- Nail cosmetics allergy
- What is nail cosmetics allergy?
- What are the allergens in nail cosmetics?
- What are the symptoms of nail cosmetics allergy?
- Am I allergic to nail cosmetics?
- What is the treatment for nail cosmetics allergy?
- What should I do to avoid nail cosmetics allergy?
- This Is How to Know If You’re Allergic to Your Manicure
- Nail News
- Is nail polish actually harmful?
- Do water-based polishes actually work?
- My new fave base and top coats
- The BEST alternative
- Can you be allergic to gel manicures?
Nail cosmetics allergy
What is nail cosmetics allergy?
Nail cosmetics include nail enamels (varnish/polish), nail enamel removers, cuticle removers and artificial nails. Some people may have a sensitivity to one or more of the different chemical components that make up these nail cosmetics. Sensitivity to the offending agent may cause allergic contact dermatitis and/or irritant contact dermatitis not only around the nail area but also around areas that are commonly touched such as the eyelids, mouth and chin, and sides of the neck. Nail cosmetic allergy may also lead to nail diseases such as paronychia, onycholysis and other nail dystrophies.
What are the allergens in nail cosmetics?
Nail enamels are most likely to be the most common nail cosmetic used. They include base coats and top coats which are made up of similar chemicals but in different concentrations to achieve varying qualities in the final product.
|Nail enamel component||Chemical/potential allergen||Quality achieved|
|Film former||Nitrocellulose||Used in topcoats to enhance gloss and minimize abrasion|
|Resins||Tosylamide formaldehyde resin, alkyd resins, acrylates, vinyl, polyesters||High amounts used in base coats to improve adhesion to the nail surface|
|Plasticisers||Camphor, dibutyl phthalate, dioctyl phthalate, tricresyl phosphate||Used in topcoats to enhance gloss and create a flexible film after drying|
|Solvents||Alcohol, toluene, ethyl acetate, butyl acetate||The diluent used to dissolve nail enamel components|
|Colourants||e.g. D&C Red No. 7||Provide desired colour|
|Pearlisers||Guanine, bismuth oxychloride||Used to create colour tones and hues e.g. sparkling effect|
The chemical most responsible for allergic reactions to nail enamel is tosylamide formaldehyde resin. It is sometimes also called toluenesulfonamide formaldehyde resin. In a study by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG), tosylamide formaldehyde resin was found to be the seventh most common ingredient causing allergic contact dermatitis in patients with a cosmetic allergy. Although a small amount of free formaldehyde may be found in tosylamide formaldehyde resin it appears that most who react to this resin do not also have a formaldehyde allergy. An allergic reaction is most commonly due to wet nail enamel but some patients may also react to the dried enamel. Other reported causes of dermatitis to nail enamels include allergy to the solvent butyl acetate and discolouration of the nail surface (especially around the cuticle area) caused by colourants.
Nail varnish used as a barrier against nickel allergy can also cause sensitisation.
Nail enamel removers and cuticle removers
The strong solvents used in nail enamel removers include acetone, alcohol and amyl, butyl, or ethyl acetate. They are mixed with fatty materials such as cetyl alcohol, lanolin (wool alcohols), castor oil, or other synthetic oils. They work to strip the nail enamel from the nail plate surface. Because of their high solvent concentration irritant contact dermatitis is more likely to occur than allergic contact dermatitis. They may irritate and dry the nail plate and surrounding skin. If used excessively they can cause nail dryness and brittleness.
Cuticle removers are liquids or creams that contain alkaline chemicals to destroy the skin around the cuticle. The chemicals used are usually sodium or potassium hydroxide. If applied and left on for too long they can cause irritant contact dermatitis.
Artificial nails are a cosmetic method that creates the illusion of long and attractive nails. There are basically two methods available to achieve this effect.
Preformed artificial nails come as press-on and pre-glued forms that use an acrylic glue to adhere to the artificial nail and the nail plate. Methacrylate based glue is usually used and may cause allergic contact dermatitis. Another stronger adhesive used is ethyl 2-cyanoacrylate which may cause onycholysis.
Sculptured nails are an alternative and increasingly popular method for achieving long, hard nails. The artificial nails are custom-made to fit the nails perfectly and the process is usually performed by a manicurist for best results. The artificial nail is made up of a blend of chemicals that is painted onto the prepared nail which is surrounded by a template that protects the surrounding skin and allows the formation of an artificial extension. The chemical combination includes liquid methacrylate acid esters such as ethyl methacrylate, powdered polymethyl methacrylate polymer, benzoyl peroxide accelerator, and hydroquinone. The liquid methacrylate acid esters are strong sensitisers and a cause of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis reactions. Benzoyl peroxide and hydroquinone are found to be occasional allergens.
