Allergic reaction to leather



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What Are Allergies?

Allergies are abnormal immune system reactions to things that are typically harmless to most people. When you’re allergic to something, your immune system mistakenly believes that this substance is harmful to your body. (Substances that cause allergic reactions — such as certain foods, dust, plant pollen, or medicines — are known as allergens.)

What Happens in Allergies?

In an attempt to protect the body, the immune system produces IgE antibodies to that allergen. Those antibodies then cause certain cells in the body to release chemicals into the bloodstream, one of which is histamine (pronounced: HIS-tuh-meen).

The histamine then acts on the eyes, nose, throat, lungs, skin, or gastrointestinal tract and causes the symptoms of the allergic reaction. Future exposure to that same allergen will trigger this antibody response again. This means that every time you come into contact with that allergen, you’ll have some form of allergy symptoms.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Allergies?

Allergic reactions can be mild, like a runny nose, or they can be serious, like difficulty breathing (especially if you have a history of asthma).

Some types of allergies cause multiple symptoms. And in rare cases, an allergic reaction can become very severe — this is called anaphylaxis (pronounced: an-uh-fuh-LAK-sis). Signs of anaphylaxis include trouble breathing or swallowing; swelling of the lips, tongue, and throat or other parts of the body; and dizziness or loss of consciousness.

Anaphylaxis usually happens minutes after exposure to a trigger, such as a peanut, but some reactions can be delayed by as long as 4 hours. Luckily, anaphylactic reactions don’t happen often and can be treated successfully.

What Causes Allergies?

The tendency to develop allergies is often hereditary, which means it can be passed down through your genes. However, just because a parent or sibling has allergies doesn’t mean you will definitely get them, too. A person usually doesn’t inherit a particular allergy, just the likelihood of having allergies.

What Things Are People Allergic to?

Some of the most common allergens are:

Airborne particles. Often called environmental allergens, these are the most common allergens. Airborne particles that can cause allergies include dust mites (tiny bugs that live in house dust); mold spores; animal dander (flakes of scaly, dried skin) and dried saliva from your pets; and pollen from grass, ragweed, and trees.

Foods. Food allergies are most common in babies and may go away as people get older. Although some food allergies can be serious, many just cause annoying symptoms like an itchy rash, a tingly tongue, and diarrhea. The most common food allergies are: milk and other dairy products, eggs, wheat, soy, peanuts and tree nuts, and seafood.

Insect stings. The venom (poison) in& insect stings can cause allergic reactions, and can be severe and even cause an anaphylactic reaction in some people.

Medicines. Antibiotics — medicines used to treat infections — are the most common type of medicines that cause allergic reactions. Many other medicines, including over-the-counter medications (those you can buy without a prescription), also can cause allergic reactions.

Chemicals. Some cosmetics or laundry detergents can make people break out in hives. Usually, this is because someone has a reaction to the chemicals in these products, though it may not always be an allergic reaction. Dyes, household cleaners, and pesticides used on lawns or plants also can cause allergic reactions in some people.

How Are Allergies Diagnosed?

If your family doctor suspects you might have an allergy, he or she might refer you to an allergist (a doctor who specializes in allergy treatment) for further testing.

The allergist will ask you about your own allergy symptoms (such as how often they happen and when) and about whether any family members have allergies. The allergist also will do testing to confirm an allergy. The tests will depend on the type of allergy suspected, and may include a skin test or blood test.

How Are Allergies Treated?

There’s no cure for allergies, but symptoms can be managed.

The best way to avoid allergic reactions is to stay away from the substances that cause them — called avoidance. Doctors can also treat some allergies using medicines and allergy shots.


In some cases, as with food allergies, avoiding the allergen is a life-saving necessity. Unlike allergies that can be treated with shots or medicines, the only way to treat food allergies is to avoid the allergen entirely. For example, people who are allergic to peanuts should avoid not only peanuts, but also any food that might contain even tiny traces of them.

Avoidance can help protect people against non-food or chemical allergens, too. In fact, for some people, eliminating exposure to an allergen is enough to prevent allergy symptoms and they don’t need to take medicines or go through other allergy treatments.

To help you avoid airborne allergens:

  • Keep family pets out of certain rooms, like your bedroom, and bathe them if necessary. (But for some people with serious symptoms, keeping a pet might not be possible.)
  • Remove carpets or rugs from your room (hard floor surfaces don’t collect dust as much as carpets do).
  • Don’t hang heavy drapes, and get rid of other items that let dust build up.
  • Clean often (if your allergy is severe, you may be able to get someone else to do your dirty work!)
  • Use special covers to seal pillows and mattresses if you’re allergic to dust mites.
  • If you’re allergic to pollen, keep windows closed when pollen season is at its peak, change your clothing after being outdoors, and don’t mow lawns.
  • If you’re allergic to mold, avoid damp areas, such as basements, and keep bathrooms and other mold-prone areas clean and dry.


Medicines (usually pills or nasal sprays) are often used to treat allergies. Although they can control the allergy symptoms (such as sneezing, headaches, or a stuffy nose), they’re not a cure and can’t make the tendency to have allergic reactions go away.

Many effective medicines are available to treat common allergies, and your doctor can help you to identify those that work for you.

Another type of medicine that some severely allergic people will need to have on hand is a shot of epinephrine (pronounced: eh-puh-NEH-frin). This fast-acting medicine can help offset an anaphylactic reaction. It comes in an easy-to-carry container that looks like a large pen. Epinephrine is available by prescription only. If you have a severe allergy and your doctor thinks you should carry it, he or she will give you instructions on how to use it.

Allergy Shots

Allergy shots are also referred to as allergen immunotherapy. By getting injections of small amounts of an allergen, a person’s body slowly develops non-allergen antibodies and has other immune system changes that help ease the reaction to that allergen.

Immunotherapy is only recommended for specific allergies, such as to things a person can breathe in (like pollen, pet dander, or dust mites) or insect allergies. Immunotherapy doesn’t help with some allergies, like food allergies.

Although many people find the thought of allergy shots unsettling, shots can be very effective — and it doesn’t take long to get used to them. Often, the longer someone gets allergy shots, the more they help the body build up antibodies that fight the allergies. Although the shots don’t cure allergies, they do tend to raise a person’s tolerance when exposed to the allergen, which means fewer or less serious symptoms.

If you’re severely allergic to bites and stings, talk to a doctor about getting venom immunotherapy (shots) from an allergist.

Is It a Cold or Allergies?

If the spring and summer seasons leave you sneezing and wheezing, you might have allergies. Colds, on the other hand, are more likely to happen at any time (though they’re more common in the colder months).

