Apple cider vinegar depression

Top 15 Foods To Eliminate Stress

If you’re like most of us, coffee is more than just a beverage, it’s a way of life. There is pretty much no problem that can’t be solved with coffee…until now.

Grabbing a cup of coffee multiple times a day may help you go through the motions more easily, but consuming nutrient dense foods can not only help you stay awake and alert, but can also help to boost your mood. In fact, in my most recent book, Strong is the New Skinny, I recognize the direct connection between your diet and emotions. I even include a list of foods that are often overlooked when it comes to their effect on mental health and stability.

Like everything in life, moderation is key. Instead of completely breaking off your relationship with coffee, try making it your acquaintance – instead of letting coffee be the friend that picks you up just to push you back down, try drinking just one cup of coffee a day and incorporating these 15 foods into your diet. These foods will not only keep you more satisfied throughout they day, but will also boost your mood, help to eliminate stress, nourish your body and fill you with the energy you need to get through the rest of the week. Instead of counting down the hours each day, you’ll soon feel fulfilled, energized, and ready to take on whatever is thrown at you throughout the week.

(Photo by Junko Kimura/Getty Images)

1. Egg Yolk:

Our society has created a silent ban on egg yolks because of studies that have scared us into thinking that our cholesterol levels will spike upon consumption, but let’s dig a little deeper here. Egg yolk does, in fact, contain cholesterol and once again, moderation is key here, but studies have recently been recognizing egg yolk as dietary cholesterol. This works to raise the “good” HDL cholesterol, while sugar and grains are the foods that are to blame for raising the “bad” LDL cholesterol and the triglycerides in the blood. Egg yolk is also a leading source for choline, a nutrient that has been found to boost brainpower by speeding up the sending of signals to nerve cells in the brain. Incorporating one to two egg yolks into your diet each day may make you feel more bright-eyed, even on your darkest days.

2. Blue-, Purple- And Red-Skinned Potatoes:

Potatoes are often thought of as comfort food that you mash up and saturate with butter, salt, and sour cream. While this may sound tempting in the moment, there is a reason for the phrase “couch potato.” The sluggish, run down feeling that you get after indulging may be enough to convince you to steer clear of this temptation in the future. Instead, try blue, purple, and red skin potatoes for quite the opposite effect. Due to their colorful outside appearances, these potatoes contain 30% of your recommended vitamin C intake, iodine, and also contain a special antioxidant that helps to prevent brain aging and promote lower blood pressure.

3. Red Beans:

Recently, antioxidant superfoods like blueberries, acai, and kale seem to be constantly trending in the world of health and wellness. However, there is one antioxidant-filled superfood that has yet to be recognized for all that it is: red beans. Red beans are densely packed with essential nutrients and have recently been acknowledged as one of the richest foods in antioxidants. Frequent consumption of these beans will help to prevent cardiovascular disease, iron deficiency, and Alzheimer’s disease and will also work to stimulate your attention and memory.

4. Brazil Nuts:

I think that if we put the word “Brazil” next to just about anything, it would sound infinitely better. In this case, it actually is better. This is because Brazil nuts contain exceptionally high levels of selenium, which is a mineral that plays a key role in your metabolism. Research has also shown that selenium can reduce feelings of depression and help to boost your overall mood. Adequately incorporating selenium into your diet will not only put you in a better mood, it will also help to prevent coronary artery disease, liver cirrhosis, and cancer. Just 1-2 nuts a day provides enough of this trace element.

5. Kiwi Seeds:

The seeds found in the center of a kiwi do more than just get stuck in your teeth. These little black seeds contain a surprising amount of essential nutrients. They may be tiny, but kiwi seeds contain fiber and a mood-boosting nutrient called alpha-linolenic acid. ALA is a plant-based omega-3 fatty acid that helps to contain an inflammatory compound linked to depression. Kiwi is commonly found in a standard fruit salad, yet most people fail to leave a place for it in their kitchen’s fruit bowl. Incorporating this fruit and its seeds to your daily diet will leave you beaming with satisfaction, just don’t forget the floss for afterwards!