Acrylates, which are used in both preformed and sculptured nails, can cause two rare but very serious reactions, paraesthesias (tingling and prickling) and nail loss. A case of acrylate allergy resulted in nail loss and even after 16 years there was no regrowth.
What are the symptoms of nail cosmetics allergy?
Individuals with sensitivity to certain chemicals found in nail cosmetics may get allergic and/or irritant contact dermatitis reactions. Fingers may be affected, but more often than not dermatitis develops around the eyelids, in and behind the ears, around the mouth and chin, sides of the neck, and sometimes on the genitalia.
Allergic reactions to nail cosmetics around the fingers usually appear as redness and swelling of the fingertips. Other affected areas show a typical allergic contact dermatitis reaction. There may be intense swelling and redness of the area within a few hours or a rash may appear after a day or two after contact. The affected skin may be red, swollen and blistered or dry and bumpy. Nail plate discolouration occurs with long-term use of coloured nail enamels, particularly if deep red nail polishes that contain D&C Reds No. 6, 7, and 34 are used. The nail plate is stained yellow after 7 days of continuous wear. Staining will fade on its own about 14 days after the enamel has been removed.
In addition to causing allergic and irritant contact dermatitis reactions, some ingredients of nail cosmetics may also cause secondary nail infections such as paronychia, onycholysis, onychia and severe and prolonged paraesthesia. These conditions can be extremely painful, long-lasting and debilitating.
At least one case of chronic urticaria has been reported that was associated with nail dystrophy and contact allergy to acrylates/methacrylates.
Reactions to nail cosmetics
Am I allergic to nail cosmetics?
Nail cosmetic allergy is diagnosed by performing special allergy tests, i.e. patch tests. Diagnosis may involve testing against a number of different chemicals due to the many potential allergens that nail cosmetics are made up of. The following table shows some of the more commonly tested nail cosmetic allergens.
|Nail cosmetic||Chemical/allergen||Patch test|
|Nail enamel (varnish/polish)||Tosylamide formaldehyde resin||10% in petrolatum|
|Artificial nails||*Methyl methacrylate monomer||2% in petrolatum|
|Methacrylate acid esters||1% and 5% in olive oil and petrolatum|
|Nail enamel removers||Ethyl acetate, butyl acetate||10% in olive oil|
|Cuticle removers||Alkalis||2% in aqueous solution|
*In 1974 FDA banned the use of methyl methacrylate monomer in nail cosmetics. However, an analysis of 31 products sold between 1975 and 1981 revealed that this monomer was present in 9 of them.
Patch testing with nail enamel may be performed by the covered or open method. However, open patch testing is recommended for nail enamel removers and cuticle removers due to their high volatile solvent concentrations.
Patch tests in technicians allergic to nails
What is the treatment for nail cosmetics allergy?
Nail cosmetic dermatitis should clear rapidly once the nail cosmetic allergen is removed; unless there is a secondary infection or lichenification (thickening/hardening of skin due to chronic dermatitis). Corticosteroid creams with or without an antibiotic may speed up recovery. Management of dermatitis caused by nail cosmetics on other parts of the body may be treated as for any acute dermatitis/eczema; this may include treatment with topical corticosteroids and emollients.
Secondary infections such as paronychia, onycholysis, and onychia may require more aggressive therapy. In some cases, the artificial nail may create a hardened and un-removable shell over the throbbing and swollen nail. Ice cold compresses and treatment with sedatives and systemic corticosteroid therapy may be necessary.
What should I do to avoid nail cosmetics allergy?
If you have a nail cosmetic allergy the best way to avoid any problems is by avoiding all products that contain the allergen you are sensitive to. Hypoallergenic nail enamels that use polyester resin or cellulose acetate butyrate may be an alternative, but sensitivity is still possible. These alternatives are also less durable and scratch-resistant than enamels made with a tosylamide formaldehyde resin.
Your dermatologist may have further specific advice, particularly if you are highly sensitive to nail cosmetic allergens.