Colds and allergies have similar symptoms, but colds usually last only a week or so. And although both may cause your nose and eyes to itch, colds and other viral infections can also cause a fever, aches and pains, and colored mucus. Cold symptoms often get worse as the days go on and then gradually improve, but allergies begin immediately after exposure to the offending allergen and last as long as that exposure continues.

If you’re not sure whether your symptoms are caused by allergies or a cold, talk with your doctor.

Dealing With Allergies

So once you know you have allergies, how do you deal with them? First, try to avoid things you’re allergic to!

  • If you have a food allergy, avoid foods that trigger symptoms and read food labels to make sure you’re not eating even tiny amounts of allergens.
  • If you have an environmental allergy, keep your house clean of dust and pet dander and watch the weather for days when pollen is high. Switching to perfume-free and dye-free detergents, cosmetics, and beauty products (you may see non-allergenic ingredients listed as hypoallergenic on product labels) also can help.

If you’re taking medicine, follow the directions carefully and make sure your regular doctor is aware of anything an allergist gives you (like shots or prescriptions). If you have a severe allergy, consider wearing a medical emergency ID (such as a MedicAlert bracelet), which will explain your allergy and who to contact in case of an emergency.

If you’ve been diagnosed with allergies, you have a lot of company. And the good news is that doctors and scientists are working to better understand allergies, to improve treatments, and to possibly prevent allergies altogether.

Reviewed by: Jordan C. Smallwood, MD Date reviewed: October 2016

Allergic to leather – what is it and how to diagnose it

Posted: 4th March 2019 | Posted by Costa

The world is full of strange allergies. From the food you eat to the clothes you wear, you can be allergic to almost anything. But it still might surprise you to know that one of those things can be leather!

You can find this material, made from animals, on bags, shoes, jackets, and sofas. If someone suffers from a leather allergy, they will usually have reactions on their skin after wearing or touching leather. It’s strange, but it’s true!

What causes it?

The process to create leather requires a lot of different chemicals. Patients with a leather allergy are normally allergic to dimethyl fumarate (DMF), which helps with the tanning process. This chemical is used for its antifungal properties, but unfortunately, it can cause uncomfortable skin reactions for those allergic to it. If left untreated, these skin reactions can be really painful.

What are the symptoms of a leather allergy?

If you’re allergic and come into contact with leather, the skin gets red and tender. Commonly known as a rash, you might know it as its medical name – contact dermatitis. Other symptoms of contact dermatitis include itchy, burning, peeling, or dry skin.

A leather allergy can be difficult to diagnose for many reasons. The first is that symptoms of this allergy are often delayed. They can also occur after prolonged exposure rather than instant contact. The symptoms of contact dermatitis are also very similar to eczema, highlighting the importance of getting a diagnosis by a board-certified allergist.

How is a leather allergy diagnosed?

Normally an allergist can spot a leather allergy by examining your feet, hands, and wrists – the most common place for symptoms to appear. When the diagnosis is unclear, they will use a patch test. This is the most accurate way to test it and works by applying small amounts of the allergen to the skin via patches. After removing them, an allergist will examine your skin.

After a diagnosis, an allergist will provide a treatment plan to help manage current symptoms and offer advice to avoid unwanted symptoms in the future.

Living allergy-free isn’t always easy, but it isn’t impossible. Don’t risk putting your health and life at risk. Request an allergy test with us today or visit our website to find out how we can help you.

Allergy to dimethyl fumarate

What is dimethyl fumarate and where is it found?

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is a potent allergenic sensitiser that is used for its antifungal properties. It is good at stopping the growth of mould in finished products such as leather couches and shoes. The white crystalline powder is packaged into small sachets, similar to silica gel sachets used to remove moisture. Whilst silica gel is an inert substance that removes moisture, it is not that effective in preventing mould growth in large leather items, hence the use of DMF sachets.

DMF sachets are found stapled to the wooden frame or directly under the leather covering of couches. They are also placed directly into packaging such as shoe boxes. Although finished leather goods hold very little moisture and, therefore, not prone to mould, the problem arises when transporting these items between different climates. Confined spaces and humid environments can lead to moisture build-up and mould growth. The crystalline DMF powder works to prevent mould growth by evaporating over time. However, during this process it also permeates the leather goods.

What are the reactions to dimethyl fumarate allergy?

In DMF allergic individuals, contact with DMF produces classic allergic contact dermatitis. In high enough concentrations it may also cause irritant contact dermatitis. The skin affected by the dermatitis can be severe, red, swollen, scaly and itchy. The rash is often seen on the backs of the legs, buttocks and back of patients who have sat on a DMF-contaminated couch. Hence the condition is commonly known as “sofa dermatitis”. Very low levels of DMF (<1ppm2) can trigger a reaction in individuals who are sensitive to the substance. DMF can permeate fabric so areas of skin covered in clothing may also be affected. Continued and repeated exposure to DMF will lead to worsening of symptoms.

Back in 2006-8 there was an outbreak of furniture-related dermatitis in Finland, UK and France. In some cases the rash was quite severe, resembling mycosis fungoides or septic infections (impetigo), and required hospitalisation. Thorough investigation led to the discovery that all patients had purchased leather furniture prior to developing the dermatitis and all the furniture was traced back to a furniture factory in China whom was using DMF to prevent mould growth.

DMF has also been implicated in foot / shoe dermatitis. In one case the dermatitis started as an acute, sharply demarcated eczema that matched exactly to the contact area of the shoe exposure. The patient had worn a pair of new shoes for approximately 8 hours. The high concentration of DMF produced an irritant contact dermatitis rather than allergic contact dermatitis.

Dimethyl fumarate was declared the Contact Allergen of the Year for 2011 by the American Contact Dermatitis Society (ACDS).

Allergy to dimethyl fumarate: sofa dermatitis

Am I allergic to dimethyl fumarate?

DMF allergy is diagnosed by performing special allergy tests, i.e. patch tests. Concentrations of 0.001 to 0.1% dimethyl fumarate in petrolatum or aqueous solution can be used for patch testing. However, due to the high risk of irritant reactions and active sensitization caused by DMF some researchers have recommended concentrations of 0.003% or 0.005% as an upper limit. Currently DMF is not included in most baseline series for patch testing and more studies are required to determine the exact concentration of DMF to be used.

Treatment of dimethyl fumarate allergy

Confirmation of DMF allergy requires the prompt removal of the causative agent and then management as for any acute dermatitis/eczema; this may include treatment with topical corticosteroids and emollients. In severe cases, patients may be hospitalized and treated with systemic steroids.

What should I do to avoid dimethyl fumarate allergy?

