partial or complete loss of vision (indicating a possible clot in the eye).
  • Breast lumps (indicating possible breast cancer or fibrocystic disease of the breast; ask your health-care provider to show you how to examine your breasts).
  • Severe pain or tenderness in the stomach area (indicating a possibly ruptured liver tumor).
  • Difficulty in sleeping, weakness, lack of energy, fatigue, or change in mood (possibly indicating severe depression).
  • Jaundice or a yellowing of the skin or eyeballs, accompanied frequently by fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, dark-colored urine, or light-colored bowel movements (indicating possible liver problems).

SIDE EFFECTS OF ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

1. Unscheduled or breakthrough vaginal bleeding or spotting

Unscheduled vaginal bleeding or spotting may occur while you are taking the pills. Unscheduled bleeding may vary from slight staining between menstrual periods to breakthrough bleeding which is a flow much like a regular period. Unscheduled bleeding occurs most often during the first few months of oral-contraceptive use, but may also occur after you have been taking the pill for some time. Such bleeding may be temporary and usually does not indicate any serious problems. It is important to continue taking your pills on schedule. If the bleeding occurs in more than one cycle or lasts for more than a few days, talk to your health-care provider.

2. Contact lenses

If you wear contact lenses and notice a change in vision or an inability to wear your lenses, contact your health-care provider.

3. Fluid retention

Oral contraceptives may cause edema (fluid retention) with swelling of the fingers or ankles and may raise your blood pressure. If you experience fluid retention, contact your health-care provider.

4. Melasma

A spotty darkening of the skin is possible, particularly of the face.

5. Other side effects

Other side effects may include nausea, breast tenderness, change in appetite, headache, nervousness, depression, dizziness, loss of scalp hair, rash, vaginal infections, inflammation of the pancreas and allergic reaction.

If any of these side effects bother you, call your health-care provider.

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS

1. Missed periods and use of oral contraceptives before or during early pregnancy.

There may be times when you may not menstruate regularly after you have completed taking a cycle of pills. If you have taken your pills regularly and miss one menstrual period, continue taking your pills for the next cycle but be sure to inform your health-care provider before doing so. If you have not taken the pills daily as instructed and missed a menstrual period, or if you missed two consecutive menstrual periods, you may be pregnant. Check with your health-care provider immediately to determine whether you are pregnant. Stop taking oral contraceptives if you are pregnant.

There is no conclusive evidence that oral-contraceptive use is associated with an increase in birth defects, when taken inadvertently during early pregnancy. Previously, a few studies had reported that oral contraceptives might be associated with birth defects, but these studies have not been confirmed. Nevertheless, oral contraceptives should not be used during pregnancy. You should check with your health-care provider about risks to your unborn child of any medication taken during pregnancy.

2. While breast-feeding

If you are breast-feeding, consult your health-care provider before starting oral contraceptives. Some of the drug will be passed on to the child in the milk. A few adverse effects on the child have been reported, including yellowing of the skin (jaundice) and breast enlargement. In addition, oral contraceptives may decrease the amount and quality of your milk. If possible, do not use oral contraceptives while breast-feeding. You should use another method of contraception since breast-feeding provides only partial protection from becoming pregnant and this partial protection decreases significantly as you breast-feed for longer periods of time. You should consider starting oral contraceptives only after you have weaned your child completely.

3. Laboratory tests

If you are scheduled for any laboratory tests, tell your doctor you are taking birth-control pills. Certain blood tests may be affected by birth-control pills.

4. Drug interactions

Certain drugs may interact with birth-control pills to make them less effective in preventing pregnancy or cause an increase in breakthrough bleeding. Such drugs include rifampin, drugs used for epilepsy such as barbiturates (for example, phenobarbital) and phenytoin (Dilantin® is one brand of this drug), primidone (Mysoline®), topiramate (Topamax®), carbamazepine (Tegretol® is one brand of this drug), phenylbutazone (Butazolidin® is one brand), some drugs used for HIV or AIDS such as ritonavir (Norvir®), modafinil (Provigil®) and possibly certain antibiotics (such as ampicillin and other penicillins, and tetracyclines), and herbal products containing St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum). You may also need to use a nonhormonal method of contraception during any cycle in which you take drugs that can make oral contraceptives less effective.

You may be at higher risk of a specific type of liver dysfunction if you take troleandomycin and oral contraceptives at the same time.

You should inform your health-care provider about all medicines you are taking, including nonprescription products.

5. Sexually transmitted diseases

This product (like all oral contraceptives) is intended to prevent pregnancy. It does not protect against transmission of HIV (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, and syphilis.

HOW TO TAKE AUBRA

IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER

BEFORE YOU START TAKING AUBRA:

1. BE SURE TO READ THESE DIRECTIONS:

Before you start taking AUBRA.