This Is How to Know If You’re Allergic to Your Manicure
Glow Images, Inc/Getty Images
It seems nothing is safe anymore. When our favorite cereals are getting recalled on the regular, you know we’re in dangerous times. Now there’s a new health concern that’s making the rounds, and we’re not here for it. If you’ve ever wondered if it’s possible to be allergic to nail polish, we have some bad news for you: Yes, yes it is.
If you think about it, this newsflash might not be all too surprising. Allergies can happen with just about anything that your body comes in contact with. And, with so many ingredients (and oftentimes, chemicals) listed on those teeny, tiny bottles, it’s not terribly unexpected—the odds were never in our favor, after all.
What might throw you for a loop, though, is learning that it’s unlikely you’re allergic to the polish itself. Instead, if you experience a reaction it’s likely due to an allergy to one of the numerous ingredients.
Refinery29 recently reported on a study by the British Association of Dermatologists that found an increasing number of allergies to methacrylate chemicals (common ingredients in both acrylic and gel nails). Symptoms can include loosening nail beds and/or a red, itchy rash that occurs not just on the fingers, but can be found anywhere on the body that the nails have touched while still wet.
So, what should you do if you suspect you’re having a reaction? Set up an appointment with your dermatologist, and maybe skip your next mani appointment in the meantime. Even if you’re not experiencing any symptoms or side effects of a nail polish allergy, we think a polish detox is always a good idea. We can’t wait to get our hands on Sally Hansen’s Gel Rehab, as it promises to begin restoring nails to their pre-gel glory after just three nights of use. And, we all know the worst part of gel manicure rehab is waiting for nails to recoup.
WATCH: The Barely There Nail Polish Shade For the Girl Who Does Not Want To Wear Color
With so many gorgeous new fall polish collections in the works that are marketed as 8- and even 10-free, now might be just the time to give that gel polish or your acrylic nails a much needed break for the season.
Is it possible to be allergic to manicures?
Allergic reactions to beauty and personal care products occur when the skin is repeatedly exposed to small amounts of the allergen over months to years. The reaction to the allergen usually appears several days after the cosmetic has contacted the skin and can appear as redness, swelling, and blistering of the skin or surrounding the nail. Sometimes the nail will burn and then separate or lift off of the nail bed. Interestingly, when the stimulus is a nail ingredient, the rash does not always appear on the fingertips and sometimes presents as a rash on the eyelids, the lips arms, chest or neck. Allergic reactions to nail products are much less common than irritant reactions. Anyone can develop an irritant reaction to a nail product if enough of the chemical comes in contact with the skin and because irritant reactions can look like allergic reactions, distinguishing the two can be challenging but is important because allergies tend to be life-long whereas irritant reactions are not. Also, if you have a true ingredient allergy then you will likely be allergic to any product that has that ingredient or even ingredients with a similar chemical structure. Therefore, it becomes important to be able to distinguish allergic from irritant reactions and patch testing is the best method to accurately differentiate between the two. Dermatologists patch test by applying a concentrated amount of the suspected chemical to the skin on the patient’s back and the skin is usually evaluated two and then four days later.
What exactly is the reason for the reaction? What are people actually allergic to?
There are hundreds of ingredients in personal care products and nail cosmetics that can cause allergic reactions. In the nail salon, allergies can occur to soaps, hand sanitizers, fragrance or preservatives in hand and foot creams, reactions to ingredients such as uncured methacrylate or acrylate oligomers and monomers in gels, tosylamide/formaldehyde resins or toluene which are in some nail polishes and hardeners, and even airborne induced allergies can occur from dust from acrylics and fumes from glues. In the salon, enhancements in particular are often the culprit because of improper curing. Once the product is cured completely, it cannot cause an allergy. However, any repetitive skin contact with uncured gels, resins, monomers or adhesives can cause allergic reaction to develop.
What are some signs that someone might be allergic?
Often allergies from nail cosmetics can appear on the face. Think, itchy, swollen eyes, or lip swelling. When the reaction is localized to the nails possible reactions include: redness, swelling, and blistering of the skin or surrounding the nail. Sometimes the nail will burn and then separate or lift off of the nail bed. A new reaction that has recently been observed from allergies to the gel manicures (UV soak off gels) is a psoriasis reaction of the nail bed. The nails appear to develop psoriasis suddenly after documented exposure to gel manicure.
Are people more likely to be allergic to gel manicures than regular ones?