In the European Union, the use of DMF has been banned since 1998. In January 2009, the European regulators also banned the import of products containing DMF as a result of severe cases of dermatitis caused by DMF in imported products. However, in the United States and Australasia there is no regulation of products containing dimethyl fumarate.

Recently in Australia there have been reports of DMF sachets found in imported children’s school shoes. Tests performed by the Council of Textile and Fashion Industries showed that 25% of shoes bought from major retailers contained DMF.

If you have sensitivity to DMF you should clearly avoid any contact with products that may have been contaminated with the substance. Sachets labelled “mould inhibitor” or “anti-mould” are likely to contain DMF and should not be touched. Sachets commonly found in shoe boxes or other packaged goods, labelled “silica gel”, should be handled with caution as it has been discovered that some of these may contain both silica gel and DMF, but are labelled only as silica gel sachets.

Items such as shoes that have been in a box with DMF sachets should be left for several months in the open air before the level of DMF can be considered harmless. Unfortunately, in some shoes DMF may have been incorporated into the structure of the shoe and the evaporation of DMF to reach safe levels may be years instead of months.

It is difficult to avoid DMF as products are not identified as containing the substance. Patients and doctors need to be aware of DMF allergy if unexplained skin reactions occur, particularly if a new item of furniture or clothing has been purchased recently that coincides with the dermatitis. Your dermatologist may have further specific advice, particularly if you are highly sensitive to DMF.

Alternative names for dimethyl fumarate

  • Fumaric acid
  • Dimethyl ester
  • Allomaleic acid dimethyl ester
  • Dimethyl (E)-butenedioate
  • Methyl fumarate

Further information

Formula: C6H8O4

CAS number: 624-49-7

Cross reactions:

  • acrylates and fumaric acid esters

Appearance: fine white crystalline powder

Sensitizer: dimethyl fumarate

Patch test: 0.001 to 0.1% dimethyl fumarate in petrolatum or aqueous solution

Contact Dermatitis

What is contact dermatitis?

When your skin comes into contact with a substance in the environment that you are allergic to, it may react by causing your skin to itch and become red. This is called contact dermatitis.

Types of contact dermatitis

There are many types of contact dermatitis. The three most common types are irritant, allergic and contact urticaria (hives).

Irritant contact dermatitis

Irritant contact dermatitis is the most common type of contact dermatitis. It can develop quickly when the skin touches an irritating chemical, is rubbed too hard, or comes in contact with heat. These substances break through the skin barrier and can cause inflammation.

Irritant contact dermatitis on the wrist caused by an allergy to the nickel in the watch case

If the skin is already open with a wound, or if you have active atopic dermatitis, it is much easier for these irritants to enter and cause irritant contact dermatitis.

Allergic contact dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis is the second most common contact dermatitis type. Unlike, irritant contact dermatitis, the skin can take 48 to 96 hours to develop a reaction.

The first time the skin comes in contact with a new allergen, it sends a piece of the allergen off to the immune system for analysis and storage in the immune system’s memory bank, but does not cause a reaction. This process is called sensitization.

When the skin comes into contact with the substance over and over, the immune system “remembers it” and develops an itchy skin response. Because it can take a few days for the immune system to recognize the chemical, the skin symptoms may be appear several days after actual exposure.

Contact urticaria

Contact urticaria, also known as hives, is a less common form of contact dermatitis. With contact urticaria, swelling and redness usually happen right away after the skin comes in contact with an irritating substance. It is usually not long-lasting.

There is rare but serious risk of an anaphylactic reaction (a severe allergic reaction that causes the throat to swell, chest tightness, and other symptoms) that can coincide with contact urticaria. If you think you are having an anaphylactic reaction, contact your doctor immediately.

What are the symptoms of contact dermatitis?

Irritant contact dermatitis usually stays on the skin where the exposure to the allergen occurred. If the exposure is to a strong irritant, an immediate reaction including pain, swelling and sometimes blistering can be present. If there is ongoing exposure to a mild irritant such as water or soap, the reaction can occur over a period of weeks to months and involve dryness, itching and cracking.

Irritant contact dermatitis rash on the hands

Allergic contact dermatitis may also be limited to the site of original contact, but more often spreads. The skin becomes red, hot, itchy and may “weep.”

Contact dermatitis can sometimes be very difficult to distinguish from atopic dermatitis, another form of eczema. Your doctor can help you with a correct diagnosis.

The skin signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis may appear similar to those of atopic dermatitis.

Learn more about contact dermatitis on the hands.

What causes contact dermatitis?

There are many different causes or triggers for contact dermatitis.

Irritant contact dermatitis may develop from everyday substances such as water, too much pressure or friction on the skin and weather changes such as extreme temperature and humidity.

There are a large number of potential allergy-producing chemicals. Here are some common ones:


Contact dermatitis on the earlobe cause by a reaction to the type of metal in the earring

Nickel allergy is extremely common among adults and children. Nickel is found in a range of metallic items, such as jewelry, zippers, buttons, belt buckles and coins. It is also found in some less obvious places like, cell phones, white gold, some orthopedic joint replacements and certain foods.

Cobalt is found in metals, including nickel, and people allergic to nickel are often allergic to cobalt because of its widespread use. Cobalt is also used in personal products such as hair dyes and antiperspirants.

Chromium salts, often found in paints, cement, and leather products may cause allergic contact dermatitis and sometimes irritant contact dermatitis symptoms.


Fragrances are common triggers of ACD especially in people with damaged skin barriers, such as with atopic dermatitis. These substances can be found in various cosmetics, perfumes, food flavorings and toothpastes.

Antibacterial ointments

Antibacterial ointments such as neomycin and bacitracin are often used to treat everyday scratches and wounds, but some people develop allergic reactions.


Contact dermatitis below the knee caused by the nylon elastic in women’s socks

Formaldehyde is a preservative. It is also a top adult and child allergen. Formaldehyde is in many places including household disinfectants, vaccines, glues and adhesives, cigarette smoke and embalming fluid.

Formaldehyde-releasing preservatives are in personal care products such as cosmetics and may trigger some individuals who are allergic to formaldehyde. Hidden sources of formaldehyde include “permanent press” and “wrinkle- resistant” clothing and the artificial sweetener, aspartame.


Isothiazolinones, including methylchloroisothiazolinone and methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) are used in many personal care products to prevent bacteria from growing and protect the product from oxygen and light damage. They are often found in many “wash-off” items such as shampoos, body washes and cosmetics. As well, they are found in some wet wipes, baby wipes and moistened toilet tissues.