And

Anytime you are not sure what to do.

2. THE RIGHT WAY TO TAKE THE PILL IS TO TAKE ONE PILL EVERY DAY AT THE SAME TIME.

If you miss pills you could get pregnant. This includes starting the pack late. The more pills you miss, the more likely you are to get pregnant. See “WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS PILLS” below.

3. MANY WOMEN HAVE SPOTTING OR LIGHT BLEEDING, OR MAY FEEL SICK TO THEIR STOMACH DURING THE FIRST 1-3 PACKS OF PILLS.

If you feel sick to your stomach, do not stop taking AUBRA. The problem will usually go away. If it doesn’t go away, check with your health-care provider.

4. MISSING PILLS CAN ALSO CAUSE SPOTTING OR LIGHT BLEEDING, even when you make up these missed pills.

On the days you take 2 pills to make up for missed pills, you could also feel a little sick to your stomach.

5. IF YOU HAVE VOMITING (within 4 hours after you take your pill), you should follow the instructions for WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS PILLS. IF YOU HAVE DIARRHEA or IF YOU TAKE SOME MEDICINES, including some antibiotics, your pills may not work as well.

Use a back-up nonhormonal method (such as condoms or spermicide) until you check with your health-care provider.

6. IF YOU HAVE TROUBLE REMEMBERING TO TAKE THE PILL, talk to your health-care provider about how to make pill-taking easier or about using another method of birth control.

7. IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR ARE UNSURE ABOUT THE INFORMATION IN THIS LEAFLET, contact your health-care provider.

BEFORE YOU START TAKING AUBRA

1. DECIDE WHAT TIME OF DAY YOU WANT TO TAKE YOUR PILL. It is important to take it at about the same time every day.

2. LOOK AT YOUR PILL PACK.

The pill pack has 21 “active” light yellow pills (with hormones) to take for 3 weeks, followed by 1 week of reminder brown pills (without hormones).

3. FIND:

1. where on the pack to start taking pills, and

2. in what order to take the pills (follow the arrows).

4. BE SURE YOU HAVE READY AT ALL TIMES:

ANOTHER KIND OF BIRTH CONTROL (such as condoms or spermicide) to use as a back-up in case you miss pills.

AN EXTRA, FULL PILL PACK.

WHEN TO START THE FIRST PACK OF PILLS

You have a choice of which day to start taking your first pack of pills.

Decide with your health-care provider which is the best day for you. Pick a time of day which will be easy to remember.

DAY 1 START:

1. Pick the day label strip that starts with the first day of your period. Place this day label strip over the area that has the days of the week (starting with Sunday) pre-printed on the tablet blister.

Note: if the first day of your period is a Sunday, you can skip step #1.

2. Take the first “active” light yellow pill of the first pack during the first 24 hours of your period.

3. You will not need to use a back-up nonhormonal method of birth control, since you are starting the pill at the beginning of your period.

SUNDAY START:

1. Take the first “active” light yellow pill of the first pack on the Sunday after your period starts, even if you are still bleeding. If your period begins on Sunday, start the pack that same day.

2. Use a nonhormonal method of birth control (such as condoms or spermicide) as a back-up method if you have sex anytime from the Sunday you start your first pack until the next Sunday (7 days).

WHAT TO DO DURING THE MONTH

1. Take one pill at the same time every day until the pack is empty.

Do not skip pills even if you are spotting or bleeding between monthly periods or feel sick to your stomach (nausea).

Do not skip pills even if you do not have sex very often.

2. When you finish a pack:

Start the next pack on the day after your last “reminder” pill. Do not wait any days between packs.

IF YOU SWITCH FROM ANOTHER BRAND OF COMBINATION PILLS

If your previous brand had 21 pills: Wait 7 days to start taking AUBRA. You will probably have your period during that week. Be sure that no more than 7 days pass between the 21-day pack and taking the first light yellow AUBRA pill (“active” with hormone).

If your previous brand had 28 pills: Start taking the first light yellow AUBRA pill (“active” with hormone) on the day after your last reminder pill. Do not wait any days between packs.

WHAT TO DO IF YOU MISS PILLS

AUBRA may not be as effective if you miss light yellow “active” pills, and particularly if you miss the first few or the last few light yellow “active” pills in a pack.

If you MISS 1 light yellow “active” pill:

1. Take it as soon as you remember. Take the next pill at your regular time. This means you may take 2 pills in 1 day.

2. You COULD BECOME PREGNANT if you have sex in the 7 days after you restart your pills. You MUST use a nonhormonal birth-control method (such as condoms or spermicide) as a back-up for those 7 days.