Anything that requires curing is theoretically a larger allergen risk. Nail techs are a lot more at risk than nail clients for allergy development because they have repetitive exposures. For techs: The biggest thing that techs can do is to know the products that they are working with inside and out. Proper curing of products is essential as repeated exposure to improperly cured product is one of the biggest reasons for salon tech product sensitivity. Improper curing can occur from using the wrong nail lamps as every product requires a specific UV wavelength for proper curing. There is no such thing as a universal lamp that works for all products and brands. Other causes of improper curing include applying product too thick, mixing brands, rushing through a service and not allowing proper cure time, using incorrect liquid to powder rations and not maintaining and cleaning UV bulbs. Nail techs should always follow the manufacturers instructions and not rely on fellow technicians or on-line videos. If a client calls hours later to report the reaction then it is more likely to be an irritant induced reaction. Salon technicians should have relationships with local dermatologists that they can refer their clients to in an event like this. If the client’s reaction is on or surrounding the nails and you the gel or enhancement product has just been applied, it is important to not soak them off until they are seen and treated by a dermatologist.
Any advice on how to avoid these reactions (other than simply giving up nail polish for good)?
The best advice is to avoid the allergy from the get go. Look for polishes that are Free of the common culprits (9-Free). Nail techs can also consider wearing gloves. Nitrile gloves are preferred as many clients may be latex sensitive. As previously stated, avoiding skin contact is the key to minimizing risk. General operational protocols such as keeping tools, containers and working surfaces clean and dust free.
If the reaction is confirmed to be a true allergy then avoidance of the allergic trigger is imperative and avoiding other products with the ingredient will also be key.
Would you recommend women experiencing these reactions visit an allergist to know for sure?
They should visit a board certified dermatologist who has extensive experience with patch testing.
About a year ago, I started noticing that my cuticles were turning red and swollen, and were even starting to blister a little bit. (They were teeny, tiny micro-blisters… but still gross nonetheless.) I had no idea what was wrong, went to the derm four times, got four different creams, but nothing changed.
So, I decided to play doctor. With a major in Radio and Television Arts, and a minor in English, it made total sense to self-diagnose… *sarcasm*. I managed to find stories about other women who were going through the same thing. Lo and behold, their symptoms all led back to a NAIL POLISH ALLERGY.
Kind of a sick joke for a nail art fanatic like myself.
I had a zillion questions, so I got in touch with Dr. Neal Schultz, a New York dermatologist and the host of DermTV. After talking to him, I understood my allergy a little bit better, but even more importantly, I got some info about nail polish that I wanted to share with you!
Is nail polish actually harmful?
In other words, is it bad for your nails and surrounding skin? According to Dr. Schultz: “No. If you do not manifest an allergy or a negative physical reaction, then it is totally harmless.”
But if you do, like me? Dr. Schultz suggested patch testing—applying different polish brands for 48 hours to see if you develop a reaction. (But more on that in a sec.)
Otherwise, what type of nail polish you choose is all about personal preference. Over the past 10 years, most mainstream nail polish brands have transitioned into “3-free” formulas (i.e. free of the three main chemicals: dibutyl phthalate or DBP, formaldehyde and toluene).However, most polishes still contain other ingredients, such as formaldehyde resin and camphor, that some folks say are linked to toxicity.
If all this chemical talk is starting to freak you out a bit, there are tons of alternatives to chemical-based polishes out there.
Do water-based polishes actually work?
A lot of people who have tried water-based polishes instantly kick ‘em to the curb because they don’t work perform like a “regular” polish.
Humour me, though. Think about regular paint. Non-toxic paint that we put in front of kindergarteners is not even in the same realm as the paint that we use on our bedroom walls. They just simply cannot be compared!
When I first realized I was allergic to polish, I tried a completely water-based, non-toxic brand called Scotch Naturals:
Scotch Naturals Non-Toxic Nail Polish, $14.99 each; see here for locations.
Since the formula is more watery than I was used to, I needed to apply a few more coats than normal.
But on the plus side, Scotch Naturals On The Rocks Top Coat (super cute name, eh?) is WAY tougher than most of the top coats I’ve tried in my day. And through this allergy journey, I’ve tried quite a few.
Pro tip: If Scotch Naturals polish interests you, go for the darker colours. They are much easier to apply evenly and actually appear opaque, whereas most of the light colours are sheer.
My new fave base and top coats
Here’s something you might not know. While most nail polishes are now 3-free, base and top coats from many mainstream brands STILL have formaldehyde, a chemical that acts as a hardener and helps speed the drying process. (So, yeah. I can totally understand why you’d want that in your top coat).