Cocamidopropyl betaine

Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is used mainly as a surfactant in cosmetic and personal care products. Surfactants clean skin and hair by helping water mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed away. It may also be found in household cleaning products, including laundry detergents, hand dishwashing liquids and hard surface cleaners. CAPB can be safe in wash-off products at low concentration levels but should be avoided in leave-on products.


Paraphenylene-diamine (PPD) is a strong chemical used in hair-dye. It is not allowed in products that are meant to touch the skin due to the allergy potential.

Nevertheless, PPD continues to be used in various unregulated products for the skin such as temporary tattoos. PPD is often used to dye shoes black, and can cross-react with dyes used in clothing and some medications, such as antihistamines.

What is patch testing?

A patch test can help identify allergies

Patch testing is an important tool to diagnose allergic contact dermatitis. In this test, selected chemicals put on an adhesive strip, or “patches” and applied to the back, where there are no symptoms.

The patches are left on for 48 hours. After 48 hours, the doctor removes the patches and looks at the skin for reactions. After two more days, the doctor looks at the patch sites for signs of inflammation. If there is inflammation, the allergy to that particular chemical is confirmed.

Contact dermatitis treatment

The best treatment for contact dermatitis is avoidance of the substance that caused the reaction. Keep a careful record of when a CD flare-up happens and what products you were using prior to the outbreak. Read labels for common irritants and eliminate those from your household. Look for items with the NEA Seal of Acceptance™ as these have been created for sensitive skin.

If the contact symptoms persist, your health care provider may prescribe a topical medication or phototherapy to calm the inflammation.

Some providers who often treat contact dermatitis subscribe to electronic programs that create shopping lists for people with allergies, such as the Contact Allergen Management Program (CAMP) and the Contact Allergen Replacement Database (CARD). Ask your health care provider if they subscribe.

Learn more about treating contact dermatitis on the hands.


We’ve all had to deal with the coughing, sneezing, itchy eyes, a rash or some other skin irritation, and maybe even hives. And for what? Usually do to some substance that our body is allergic to, causing annoying and sometimes painful symptoms.

It’s safe to say that most people are allergic to something. Whether it be pet dander, dust, chocolate, or that lovely yellow powdery substance we like to call pollen, most people have to deal with being allergic to one thing or another. Being allergic to dust or pollen or certain types of foods seems common these days, but can you imagine being allergic to something else? Say…the sun? Here’s a list of the top ten oddest allergies.

10. Wood

Wood allergies can definitely be troublesome. While people are allergic to certain types of wood or sawdust, there are cases when people are allergic to any type of wood in many types of forms, whether it is dust or solid. Along with wood allergies comes the fact that you can’t touch paper, use a pencil, or be a lumberjack! The allergy can be so strong that it can cause the skin to look as if it was burned. In most cases wood allergies cause skin irritation, coughing, sneezing, and hives.

9. Plastic

In today’s world, I can’t imagine being allergic to plastic. As more everyday items are being turned into plastic items in order to be recycled, being allergic to plastic definitely has to be a hassle. Having plastic dermatitis means no drinking from water bottles, no Tupperware, certain types of glasses can’t be worn, no credit cards, or even plastic utensils. This allergy usually causes skin irritation such as a rash, swelling, redness, or itching.

8. Nickel – Nickel dermatitis

Nickel dermatitis is said to affect about 1% of the population today. While not a rare allergy, this allergy has become more widely known as the use of cell phones and other technical gadgets has skyrocketed. As more people use cell phones and iPods, there are more cases of nickel allergies popping up throughout the world. An allergy to nickel can make life hard, as many everyday items usually contain it. For instance, coins, jewelry, certain types of clothing, scissors, kitchen utensils, and even metal chairs.

7. Caffeine

Caffeine intolerance is a pretty common ailment. However, there are people that cannot ingest the smallest amount of caffeine without having to deal with life threatening allergic reactions. We all know caffeine to be the wonder drug when we need a little energy boost during the day. Those allergic to caffeine can experience delusions, anxiety attacks, hallucinations, muscle jerks, rashes, hives, heart palpitations, and blurry vision. Some even experience seizures which can be deadly.

6. Kissing

Sometimes a kiss isn’t just a kiss. This is exactly the case for those who are said to be allergic to kissing. No we’re not talking about a dwindling marriage either. Though this allergy doesn’t mean one is allergic to another’s lips or…tongue, the person who suffers from this allergy is usually one with a severe food or medicinal allergy. Because of the close contact and sharing of saliva, food particles or particles from medicine can be left in the mouth, causing an allergic reaction in some.

5. Computers – Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity

Allergies to computers seems almost impossible these days, and even more impossible to imagine. However, computer users have complained or nasal congestion, sneezing, itching, and even headaches after using the computer. Studies have found that computer monitors and other parts contain a chemical called triphenyl phosphate, which is used as a flame retardant. Fortunately, levels of the chemical usually decrease after the computer is used for a longer amount of time.

4. Exercise – Anaphylaxis

You’ve probably heard someone joke and say that they are allergic to exercise out of the mere cost of being funny and probably lazy. However, there is in fact a real allergy that makes some allergic to exercising. Only 1,000 people are said to have the allergy. Called exercise-induced anaphylaxis, this allergy is only noticed after someone eats a certain type of food, say peanuts, and goes to exercise. That person can easily eat peanuts without having a reaction, but when exercise is added, the person may experience fainting, vomiting and difficulty breathing.

3. Cold – Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome

Not many people love being in the cold, but imagine being allergic to it. Known as familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) or simply cold urticaria, this allergy is caused by cold temperatures. The cold weather will trigger the body to release histamine in the skin which causes rashes, hives, redness, and swelling. This condition can be deadly, especially if undiagnosed, as most people may at times swim in a cold pool or take a cool shower. Both of these can cause the body to go into shock.

2. Sun – Erythropoietic Protoporphyria

It is very rare that people are allergic to the sun, but the allergy does exist. It is said that only 300 people in the world are allergic to the sun. It’s medically known as solar urticaria. There is also a more serious condition known as erythropoietic protoporphyria. When exposed to direct sunlight, the immune system activates inflammatory cells that are within the skin. Most people allergic to the sun are told to limit their exposure and to wear sun block. Others need to wear special clothing or avoid the sun at all costs.

1. Water – Aquagenic Urticaria

Known as aquagenic urticaria, this condition is said to only affect one out of every 23 million people in the world. Being allergic to water is extremely rare, and most that are allergic to it are confined to their homes. Being allergic to water means being allergic to sweat as well as tears, and even allergic to foods that contain water, such as juices, tea, and coffee. This means that bathing and showering are extremely difficult. The person is hypersensitive to the ions found in non-distilled water, so most have to be very careful when drinking water, or they drink non-distilled water. Here is an article from an actual case of aquagenic urticaria.