6. Clams:

Oysters may contain beautiful, shiny pearls inside of them, but clams are the true winners here. Clams are packed with vitamin B12, which is a necessary vitamin in order for your brain to create dopamine and serotonin. These are both necessary in order to maintain a happy and stable mood. Studies found that “depressed people who had low levels of B12 felt infinitely better three months after adding a B12 supplement into their diets.” Now you know the reason behind the phrase “happy as a clam.”

7. Apple Cider Vinegar:

“A glass of apple cider vinegar and water a day keeps the doctor away.” Not quite as catchy as the original saying but definitely more accurate. This is because apple cider vinegar provides a wide array of health benefits, including the fact that it can help prevent weight gain, anxiety, depression, and distress. Besides helping you feel more full after eating less food, drinking one or two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar before each meal can help break down proteins into amino acids, which will ultimately create tryptophan. Tryptophan plays a critical role in the release of serotonin, which is one of our “feel-good” neurotransmitters. The more we assist in the creation of serotonin, the happier we’ll be.

8. Saffron:

While saffron may be beneficial to everyone, this one mostly applies to the ladies out there. Studies have found that this spice has the ability to “decrease PMS symptoms, such as mood swings and depression, by at least half.” Researchers believe that saffron helps make the feel good neurotransmitter, serotonin, more available to the brain, which will greatly affect your overall mood.

9. Microalgae:

Just by reading the word “microalgae” I probably lost most of you – but hear me out. Certain types of algae provide magical benefits and are a legitimate source of a number of vitamins and minerals. Edible algae, otherwise known as blue-green algae, include several types of bacteria and microalgae. This ocean-based superfood is highly probiotic, which helps aid digestion. This is more important than it may sound. Digestive issues are a leading cause of fatigue. If your body is not properly breaking down the foods you’re eating, then you won’t gain the benefits from them. Not obtaining the nutrients that fuel your body may cause your body to lack vital elements that aid in the production of serotonin and dopamine, which can ultimately cause serious long-term effects and possibly even mood disorders.

10. Eggplant:

When it comes to the vegetables that you incorporate into your daily diet, eggplant is often excluded. However, you may want to rethink that. Alternating between eggplant and meat for dinner during your week may bring you less anxiety, less depression, and less hostile feelings. Research has recognized an antioxidant called chlorogenic acid, which has the ability to fight free radicals and lower LDL, to be the dominant antioxidant compound found in eggplant. Eggplant is also rich in minerals, boasting a large quantity of potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorous. With no fat, six grams of carbohydrates and 27 calories in a 1-cup serving, eggplant makes an excellent addition to any diet.

11. Kale:

I know, I know, you want to kale yourself with the amount of times you’ve heard about the many benefits of kale, but it’s hyped for a reason. Kale is loaded with folate, which prevents mental fatigue and forgetfulness by increasing blood flow to the brain. Kale is also an excellent source of Vitamin E, which shields your brain from nerve-cell degeneration. Don’t let all the talk about this superfood kale your vibe. Instead, try it out and see what all the talks about – you can thank me later for that mood boost.

12. Concord Grape Juice:

Alzheimer’s researchers have recently found that the polyphenols in Concord grape juice might help stimulate our minds. Polyphenols are micronutrients in our diet that help refine communication between brain cells. Studies have shown that drinking this juice may help improve people’s spatial memory and verbal learning skills. Besides enjoying a bit of mental stimulation, this juice also plays a role in supporting heart health. Try filling a glass with half Concord grape juice and half water in order to dilute the sugar levels -Your body will be smiling on the inside.

13. Coconut Oil:

There’s a reason everyone’s in love with the coco. Adding coconut oil to your diet could work wonders for you, your hair, your skin, and your body, but besides the many beauty benefits, coconut oil has the potential to make your longest days feel a little bit shorter. Coconut oil contains medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) that may increase your energy levels by 5%. Researchers have also found that the body uses coconut oil’s rich MCT fats to increase energy, aid in detoxification of the liver, improve metabolism and fuel the brain’s production of serotonin.

14. Tahini:

Tahini is a paste made from ground sesame seeds that is often used in both sweet and savory dishes. While many people have heard of tahini, what most don’t know is that there are two different types of tahini- hulled and unhulled. When it comes to obtaining the most vitamins and minerals, unhulled tahini is the way to go, as it’s made from the whole sesame seed, as opposed to being stripped down like the hulled tahini. Tahini paste is rich in magnesium and B vitamins, which are important players when it comes to converting carbohydrates into energy. Swap your afternoon coffee pick-me-up with this tasty paste and enjoy feeling energized and satisfied, minus the jitters.