With Dr. Schultz’s suggestion of patch testing, I discovered that the formaldehyde in top coats and base coats spurred my allergy the most.
Luckily, I discovered SpaRitual, which makes my new favourite (formaldehyde-free) base coat:
SpaRitual Lacquer Lock ColorStay Basecoat; see here for locations.
SpaRitual is not only 3-free, but vegan as well. I also have several of their nail polishes:
SpaRitual Nail Lacquer, $12.50 each; click here to learn more and purchase.
They are, might I add, naturally coloured and free of synthetic dyes. Pretty cool, eh? Their newest line, Meditate, is infused with Ecocert-certified bamboo to help strengthen the nails.
JINsoon Top Gloss, $22; click here to learn more and purchase.
JINsoon’s special formula penetrates right through to the base coat to create a single bond of polish, leaving your manicure super-strong. And I must say, for about four months now (a.k.a. a trillion manicures) it has been my go-to.
The BEST alternative
Even if you don’t have an allergy, Dr. Schultz says it’s still a good idea to let your nails “breathe.”
Now, even a year ago, letting my nails breathe would have meant boring, naked nails. However, when I was going through my strict no-polish phase, letting my hands recover, thank the Lord for these:
Essie Sleek Stick Nail Appliqués, $10.25 each; click here to learn more and purchase.
Essie’s Sleek Stick collection is by far my favourite nail wrap/sticker collection on shelves right now. How cute are all these designs?! Most of which no one could draw by hand in such detail. There’s matte, shiny, and even some three-dimensional designs!
Even though you only need 10 stickers, you actually get 18 in each kit, with varying widths and cuticle shapes. There is literally every possible combination to ensure each nail gets full sticker coverage! Also, a lot of nail stickers give you weird bumps and bubbles, but these are pre-cured under UV lights, which makes for a perfect, creaseless adhesion to the nail. After you place the sticker where you want it, you fold the excess downwards, and then file it away with the included nail file (which by the way, is AH-MAZING! I’ve actually stored one in my purse as my on-the-go nail file since it is so cute and teeny).
These are truly perfect not just for people like me, with a nail polish allergy, but also those who just don’t care to spend the time meticulously attempting detailed nail art. My personal favourite is called So Haute. I liked it so much I thought it deserved a little Instagram collage:
For those who are interested, I kept my polish off for about a month or so to let my cuticles heal. I can use most polishes still, but my cuticles swell, blister, and cry when I use a “regular” top or base coat with formaldehyde in it.
Now, after a long journey, my cuticles are finally starting to look normal again (thank God!).
Rikki Ciminsky is a student at Ryerson University in Toronto. Follow her on Twitter: @rikki_see.
So, tell me…
Have you ever experienced an allergic reaction to nail polish?
Have you tried (and liked?) water-based nail polish or nail art stickers?
Do you care about all the chemicals in nail polish?
GEL manicures could trigger nasty allergic reactions on your face, hands and even your vagina, skin doctors have warned.
Methacrylate chemicals, the key ingredient in acrylic nails, gel nails and gel polish, are causing a contact allergy epidemic in the UK, the British Association of Dermatologists (BAD) has warned.
5 The key ingredient in gel manicures could trigger allergic reactions in some customersCredit: Getty – Contributor
Some 2.4 per cent of people suffer allergic reactions to the chemicals, according to a recent study.
Even when professionally applied, if the “uncured” chemicals – before the nail is hardened under UV light – comes into contact with skin it can cause a nasty reaction.
It’s even more likely when applying the products yourself or if salon staff have insufficient training.
Dermatologists have issued a warning are urging people to be particularly wary of gel and gel polish home kits, where insufficient curing under UV light can increase the risk of an allergy.
5 If the product comes into contact with your vagina is can trigger nasty allergic reactions like an angry, red rashCredit: Getty – Contributor Nails that look like teeth now exist.. And they’re freaking us out
Allergic reactions may involve the nails loosening, or a severe red, itchy rash, not just on the fingertips, but potentially anywhere on the body that has come into contact with the nails, including the eyelids, face, neck and genital region.
Very rarely, symptoms such as breathing problems can occur after the chemicals are inhaled.
Dr David Orton, of the BAD, said: “It is really important that people know they can develop allergies from artificial nails.
“The truth is that there will be many women out there with these allergies who remain undiagnosed, because they may not link their symptoms to their nails, especially if the symptoms occur elsewhere on the body.