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Such was the case with one of Bassett’s patients, a young girl who developed hives after she hugged and kissed her father when he returned home from work.

“My job is to be sort of an investigative reporter,” explained Bassett. “One of the things that we look at is contacts, things we put on the body.”

In this case, it wasn’t even something the daughter had put on herself. It turned out that the child was allergic to the nut-derived oil in her father’s shaving cream, said Bassett.

“That was an episode of a food allergen present in a cosmetic, basically,” said Bassett, who added that the problem went away after dad switched to another type of shaving cream.


They were special dairy-free chocolate chips. They weren’t supposed to trigger an allergic reaction in Stefania Paciocco’s son Gabriele, who at 5 years old already had a laundry list of food allergies including milk, tree nuts, peanuts and eggs.

“I would make a batter without eggs in it and I would add chocolate chips,” said Paciocco, who lives in Plymouth, Mich. “Whenever he would eat anything with these chocolate chips in it, he would start to scratch his throat.”

Paciocco suspected her son was allergic to chocolate, but the boy’s doctor did not initially believe it.

“Even I was skeptical,” said Dr. Harvey Leo, a pediatric allergist and immunologist at C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital in Ann Arbor, Mich. “Chocolate allergies are really rare,” he explained, adding that most reactions to chocolate either are not true allergic reactions or they come as a result of exposure to nuts or milk in the chocolate chunks.

However, after some persistence by Paciocco, a skin test and a food challenge showed Gabriele, indeed, had the allergy.

“I was shocked because I love chocolate,” said Paciocco. “And I felt bad. He can’t have a chocolate bar?”

In the end, both parent and doctor agreed persistence paid off in confirming an unusual and potentially dangerous allergy.

“I don’t think patients should be afraid to challenge their doctor,” said Leo.

“Dr. Leo and I have a really good relationship, so I feel really comfortable with him,” added Paciocco. “You should always listen to that intuition.”


It’s the perfect excuse: I can’t exercise because I’m allergic to it.

Sure, it sounds like a joke but a rare condition called exercise-induced anaphylaxis can result in an allergic reaction during exercise, and it can be severe enough to kill the exerciser.

“They have all of the manifestations one would have if you had an acute allergic reaction to peanuts,” explained Dr. Thomas Casale, chief of allergy and immunology at Creighton University and executive vice president of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Most often reported with running or jogging, the exercise-allergic person might get hives, swelling, trouble breathing, low blood pressure, itching, nausea, a headache or wheezing.

Because some of the symptoms occur commonly during normal exercise, some people with exercise-induced anaphylaxis might not realize they have the problem.

In addition, for some people, the reaction only comes when exercise is combined with a certain food. Casale noted several early reports of exercise-induced anaphylaxis from people who ate celery before they exercised.

“They could exercise, they were fine. They could eat celery, they were fine. They eat celery, then they exercise — then they have an anaphylactic reaction,” said Casale, who studied the phenomenon in the 1980s.

As is typical with most allergic reactions, the symptoms of exercise-induced anaphylaxis result from chemicals — including histamines — that are released by mast cells in the body. But Casale said researchers have yet to figure out why exercise, or the food/exercise combination, triggers the mast cells to act.

Still, doctors say there are ways for the afflicted to exercise and stay safe. You can exercise with a buddy, carrying adrenaline, and in the case of those with food triggers, avoid meals for two to four hours before and after exercise, Casale suggested.

Hot and Cold

About one in five people will develop hives at some point in their lives, but a much smaller number will get physical urticarias (urticaria is another word for hives) when they contact or experience some very ordinary things.

“If you put an ice cube on somebody that has cold urticaria, they’re going to have a big welt right where the ice cube was,” said Casale. And it’s not just the cold. “It could be heat, could be sunlight. It could be vibration. It could be pressure.”

In fact, some cases of heat-induced hives might be confused with exercise-induced anaphylaxis because exercise can raise body temperature.

Casale found the two could be distinguished for diagnosis by either heating the patient using a warming blanket or placing the patient’s hand or leg in hot water. Only those with heat urticaria will develop hives.

An even smaller number of people with the condition may be diagnosed with aquagenic urticaria, meaning they are allergic to water.

“I actually saw a patient probably six or seven years ago. We put water on her and, boy, she just broke out in hives where the water hit her,” said Casale, although he thought the reaction might have been provoked more so by the temperature of the water than the water itself.

There’s no treatment for physical urticaria and “we still don’t have a really good clue as to how come about,” said Casale. “These syndromes aren’t extremely common and they’re very difficult to study.”

Hairy Caterpillars

The pine processionary caterpillar and its cousin, the oak processionary caterpillar, look harmless enough, but the hairs that cover their bodies contain a toxin that can cause a serious allergic reaction. Add to that the fact that those hairs can sail right off the caterpillar like dandelion seeds, and you have an airborne allergen not unlike pollen.

“I think most people, when they think of anaphylaxis or allergic reactions, they’re thinking about insects like wasps and bees,” said John Klotz, an entomologist at the University of California, Riverside. But these caterpillars exemplify the range of creatures out there that don’t need to sting you to cause a reaction.

Klotz is publishing a review of reports on dozens of animals and insects, including the hairy caterpillars, that can cause a severe allergic response.

“I thought it would be a good way of heightening awareness of the problem,” he said.

Deemed as forest pests in Europe, the processionary caterpillars — named as such because they form long lines when heading into or out of their nests — have been implicated in numerous individual and group incidents.

See Video Of Drastic Measures to Control Processionary Caterpillars in Europe

In June 2004, more than 40 people who were sitting under an infested oak tree in the region of Saarland in Southwest Germany were sickened by the caterpillars although only a few actually touched them.

“Someone could inhale them or ingest them, and in some cases they could penetrate the skin,” said Klotz. Some children have been hospitalized after eating the creatures. “A lot of times they’ll pick up something furry and curious like a caterpillar, and you know, sometimes ingest them, just out of curiosity.”

Asian Ladybugs

You’ve probably heard of indoor allergens such as mold or dust mites, but what about the Asian ladybug? In recent years researchers have pegged the beetles as a source of allergic symptoms including hay fever, coughing, wheezing and watery eyes.

Asian ladybugs, formally known as multicolored Asian lady beetles, were introduced to the U.S. as early as 1916 to control the aphid population, but the beetles don’t like the cold, so they regularly swarm into houses when the temperature drops.

“These things come in in the winter, and you have real trouble,” said Dr. Thomas Platts-Mills, professor of medicine, allergy and clinical immunology at the University of Virginia. “And they actually bite, occasionally.”