15. Brussels Sprouts:

This vegetable that we used to categorize as scary green monster balls when we were kids deserves some recognition for their change in reputation. Brussels sprouts have omega-3 fatty acids, which are a type of polyunsaturated fat that may have the ability to boost brain health, lower blood pressure, prevent heart disease, and help treat depression. When most people hear Omega-3, they immediately incorporate it with fish, but it is actually found in many other plants, nuts, and seeds. If Brussels sprouts still don’t sound palatable, have no fear. Cauliflower, walnuts, canola oil, flaxseeds, flaxseed oil, hempseed oil, camelina oil, and chia seed oil are also packed with omega 3s.

Now that we’re more aware of how certain foods can help us, we can be one step ahead of the game. Incorporating these 15 foods into your diet will change the work-week for good!

Also on Forbes:

Should Apple Cider Vinegar Be Part of a Schizophrenia Treatment Plan?

Among some natural health proponents, apple cider vinegar has gained a reputation as a cure-all. On the website, the alternative health author John Summerly writes, “The question is not what apple cider vinegar can do, but what can’t it do.”

He goes on to cite research suggesting how the common kitchen condiment can help fight diabetes, heart disease, allergies, high cholesterol, cancer, and weight gain. Some evidence suggests that it might reduce the inflammation associated with psoriasis.

RELATED: What Is Schizoaffective Disorder?

ACV: Can This Fermented Product Boost the Brain?

Some sources, such as an article titled Schizophrenia & Natural Remedies on the website Jung Circle, list cider vinegar as an ingredient that can be used in a formula to soothe the body when you’re coming off psychiatric medications.

Other online articles, such as one on Psycom, highlight evidence suggesting that what happens in the gut may be connected to what happens in the brain.

An investigation published in February 2019 in Science Advances suggests that the gut microbiome (the ecosystem of bacteria and microbes that live in the digestive tract) may be linked to schizophrenia (a chronic and severe neurological brain disorder). Based on stool samples, the researchers observed that people with schizophrenia have less-diverse microbiomes that people without schizophrenia.

RELATED: Mental Illness Signs, Symptoms, Treatment, and More

Some alternative health advocates hold that apple cider vinegar may improve overall gut health, and if the gut-mind connection is true, then this acidic natural fermented liquid has the potential to help ease the symptoms of schizophrenia.

A Lack of Scientific Evidence on Benefits of ACV

Drew Ramsey, MD, a nutritional psychiatrist who incorporates evidence-based nutrition into his treatments, believes that what we eat can affect mental health. He makes dietary recommendations designed to help individuals with depression, anxiety, and emotional wellness concerns.

“What we really look for is how do we help people eat a more nutrient-dense diet with foods and nutrients linked to brain health,” says Dr. Ramsey, who is an assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City.

What to Eat for a Brain-Boosting Diet

His eating plans include leafy greens, colorful vegetables, B vitamins, minerals like zinc and magnesium, and fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Ramsey bases his dietary guidance on studies such as one published in October 2019 in the journal PLoS One, which demonstrated a drop in depression among young adults who followed a Mediterranean-style diet for three weeks.

When it comes to apple cider vinegar and the brain, however, the proof of a relationship is just not there, according to Ramsey.

RELATED: The Truth About Apple Cider Vinegar and Hepatitis C

Evidence Does Not Support ACV as a ‘Brain Food’

“Apple cider vinegar really has no role in nutritional psychiatry and mental health disorders and to suggest such is to really be speaking without any evidence,” he says. “I probably prescribe more food to mental health patients than anyone else in America, and I have never prescribed apple cider vinegar.”

Debunking the Healing Properties of Apple Cider Vinegar for Mental Health

Ramsey is concerned that some people think cider vinegar is a “magic-bullet” solution.

“There is an idea behind it that drinking apple cider vinegar is going to enhance microbiome diversity, but there is not science behind it yet,” he says. “We want to guide people with evidence and not hype on the internet.”

Ken Duckworth, MD, the medical director of the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), also warns against apple cider vinegar as a treatment for schizophrenia.