5 The chemicals can also cause itchy skin on the face and neck – wherever the nail has touchedCredit: Getty – Contributor
“It is important that they get a diagnosis so that they can avoid the allergen, but also because developing an allergy to these chemicals can have lifelong consequences for dental treatments and surgeries where devices containing these allergens are in common use.”
Dr Orton warned that nail technicians are at a higher risk as they are exposed to the chemicals more frequently.
“Wearing protective gloves is not enough as methacrylates will pass directly through many glove types,” he added.
“Salon owners need to consider the level of training they offer staff in this area as there is a genuine occupational hazard that should be mitigated.
“Methacrylates should be kept away from all direct skin contact. The training also needs to reduce the chances of initiating an allergy in their clients.”
5 Salon workers should receive adequate training to best protect themselves and clients from the chemicals, the British association of Dermatologists saidCredit: Getty – Contributor
Methacrylates are not routinely included in allergy tests, so often people don’t know they are allergic to the chemical.
In tests on 4,931 customers from 13 different salons in the UK and Ireland as many as 2.4 per cent tested positive for an allergy to the chemicals.
Some 60 per cent of them developed their allergy after being exposed to the chemicals in nail products or other beauty products like eyelash glue.
In a separate survey, conducted by the BAD, 742 people attending dermatology clinics were asked about allergies to nail products.
About 19 per cent had experience an allergic reaction to acrylic nails and 16 per cent had adverse effects from gel nails or gel polish.
Dr Deirdre Buckley, consultant dermatologist from the Royal United Hospital Bath, said: “Allergy to methacrylates has the potential to behave like many of the other significant contact allergy epidemics that have occurred in the last few decades.
5 The UV lamps used to harden nails have also been linked to skin cancer, some studies have foundCredit: Getty – Contributor
“Although the rate of allergy to methacrylates is continuing to increase, many doctors are unaware of the issue, and these chemicals are not routinely included in patch tests.
“We are now recommending that all dermatologists patch test to methacrylates routinely.
“We would particularly urge people to be careful when using home kits. If you do use one, make sure that you use the recommended UV lamp for curing, and read the instructions carefully.
“Using the wrong lamp may mean that the gel polish does not cure properly, and this means an increased chance of allergy.”
Allergic reactions aren’t the only thing you have to worry about at the salon.
Methacrylates-containing nails can also cause physical damage to the nails and cuticles when they are removed, either by buffing, scraping or acetone soaking.
Woman gets bizarre fish tank manicure complete with a live swimming fish
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Doctors have previously warned that the UV lights used to harden gel nails as “as bad as tanning beds” and could cause cancer.
In a report published in the Australasian Journal of Dermatology, a group of plastic surgeons in Ireland found there have been observational case reports linking the use of these lamps to the development of skin cancer on the hand.
But the true risk between the lamps and cancer has yet to be established, they said.
Other studies have linked the fumes in the air to an increased risk of breathing difficulties and recently a women in the US nearly lost her leg after contracting bacterial cellulitis from a dirty callous cutter.
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Can you be allergic to gel manicures?
The short answer is yes. The British Association of Dermatologists have recently reported on what they call an “allergy epidemic” resulting from exposure to a methacrylate – a chemical that is commonly used in gel polish, gel nails and acrylic nails. A major challenge with this rising allergen is that those experiencing allergic reactions do not always realize that their reaction results from a chemical on their nails because the symptoms can occur all over the body.
What happens when the allergy occurs is that the methacrylate comes into contact with the skin before it is dried or hardened by a UV light. Once this exposure occurs, nails may loosen, but severe red and itchy rashes can also occur, and these can pop up anywhere on the body. The rashes are commonly found on the eyelids, face, neck and genitals. Respiratory difficulties can even occur in the most severe cases.
It is important that people who are allergic to methacrylate identify the cause of their allergies so that they can avoid the allergen in the future. Unfortunately, gel polish and gel and acrylic nails are not the only places where methacrylate is found. They are used in acrylic plastic production and are found in devices, orthopedic cement and dressings used in surgeries and dental treatments.
According go the British Association of Dermatologists, approximately 2.4 percent of people tested are allergic to at least one type of methacrylate, and those who apply gel or acrylic nails or gel polish at home or who work in the beauty industry are at enhanced risk for methacrylate allergies. Recognizing that you are at risk for methacrylate allergies can help you identify the trigger if you do experience an allergic reaction.
Author Dr. Summit Shah