If you MISS 2 light yellow “active” pills in a row in WEEK 1 OR WEEK 2 of your pack:

1. Take 2 pills on the day you remember and 2 pills the next day.

2. Then take 1 pill a day until you finish the pack.

3. You COULD BECOME PREGNANT if you have sex in the 7 days after you restart your pills. You MUST use a nonhormonal birth-control method (such as condoms or spermicide) as a back-up for those 7 days.

If you MISS 2 light yellow “active” pills in a row in THE 3rd WEEK:

1. If you are a Day 1 Starter:

THROW OUT the rest of the pill pack and start a new pack that same day.

If you are a Sunday Starter:

Keep taking 1 pill every day until Sunday.

On Sunday, THROW OUT the rest of the pack and start a new pack of pills that same day.

2. You may not have your period this month but this is expected.

However, if you miss your period 2 months in a row, call your health-care provider because you might be pregnant.

3. You COULD BECOME PREGNANT if you have sex in the 7 days after you restart your pills. You MUST use a nonhormonal birth-control method (such as condoms or spermicide) as a back-up for those 7 days.

If you MISS 3 OR MORE light yellow “active” pills in a row (during the first 3 weeks):

1. If you are a Day 1 Starter:

THROW OUT the rest of the pill pack and start a new pack that same day.

If you are a Sunday Starter:

Keep taking 1 pill every day until Sunday.

On Sunday, THROW OUT the rest of the pack and start a new pack of pills that same day.

2. You may not have your period this month but this is expected.

However, if you miss your period 2 months in a row, call your health-care provider because you might be pregnant.

3. You COULD BECOME PREGNANT if you have sex in the 7 days after you restart your pills.

You MUST use a nonhormonal birth-control method (such as condoms or spermicide) as a back-up for those 7 days.

If you forget any of the 7 brown “reminder” pills in Week 4:

THROW AWAY the pills you missed.

Keep taking 1 pill each day until the pack is empty.

You do not need a back-up nonhormonal birth-control method if you start your next pack on time.

FINALLY, IF YOU ARE STILL NOT SURE WHAT TO DO ABOUT THE PILLS YOU HAVE MISSED

Use a BACK-UP NONHORMONAL BIRTH-CONTROL METHOD anytime you have sex.

KEEP TAKING ONE PILL EACH DAY until you can reach your health-care provider.

PREGNANCY DUE TO PILL FAILURE

The incidence of pill failure resulting in pregnancy is approximately 1 per year (1 pregnancy per 100 women per year of use) if taken every day as directed, but the more typical failure rate is approximately 5% per year (5 pregnancies per 100 women per year of use) including women who do not always take the pill exactly as directed without missing any pills. If you do become pregnant, the risk to the fetus is minimal, but you should stop taking your pills and discuss the pregnancy with your health-care provider.

PREGNANCY AFTER STOPPING THE PILL

There may be some delay in becoming pregnant after you stop using oral contraceptives, especially if you had irregular menstrual cycles before you used oral contraceptives. It may be advisable to postpone conception until you begin menstruating regularly once you have stopped taking the pill and desire pregnancy.

There does not appear to be any increase in birth defects in newborn babies when pregnancy occurs soon after stopping the pill.

BIRTH CONTROL AFTER STOPPING THE PILL

If you do not wish to become pregnant after stopping the pill, you should use another method of birth control immediately after stopping AUBRA. Speak to your health-care provider about another method of birth control.

OVERDOSAGE

Overdosage may cause nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, dizziness, abdominal pain and fatigue/drowsiness. Withdrawal bleeding may occur in females. In case of overdosage, contact your health-care provider or pharmacist.

OTHER INFORMATION

Your health-care provider will take a medical and family history before prescribing oral contraceptives and will examine you. The physical examination may be delayed to another time if you request it and your health-care provider believes that it is appropriate to postpone it. You should be reexamined at least once a year. Be sure to inform your health-care provider if there is a family history of any of the conditions listed previously in this leaflet. Be sure to keep all appointments with your health-care provider, because this is a time to determine if there are early signs of side effects of oral-contraceptive use.

Do not use the drug for any condition other than the one for which it was prescribed. This drug has been prescribed specifically for you; do not give it to others who may want birth-control pills.

HEALTH BENEFITS FROM ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

In addition to preventing pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives may provide certain benefits. They are:

  • Menstrual cycles may become more regular.
  • Blood flow during menstruation may be lighter, and less iron may be lost. Therefore, anemia due to iron deficiency is less likely to occur.
  • Pain or other symptoms during menstruation may be encountered less frequently
  • Ovarian cysts may occur less frequently.
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy may occur less frequently.
  • Noncancerous cysts or lumps in the breast may occur less frequently.
  • Acute pelvic inflammatory disease may occur less frequently.
  • Oral-contraceptive use may provide some protection against developing two forms of cancer: cancer of the ovaries and cancer of the lining of the uterus.

If you want more information about birth-control pills, ask your health-care provider or pharmacist. They have a more technical leaflet called the Professional Labeling which you may wish to read.