Indoor clusters can number in the thousands. Beginning in the late 1980s, homeowners began to report large indoor swarms in Louisiana.

The beetles are now well-established along the East Coast, in parts of the Midwest, and the Southeast. They look similar to North American ladybugs but vary in color from yellow to brown and scarlet with polka-dots optional.

Allergy experts such as Platts-Mills refer to the Asian ladybug as a “new seasonal indoor allergen.”

The best advice for preventing an Asian ladybug infestation is to seal the cracks and crevices in your home that could let them in, said Donald Lewis, professor of entomology at Iowa State University.

See Video Showing An Asian Ladybug Infestation and Get Tips on Keeping Them Out of Your Home

Once they’re inside, Lewis suggests: “You can spray them to kill them, but you might as well use your vacuum cleaner to suck them up.”

Cancer Drug

Medications are designed to make us better, but on occasion, a drug sparks an allergic reaction that can kill.

In the case of cetuximab, also known as Erbitux, an intravenous drug given to people with colon cancer as well as head and neck cancer, an unusually high rate of allergic reactions in patients from certain parts of the U.S. puzzled doctors.

When researchers studied cetuximab in clinical trials, they reported serious allergic reactions in 3 percent of patients taking the medicine. But when the drug became widely available, a significantly higher number of patients in Tennessee and North Carolina — more than 20 percent — had severe allergic reactions when they began using the same drug.

Researchers studying the geographical differences eventually discovered that most of the people who had an allergic reaction to cetuximab also had a previously existing antibody in their blood that targeted a specific sugar on the cetuximab molecule, causing the immune response.

“The antibodies were there before they were treated, and they predicted what happened to them,” said Platts-Mills, who co-authored the research paper.

So where did the antibody come from, and why do more people in Tennessee and North Carolina have it?

Platts-Mills theorizes that patients developed the antibody before they took the drug when their bodies staged “a very aggressive immune response” to a seed tick bite, but he has yet to determine exactly why the person makes this particular antibody after the bite.

“In the area where this thing is going on, tick bites are much more common than people realize,” said Platts-Mills.

The ongoing research is being closely followed by other allergists intrigued by the findings.

Everyone knows that allergies are simply the worst. The hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system can be triggered by many different things, including foods and environmental factors, and it seems that when it comes to allergies no one is truly safe. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI) between 10% and 30% of the worldwide population are suffering from allergic rhinitis, known as hay fever. The allergy is characterized by an inflammation of the nasal airways as a result of allergen, such as pollen, dust or animal dander being inhaled by an individual. Symptoms include itching, nasal congestion, excess nasal secretion, ear effusion, eyelid swelling and more. However, there are even worse types of allergies and some can even be deadly. Here is the list of the 7 worst life threatening allergies, their symptoms and ways to avoid them.

Tree Nuts And Peanuts Allergy

Tree nut and peanut allergies are definitely at the top of the list of the worst allergies a person can suffer from. A peanut allergy is caused by the body’s overreaction to certain proteins found in peanuts and is considered the most common cause of food-related allergy death. The extreme allergy can trigger anaphylaxis, the same dangerous reaction that can be caused by allergies to insect bites and stings as well as medications. While experiencing an anaphylactic attack, suffers may have trouble breathing as well as experience a drop in blood pressure. Other symptoms include having an increased pulse rate as well as fainting. Since peanuts are not in fact a nut but rather a legume (the same family as peas and lentils), peanut allergy sufferers also tend to suffer from tree nuts because of the similarity in the proteins. Tree nuts vary and include Brazil nuts, cashews, macadamia nuts, almonds, pecan, walnuts and more. People who are allergic to peanuts and nuts will have a hard time finding foods that do not contain them at all since they are vastly used in prepared and packaged foods. In case you or someone you know came into contact or ate a nut or peanut call for emergency aid as soon as possible. First signs of the allergic reaction will include hives, swelling, breathing troubles, a rapid pulse or dizziness. ADVERTISEMENT

Best and Worst Flowers for Allergy Sufferers

When spring arrives, it brings luscious blooms, green grass and bright blue skies. But as fresh flowers emerge from the earth, those with seasonal allergies head back indoors. Basking in the sun is simply not worth the risk of the sneezing, itching and coughing that accompanies pollen allergies. Allergies prevent people from fully enjoying the outdoors, and those with severe pollen allergies may even hesitate to bring cut flowers into their homes.

Luckily, with the right knowledge, you can find beautiful blooms that won’t make you sneeze. Many flower varieties do not irritate pollen allergies, so you can brighten your home with them while avoiding discomfort. Read on for a guide to the best and worst flowers for pollen allergies and how to select the perfect bouquet for your home.

What Are Pollen Allergies?

Pollen is an essential part of a functioning ecosystem, as it allows flowers and other plants to reproduce. For those with allergies, it can be a major annoyance. When fine pollen powder is stirred into the air and inhaled, those with pollen allergies experience an adverse reaction. Their bodies treat the harmless pollen like a foreign invader and produce histamine to fight back. This immune response is what causes the uncomfortable symptoms associated with pollen allergies.

Pollen allergies are one of the most common allergies, with more than 25 million Americans affected. Most people experience pollen allergies seasonally — when plants are in bloom — in the spring, summer or fall. This issue is commonly known as “hay fever.”

Those with more severe allergies may experience them year-round. Common symptoms of pollen allergies include a runny or stuffy nose, watery and itchy eyes, an itchy throat and coughing. A person with a pollen allergy may also be more allergic to a specific type of pollen, such as tree pollen, grass pollen or ragweed pollen.

Even during heavy-pollen seasons, the amount of pollen in the air varies from day to day. Dry, warm and windy days tend to have higher pollen counts, leading to more severe allergic reactions. Pollen is less likely to become airborne on wet, rainy and cool days, meaning allergy sufferers are safe to roam outdoors. The daily weather report will often list the pollen count during spring, summer and fall.

Why Do Flowers Irritate Allergies?

Any plant that produces pollen poses a threat for an allergy sufferer. Trees, grasses and ragweed are the most common causes of pollen allergies, but flower pollen can also cause irritation, particularly in the spring and summer. Flowers with very light pollen that can be easily stirred up by the breeze are more likely to irritate allergies.

Some flowers produce more pollen than others, which also makes them more likely to cause allergic reactions. When flowers are brought inside, pollen can become more concentrated in the smaller area and produce an even more severe reaction. For most people, it’s the pollen itself that causes an allergic reaction, but for others, the strong fragrance of some flowers can cause adverse effects like headaches.

Why Are Some Flowers Worse for Allergies Than Others?