“There is no evidence that it is helpful,” he says. “No rational person would recommend it.”

Some Natural, Complementary Remedies May Offer Mental Health Benefits

That said, Dr. Duckworth does not discount the value of some natural remedies that may improve aspects of mental health. He points to research demonstrating a brain benefit from omega-3s, cranberries, and the spice turmeric.

For comprehensive information on evidence-based natural health solutions, Duckworth directs individuals to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, the federal government’s lead agency for investigating complementary and alternative medicine.

“I remain open to research that would help that there is an alternative remedy that demonstrates efficacy for schizophrenia,” he says. “Absence of proof is not proof of absence, but you need meaningful proof before you can make assertions.”

When it comes to schizophrenia specifically, Dr. Ramsey highlights research published in the journal Nature Communications finding that long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in fatty fish such as salmon reduce the risk of psychotic disorders.

“The study showed a significant decrease in the progression to schizophrenia in individuals who received omega-3s,” he says.

RELATED: Early Treatment Programs for Schizophrenia Multiply

Proven Treatments for Schizophrenia

About 1.1 percent of the population in 2014 or about 2.6 million Americans age 18 and older live with schizophrenia, according to the Treatment Advocacy Center. An estimated 40 percent of individuals with the condition go untreated in any given year.

Common symptoms include delusions and hallucinations; alterations of the senses; an inability to sort and interpret incoming sensations, and an inability therefore to respond appropriately; an altered sense of self; and changes in emotions, movements, and behavior.

The American Psychiatric Association publishes guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia, which features information on antipsychotic medications and therapy. Duckworth notes that these schizophrenia medications include Clozaril (clozapine), which is the only FDA-approved medication for suicide risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia.

Ramsey stresses that treatments need to be multimodal, with a combination of responsible medication management, a supportive care team (involving a peer counselor, a psychiatrist, and a case manager), and employment.

“Working is good for mental health,” he says. “For people with psychotic disorders, it provides self-esteem, structure, and an income.”

The Real Essentials for Managing Mental Illness

“For people with schizophrenia, getting access to appropriate psychiatric and mental health care and supportive employment is much more important than apple cider vinegar,” Ramsey adds.

To find resources and help for schizophrenia treatment, Duckworth recommends contacting the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).

© Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Apple cider vinegar has been a wonder ingredient in inducing weight loss. Including ACV in your diet is believed to aid in reducing weight, but so does other vinegar.

A daily dose of ACV can’t be that harmful to your health, but here are what three registered dietitians have to say to convince you otherwise:

1. It can cause you serious stomach problems

Vinegar is acidic and some people can’t tolerate it well.

It’s best to avoid ACV if you have ulcerative colitis, digestive tract inflammation or just being prone to stomach aches, said Leslie Bonci, RD, the owner of Active Eating Advice.

Bonci added that while vinegar enhances the flavor to the food without skewing its caloric value, it’s not some elixir for your major transformation.

2. It can alter your bowel movements

Apple cider vinegar contains pectin since it is made from fermented apples. Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber that acts as a natural gelling agent, said Eliza Savage, a Registered Dietitian in New York City who works at Middleberg Nutrition.

The pectin in ACV helps form the stool, promote good bacteria growth in the gut and lessens inflammation. But when you consume too much ACV, you could develop diarrhea.

According to Savage, the ACV may pull water into the bowel, therefore stool will come out watery and more frequently.

3. It can compromise your kidneys

“There has been some research to show that if you do have any sort of weakened kidneys or immunocompromised kidneys, then consuming anything that is highly acidic is not going to be advised,” Amanda Baker Lemein, Registered Dietitian and Nutrition Expert, said.

ACV should always be diluted. Mix 1 to 2 teaspoons of ACV with 8 ounces of water and progress up to 1 tablespoon mixed with 8 ounces of water, Savage suggested.

4. It can make you feel bloated

Apple cider vinegar delays stomach emptying, thereby causing bloating, gas and nausea.

“At times delayed stomach emptying can cause temporary weight loss,” Savage said. “But a healthier diet alternative would be to increase water intake and choose more high fiber non-starchy vegetables,” she added.

5. It can exacerbate your acid reflux symptoms

An increase in ACV is an increase in stomach acid. More stomach acid can worsen your burning sensation if your are already experiencing heartburn or reflux.