Manufactured for:

Afaxys Pharma, LLC

Charleston, SC, 29403, USA.

Manufactured by:

Mylan Laboratories Limited

REVISED: MAY 2017

You’re thinking about going off the pill. Whether it’s the cost, the inconvenience of having to take a birth control pill every day, or the desire to have a baby, this decision requires some planning — not just tossing away the pack.

A smart first step is to talk with your doctor before you make a change. No matter your reason for stopping birth control pills, have this conversation before you take action. If you don’t want to become pregnant, you should see your doctor to discuss other forms of contraception, and if you do want to have a baby, you should see your doctor for pre-conception counseling, says Bart D. Putterman, MD, an ob-gyn at Texas Children’s Pavilion for Women in Houston.

Some women are afraid of what might happen to their bodies when they stop taking the pill, but gynecologists say you have nothing to worry about. “There are very few side effects to stopping the pill,” says Sherry Thomas, MD, a gynecologist at Los Angeles-based Mission Community Hospital. And those you may have aren’t likely to last too long. But if you were on the pill for birth control, you can get pregnant as soon as you stop taking it, she warns. “The birth control pill is out of your system in one to two days,” Dr. Thomas says. “If you don’t want to get pregnant, you will need another (form of contraception).”

Another false concern is the idea that the longer you’ve been on the pill, the longer it will take you to get pregnant once you stop. “But that’s not the case,” says Tosha Rogers, DO, an ob-gyn in the Atlanta area.

THE EFFECTS OF STOPPING THE PILL

Although you won’t notice that you’ve started ovulating again, if you were taking the pill for another reason, such as to control heavy bleeding or to regulate your period, it’s highly likely that the problem will return as soon as you stop, Dr. Putterman says.

Likewise, if you were taking the pill to control hot flashes, you might start having them after stopping birth control pills. If the pill helps make your skin more clear, once you stop taking it, you could start breaking out again. If getting your period makes you irritable or sad and the pill was helping keep you on an even keel, don’t be surprised if those PMS emotions return once you stop.

Some women may find that their appetite increases when they stop birth control pills. On the other hand, if your birth control pills were causing you to retain water, you may lose water weight once you stop.

But any minor side effects shouldn’t last more than a month or two, Thomas says. “They should level off after that.” Putterman says to keep in mind that lower-dose pills have fewer side effects while you’re on them and when you withdraw from them than higher-dose pills do.

WHEN TO STOP TAKING BIRTH CONTROL PILLS

Although you can stop taking birth control pills at any time, even in the middle of the pill pack, doing so could throw your cycle off and cause bleeding to start. “Your uterus gets confused, but it’s not your period,” Thomas says. “You could bleed for two weeks and there’s no way to control it.” If you want to bypass irregular bleeding, wait to finish the pack before you stop.

Another reason to finish your pack is to better judge ovulation timing if you’re stopping birth control to get pregnant — you’ll know when to expect your period and when you might be ovulating. It’s easier to date your pregnancy if you know when your last period was.

Once you’re off birth control pills, pay attention to your cycle. If it doesn’t return to normal in two to three months, see your doctor. There could be another health issue at work.

– Republished with permission of EverydayHealth.com

Ella

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

Last reviewed on RxList 5/09/2018

Ella (ulipristal acetate) is an emergency contraceptive used to prevent pregnancy in emergencies (unprotected sex, barrier contraceptive failure) by preventing ovarian egg release or egg implantation in the uterus. Ella is available in a generic form termed ulipristal acetate. Ella should not be used as a routine contraceptive. Pregnancy should be excluded before Ella is prescribed. The most common side effects of Ella are:

  • headache,
  • nausea, and
  • abdominal or stomach pain,
  • dizziness,
  • tired feeling, or
  • menstrual pain.

Ella is supplied in a 30 mg tablet. Females who decide this drug is necessary should take one tablet orally as soon as possible within 120 hours (5 days) after unprotected intercourse or after a known or suspected contraceptive failure. If vomiting occurs within 3 hours of taking Ella, the dose may not be effective and another dose is likely to be needed; Ella can be taken at any time during the menstrual cycle. Ella may interact with bosentan, dabigatran, digoxin, griseofulvin, loperamide, quinidine, St. John’s wort, topiramate, rifabutin, rifampin, rifapentine, vinblastine, antifungal medications, barbiturates, or seizure medications. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. Ella does not protect females from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or other infections. Ella can harm a fetus or cause birth defects. Do not use emergency contraception such as Ella if you are already pregnant or think you might be pregnant. Ella IS NOT FOR USE IN TERMINATING AN EXISTING PREGNANCY. It is unknown if Ella passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Breastfeeding while using Ella is not recommended.

Our Ella (ulipristal acetate) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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