Determining which flowers will cause the worst allergic reactions has to do with the gender of the plant, as only male flowers produce pollen. Some plants contain all male or all female flowers on each individual plant. These flowers, called dioecious, rely on wind or insects to carry pollen from a male plant to a female plant to reproduce.

Other plants, called monoecious plants, contain both male and female flowers on the same plant, meaning that pollen must travel from flower to flower but not from plant to plant. Some monoecious plants contain male and female parts in the same flower. They’re often called “perfect flowers” and do not require pollen to be transferred at all, as a single flower can reproduce on its own.

When it comes to allergies, dioecious flowers tend to pose the biggest threat, as pollen must travel long distances for the plants to reproduce. As pollen is carried from flower to flower, some is inevitably dispersed into the air. Monoecious flowers can also cause reactions for allergy sufferers when the pollen travels between flowers. Perfect flowers are the best option for allergy sufferers, as they produce little to no pollen.

Other flowers that tend to produce less pollen are those that are large or flashy. Big and bright flowers attract bees more easily, so they don’t need to rely on wind for pollination. These flowers also tend to have heavier pollen that doesn’t become airborne as easily. Hybridized plants usually produce less pollen as well and can be a great option for allergy sufferers.

The Worst Flowers for Allergy Sufferers

Flowers that cause the strongest reactions in allergy sufferers are those with the highest pollen levels or ones that are the most likely to release pollen into the air. Generally, any flower that’s in the Asteraceae family will not be a great choice for those with pollen allergies. The Asteraceae, or Compositae, family is commonly referred to as the daisy, aster, composite or sunflower family.

These flowers are characterized by their large, circular centers and petals that fan out in a circle. They’re often called “composite” because the flower head is actually made up of hundreds of tiny flowers that are closely packed together. While most flowers in the aster family are not wind-pollinated, they tend to have very high pollen levels and cause irritation for those with pollen allergies.

Other flowers that cause reactions for allergy sufferers are varieties that you might encounter in the wild, such as pigweed, goldenrod and jasmine vine. If you suffer from pollen allergies, you should prune these flower varieties from your garden and avoid bouquets with them.

Below are some common flowers that those with pollen allergies should avoid:

  • Baby’s breath: These tiny white flowers pack a big allergy punch. Baby’s breath is known and loved for its thin and delicate structure and usefulness for filling out bouquets and floral wreaths. If you want to incorporate baby’s breath into a floral arrangement without the allergic reaction, look for double flowers. Double-flowered baby’s breath is a hybridized variety, meaning it naturally produces less pollen. The double flowers also have more petals that help to trap pollen and prevent it from becoming airborne.
  • Chamomile: Chamomile flowers are small white flowers with yellow centers that are a member of the daisy family. Chamomile flowers are most familiar in chamomile tea. They produce a lot of pollen and can still contain some irritants when they’re dried and steeped into tea. Those with severe pollen allergies may even experience mild reactions when enjoying the hot beverage.

  • Chrysanthemums: Another daisy family favorite, chrysanthemums feature warm, earthy colors like burgundy, orange, raspberry and yellow. Their full, bushy structure makes them perfect for potted plants and outdoor decorations. Chrysanthemum plants often have a high concentration of flower heads, meaning a higher concentration of pollen. Because they bloom in late summer and early fall, chrysanthemums can drag allergy season well into the cooler autumn months.
  • Dahlia: Dahlia flowers are another popular variety of the daisy family, loved for their vibrant colors and distinct petals. With over 40 different species, dahlias can range from round and full to delicate with long, pointed petals. While dahlias attract pollinating insects well due to their brightness, they still produce a lot of pollen that can be very irritating for those with allergies. If you adore dahlias but suffer from pollen allergies, consider trying a hybrid variety instead.
  • Daisy: Daisies are not wind-pollinated but are very high pollen producers. With their iconic yellow center and white petals, daisies are popular in gardens and bouquets. They’re very easy to cultivate and bloom throughout the summer months.
  • Gerbera daisy: Gerbera daisies are one of the brightest varieties in the daisy family and are very popular as potted flowers. While they’re lovely and colorful, they’re best to avoid if you suffer from pollen allergies.
  • Sunflowers: A classic symbol of summer, sunflowers are recognizable by their large center disk and bright yellow petals. With some varieties growing up to 10 feet tall, sunflowers are popular in flower gardens. They can also add a pop of color to bouquets and floral arrangements. However, the large centers of sunflower heads are loaded with pollen that can cause serious irritation for allergy sufferers. If you love sunflowers but experience pollen allergies, don’t despair. Hypoallergenic varieties produce less pollen and can be safely enjoyed by lovers of the bright summer blooms.

Bouquets Allergy Sufferers Should Avoid

Whether you’re wooing a love interest or sending flowers for Mother’s Day, you don’t want to send a case of the sniffles along with your beautiful bouquet. Keep allergies in mind when sending flowers to that special someone, and stay away from arrangements with flowers that tend to irritate pollen allergies. Here are some common bouquets to avoid if you or your loved one suffers from pollen allergies:

  • Bouquets with daisies: Flower arrangements with any variety of daisies should be avoided, from a colorful collection or Gerbera daisies to a simple bouquet of classic garden daisies.
  • Sunflower bouquets: Bouquets with sunflowers are bright and lovely but should be avoided if you suffer from pollen allergies. Because of their size, sunflowers are typically the centerpiece flower of any bouquet they’re in. This quality means that sunflowers are often paired with delicate filler flowers, such as baby’s breath or goldenrod. Unfortunately, these flowers also irritate allergies, making sunflower bouquets a potent pollen producer. If you’re lucky enough to be allergy-free, we recommend sunflower bouquets as a centerpiece for your summer table or a lovely addition to your windowsill.
  • Bouquets with baby’s breath or other fillers: Many mixed bouquets incorporate delicate baby’s breath or other light flowers that complement the prominent blooms. Be careful when purchasing bouquets with a lot of fillers or wildflowers, as they may trigger allergies. If you don’t suffer from pollen allergies, arrangements with wildflowers can be a lovely addition to your home or gift for that special someone. Consider our sophisticated Wildflowers & Rose Bouquet or colorful Amalfi Coast arrangement.

The Best Flowers for Allergy Sufferers

Luckily for flower lovers, there are quite a few varieties of flowers that those with pollen allergies can enjoy without experiencing a reaction. Many flowers produce very little pollen, or the pollen they do produce is too heavy to become airborne. Perfect flowers and flowers pollinated by insects can be an excellent choice for allergy sufferers to pluck for bouquets or plant in their gardens.

Order Laurene Bouquet (Dendrobium Orchid)

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While the daisy family is a nightmare for allergy sufferers, they can find solace in another of the largest families of flowers — the orchid family. Orchids are an exotic and elegant flower that comes in a wide variety of colors. Lilies are another popular flower family that produces little to no irritants for those with pollen allergies.