“Anyone who has acid reflux will want to be cautious of overly acidic foods,” Amanda Baker Lemein, a registered dietitian and nutrition expert, said.

6. It can harm your immune system

Evidence suggests that probiotics in the gut helps build a strong immune system, but with ACV, it inhibits its probiotic properties.

Bonci said though fermented foods can help increase good bacteria in your gut, the vinegar depletes the probiotic punch that you need to boost your immune system.

Apple cider vinegar can help you lose weight in some ways and make you look good, but going crazy over ACV use could push out other nutrients from your diet that is obviously more harmful than being beneficial.

Gallery: Undesirable side effects of drinking apple cider vinegar, according to dieticians (Women’s Health)

Debunking the health benefits of apple cider vinegar

The Internet would have you believe apple cider vinegar is the new pixie dust due to its health benefits. It’s tempting to believe the Internet claims about apple cider vinegar (ACV). They sound so fantastic — even doctors can fall victim to them.

ACV is not pixie dust, but it’s also not snake oil. For those who want to try ACV, it does have some proven health benefits. Here are a few of those health benefits — and limitations — straight, no chaser.

Where does ACV come from?

Vinegar comes from the French phrase vin aigre, meaning sour wine. The sourness comes from the acetic acid. Making apple cider vinegar entails taking advantage of controlled-spoilage.

Yeast digests the sugars in apples and converts them into alcohol. A bacteria, acetobacter, then turns the alcohol into acetic acid. I don’t want to get too technical, but you can call this process fermentation. The “mother” refers to the combination of yeast and bacteria formed during fermentation. If you look at an apple cider vinegar bottle, you can see strands of the “mother” floating around.

Many people attribute apple cider vinegar’s effects to the “mother.” There’s some truth to this since the mother counts as a probiotic. But, the importance of the mother has not been established with research. Aside from probiotics, ACV has a vitamin profile similar to apple juice. Hence, the sour drink is ripe with B-vitamins and polyphenols (plant-based antioxidants).

All in all, the probiotics, acetic acid, and the nutrients in ACV are responsible for its health benefits.

ACV may have a modest effect on weight loss, but don’t get rid of your gym membership.1. Apple cider vinegar can help with blood sugar control.

It’s no secret that diabetes is common in the United States. Is ACV a reasonable weapon in the fight against diabetes?

It is, according to some studies. One example is a small study published in the Journal of the American Association of Diabetes in 2004. The study entailed giving participants a meal composed of a bagel, OJ, and butter. After the meal, the participants received 20 grams of apple cider vinegar or a placebo. The researchers checked blood glucose levels 30 and 60 minutes after the meal.

They found that ACV significantly lowered post-meal blood glucose levels. Several other studies report similar findings.

Bottom line: ACV won’t cure diabetes, but it may moderately lower blood glucose levels. It won’t take the place of any medications for diabetes, but it’s a safe enough addition to a diabetes treatment plan (as long as you don’t have kidney disease).

2. Apple cider vinegar may keep the bacteria on your salad from getting out of control.

In 2005, a study assessed vinegar’s anti-microbial properties by inoculating arugula with Salmonella. The researchers treated the tainted arugula with either vinegar, lemon juice, or a combination of them both. The researchers sought to see if these interventions could reduce bacterial growth.

They found that both lemon juice and vinegar decreased the growth of Salmonella. In fact, the ACV/lemon juice mixture decreased Salmonella to undetectable levels (I wouldn’t bank on this at home, though).

Bottom line: Nowadays, it seems like there’s a recall for lettuces at least once per week. Throwing some ACV on your salad may serve a purpose beyond adding flavor. Even if you use ACV, you still have to use common sense. If you dip raw chicken in your spinach, the vinegar won’t stop the bout of diarrhea that’s coming.

3. Apple cider vinegar may help boost weight loss.

Everyone wants to lose weight. Supplements that facilitate weight loss are in high demand. And as it turns out, a randomized, clinical trial recently published in the Journal of Functional Food showed that ACV might help with weight loss.

The participants drank 15ml of ACV with lunch and dinner (a total of 2 tablespoons). They also ate a diet that was 250 calories less than their daily estimated requirements. The researchers found that ACV significantly reduced weight. In fact, the people in the ACV group lost an average of 8.8 lbs over 12 weeks. On the other hand, the participants who did not receive ACV only lost 5 lbs over the 12 week study period. The researchers also found that ACV decreased cholesterol levels.