Below are some lovely flower options for those with allergies:

  • Daffodil: These popular springtime blooms give a bright pop to any bouquet. Daffodils are recognizable for their unique, trumpet-like centers and simple yellow petals. They produce very little pollen, which stays contained inside their center cup, making them perfect for allergy sufferers.
  • Geranium: Geraniums are simple, five-petaled flowers that allergy sufferers can enjoy in a variety of colors, including pink, white, red, purple and blue. They’re an excellent choice for potted plants, as they feature rich green foliage.
  • Hydrangea: Hydrangea bushes produce large, round blooms that are prized for their beautiful pastel colors, such as baby blue, pale pink and lavender. White hydrangeas are also a popular addition to wedding bouquets and can provide fullness in a floral arrangement. Hydrangeas produce very little pollen, making them perfect for allergy sufferers.
  • Iris: Irises are known and loved for their deep purple and lavender blooms. Their unique, lily-like shape adds intrigue to traditional bouquets. Irises grow in thin, delicate varieties as well as full flowers with soft, lush blooms. Irises have heavy pollen that’s trapped inside their long petals and unable to harm even the most sensitive of allergy sufferers.
  • Lily: Available in many varieties, lilies are recognizable by their large flower heads with distinct petals. Most of them have six petals that can feature unique patterns like speckles and stripes. They typically have heavy pollen that’s carried by insects, so they pose little threat to allergy sufferers. However, some lilies can have a very strong fragrance. If you’re sensitive to strong smells, you may want to opt for a less fragrant option.
  • Orchid: Orchids are a popular flower both potted on their own and incorporated into elegant bouquets. They have a sophisticated and modern appeal that makes them a lovely decoration for offices and other sleek spaces. Orchids produce very little pollen, so you can enjoy them without risking an allergic reaction.

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  • Peony: With their full blooms and deep green leaves, peonies are a favorite for gardens and bouquets. From pale pink to rich raspberry, peonies bring warmth to any arrangement. Their layers of soft petals trap pollen, making them a perfect choice for people with pollen allergies.
  • Rose: Roses are perfect flowers in more ways than one — they’re classic, elegant and beautiful as well as being virtually allergen-free. These self-pollinating flowers produce a soft and lovely fragrance without generating airborne pollen. Fill your home with rose bouquets in any color, or send them to someone special.

  • Snapdragon: A popular garden flower, snapdragons feature a unique blossom shape and a wide variety of colors. Their pillared blooms provide height and intrigue to floral arrangements. Snapdragon petals enclose the stamen to trap pollen inside, making them perfect for allergy sufferers to enjoy all summer long.
  • Sunflowers (hypoallergenic): Luckily for sunflower lovers, several hypoallergenic varieties are available to fill a home or garden with. The Joker is a bright flower with a deep red center that fades into yellow tips. Bicolor sunflowers have a similar coloration to The Joker but feature sharper color separation and rich black centers. Apricot Twist sunflowers feature a warm orange coloring and gold center. Infrared Mix sunflowers have a unique variety of colored blooms with full crimson flowers mixed with golden and white blooms.
  • Tulip: Tulips are beloved spring blooms known for their unique cup shape. They’re a member of the lily family, meaning they produce very little pollen. What they do produce is heavy pollen that clings to their distinct stamen. Tulips make a lovely addition to fresh spring bouquets and pair well with peonies and other lilies.
  • Zinnia: Zinnias are a dream come true for daisy-lovers that suffer from pollen allergies. While they’re a member of the daisy family, they tend to be more amenable to allergy sufferers. Available in bright pinks, reds, oranges and yellows, zinnias provide a pop of color for gardens and bouquets alike.

While these popular blooms are a great place to start, the list of flowers that are friendly to allergy sufferers doesn’t end there. Others that are great for those with pollen allergies include azalea, begonia, cactus flowers, camellia, chenille, clematis, columbine, crocus, impatiens,pansy, periwinkle, petunia, phlox, salvia, thrift and verbena.

Perfect Bouquets for Allergy Sufferers to Enjoy

Because of the multitude of flowers that do not irritate pollen allergies, it’s easy to find a beautiful floral arrangement that won’t make you sneeze and itch. These lovely bouquets are perfect for allergy sufferers and can be enjoyed year-round without discomfort:

  • Rose bouquets: Maybe we’re biased, but we believe you can never go wrong with a bouquet of roses. These classic and elegant flowers are perfect on their own or paired with a variety of other blooms. Rose bouquets can say so many things, from “I love you” to “I miss you” to “Get well soon.” Send a message to someone special with an allergen-free rose bouquet.
  • Peony bouquets: A soft pink peony bouquet looks lovely for a teatime table or to send some romance to that special person. Peony bouquets are full and bright, bringing light and color into any space.
  • Sleek mixed bouquets: Many flowers that don’t produce allergic reactions are unique and exotic blooms. Pair smooth lilies with fun snapdragons for an interesting and lovely arrangement. Those with allergies don’t need to avoid bouquets with a variety of different flowers, as long as they look for low-pollen options. Consider our modern all-white bouquet of roses, orchids and snapdragons or our classic Juliet bouquet with garden roses, cream roses, phlox, lisianthus, spray roses and fresh myrtle. For a soft color and fresh mix, choose our Provence bouquet of lavender roses, wax flowers, limonium and eucalyptus. If you’re looking for a casual bouquet to decorate your home, try our Market Bouquet in pink, red or white.
  • Orchids and orchid bouquets: Orchids make a lovely addition to exotic and classic bouquets, and their sleek form is perfect for modern spaces. Orchids pair beautifully with fresh greens and lilies, but there’s a lovely simplicity to a single orchid that should not be overlooked.

Find Your Perfect Bouquet at Ode à la Rose

With a little floral knowledge, even those with serious pollen allergies can fill their homes and gardens with luscious and bright blooms. From lilies and orchids to peonies and roses, allergy sufferers have many lovely flowers to choose from. At Ode à la Rose, we offer a range of rose and flower arrangements to suit any taste or occasion, so you can impress that special someone without triggering sneezes and coughs.

All of our high-quality roses are sourced from the best farms around the world, and every arrangement is prepared by our expert floral designers. Whether you’re sending apologies and condolences or love and congratulations, we have the perfect flower arrangement for you. When you order from Ode à la Rose, we’ll ship your order in our signature purple gift box to ensure your flowers arrive fresh and in the best condition. If you want to fill your home with the joy of flowers, browse our collection of beautiful, Parisian-inspired bouquets today.

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