Bottom line: ACV may have a modest effect on weight loss, but don’t get rid of your gym membership. Keep in mind that the people in this study were on a calorie restricted diet and they exercised. The researchers argued that ACV affects weight by lowering one’s appetite.

4. Apple cider vinegar will not control your high blood pressure.

One popular myth is that ACV can be used for controlling blood pressure. In my research, I found one small study in rats that showed a decrease in systolic blood pressure in rats fed a diet containing acetic acid compared to those without it. There weren’t any studies using ACV for high blood pressure in people.

Bottom line: High blood pressure is nothing to play with. I’ve seen people have strokes in real-time from high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, there’s simply not enough data to support using ACV as a blood pressure medication. Eat a healthy diet, exercise, and take your meds if you need them.

5. Apple cider vinegar will not cure cancer.

A few studies show that vinegar may have anti-cancer properties. Most of these studies involved culturing cancer cells and exposing them to vinegar or acetic acid. The limitation of these studies is obvious; we can’t directly pour ACV on cancers inside of people. Further, you definitely can’t give someone an ACV IV infusion without causing serious harm or death.

Yet, a large population study from China found lower rates of esophageal cancer in people who frequently consumed vinegar. It’s worth noting that the people in the study were likely consuming rice vinegar, not ACV.

Bottom line: ACV is not going to cure esophageal cancer, unfortunately. As a GI doctor, I’m typically the first person to tell someone they have esophageal cancer. I wish I could tell people all they have to do is drink some vinegar. Sadly, things aren’t that easy.

If you are concerned about the risk of esophageal cancer, then don’t smoke and don’t drink a lot of alcohol. Talk to your doctor if you have chronic heartburn because you may need screening for Barrett’s esophagus.

The takeaway

Overall, ACV is safe. Everything has a possible downside, even ACV. Before you start guzzling apple cider vinegar, here are a few negative possibilities.

  • The acid in apple cider vinegar may erode your teeth enamel. You may want to guzzle some water after drinking it.
  • Anecdotally, acidic foods or liquids like vinegar may exacerbate acid reflux.
  • If you have chronic kidney disease, your kidneys may not be able to process the excess acid that comes along with drinking apple cider vinegar.

Like any supplement, ACV won’t replace a healthy lifestyle. It may have some benefits to our bodies, but overall, we need more studies to truly understand the health benefits and side effects associated with ACV.

Read more from The Conversation

Another study on obese adults demonstrated a significant reduction in weight, fat mass and triglycerides. Researchers selected 155 obese Japanese adults to ingest either 15 millilitres, about one tablespoon, or 30 millilitres, a little more than two tablespoons, of vinegar daily, or a placebo drink, and followed their weight, fat mass and triglycerides. In both the 15 and 30 millilitre group, researchers saw a reduction in all three markers. While these studies need confirmation by larger studies, they are encouraging.

Studies in animals, mostly rats, show that vinegar can potentially reduce blood pressure and abdominal fat cells. These results help build the case for follow-up studies in humans, but any benefit claims based only on animal studies is premature.

In all, the suspected health benefits of vinegar need to be confirmed by larger human studies, and this will certainly happen as researchers build on what has been studied in humans and animals to date.

Is there any evidence that vinegar is bad for you? Not really. Unless you are drinking excessive amounts of it (duh), or drinking a high acetic acid concentration vinegar such as distilled white vinegar used for cleaning (consumable vinegar’s acetic acid content is only 4 to 8%), or rubbing it in your eyes (ouch!), or heating it in a lead vat as the Romans did to make it sweet. Then, yeah, that’s unhealthy.

Also, don’t heat any kind of food in lead vats. That’s always bad.

So have your fish and chips and vinegar. It’s not hurting you. It may not be doing you all the good that you’re hoping that it will; and it certainly is not a cure-all. But it is something that people all over the world will be enjoying with you. Now raise high that bottle of malt vinegar with me, and let’s drink to our health.

This article originally appeared on The Conversation, and is republished under a Creative Commons licence. Gabriel Neal is Clinical Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, Texas A&M University.

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